The question of how dogs evolved from wolves is complicated, but it is clear there are important differences that could arise from genetics, domestication, experience, or a combination of these. A study just published by Marta Gácsi in Budapest investigates whether dogs and hand-reared wolves behave the same during a changing social situation with a human.The wolves that took part in the study were hand-reared by humans from birth, spending the first few months of their life in a house wi........ Read more »
Gácsi, M., Vas, J., Topál, J., & Miklósi, �. (2013) Wolves do not join the dance: Sophisticated aggression control by adjusting to human social signals in dogs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science. DOI: 10.1016/j.applanim.2013.02.007
Gácsi, M., Maros, K., Sernkvist, S., Faragó, T., & Miklósi, �. (2013) Human Analogue Safe Haven Effect of the Owner: Behavioural and Heart Rate Response to Stressful Social Stimuli in Dogs. PLoS ONE, 8(3). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0058475
Merola, I., Prato-Previde, E., & Marshall-Pescini, S. (2012) Dogs' Social Referencing towards Owners and Strangers. PLoS ONE, 7(10). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0047653
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
Unless you live under a rock, you have heard about the Sheryl Sandberg (Facebook COO) book: Leaning In. She has been in the middle of a media whirlwind for the last few weeks. A couple of weeks ago, I turned the TV on while eating a late lunch and found myself watching the Katie Couric talk [...]
Is the Millennial Generation beginning to differentiate? Maybe!
Litigation consulting and the meaning of life
Civility at work, at school, and in the courtroom
... Read more »
Sheryl Sandberg. (2013) Lean In: Women, Work, and the Will to Lead. Knopf Publishing. info:/
We human beings are social creatures. It’s natural for us to orient ourselves in terms of the world outside and what the people around us are thinking and doing. This socialization instinct is strongest in us when we’re young and still developing our own sense of identity. Historically speaking, this dynamic has typically played itself … Read More →... Read more »
Leung, L. (2013) Generational differences in content generation in social media: The roles of the gratifications sought and of narcissism. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(3), 997-1006. DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2012.12.028
Maltby J. (2010) An interest in fame: confirming the measurement and empirical conceptualization of fame interest. British journal of psychology (London, England : 1953), 101(Pt 3), 411-32. PMID: 19646329
Researchers in California have uncovered preliminary evidence for the way children acquire scientific "habits of thought" from their parents. Megan Luce and her colleagues recruited 35 parent-child pairs of various ethnic backgrounds (22 girls, 13 boy; 16 fathers, 19 mothers) at a children's museum, and videoed them as they read through a book designed to encourage discussion about scientific, social and moral issues - including global warming, gender differences, the planetary status of ........ Read more »
Luce, M., Callanan, M., & Smilovic, S. (2013) Links between parents' epistemological stance and children's evidence talk. Developmental Psychology, 49(3), 454-461. DOI: 10.1037/a0031249
Today (Tuesday 2 April 2013) is World Autism Awareness Day (WAAD).I don't exactly know how one is supposed to communicate this message ('Happy world autism awareness day' just doesn't roll off the tongue). So I guess all I will say is to reiterate the subtext of this blog on what the spectrum - the very wide spectrum - means: "To some it means a need for life-long support. To others it is part of the varied tapestry of humanity. To all it means a need to foster a welcoming society with........ Read more »
Horvath K, Papadimitriou JC, Rabsztyn A, Drachenberg C, & Tildon JT. (1999) Gastrointestinal abnormalities in children with autistic disorder. The Journal of pediatrics, 135(5), 559-63. PMID: 10547242
Steven Pinker explains again why music is not an adaptation but should be seen as a kind of 'supernormal stimulus'...... Read more »
Yesterday another piece of evidence was published in the Journal of Comparative Psychology showing a sea lion (Zalophus californianus) being able to learned to entrain to the beat of the music.... Read more »
Cook, P., Rouse, A., Wilson, M., & Reichmuth, C. (2013) A California Sea Lion (Zalophus californianus) Can Keep the Beat: Motor Entrainment to Rhythmic Auditory Stimuli in a Non Vocal Mimic. Journal of Comparative Psychology. DOI: 10.1037/a0032345
Researchers have found that the people, who get true popularity, remain popular and famous for decades and the same thing happens for the notoriety.
American Sociological Review
McGill University’s Eran Shor, Ph.D., and Stony Brook University’s Arnout van de Rijt, Ph.D., analyzed the names of the people in the English-language newspapers over a time of several decades. They found that fame and notoriety are sustained for a long tim........ Read more »
van de Rijt, A., Shor, E., Ward, C., & Skiena, S. (2013) Only 15 Minutes? The Social Stratification of Fame in Printed Media. American Sociological Review, 78(2), 266-289. DOI: 10.1177/0003122413480362
Remember the movie the Minority Report? In that movie, you can be charged with a crime prior to committing it. Because they can see the future. Well, now–so can we! At least according to some neuroscientists. And all it takes is a brain scan. How tidy! According to the scientists, those felons who show low activity [...]
“Acquired pedophilia”: His brain made him do it
Confused about brain scans? Welcome to the club!
And the jury says: “His brain really DID make him d........ Read more »
Words matter, particularly when it comes to the difference between framing something as a loss or as a gain. Tversky & Kahneman demonstrated the importance of this distinction with their famous experiment (pdf) in which participants are told a disease is likely to kill 600 people. Given a choice between a treatment that saves 200 people (gain frame) and [...]... Read more »
Ledgerwood, A., & Boydstun, A. (2013) Sticky Prospects: Loss Frames Are Cognitively Stickier Than Gain Frames. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. DOI: 10.1037/a0032310
Every Wednesday afternoon, I gather with a bunch of faculty and graduate students at the University of Illinois to discuss a journal article about social psychology, and to eat a snack. This blog post reflects the discussion we had during this week's seminar affectionately called Social Wednesdays and Grub (SWAG). This week, SWAG was led by Jesse Preston, Assistant Professor of Psychology at the University of Illinois. Her summary of the SWAG discussion follows below:
Can p........ Read more »
Ferguson, C. (2013) Violent video games and the Supreme Court: Lessons for the scientific community in the wake of Brown v. Entertainment Merchants Association. American Psychologist, 68(2), 57-74. DOI: 10.1037/a0030597
A team of Australian psychological science researchers recently investigated the relationship between emotional intelligence [EI] and psychological health and law students. Their purpose statement noted: ”Knowing more about the EI of law students may help us to understand their apparent high incidence of depression, which has been reported extensively in the United States [...]The post Law Student Emotional Intelligence, Personality, and Psychological Health: An Initial Understanding........ Read more »
James, C., Bore, M., & Zito, S. (2012) Emotional Intelligence and Personality as Predictors of Psychological Well-Being. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 30(4), 425-438. DOI: 10.1177/0734282912449448
In my previous blogs I have mainly discussed casual sex and the hookup culture from a female perspective. But how do men feel about hooking up? It’s easy to rely on stereotypes: “Men are only out to have casual sex, they do not want commitment. They are only in relationships because girls want to.” But how true is this stereotype?... Read more »
Epstein, M., Calzo, J., Smiler, A., & Ward, L. (2009) “Anything From Making Out to Having Sex”: Men's Negotiations of Hooking Up and Friends With Benefits Scripts. Journal of Sex Research, 46(5), 414-424. DOI: 10.1080/00224490902775801
The first published case of a late-onset eating disorder (at the age of 40) was in 1930 by John M. Berkman. In 1936, John A. Ryle published a case study of an eating disorder in a 59-year-old woman. Just how common are eating disorders in late middle-age or elderly individuals?... Read more »
Recent studies on porn stars found that performers had higher self-esteem than other people. Little else is known about their personality traits, but it is reasonable to speculate. Porn stars' interpersonal traits might be warmer or colder than average. ... Read more »
Griffith, J., Mitchell, S., Hammond, B., Gu, L., & Hart, C. (2012) A Comparison of Sexual Behaviors and Attitudes, Self-Esteem, Quality of Life, and Drug Use Among Pornography Actors and a Matched Sample. International Journal of Sexual Health, 24(4), 254-266. DOI: 10.1080/19317611.2012.710183
Griffith, J., Mitchell, S., Hart, C., Adams, L., & Gu, L. (2012) Pornography Actresses: An Assessment of the Damaged Goods Hypothesis. Journal of Sex Research, 1-12. DOI: 10.1080/00224499.2012.719168
I'm hopefully not setting myself up for a fall by discussing the study published by Frank DeStefano and colleagues* (open-access) suggesting no link between the 'too many too soon' argument of vaccination and risk of autism. As probably would be expected with such study results, there has been a flurry of interest on this paper (see here and here for example) and so once again I'm not going to add too much to the details which have already been reported.The basics:Based on a final comp........ Read more »
Frank DeStefano, Cristofer S. Price, & Eric S. Weintraub. (2013) Increasing Exposure to Antibody-Stimulating Proteins and Polysaccharides in Vaccines Is Not Associated with Risk of Autism. The Journal of Pediatrics. info:/
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
And maybe not! If you read our blog regularly, you know we like to write about generations. (And race, and tattoos, and gender issues, and other stuff too.) So it won’t surprise you to see us peering at one of the first articles we’ve seen to say the Millennial Generation is finally beginning to form into [...]
Generation Y (aka the Millennials): Just the facts
Generation X: Active, balanced and happy. Seriously?
Intergenerational Law Offices and Intergenerational Juries
... Read more »
Debevec, K, Schewe, CD, Madden, TJ, & Diamond, WD. (2013) Are today’s Millennials splintering into a new generational cohort? Maybe!. Journal of Consumer Behavior, 20-31. info:/
Hello Julie,My, oh my! What an exciting time it was last week, witnessing Dog Spies' migration to the Scientific American Blog Network. Such a great day for dogs, for science and for YOU! Yah! for this recognition of your fabulous writing achievements, communicating the field of canine science to a broader audience. WELL DONE!As for your question about writing and how I do it, I have to admit I'm 'between systems' currently. By this, I mean that I sometimes map out ideas and plan........ Read more »
Liberati Alessandro, Altman Douglas G., Tetzlaff Jennifer, Mulrow Cynthia, Gøtzsche Peter C., Ioannidis John P.A., Clarke Mike, Devereaux P.J., Kleijnen Jos, & Moher David. (2009) The PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses of studies that evaluate health care interventions: explanation and elaboration. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 62(10). DOI: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2009.06.006
Dorey Nicole R., Udell Monique A.R., & Wynne Clive D.L. (2009) Breed differences in dogs sensitivity to human points: A meta-analysis. Behavioural Processes, 81(3), 409-415. DOI: 10.1016/j.beproc.2009.03.011
Many cultural conventions appear like the result of historical accidents. The QUERTY – keyboard is a typical example: the technical requirements of early typewriters still determine the computer keyboard that I write this text on, even though by now technical advances would allow for a far more efficient design. Some culturally accepted oddities, however, appear [...]... Read more »
Schneider P, Sluming V, Roberts N, Bleeck S, & Rupp A. (2005) Structural, functional, and perceptual differences in Heschl's gyrus and musical instrument preference. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 387-94. PMID: 16597790
by amikulak in Daily Observations
Individuals with schizophrenia may show impairments in remembering personal facts and memories, but they are still able to accurately and reliably assess their own personality traits, according to new research ... Read more »
Klein, S., Altinyazar, V., & Metz, M. (2013) Facets of Self in Schizophrenia: The Reliability and Accuracy of Trait Self-Knowledge. Clinical Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/2167702612474263
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