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  • November 3, 2010
  • 05:11 AM

Little Albert: The Most Famous Baby in Psychology

by John Wayland in The Darwin Tribune

Perhaps one of the most famous and well-known experiments of Behaviourism that many students of Psychology, and the wider population know of is that of the conditioning of "Little Albert" by John Watson.Harris (1979) states that the study is one of the most widely cited in most psychology textbooks. Specifically, Gorenflo & McConnell (1991; cited in Hobbs 2010) state that in 24 introductory psychology books published between 1985-89, "Watson and Rayner (1920)" was the 13th most referenc........ Read more »

Harris, B. (1979) Whatever happened to little Albert?. American Psychologist, 34(2), 151-160. DOI: 10.1037//0003-066X.34.2.151  

Hobbs, S. (2010) Little Albert: Gone But Not Forgotten. History , 12(2), 79-83. info:/

Watson, J., & Rayner, R. (1920) Conditioned emotional reactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 3(1), 1-14. DOI: 10.1037/h0069608  

  • November 2, 2010
  • 07:01 PM

The impact of supply chain glitches

by Jan Husdal in

This is an investigation of the effects on shareholder wealth of supply chain glitches that resulted in production or shipment delays, using a sample of 519 announcements made during 1989-2000. On average, shareholder value is decrease by near 11% following an announcement of supply chain problems. » Read more » » »
... Read more »

  • November 2, 2010
  • 05:32 AM

Twenty years of progress? English education policy 1988 to the present

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

From Educational Management Administration Leadership This article reflects on the changes in policy focus over the last two decades following the 1988 Education Reform Act (ERA). It shows the significant continuities between Conservative and New Labour policies in terms of the drive for an essentially market-based education system, with a trend towards the decentralization of [...]... Read more »

  • November 2, 2010
  • 04:49 AM

Resilience, catastrophising and positive emotions

by Bronwyn Thompson in Healthskills: Skills for Healthy Living

Catastrophising, or thinking the worst, is one of those psychological factors that we know influences distress and disability in people with chronic pain. It’s quite a common phenomenon, and sometimes can stand us in good stead – after all, if we can think of the worst things that can happen, then plan to avert those … Read more... Read more »

  • November 1, 2010
  • 10:11 PM

5 ways to gain a lover

by aimee in misc.ience

Yes, it is a shameful, shameful misappropriation of a great song, but I couldn’t help myself.

Not even a little bit.
And seriously, there are, apparently, five different styles of flirting.  An ‘inventory’*, if you will.  And what, pray (or, possibly, prey) are they?  Read on, dear reader!
This is based very much in traditional gender roles.  You [...]

[Click on the hyperlinked headline for more of the goodness]... Read more »

Jeffrey A. Hall, Steve Carter, Michael J. Cody, . (2010) Individual Differences in the Communication of Romantic Interest: Development of the Flirting Styles Inventory. Communication Quarterly. info:/10.1080/01463373.2010.524874

  • November 1, 2010
  • 08:35 PM

The diversity of values held by conservation scientists and why this matters

by Phil Camill in Global Change: Intersection of Nature and Culture

Right up there with climate change, biodiversity conservation is one of the most challenging issues at the intersection of nature and culture.  Part of this challenge arises because of genuine differences in how people value other species.
In an interesting forthcoming article in Conservation Biology, Chris Sandbrook and colleagues at Cambridge University argue that these value [...]... Read more »

SANDBROOK, C., SCALES, I., VIRA, B., & ADAMS, W. (2010) Value Plurality among Conservation Professionals. Conservation Biology. DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2010.01592.x  

  • November 1, 2010
  • 01:21 PM

Medicine from the deep

by Noam Ross in Noam Ross

Normally I'm fairly skeptical of studies that attempt to put one big number around the value of a global ecosystem service.  In general, studies at such coarse spatial scales have more uncertainty and are not useful at the regional and local levels where decisions are generally made.  Nevertheless, I'm intrigued by this study in the latest Ecological Economics that attempts to put a value marine genetic diveristy on the development of future pharmaceutical products:

....Here, we ........ Read more »

  • November 1, 2010
  • 03:41 AM

Phrenology: A Beginner's Guide Part 2 - The Founder

by John Wayland in The Darwin Tribune

Continuing on from the basics of Phrenology, today we will discuss it's founder, Franz Joseph Gall.Phrenology: A Beginner's Guide Part 2 - The FounderAccording to Simpson (2005) Gall was a gifted German physician who developed the theory of functional localisation in the brain, and diagnosis by examination of cranial palpation, - Phrenology. Simpson (2005) states that Gall was born in 1758 in Tiefenbrunn and received his medical doctorate ni 1785 in Vienna. Simpson (2005) maintains that as a chi........ Read more »

  • October 31, 2010
  • 07:01 PM

The impact of supply chain disasters

by Jan Husdal in

Disasters. The result: Damaged infrastructure. End result: Disrupted supply chains. But how do disasters really impact supply chains? While the damage done by windstorms and floods may be different from that of an earthquake, do they also impact supply chains differently, and does it even differ by industry or sector? Is it different upstream or downstream the supply chain? According to what Nesih Altay and Andres Ramirez wrote in their very recent article Impact of disasters on firms in differe........ Read more »

  • October 31, 2010
  • 06:06 PM

Maybe there are more atheists in foxholes!

by Tom Rees in Epiphenom

A team of psychiatrists at the Naval Medical Center in Portsmouth, Virginia, USA have been taking a look at the religious beliefs of military folks who attended outpatient clinics, and they've turned up something rather interesting.

Well, in fact the main thing they found wasn't too surprising. It'll shock no-one to learn that these military patients were overwhelmingly Christian. In fact, 87% were Christian, 8% no religion, with a smattering of minority faiths. Only 73% of the US population in........ Read more »

McLaughlin SS, McLaughlin AD, & Van Slyke JA. (2010) Faith and religious beliefs in an outpatient military population. Southern medical journal, 103(6), 527-31. PMID: 20710135  

  • October 31, 2010
  • 11:53 AM

"Rebel access to [natural] resources crucially shapes armed civil conflict"

by Benno Hansen in Ecowar

How does rebel access to natural resources affect conflict? "How". Not "if". That is the question investigated by Päivi Lujala of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, recently published in the Journal of Peace Research.

Or rather: Where previous research has either suggested a link or sought to explain it by an indirect effect through resource abundance tending to corrupt weak ... Read more »

  • October 31, 2010
  • 03:37 AM

The Kymograph

by John Wayland in The Darwin Tribune

The Kymograph was invented by Carl Ludwig in the 1840s. It's history is an interesting one, with its use being applied to various areas of science.van Bronswijk (2008) argues that the kymograph was the first recording device used to record and compare the influence of drug effects. Specifically, the kymograph enabled the study of the influence of drugs on a specific organ, which van Bronswijk (2008) argues enabled the development of Pharmacology as an independent science in it's own right. Accor........ Read more »

van Bronswijk, P., . (2008) The First Recordings of Pharmalogical Effects. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 66(5), 588-593. info:/

  • October 30, 2010
  • 04:23 PM

If sheep could tweet

by Hadas Shema in Information Culture

In Connie Willis' book, Bellwether, two researchers acquired a herd of sheep (they were studying fads). However, no sheep agreed to start a new fashion of pressing a button for food. What they needed was a bellwether, a fads-starting sheep. Cha et al. searched for bellwethers ('influentials') on Twitter. They sampled more than six million active users ('active' means 'more than ten tweets'). They used three measures of influence: followers (indegrees), retweets and mentions. The number of foll........ Read more »

Cha, M., Haddadi, H., Benevenuto, F., & Gummadi, K. P. (2010) Measuring User Influence in Twitter: The Million Follower Fallacy. ICWSM '10: Proceedings of international AAAI Conference on Weblogs and Social Media. . info:/

  • October 29, 2010
  • 07:58 PM

In memoriam Michael Clyne

by Ingrid Piller in Language on the Move

I was saddened this morning to read the Australian Linguistics Society’s news about Michael Clyne’s passing! Australian sociolinguistics has lost its doyen, and we have all lost a strong advocate for a multilingual, multicultural, diverse and tolerant society. Michael has … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • October 28, 2010
  • 05:24 PM

Toy stories: lessons to be learned

by Jan Husdal in

How the toy industry handles supply chain risk is applicable to many other industries as well. While few of the risks faced by toy makers are unique to the industry, the combination of risks is daunting. ... Read more »

M Eric Johnson. (2001) Learning From Toys: Lessons in Managing Supply Chain Risk from the Toy Industry. California Management Review, 43(3), 106-124. info:/

  • October 28, 2010
  • 04:43 PM

Do Not Cut Funding for Mosquito Surveillance

by Michael Long in Phased

Gonzalo Vazquez-Prokopec (Emory University, United States) and coworkers show that reducing the budget of the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention vector-borne disease research and surveillance will cost far more money than it saves.... Read more »

Vazquez-Prokopec, G., Chaves, L., Ritchie, S., Davis, J., & Kitron, U. (2010) Unforeseen Costs of Cutting Mosquito Surveillance Budgets. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 4(10). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000858  

  • October 28, 2010
  • 09:50 AM

Righties and Lefties: Does Hand Preference Influence Self-Perception of the Body?

by Psychology 379 bloggers in Cognition & the Arts

When we grow as people, we often gravitate toward learning to use our right hand or left-hand for motor activity, whether for throwing a football or writing our names in grade school. While this is often taken for granted as a part of normal physical development and even comes to represent a small portion of who we are as individuals, have you ever wondered how “handedness” develops? How does our handedness affect our self-perceptions and the way we perceive the world around us? A st........ Read more »

Linkenauger SA, Witt JK, Bakdash JZ, Stefanucci JK, & Proffitt DR. (2009) Asymmetrical body perception: a possible role for neural body representations. Psychological science : a journal of the American Psychological Society / APS, 20(11), 1373-80. PMID: 19788528  

  • October 28, 2010
  • 05:30 AM

Public attitudes towards corporate manslaughter reveal desire for moral accountability and more meaningful regulation

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

Mediating Punitiveness: Understanding Public Attitudes towards Work-Related Fatality Cases From European Journal of Criminology It has been suggested that public opinion about crime and justice drives the adoption of harsher and more emotive criminal justice policy via a process of ‘penal populism’, as politicians are willing to respond uncritically. This paper presents the findings of [...]... Read more »

  • October 28, 2010
  • 05:11 AM

Soldier, Fighting is So Manly...

by Ultmo167 in Strong Silent Types

Humphries (2010) explores how real world eventualities clashed with sociocultural and economic imperatives to create the great denial that soldiers fighting in the Great War had not been traumatised by their experiences.... Read more »

  • October 28, 2010
  • 02:40 AM

What's the Significance of P(SI)?

by Daniel Hawes in Ingenious Monkey | 20-two-5

Another attempt at making sense of Bems upcoming PSI phenomena paper. Please leave comments. Especially the statistically minded...... Read more »

Bem, Daryl. (2010) Feeling the Future: Experimental Evidence for Anomalous Retroactive Influences on Cognition and Affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. info:/10.1037/a0021524

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