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  • October 31, 2010
  • 07:01 PM

The impact of supply chain disasters

by Jan Husdal in

Disasters. The result: Damaged infrastructure. End result: Disrupted supply chains. But how do disasters really impact supply chains? While the damage done by windstorms and floods may be different from that of an earthquake, do they also impact supply chains differently, and does it even differ by industry or sector? Is it different upstream or downstream the supply chain? According to what Nesih Altay and Andres Ramirez wrote in their very recent article Impact of disasters on firms in differe........ Read more »

  • October 31, 2010
  • 06:06 PM

Maybe there are more atheists in foxholes!

by Tom Rees in Epiphenom

A team of psychiatrists at the Naval Medical Center in Portsmouth, Virginia, USA have been taking a look at the religious beliefs of military folks who attended outpatient clinics, and they've turned up something rather interesting.

Well, in fact the main thing they found wasn't too surprising. It'll shock no-one to learn that these military patients were overwhelmingly Christian. In fact, 87% were Christian, 8% no religion, with a smattering of minority faiths. Only 73% of the US population in........ Read more »

McLaughlin SS, McLaughlin AD, & Van Slyke JA. (2010) Faith and religious beliefs in an outpatient military population. Southern medical journal, 103(6), 527-31. PMID: 20710135  

  • October 31, 2010
  • 11:53 AM

"Rebel access to [natural] resources crucially shapes armed civil conflict"

by Benno Hansen in Ecowar

How does rebel access to natural resources affect conflict? "How". Not "if". That is the question investigated by Päivi Lujala of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, recently published in the Journal of Peace Research.

Or rather: Where previous research has either suggested a link or sought to explain it by an indirect effect through resource abundance tending to corrupt weak ... Read more »

  • October 31, 2010
  • 03:37 AM

The Kymograph

by John Wayland in The Darwin Tribune

The Kymograph was invented by Carl Ludwig in the 1840s. It's history is an interesting one, with its use being applied to various areas of science.van Bronswijk (2008) argues that the kymograph was the first recording device used to record and compare the influence of drug effects. Specifically, the kymograph enabled the study of the influence of drugs on a specific organ, which van Bronswijk (2008) argues enabled the development of Pharmacology as an independent science in it's own right. Accor........ Read more »

van Bronswijk, P., . (2008) The First Recordings of Pharmalogical Effects. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 66(5), 588-593. info:/

  • October 30, 2010
  • 04:23 PM

If sheep could tweet

by Hadas Shema in Information Culture

In Connie Willis' book, Bellwether, two researchers acquired a herd of sheep (they were studying fads). However, no sheep agreed to start a new fashion of pressing a button for food. What they needed was a bellwether, a fads-starting sheep. Cha et al. searched for bellwethers ('influentials') on Twitter. They sampled more than six million active users ('active' means 'more than ten tweets'). They used three measures of influence: followers (indegrees), retweets and mentions. The number of foll........ Read more »

Cha, M., Haddadi, H., Benevenuto, F., & Gummadi, K. P. (2010) Measuring User Influence in Twitter: The Million Follower Fallacy. ICWSM '10: Proceedings of international AAAI Conference on Weblogs and Social Media. . info:/

  • October 29, 2010
  • 07:58 PM

In memoriam Michael Clyne

by Ingrid Piller in Language on the Move

I was saddened this morning to read the Australian Linguistics Society’s news about Michael Clyne’s passing! Australian sociolinguistics has lost its doyen, and we have all lost a strong advocate for a multilingual, multicultural, diverse and tolerant society. Michael has … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • October 28, 2010
  • 05:24 PM

Toy stories: lessons to be learned

by Jan Husdal in

How the toy industry handles supply chain risk is applicable to many other industries as well. While few of the risks faced by toy makers are unique to the industry, the combination of risks is daunting. ... Read more »

M Eric Johnson. (2001) Learning From Toys: Lessons in Managing Supply Chain Risk from the Toy Industry. California Management Review, 43(3), 106-124. info:/

  • October 28, 2010
  • 04:43 PM

Do Not Cut Funding for Mosquito Surveillance

by Michael Long in Phased

Gonzalo Vazquez-Prokopec (Emory University, United States) and coworkers show that reducing the budget of the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention vector-borne disease research and surveillance will cost far more money than it saves.... Read more »

Vazquez-Prokopec, G., Chaves, L., Ritchie, S., Davis, J., & Kitron, U. (2010) Unforeseen Costs of Cutting Mosquito Surveillance Budgets. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 4(10). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000858  

  • October 28, 2010
  • 09:50 AM

Righties and Lefties: Does Hand Preference Influence Self-Perception of the Body?

by Psychology 379 bloggers in Cognition & the Arts

When we grow as people, we often gravitate toward learning to use our right hand or left-hand for motor activity, whether for throwing a football or writing our names in grade school. While this is often taken for granted as a part of normal physical development and even comes to represent a small portion of who we are as individuals, have you ever wondered how “handedness” develops? How does our handedness affect our self-perceptions and the way we perceive the world around us? A st........ Read more »

Linkenauger SA, Witt JK, Bakdash JZ, Stefanucci JK, & Proffitt DR. (2009) Asymmetrical body perception: a possible role for neural body representations. Psychological science : a journal of the American Psychological Society / APS, 20(11), 1373-80. PMID: 19788528  

  • October 28, 2010
  • 05:30 AM

Public attitudes towards corporate manslaughter reveal desire for moral accountability and more meaningful regulation

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

Mediating Punitiveness: Understanding Public Attitudes towards Work-Related Fatality Cases From European Journal of Criminology It has been suggested that public opinion about crime and justice drives the adoption of harsher and more emotive criminal justice policy via a process of ‘penal populism’, as politicians are willing to respond uncritically. This paper presents the findings of [...]... Read more »

  • October 28, 2010
  • 05:11 AM

Soldier, Fighting is So Manly...

by Ultmo167 in Strong Silent Types

Humphries (2010) explores how real world eventualities clashed with sociocultural and economic imperatives to create the great denial that soldiers fighting in the Great War had not been traumatised by their experiences.... Read more »

  • October 28, 2010
  • 02:40 AM

What's the Significance of P(SI)?

by Daniel Hawes in Ingenious Monkey | 20-two-5

Another attempt at making sense of Bems upcoming PSI phenomena paper. Please leave comments. Especially the statistically minded...... Read more »

Bem, Daryl. (2010) Feeling the Future: Experimental Evidence for Anomalous Retroactive Influences on Cognition and Affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. info:/10.1037/a0021524

  • October 27, 2010
  • 11:38 PM

Food for thought: Cooking in human evolution

by gregdowney in Neuroanthropology

Did cooking make us human by providing the foundation for the rapid growth of the human brain during evolution?  If so, what does this tell us about the diet that we should be eating, and can we turn back the culinary clock to an evolutionarily ideal diet?  A number of provocations over the last couple of weeks have me thinking about evolution and diet, especially what our teeth and guts tell us about how our ancestors got their food.
I did a post on this a while back at,........ Read more »

Rosenberg, K., & Trevathan, W. (2005) Bipedalism and human birth: The obstetrical dilemma revisited. Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews, 4(5), 161-168. DOI: 10.1002/evan.1360040506  

Suwa, G., Kono, R., Simpson, S., Asfaw, B., Lovejoy, C., & White, T. (2009) Paleobiological Implications of the Ardipithecus ramidus Dentition. Science, 326(5949), 69-69. DOI: 10.1126/science.1175824  

Wrangham, R. (2003) 'Cooking as a biological trait'. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular , 136(1), 35-46. DOI: 10.1016/S1095-6433(03)00020-5  

  • October 27, 2010
  • 05:30 AM

In-house gyms, meditation rooms and on-site laundry services introduced to accommodate changing work values

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

Generational differences in work values: Leisure and extrinsic values increasing, social and intrinsic values decreasing From Journal of Management This study examines a US nationally representative sample of young people and measures their values at the same age at different points in time, to observe generational differences in values. It is recognized that today’s workforce [...]... Read more »

  • October 27, 2010
  • 01:41 AM

The Piffle Paradox - or how pure mathematicians have fun

by westius in Mr Science Show

Ever wondered how pure mathematicians have fun? The following is from the 1967 paper Modern Research in Mathematics by A. K. Austin, from the Department of Pure Mathematics at the University of Sheffield. It's a send-up, by the way...

A note on piffles by A. B. Smith

A. C. Jones in his paper "A Note on the Theory of Boffles," Proceedings of the National Society, 13, first defined a Biffle to be a non-definite Boffle and asked if every Biffle was reducible.

C. D. Brown in "On a paper by A. ........ Read more »

Austin, A. (1967) 3183. Modern Research in Mathematics. The Mathematical Gazette, 51(376), 149. DOI: 10.2307/3614400  

Farlow, S. (1980) Three Mathematical Satires A rebuke of A. B. Smith's paper, 'A Note on Piffles'. International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, 11(2), 285-304. DOI: 10.1080/0020739800110222  

  • October 26, 2010
  • 09:11 AM

See no Race, See no Gay: Why a Gay-Blind Approach to Bullying in the Schools Won’t Work

by Nestor Lopez-Duran PhD in Child-Psych

Special Editorial. See no Race, See no Gay: What Proponents of a Gay-Blind Approach to Bullying in the Schools can Learn from Race Relations Today’s Special Editorial was co-written with Kira Hudson Banks PhD, an Associate Professor of Psychology at Illinois Wesleyan University. This article also appeared on Race Matters, Dr. Banks’s blog on race [...]... Read more »

Sourander, A., Ronning, J., Brunstein-Klomek, A., Gyllenberg, D., Kumpulainen, K., Niemela, S., Helenius, H., Sillanmaki, L., Ristkari, T., Tamminen, T.... (2009) Childhood Bullying Behavior and Later Psychiatric Hospital and Psychopharmacologic Treatment: Findings From the Finnish 1981 Birth Cohort Study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 66(9), 1005-1012. DOI: 10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2009.122  

Vreeman, R., & Carroll, A. (2007) A Systematic Review of School-Based Interventions to Prevent Bullying. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 161(1), 78-88. DOI: 10.1001/archpedi.161.1.78  

  • October 26, 2010
  • 06:40 AM

Control or laissez-faire?

by Jan Husdal in

One major supply chain risk is that supply networks are constantly changing. Perhaps not controlling and resisting change, but letting things happen and letting supply networks emerge is the best management strategy?... Read more »

  • October 26, 2010
  • 02:40 AM

On Phylogenetic Analogues

by Richard in A Replicated Typo 2.0

A recent post by Miko on Kirschner and Gerhart’s work on developmental constraints and the implications for evolutionary biology caught my eye due to the possible analogues which could be drawn with language in mind. It starts by saying that developmental constraints are the most intuitive out of all of the known constraints on phenotypic variation. Essentially, whatever evolves must evolve from the starting point, and it cannot ignore the features of the original. Thus, a winged horse would ........ Read more »

Gerhart, J., & Kirschner, M. (2007) Colloquium Papers: The theory of facilitated variation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(suppl_1), 8582-8589. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0701035104  

  • October 26, 2010
  • 12:32 AM

The medium is the joke

by Hadas Shema in Information Culture

In their paper "The medium is the joke: Online humor about and by networked computers" by Shifman and Blondheim (2010, pay-walled) the authors sampled 170 texts from "humor hubs" (that is, well-known humor sites), plus 80 videos from YouTube, ending up with 250 humorous items in their sample.Manufactors, monopoly and the Microsoft menace In the absence of real alternative to Microsoft (though a friend once threatened me with installation of Linux) users make jokes which the authors interpret ac........ Read more »

Shifman, L., & Blondheim, M. (2010) The medium is the joke: Online humor about and by networked computers. New media . info:/10.1177/1461444810365311

  • October 25, 2010
  • 07:23 PM

Providing bilingual education since 1689

by Ingrid Piller in Language on the Move

I’ve been teaching about bilingualism for more than a decade and when I speak about bilingual education and dual-immersion programs I draw on examples from Canada and the USA. These are the examples that fill the literature and the textbooks. … Continue reading →... Read more »

Meier, G. (2010) Two-way immersion education in Germany: bridging the linguistic gap. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 13(4), 419-437. DOI: 10.1080/13670050903418793  

Sugimoto, Yoshio. (2010) An Introduction to Japanese Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. info:/

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