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  • July 6, 2011
  • 10:26 AM

Privacy and the press: An impressive collection of articles plus a recording of the notable Index privacy debate

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

In a piece recently featured on SAGE Insight, we highlight again this timely Index on Censorship issue on privacy, and in addition we draw your attention to the recent  impressive debate organized by Index; you can now  listen to the recording. Index privacy debate: Replay Max Mosley, Hugh Tomlinson QC, Suzanne Moore and David Price QC [...]... Read more »

Brian Cathcart. (2011) Code breakers. Index on Censorship, 40(2). DOI: 10.1177/0306422011410013  

  • July 6, 2011
  • 07:02 AM

The devil wasn’t dancing when the Casey Anthony verdict came in

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

We beg to differ with Nancy Grace. Her memorable comment about the not guilty verdict in the Casey Anthony case was “Somewhere out there, the devil is dancing tonight.”  We’re based in Texas so we love colorful turns of phrase. In this case, however, we simply don’t happen to agree. The Casey Anthony trial received massive (and [...]

Related posts:Pretrial publicity & jury deliberations
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Ruva, CL, & LeVasseur, MA. (2011) Behind closed doors: The effect of pretrial publicity on jury deliberations. Psychology, Crime . info:/

  • July 6, 2011
  • 06:35 AM

Cultural or universal

by David Winter in Careers - in Theory

In The East and West of Careers Guidance, my colleague Saiyada talked about the Jiva project promoting career development counselling in India. A recent paper by G. Arulmani (2011) expands on some of the cultural concepts that underlie this approach to careers work. I have my reservations about the research presented in the paper which [...]... Read more »

Arulmani, G. (2011) Striking the right note: the cultural preparedness approach to developing resonant career guidance programmes. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 11(2), 79-93. info:/10.1007/s10775-011-9199-y

  • July 6, 2011
  • 03:29 AM

Autism Isn't Very Genetic...Or Is It?

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic

The environment is more important than genetics in setting the risk for autism, according to a new study that's got the media in a tizzy.The paper, which is free, is here: Genetic Heritability and Shared Environmental Factors Among Twin Pairs With AutismIt's a twin study, and like all such research, it aims to estimate heritability, the proportion of the variability in autism risk caused by straightforward genetic effects. A heritability of 0% means no genetics and 100% means purely genetic. No........ Read more »

Joachim Hallmayer, et al. (2011) Genetic Heritability and Shared Environmental Factors Among Twin Pairs With Autism. Archives of General Psychiatry. info:/

  • July 5, 2011
  • 07:42 PM

The Undiagnosed Epidemic of Incarceration

by Dirk Hanson in Addiction Inbox

Prison once again a place for addicts and the mentally ill.

Readers may remember the dark day of January 1, 2008, when the U.S. set an all-time record: One out of every 100 adults was behind bars. That’s more than 2.3 million people. That’s 25% of all the prisoners in the world—and the world includes some very nasty nations. What gives?

You know the answer: drug crimes. Can it really be a coincidence that over the past 40 years, ever since President Richard Nixon first declared war on ........ Read more »

Rich JD, Wakeman SE, & Dickman SL. (2011) Medicine and the epidemic of incarceration in the United States. The New England journal of medicine, 364(22), 2081-3. PMID: 21631319  

  • July 5, 2011
  • 09:49 AM

the big picture: automatic metaphor identification

by Chris in The Lousy Linguist

The recently popularized IARPA Metaphor Program piqued my curiosity, so I've been reviewing a variety of articles on contemporary approaches to automatic metaphor identification. I've read three articles so far and one thing is somewhat dissapointing: they all severely restrict the notion of metaphor to mean local metaphors within single sentences.They all pay considerable lip service to Lakoff & Johnson's seminal 1980 work Metaphors We Live By, taking as gospel the notion that metaphor is d........ Read more »

Xuri Tang, Weiguang Qu, Xiaohe Chen, & Shiwen Yu. (2010) Automatic Metaphor Recognition Based on Semantic Relation Patterns. International Conference on Asian Language Processing. info:/

  • July 5, 2011
  • 09:00 AM

Is it OK to Laugh at ‘Fat-Jokes’?

by Arya M. Sharma in Dr. Sharma's Obesity Notes

Who has not seen or heard fat jokes?
Usually a stereotypical depiction of a fat person highlighting their ‘funny’ relationship with food, their ‘facetious’ aversion to physical activity, their ‘farcical’ physical appearance, their ‘ludicrous’ clumsiness, their ‘jolly’ self-indulgence, their ‘entertaining’ lack of self-control - in short hilarious!
Not just the general public, but media, movie makers, comedians, [...]... Read more »

  • July 5, 2011
  • 08:00 AM

America: Land Of The Free, And Home Of The…Discontent?

by Melanie Tannenbaum in PsySociety

Many Americans celebrated July 4th with fireworks and barbecues. But how much thought did everyone give to the true spirit of Independence Day? Independence is one of those things that America is known for. In fact, “independent” tends to be … Continue reading →... Read more »

Hamedani, M.G., Markus, H.R., & Fu, A.S. (2011) My nation, my self: Divergent framings of America influence American selves. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 350-364. info:/

  • July 5, 2011
  • 03:55 AM

Throwing Rocks From the Shores of the Cosmic Ocean

by Eric Michael Johnson in The Primate Diaries

I’m teaching my son to think like a scientist. He is two years old. We frequently go for walks together through the woods and along the coastlines of British Columbia where I allow his curiosity to run free. His current research project is throwing rocks into the ocean (this is just the exploratory phase mind [...]... Read more »

Michael Elazar. (2011) Projectile Motion and the Rejection of Superposition. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 169-187. info:/10.1007/978-94-007-1605-6_16

  • July 4, 2011
  • 07:02 AM

Images and ads create false memories

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

I have a vivid memory of a scene from very, very early childhood. Actually, infancy. My large sibling group is gathered around a Dutch Elm tree in our side yard. My father stands next to a black bear hung from the tree. My mother stands at the rear holding an infant wrapped in a blanket [...]

Related posts:What I should have said was nothing: The disaster of a false confession
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PRIYALI RAJAGOPAL, & NICOLE VOTOLATO MONTGOMERY. (2011) I Imagine, I Experience, I Like: The False Experience Effect. The Journal of Consumer Research. info:/

  • July 4, 2011
  • 12:41 AM

“Oh wad some power the giftie gie us To see oursel’s as others see us! It wad frae monie a blunder free us, And foolish notion”

by Bronwyn Thompson in Healthskills: Skills for Healthy Living

That quote from Robbie Burns. For such a long time it seems that pain research has focused only on the person having pain and less on the social context where the person is experiencing it. Pain is subjective, personal and private, and the only way I can determine whether someone is in pain is if … Read more... Read more »

  • July 3, 2011
  • 04:03 AM

The NeuROFLscience of Jokes

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic

A new paper in the Journal of Neuroscience investigates the neural basis of humour: Why Clowns Taste Funny.The authors note that some things are funny because of ambiguous words. For example:Q: Why don’t cannibals eat clowns?A: Because they taste funny!Previous studies, apparently, have shown that these kinds of jokes lead to activation in the lIFG (left inferior frontal gyrus), although it's also involved in processing ambiguity that's not funny, and indeed, language in general.In this study ........ Read more »

Bekinschtein TA, Davis MH, Rodd JM, & Owen AM. (2011) Why Clowns Taste Funny: The Relationship between Humor and Semantic Ambiguity. The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 31(26), 9665-71. PMID: 21715632  

  • July 2, 2011
  • 12:21 PM

Community & Kinship at Catalhoyuk

by Cris Campbell in Genealogy of Religion

Strange things are afoot at Catalhoyuk (7400-5600 BCE), one of the earliest and most important Neolithic (i.e., sedentary and agricultural) sites known to archaeology. As I noted in Bones, Burials and Ancestors, mortuary practices at Catalhoyuk were unusual and often involved secondary burial in the floors of homes.

The assumption has always been that these were [...]... Read more »

Pilloud, Marin A., & Larsen, Clark Spencer. (2011) “Official” and “practical” kin: Inferring social and community structure from dental phenotype at Neolithic Çatalhöyük, Turkey. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. info:/10.1002/ajpa.21520

  • July 1, 2011
  • 08:50 PM

Q&A's with a Science Journalist: 'It's All Relativity'

by Paige Brown in From The Lab Bench

This week I am interviewing Louise Ogden, a science blogger on our own community blog Student Voices, which is hosted on Scitable by Nature Education. Louise also has her own science blog, It’s All Relativity, where she talks about space missions, climate change, exoplanets, solar eclipses, and much more! Louise is currently finishing up her Masters project at City University in London, which will earn her an (exciting!) degree in science journalism.... Read more »

Alison Wright. (2010) High-energy physics: Top of the class . Nature Physics, 6(644). info:/10.1038/nphys1783

  • July 1, 2011
  • 02:22 PM

Wilderness housing boom challenges conservation

by Tim De Chant in Per Square Mile

The housing boom may be over in the United States, but things look very different when you take a step back. Since the 1940s, housing has grown at about 20 percent each decade. And while the current recession may have slowed things down, we’ll have to start building more houses eventually if we’re to house [...]... Read more »

Radeloff, V., Stewart, S., Hawbaker, T., Gimmi, U., Pidgeon, A., Flather, C., Hammer, R., & Helmers, D. (2009) Housing growth in and near United States protected areas limits their conservation value. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(2), 940-945. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0911131107  

  • July 1, 2011
  • 11:49 AM

And the Oscar goes to…Science!?

by Ben Good in B Good Science

Hollywood has never had a particularly good reputation for scientific accuracy. However, recently its science acumen has received a boost. It is currently the first time that the ‘reigning’ best actor and actress have been both been scientifically published. Colin Firth, has taken time out from swimming in country lakes and stuttering to co-author a [...]... Read more »

  • July 1, 2011
  • 07:02 AM

Simple Jury Persuasion: Should we channel Donna Reed and James Dean?

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

Really?  Tell me it isn’t so.  Okay. We are not so sure about this one. We’ve spent lots of time telling you about research that talks about being likable, how to be persuasive to juries, and the importance of jurors seeing you as “like” them but still true to yourself. So now, we have new research saying that [...]

Related posts:Simple Jury Persuasion: Using attraction to your advantage
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  • July 1, 2011
  • 01:00 AM

When Diseases Talk: Tuberculosis and Its Impression on Literature

by Pranab Chatterjee in Scepticemia

A skiagram of the chest, showing miliary mottling, suggestive of Pulmonary Koch’s Disease in both lungs. there is also an opacity of the right upper lobe suggestive of active pulmonary disease. Patient was an 84 year old man, with a … Continue reading →... Read more »

DANIEL, T. (2004) The impact of tuberculosis on civilization. Infectious Disease Clinics of North America, 18(1), 157-165. DOI: 10.1016/S0891-5520(03)00096-5  

  • June 30, 2011
  • 05:16 PM

No effect of religion on creative accountancy and book fiddling

by Tom Rees in Epiphenom

The joy of accountancy is that it is no longer a simple game of adding up money in versus money out. Financial dealings these days are so complex that there is an almost infinite number of ways to hide or massage bad figures - if you want to, that is (think: Enron).

Now, the really fascinating thing is you can see this happening at an aggregate level. For example, you can look at how reporting of profits and losses vary from year to year, to see if accountants are smoothing the figures. You can........ Read more »

  • June 30, 2011
  • 11:49 AM

Remember, it's a Sidebar, Not a Bar Fight: Reason With, Not At, Your Adversary and Judge

by Persuasion Strategies in Persuasive Litigator

By Dr. Ken Broda-Bahm - The popular image of legal argument is most often a polished and professional presentation, made from a podium in front of a jury or judge. To those of us court watchers who read transcripts, it is clear that the biggest roll-up-your-sleeves-and-argue moments are often at sidebar - those conferences conducted with counsel huddled awkwardly by the bench and speaking either in hushed tones or over the white noise that is supposed to prevent a jury from listening in. Due to ........ Read more »

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