Is autism more common in Silicon Valley?A new study from Simon Baron-Cohen and colleagues asked pretty much this question, although rather than California, they looked at Eindhoven in Holland. Eindhoven is the tech hub of the Netherlands:This region contains the Eindhoven University of Technology, as well as the High Tech Campus Eindhoven, where IT and technology companies such as Philips, ASML, IBM and ATOS Origin are based... 30% of jobs in Eindhoven are now in technology or ICT, in Haarlem an........ Read more »
Roelfsema MT, Hoekstra RA, Allison C, Wheelwright S, Brayne C, Matthews FE, & Baron-Cohen S. (2011) Are Autism Spectrum Conditions More Prevalent in an Information-Technology Region? A School-Based Study of Three Regions in the Netherlands. Journal of autism and developmental disorders. PMID: 21681590
Social hierarchies are quite complicated. In the animal world hierarchies are wildly different based on social contexts, species, and environmental factors. For some animals, such as bull elephant seals, hierarchies are unstable—individuals spend a relatively short times at the top of the food chain—and what these alpha males get in terms of mating preferences, they pay dearly for in terms of physical fighting, aggressive confrontation, and threats from other male rivals. In unstable hierarc........ Read more »
Sapolsky, R. (2005) The Influence of Social Hierarchy on Primate Health. Science, 308(5722), 648-652. DOI: 10.1126/science.1106477
Adler, N., Boyce, T., Chesney, M., Cohen, S., & et al, . (1994) Socioeconomic status and health: The challenge of the gradient. American Psychologist, 49(1), 15-24. DOI: 10.1037//0003-066X.49.1.15
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
After 9/11/2001 we did some research that uncovered a number of questions we successfully used for the better part of two years to identify plaintiff and defense jurors. And then—just like that—the questions stopped differentiating. The response patterns that were effective in identifying jurors who were good for us or bad for us had changed. [...]
Related posts:Polls and Prejudice
BE MORE LIKE ME!
Can you see me now? Different races & familiar places
... Read more »
Janus, A.L. (2010) The influence of social desirability pressures on expressed immigration attitudes. Social Science Quarterly, 91(4), 928-946. info:/
Right off the top let me say I'm not well versed enough in statistics to know who's right.On one side of the fence are the findings of Christakis and Fowler, famously published in the New England Journal of Medicine that posited obesity is socially contagious. Non-statistically, their paper didn't sit right with me, but as far as stats go, I'm no maven.On the other side of the fence is a new paper published by Russel Lyons who posits that Christakis' and Fowler's work is a great example of stat........ Read more »
Lyons, R. (2011) The Spread of Evidence-Poor Medicine via Flawed Social-Network Analysis. Statistics, Politics, and Policy, 2(1). DOI: 10.2202/2151-7509.1024
Our contributor in Karachi, Md. Ali Khan, has alerted me to what seems to be a fascinating book: The Tyranny of Language in Education by Zubeida Mustafa published by Ushba Books. I’d love to read the book but trying to … Continue reading →... Read more »
Han, Huamei. (2011) Social inclusion through multilingual ideologies, policies and practices: a case study of a minority church. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 14(4), 383-398. info:/
It was in news yesterday that a village in India named Shivnagar, changed it’s name to ‘Snapdeal.com’-Nagar. When I read the headline, my reaction was, ‘What? How much would they have paid to sponsor the entire village? For how long?’ … Continue reading →... Read more »
Prahalad, C. (2002) Strategies for the Bottom of the Economic Pyramid: India as a Source of Innovation. Reflections: The SoL Journal, 3(4), 6-17. DOI: 10.1162/152417302760127192
Sanchez, Pablo and Ricart, Joan Enric. (2010) Business model innovation and sources of value creation in low-income markets. European Management Review, 7(3), 138-154. DOI: 10.1057/emr.2010.16
Supply chain disturbances and supply chain disruptions. Not the same and very different from each other. The former can be managed and solved within an established supply chain, the latter often requires establishing a new supply network. Understanding this difference is imperative to risk management.... Read more »
Phil Greening, & Christine Rutherford. (2011) Disruptions and supply networks: a multi-level, multi-theoretical relational perspective. International Journal of Logistics Management, 22(1), 104-126. info:/
Chaos has been used to create variations on musical and dance sequences (Dabby, 2008; Bradley & Stuart, 1998). Here, I apply this to birdsong. It could also be used to model the evolution of creative cultural features.... Read more »
Bradley E, & Stuart J. (1998) Using chaos to generate variations on movement sequences. Chaos (Woodbury, N.Y.), 8(4), 800-807. PMID: 12779786
Spencer, K., Wimpenny, J., Buchanan, K., Lovell, P., Goldsmith, A., & Catchpole, C. (2005) Developmental stress affects the attractiveness of male song and female choice in the zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 58(4), 423-428. DOI: 10.1007/s00265-005-0927-5
Soma, M., Hiraiwa-Hasegawa, M., & Okanoya, K. (2009) Song-learning strategies in the Bengalese finch: do chicks choose tutors based on song complexity?. Animal Behaviour, 78(5), 1107-1113. DOI: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2009.08.002
Hosino, T., & Okanoya, K. (2000) Lesion of a higher-order song nucleus disrupts phrase level complexity in Bengalese finches. NeuroReport, 11(10), 2091-2095. DOI: 10.1097/00001756-200007140-00007
Do you ever get to the point where you feel as though you and your partner have absolutely nothing in common? Read further to find out the one common thread that lies in almost all of us. ... Read more »
Ramachandran, V. S. . (2001) Synaesthesia - a window into perception, thought and language. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 3-34. info:/
There was much discussion when the Supreme Court decided Jeffrey Skilling had gotten a fair trial despite extreme pre-trial publicity. The letter published in the Orlando Sentinel from a dismissed Casey Anthony trial juror raises the issue again. I was one of the 50 potential jurors excused from service on the Casey Anthony trial today because [...]
Related posts:Educating Jurors: How NOT to start deliberations
Deliberations & the role of the presiding juror
Simple Jury Persuasion: Count........ Read more »
Ruva, CL, & LeVasseur, MA. (2011) Behind closed doors: The effect of pretrial publicity on jury deliberations. . Psychology, Crime . info:/
Last year, I discussed the controvery over the proposed new childhood syndrome of "Temper Disregulation Disorder with Dysphoria" (TDDD). It may be included in the upcoming revision of the psychiatric bible, DSM-V.Back then, I said:TDDD has been proposed in order to reduce the number of children being diagnosed with pediatric bipolar disorder... many people agree that pediatric bipolar is being over-diagnosed.So we can all sympathize with the sentiment behind TDDD - but this is fighting fire wit........ Read more »
Van Meter AR, Moreira AL, & Youngstrom EA. (2011) Meta-analysis of epidemiologic studies of pediatric bipolar disorder. The Journal of clinical psychiatry. PMID: 21672501
Axelson DA, Birmaher B, Findling RL, Fristad MA, Kowatch RA, Youngstrom EA, Arnold EL, Goldstein BI, Goldstein TR, Chang KD.... (2011) Concerns regarding the inclusion of temper dysregulation disorder with dysphoria in the DSM-V. The Journal of clinical psychiatry. PMID: 21672494
Back in 2009, I blogged about some then-unpublished studies by Will Gervais, a social psychologist at the University of British Columbia (Why are atheists so disliked). The results suggested that one of the reasons that atheists in the USA are so disliked is because they are distrusted, and that at least part of this distrust was simply because atheists are few and far between - and so they seem strange and unfamiliar.
Gervais has a new paper out that covers some of the same territory but exte........ Read more »
Gervais, W. (2011) Finding the Faithless: Perceived Atheist Prevalence Reduces Anti-Atheist Prejudice. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37(4), 543-556. DOI: 10.1177/0146167211399583
by Persuasion Strategies in Persuasive Litigator
We all remember Aesop's fable of the happy-go-lucky grasshopper who played away the summer while the ants worked industriously. When winter came, and the hungry grasshopper ended up at the ant's door, the moral of the story became clear: entitlement, the feeling that the world owes you a living, will not get you through the winter. But according to some new research, entitlement will lead to higher damages in civil litigation. In the current issue of The Jury Expert, Gary Giewat reports on da........ Read more »
What does it mean to be monogamous?Sexual exclusivity between two partners?
A two-party partnership, characterized by cooperation where resources are shared and children are produced?
A genetic commitment to producing offspring with a single partner?
A social system in which only two people are contracted to marriage at a time?
Or is it perhaps some combination of these four?
For some people, establishing yourself in an exclusively committed relationship where you wake up next to the same perso........ Read more »
If you have ever suffered through an episode of “Ancient Aliens” on the History Channel, you might believe that every megalithic structure in the world was constructed by extraterrestrials:
Apparently inspired by the show, one credulous soul posted this question over at Answers.com: “Can scientists prove that Stonehenge was not built by ancient astronauts?” The pithy [...]... Read more »
This is a well-researched and methodologically sound article, which brilliantly sums up the core topics and clusters of supply chain risk management and how they have developed since the early 1990s, and where SCRM may be headed to in the future. That said, it is an article that is not totally without flaws.... Read more »
Tang, O., & Nurmaya Musa, S. (2010) Identifying risk issues and research advancements in supply chain risk management. International Journal of Production Economics. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpe.2010.06.013
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
Family law cases are almost always sad. They are typically filled with issues of bitterness, betrayal, rejection and character. And if those aren’t distressing enough under normal circumstances, in Texas—if you are rich enough and angry enough—you can have a divorce trial in front of a jury. Recently as we did a focus group on a particularly [...]
Related posts:Charlie Sheen or Tiger Woods? When behavior doesn’t fit the image
Choosing to either disgust your jurors or tick them off
Go........ Read more »
Vazire, Simine, & Carlson, Erika. (2011) Others sometimes know us better than we know ourselves. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20(2), 104-108. info:/
Prof. Alfred Hulber is an actual mad professor who is a danger to life as we know it. In a talk this evening he went from ball bearings in castor oil to hyper-advanced machine intelligence. However, will hyper-intelligent machines actually give us a better scientific understanding of the universe, or will they just spend their time playing tetris?... Read more »
Sperl, M., Chang, A., Weber, N., & Hübler, A. (1999) Hebbian learning in the agglomeration of conducting particles. Physical Review E, 59(3), 3165-3168. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.59.3165
Bettencourt LM, Lobo J, Helbing D, Kühnert C, & West GB. (2007) Growth, innovation, scaling, and the pace of life in cities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104(17), 7301-6. PMID: 17438298
West, G. (1997) A General Model for the Origin of Allometric Scaling Laws in Biology. Science, 276(5309), 122-126. DOI: 10.1126/science.276.5309.122
Breaking the rules to rise to power: how norm violators gain power in the eyes of others From Social Psychological and Personality Science When people have power, they act the part. Powerful people smile less, interrupt others, and speak in a louder voice. When people do not respect the basic rules of social behavior, they [...]... Read more »
Van Kleef, G., Homan, A., Finkenauer, C., Gundemir, S., & Stamkou, E. (2011) Breaking the Rules to Rise to Power: How Norm Violators Gain Power in the Eyes of Others. Social Psychological and Personality Science. DOI: 10.1177/1948550611398416
Today I've been learning more about network structure (from Cris Moore) and I've applied my poor understanding and overconfidence to find language families from etymology data! The analysis suggests a split between Germanic and Romance languages.... Read more »
Aaron Clauset, Cristopher Moore, & M. E. J. Newman. (2008) Hierarchical structure and the prediction of missing links in networks. Nature 453, 98 - 101 (2008). arXiv: 0811.0484v1
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