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  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 2,355 views

Evolution of "Natural" Sleep

by Cris Campbell in Originus

If you slept well last night and do so regularly, chances are you don’t give sleep much thought. It happens, is pleasurable, and you are refreshed. If you didn’t sleep well last night and do so irregularly, chances are you have given sleep a great deal of thought. It doesn’t happen, isn’t pleasurable, and you are fatigued.... Read more »

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 2,084 views

Some Members of the Parliament Should Be Selected By Lottery, According to Research

by United Academics in United Academics

What if democracy works better with some members of parliament chosen at random? This is what Athenians used to do in the past, and what a team of Italian researchers at the Università di Catania defend in a paper, now brought back to attention by Marc Abrahams in his weekly column ‘Improbable Research’ at the The Guardian.... Read more »

Pluchino, A., Garofalo, C., Rapisarda, A., Spagano, S., & Caserta, M. (2011) Accidental politicians: How randomly selected legislators can improve parliament efficiency. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 390(21-22), 3944-3954. DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2011.06.028  

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 1,798 views

“Beware of Exercise” is a Sexy Headline

by nooffensebut in The Unsilenced Science

A new study that raised concerns about exercise should instead raise concerns about obesity.... Read more »

Claude Bouchard, Steven Blair, Timothy Church, Conrad Earnest, James Hagberg, Keijo Häkkinen, Nathan Jenkins, Laura Karavirta, William Kraus, Arthur Leon.... (2012) Adverse Metabolic Response to Regular Exercise: Is It a Rare or Common Occurrence?. PLOS One, 7(5). info:/10.1371/journal.pone.0037887

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 1,712 views

“Beware of Exercise” is a Sexy Headline

by nooffensebut in The Unsilenced Science

A new study that raised concerns about exercise should instead raise concerns about obesity.... Read more »

Claude Bouchard, Steven Blair, Timothy Church, Conrad Earnest, James Hagberg, Keijo Häkkinen, Nathan Jenkins, Laura Karavirta, William Kraus, Arthur Leon.... (2012) Adverse Metabolic Response to Regular Exercise: Is It a Rare or Common Occurrence?. PLOS One, 7(5). info:/10.1371/journal.pone.0037887

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 1,926 views

3 surprising insights on how food cravings relate to other desires in everyday life

by Ellen van Kleef in Food Intake Control

What is harder to resist? Checking your Twitter or Facebook account at work or eating a delicious, but fattening snack when you try to watch your calories? Both are inner conflicts, best described as 'I really want to do this, but I should not'.

This blog post looks at the paper of Wilhelm Hofmann, Kathlees Vohs and Roy Baummeister who recently tried to answer these questions in their Everyday Temptation Study. ... Read more »

Hofmann W, Baumeister RF, Förster G, & Vohs KD. (2012) Everyday temptations: an experience sampling study of desire, conflict, and self-control. Journal of personality and social psychology, 102(6), 1318-35. PMID: 22149456  

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 1,765 views

Casual Sex: Revisited

by Annemarie van Oosten in United Academics

In my first blog article (“Casual sex: not so casual?”) I wrote about how casual sex (i.e., a sexual interaction between two individuals outside of a long-term committed relationship) is often seen by young adults as a means of starting a relationship. However, things seem to be a bit more complicated (as is often the case with the topic of sexuality), especially for young higher educated women. According to an article by Hamilton and Armstrong (2009), many girls in their early twent........ Read more »

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 1,426 views

How well do people understand their neuropathic pain?

by Bronwyn Thompson in Healthskills: Skills for Healthy Living

When coming to terms with a chronic pain problem, one of the important steps involves obtaining a diagnosis that fits with both the individual’s personal experience of their pain, and also their knowledge (drawn from what is available in the general population). If the label doesn’t square with their experience, people continue searching until they find something that does.... Read more »

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 1,086 views

Sticks And Stones (Coda) – How Names Work Against Women

by Michael Ramscar in The Importance of Being Wrong

Mothers tell your daughters

From 2011 to December 2015, five women fought the Japanese Government all the way to the country’s Supreme Court. They were seeking to change a law that compels couples to adopt the same surname in order to legally register their marriage. Although the law does not specify whose name it should be, in practice, 96% of couples take the husband’s name, and the women argued that this made the law unconstitutional, since it violated their basic civil rights........ Read more »

Colman, A., Sluckin, W., & Hargreaves, D. (1981) The effect of familiarity on preferences for surnames. British Journal of Psychology, 72(3), 363-369. DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8295.1981.tb02195.x  

A. Crook. (2012) Personal Names in 18th-Century Scotland: a case study of the parish of Beith (North Ayrshire). Journal of Scottish Name Studies, 1-10. info:/

Shannon, C. (1948) A Mathematical Theory of Communication. Bell System Technical Journal, 27(3), 379-423. DOI: 10.1002/j.1538-7305.1948.tb01338.x  

Shannon, C. (1951) Prediction and Entropy of Printed English. Bell System Technical Journal, 30(1), 50-64. DOI: 10.1002/j.1538-7305.1951.tb01366.x  

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 1,096 views

Productivity Paradox 2.0

by Paco Jariego in Mind the Post

Despite ongoing IT-related innovation, aggregate U.S. productivity growth slowed markedly after 2004. While economists are again unable to find the productivity in their statistics, many people in Silicon Valley think that this slowdown has to be at least in part illusory. Who is right?... Read more »

Byrne, D., Fernald, J., & Reinsdorf, M. (2016) Does the United States have a Productivity Slowdown or a Measurement Problem. Finance and Economics Discussion Series, 2016(017), 1-74. DOI: 10.17016/FEDS.2016.017  

Chad Syverson. (2013) Will History Repeat Itself? Comments on “Is the Information Technology Revolution Over?”. International Productivity Monitor, 37-40. info:/

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