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  • September 12, 2013
  • 12:00 PM

Evaluate, evaluate, evaluate

by Dorothy Bishop in bishopblog

Early career scientists often imagine that senior academics are able to spend much of their time doing research. The reality is that an increasing proportion of time is taken up with evaluation: reviewing papers and grants, writing references, examining theses, etc.... Read more »

Fogelholm, Mikael, Leppinen, Saara, Auvinen, Anssi, Raitanen, Jani, Nuutinen, Anu, & Väänänen, Kalervo. (2012) Panel discussion does not improve reliability of peer review for medical research grant proposals. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 65(1), 47-52. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2011.05.001  

  • September 10, 2013
  • 04:39 AM

The cost of the rejection-resubmission cycle

by Björn Brembs in

Rejection is one of the unpleasant but inevitable components of life. There are positive components to rejection: they build character, they force you to deal with negativity and sometimes they force you to change your life to avoid future rejections. […] ↓ Read the rest of this entry...... Read more »

  • September 9, 2013
  • 06:15 PM

Robo-WOOF! What's happening in dog-human communication technology?

by Cobb & Hecht in Do You Believe In Dog?

(Source)Hey Julie,Thank you for the gorgeous congratulations for winning I'm a Scientist, get me out of here! - what an amazing experience! So many students engaged in science and asking questions that made my head spin - fabulous, fabulous stuff! I learned so much!One of the questions that came up a few times during the live chat sessions with student classes was about communication between dogs and people. I was asked "Do you think dogs will ever be able to talk to humans?" and "Why don't........ Read more »

Kerepesi A., Jonsson G.K., Miklósi Á., Topál J., Csányi V., & Magnusson M.S. (2005) Detection of temporal patterns in dog–human interaction. Behavioural Processes, 70(1), 69-79. DOI: 10.1016/j.beproc.2005.04.006  

  • September 1, 2013
  • 11:28 PM

Just a mild electric current through the brain to increase memory gain

by William Lu in The Quantum Lobe Chronicles

Have you ever watched that compelling infomerical selling the incredible electrical muscle stimulator, the Tone-A-Matic, promising beautiful rippling abs to couch potatotes all around the world? Ever hope something similar would work for the brain? Well folks, you're in luck!There has been mounting evidence that transcranial direct current stimulation can improve cognitive functioning (Boggio et al., 2006; Brasil-Neto et al., 2012; Javadi et al., 2012, 2013). However, many of the studies used s........ Read more »

Boggio PS, Ferrucci R, Rigonatti SP, Covre P, Nitsche M, Pascual-Leone A, & Fregni F. (2006) Effects of transcranial direct current stimulation on working memory in patients with Parkinson's disease. Journal of the neurological sciences, 249(1), 31-8. PMID: 16843494  

Meinzer M, Jähnigen S, Copland DA, Darkow R, Grittner U, Avirame K, Rodriguez AD, Lindenberg R, & Flöel A. (2013) Transcranial direct current stimulation over multiple days improves learning and maintenance of a novel vocabulary. Cortex; a journal devoted to the study of the nervous system and behavior. PMID: 23988131  

  • August 30, 2013
  • 11:34 AM

Cognitive phenotypes in TBI

by William Lu in The Quantum Lobe Chronicles

There are many different ways to categorize individuals with TBI in terms of clinical severity, mechanism of injury, and pathophysiology; each of which may impact prognosis and treatment (Hempill, 2013). The initial evaluation of individuals with TBI typically includes GCS, CT scan, and a neurologic exam (Saatman et al., 2008). However, the primary concern with these current diagnostic methods is that they lack specificity in terms of functional impairment and treatment selection. A po........ Read more »

Hermann B, Seidenberg M, Lee EJ, Chan F, & Rutecki P. (2007) Cognitive phenotypes in temporal lobe epilepsy. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society : JINS, 13(1), 12-20. PMID: 17166299  

Saatman KE, Duhaime AC, Bullock R, Maas AI, Valadka A, Manley GT, & Workshop Scientific Team and Advisory Panel Members. (2008) Classification of traumatic brain injury for targeted therapies. Journal of neurotrauma, 25(7), 719-38. PMID: 18627252  

Tager-Flusberg H, & Joseph RM. (2003) Identifying neurocognitive phenotypes in autism. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 358(1430), 303-14. PMID: 12639328  

  • August 27, 2013
  • 05:26 PM

Put your money where your citations are: a proposal for a new funding system

by Hadas Shema in Information Culture

Funding agencies allocate funds for scientific research mainly based on peer-review of research proposals.  In 2010, more than 15,000 researchers peer-reviewed more than 55,000 proposals.  I think we...

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Johan Bollen, David Crandall, Damion Junk, Ying Ding, & Katy Boerner. (2013) Collective allocation of science funding: from funding agencies to scientific agency. ArXiv. arXiv: 1304.1067v1

  • August 26, 2013
  • 05:06 AM

Electrical signatures of consciousness in the dying brain

by Perikis Livas in Chilon

A University of Michigan animal study shows high electrical activity in the brain after clinical death... Read more »

Shantell Kirkendoll. (2013) Electrical signatures of consciousness in the dying brain. University of Michigan Health system. info:/

  • August 22, 2013
  • 07:22 PM

I'm a scientist, (don't!) get me out of here!

by Cobb & Hecht in Do You Believe In Dog?

Julie Julie Julie!How awesome was Heather's guest post about her black dog syndrome research in shelters? There's something extra fun about hearing about the latest research, straight from the researchers own fingers (well, mouth seemed wrong seeing she typed it?!).I'm keeping myself busy this week, organising everything ahead of the Working Dog Alliance's website going live (any day now, annnnny daaaaaay!). I'll be sure to put a link up on Facebook and Twitter when it does g........ Read more »

  • August 22, 2013
  • 12:47 PM

All digital images are just large arrays of numbers

by Olga Vovk in Milchstraße

If we look at image processing from the mathematical perspective, all digital images are just arrays of numbers. Across different fields of study, image processing applications (although initially developed for very specific needs) often use similar image processing routines based on common algorithms. Why I am writing all this?... Read more »

Jennifer L. West, & Ian D. Cameron. (2006) Using the medical image processing package, ImageJ, for astronomy. J.Roy.Astron.Soc.Canada100:242-248,2006. arXiv: astro-ph/0611686v1

Michelle Borkin (Initiative in Innovative Computing, Harvard University), Alyssa Goodman (Initiative in Innovative Computing/Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics), Michael Halle (Initiative in Innovative Computing/Harvard Medical School), Douglas A. (2006) Application of Medical Imaging Software to 3D Visualization of Astronomical Data. info:/

Covington K, McCreedy ES, Chen M, Carass A, Aucoin N, & Landman BA. (2010) Interfaces and Integration of Medical Image Analysis Frameworks: Challenges and Opportunities. Annual ORNL Biomedical Science and Engineering Center Conference ORNL Biomedical Science and Engineering Center Conference, 1-4. PMID: 21151892  

  • August 18, 2013
  • 03:43 AM

Remembering the Work of Dr. Patricia Goldman-Rakic

by The Neurocritic in The Neurocritic

A touching and comprehensive review article in Cerebral Cortex commemorates the life and work of Dr. Patricia Goldman-Rakic on the ten year anniversary of her death (Arnsten, 2013). The author of over 600 publications, Goldman-Rakic worked at NIMH from 1965-1979 and was a professor at Yale from 1979-2003. She served as President of the Society for Neuroscience in 1989-90 and was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1990. The review was written by one of her former post-docs, Dr. Amy F......... Read more »

  • August 16, 2013
  • 11:34 AM

Possible New Treatment for Bone Fractures in the Elderly

by Rebekah Morrow in United Academics

As people age, they are more likely to break bones and suffer from osteoporosis. The elderly who have broken bones also take longer to heal than younger patients. Part of the reason for this is that bones change as we age. Bone marrow contains many cell types, including those that form new bone. As age increases, these cells shift from an osteogenic (bone forming) type and toward an adipogenic (fat forming) type. Bone grafts are used to replace missing bone when the fractures are complex, or fai........ Read more »

Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. (2013) Wnt3a reestablishes osteogenic capacity to bone grafts from aged animals. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013;95:1278-88. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. info:/

  • August 12, 2013
  • 08:06 PM

Black Dog Syndrome: A Bad Rap?

by Cobb & Hecht in Do You Believe In Dog?

Hi Mia & Julie – Firstly, thanks so much for letting me drop a verse in the rap song of your blog! I feel so awesome being featured. It’s like being Lil Wayne or something. Anyway…I’m just recently back from ISAZ 2013, where I had a most excellent time chatting with other anthrozoologist-y types. As you know, I just graduated from the Anthrozoology Master’s Program at Canisius College, so I was uber-excited to have a chance to share my research with colleagues in the fiel........ Read more »

Fratkin Jamie L., & Baker Suzanne C. (2013) The Role of Coat Color and Ear Shape on the Perception of Personality in Dogs. Anthrozoos: A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People , 26(1), 125-133. DOI: 10.2752/175303713X13534238631632  

Protopopova Alexandra, Gilmour Amanda Joy, Weiss Rebecca Hannah, Shen Jacqueline Yontsye, & Wynne Clive David Lawrence. (2012) The effects of social training and other factors on adoption success of shelter dogs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 142(1-2), 61-68. DOI: 10.1016/j.applanim.2012.09.009  

  • August 10, 2013
  • 06:41 AM

Is Neuroscience Really Too Small?

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic_Discover

Back in April a paper came out in Nature Reviews Neuroscience that shocked many: Katherine Button et al’s Power failure: why small sample size undermines the reliability of neuroscience It didn’t shock me, though, skeptic that I am: I had long suspected that much of neuroscience (and science in general) is underpowered – that is, [...]The post Is Neuroscience Really Too Small? appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »

Button KS, Ioannidis JP, Mokrysz C, Nosek BA, Flint J, Robinson ES, & Munafò MR. (2013) Power failure: why small sample size undermines the reliability of neuroscience. Nature reviews. Neuroscience, 14(5), 365-76. PMID: 23571845  

  • August 3, 2013
  • 06:13 PM

Thoughts about altmetrics (an unorganized, overdue post)

by Hadas Shema in Information Culture

I  haven’t written about altmetrics so far. Not because it’s not a worthwhile subject, but because there’s so much I don’t know where to begin. The term “altmetrics” was first suggested in a...

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Stefanie Haustein, Isabella Peters, Judit Bar-Ilan, Jason Priem, Hadas Shema, & Jens Terliesner. (2013) Coverage and adoption of altmetrics sources in the bibliometric community. ISSI conference. arXiv: 1304.7300v1

  • August 3, 2013
  • 03:01 AM

Boys Don’t Cry, But They Can Be Sensitive! Behavioural Descriptions of Counterstereotypical People Cause Greater Prejudice than Personality Descriptions

by Mark Rubin in Mark Rubin's Social Psychology Research Blog

Stereotypes are pretty useful things! We use them to help us to understand and respond to people from a large and diverse array of social groups. But how do people feel about individuals who buck the trend and contradict stereotypes? For example, how do people feel about a man who is crying or a woman who is smoking a cigar!... Read more »

  • August 2, 2013
  • 04:03 AM

Getting Science Right: Fraudulent Scientists

by Katja Keuchenius in United Academics

More and more scientific articles are being retracted because of misconduct. Diederik Stapel, of the anti-social meat eaters, is not even the recordholder. An interview with Adam Marcus, who blogs about retractions.... Read more »

Ferric C. Fang, R. Grant Steen, and, & Arturo Casadevall. (2012) Misconduct accounts for the majority of retracted scientific publications. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America . DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1212247109  

  • July 26, 2013
  • 10:30 AM

Why we need pre-registration

by Dorothy Bishop in bishopblog

There has been a chorus of disapproval this week at the suggestion that researchers should 'pre-register' their studies with journals and spell out in advance the methods and analyses that they plan to do. Those who wish to follow the debate should look at this critique by Sophie Scott, with associated comments, and the responses to it collated by Pete Etchells. They should also read the explanation of the pre-registration proposals and FAQ by Chris Chambers.
Quite simply, pre-regist........ Read more »

  • July 25, 2013
  • 07:20 AM

Google celebrates Rosalind Franklin, British biophysicist and X-ray crystallographer

by GrrlScientist in GrrlScientist

Today's Google Doodle honours pioneering British biophysicist and x-ray crystallographer, Rosalind Franklin... Read more »

Bernal John Desmond. (1958) Dr. Rosalind E. Franklin. Nature, 182(4629), 154-154. DOI: 10.1038/182154a0  

Glynn J. (2008) Rosalind Franklin: 50 years on. Notes and Records of the Royal Society, 62(2), 253-255. DOI: 10.1098/rsnr.2007.0052  

Finch J. T., & Klug A. (1959) Structure of Poliomyelitis Virus. Nature, 183(4677), 1709-1714. DOI: 10.1038/1831709a0  

Creager Angela N. H., & Morgan Gregory J. (2008) After the Double Helix. Isis, 99(2), 239-272. DOI: 10.1086/588626  

  • July 24, 2013
  • 11:14 AM

Mammoth Cloning: the Ethics

by ulian Savulescu in United Academics

he display of a frozen mammoth in Japan has again raised questions as to the possibility of creating a live born clone of extinct animals.

Theoretically, mammoths could be cloned by recovering, reconstructing or synthesizing viable mammoth DNA and injecting it into the egg cell of a modern elephant whose nuclear DNA has been removed; alternatively, mammoth genetic material could be introduced into an elephant genome in order to create a mammoth-elephant hybrid or chimera.

This raises an et........ Read more »

Douglas T, Powell R, & Savulescu J. (2013) Is the creation of artificial life morally significant?. Studies in history and philosophy of biological and biomedical sciences. PMID: 23810562  

  • July 23, 2013
  • 08:32 PM

How is gender bias in science studied? II. Learning from existing data

by Terrific T in Science, I Choose You

This is part 2 of my 4-part series about studying gender bias in science (See part 1). For studies using existing data, we look at information that is already available, and learn from the information through data analysis. The difficulty in these studies is that because you are not in control of how the information […]... Read more »

Schroeder J., Dugdale H. L., Radersma R., Hinsch M., Buehler D. M., Saul J., Porter L., Liker A., De Cauwer I., & Johnson P. J. (2013) Fewer invited talks by women in evolutionary biology symposia. Journal of Evolutionary Biology. DOI: 10.1111/jeb.12198  

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