Dyphagia is a disorder of swallowing. It actually occurs in up to 10% of adults older than 50 years old. How can you determine the most likely causes for dysphagia? The secret is to obtain a thorough history and using the algorithm below, which I find really helpful from a review article in American Family Physician.How do you read the figure?Determine first if patient has oropharyngeal vs esophageal dysphagia. Determine if mechanical (problem is solid foods only) vs neuromuscular (problem ........ Read more »
An interesting study by Tann, et al (2010). They argue that, once the preserve of the medical profession, prescribing rights have now been extended to others including pharmacists. However in this paper the authors concentrate on one form of “non medical” prescribing by pharmacists, namely supplementary prescribing, which is carried out in partnership, with mostly, [...]... Read more »
Tann, J., Blenkinsopp, A., Grime, J., & Evans, A. (2010) The great boundary crossing: Perceptions on training pharmacists as supplementary prescribers in the UK. Health Education Journal, 69(2), 183-191. DOI: 10.1177/0017896910363300
I recently came across a new editorial in Analytics Chemistry by Royce Murray entitled, Science Blogs and Caveat Emptor. The main thesis of the editorial is that you can trust peer-reviewed literature, you can trust mainstream science news, but when it comes to science blogs – caveat emptor. Murray states the following: “I firmly believe... Read more »
A study that shows that values affirmation can help female students do better in a calculus based Physics course.... Read more »
Miyake A, Kost-Smith LE, Finkelstein ND, Pollock SJ, Cohen GL, & Ito TA. (2010) Reducing the gender achievement gap in college science: a classroom study of values affirmation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6008), 1234-7. PMID: 21109670
The American Medical Association (AMA) just released a policy on Social Media and Medical Professionalism. It focuses more on the negative aspects of social media, and much can be averted by just by using common sense:Physicians should weigh a number of considerations when maintaining a presence online:Physicians should be cognizant of standards of patient privacy and confidentiality that must be maintained in all environments, including online, and must refrain from posting identifiable patient........ Read more »
Greysen SR, Kind T, & Chretien KC. (2010) Online professionalism and the mirror of social media. Journal of general internal medicine, 25(11), 1227-9. PMID: 20632121
Social software or the use of Internet (Web 2.0) for generating your own content, to connect with one another and to share and manage content with each other is used by young people. How do first year medical students use this social software? This could be important because these networks could become networks of learners [...]
Related posts:Social Media in Health and Medicine: Medlibs Round 2.7
The Risks of Online Social Networking for Students
Disclosure of substance use on social media we........ Read more »
Sandars, J., Homer, M., Pell, G., & Crocker, T. (2010) Web 2.0 and social software: the medical student way of e-learning. Medical Teacher, 2147483647-5. DOI: 10.3109/01421590701798729
In times of financial difficulties, health reporters are usually the first to be let go. This is especially true if they actually know something about health (it makes them more expensive). Financial cutbacks mean that media outlets have to rely on news agencies or have non-specialist journalists report health. The authors of "Does it matter who writes medical news stories" are familiar with such problems (and their consequences), since they are reviewers of health news stories for the Australia........ Read more »
This is part of a title of a commentary in the JAMA. Would have reacted in the JAMA but found my blog more appropriate. The subtitle is a neurobiological perspective. This commentary does provide an update on the neurobiological findings on empathy but they’re not new and can also be read on this blog. What [...]
Related posts:Patient Doctor Relationship Series: Empathy
Patient Doctor Relationship: Can We Teach Empathy at Med School?
Empathy for the Mentally Ill in Medical Education
... Read more »
Riess, H. (2010) Empathy in Medicine--A Neurobiological Perspective. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 304(14), 1604-1605. DOI: 10.1001/jama.2010.1455
Twitter describes itself as “a service for friends, family, and co-workers to communicate and stay connected through the exchange of quick, frequent answers to one simple question: What are you doing?” . The “answers” are equally simple, because the tweet (that what is being “said”) must fit in 140 characters. The tweet does not only [...]... Read more »
Dr. Kevin Mitchell, a neuroscientist at Smurfit Institute of Genetics, University of Dublin, posted at his excellent blog Wiring the Brain about a weird, interesting study* that points to a possible genetic explanation of synaesthesia** (e.g., hearing a word and experience the color red). The authors were studying pain mechanisms in fruit flies (turns out the mechanisms are similar to us mammals, whuddathunk?). Once they identified a particular gene they dubbed straightjacket*** which is "involv........ Read more »
Neely GG, Hess A, Costigan M, Keene AC, Goulas S, Langeslag M, Griffin RS, Belfer I, Dai F, Smith SB.... (2010) A Genome-wide Drosophila Screen for Heat Nociception Identifies α2δ3 as an Evolutionarily Conserved Pain Gene. Cell, 143(4), 628-38. PMID: 21074052
Where have all the data gone, long time passing? Where have all the data gone, long time ago? Where have all the data gone? Disk crashed, new project, postdoc gone. Oh, when will they ever learn? Oh, when will they … Continue reading →... Read more »
A clump on barnacles on one of my cinder blocks in Shinnecock Bay, NY
If you ever needed to know one thing about barnacles, its that they have large penises. Sure, you might be thinking barnacles are so small. But relative to total body size, they have the largest penises. It is a . . . → Read More: It’s not the size of the boat (or barnacle), but it’s the motion in the ocean (literally)... Read more »
J. Matthew Hoch. (2010) Effects of crowding and wave exposure on penis morphology of the acorn barnacle, Semibalanus balanoides. Marine Biology, 2783-2789. info:/10.1007/s00227-010-1536-z
I am preparing material for an employability module, and I’ve been getting myself into it by exploring different definitions and concepts of employability. What is employability? Coming at that question from a careers adviser’s perspective, I tend, by default, to think about employability in terms of the awareness and attributes of the individual job seeker. [...]... Read more »
Fugate, M., Kinicki, A., & Ashforth, B. (2004) Employability: A psycho-social construct, its dimensions, and applications. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 65(1), 14-38. DOI: 10.1016/j.jvb.2003.10.005
Pool, L., & Sewell, P. (2007) The key to employability: developing a practical model of graduate employability. Education Training, 49(4), 277-289. DOI: 10.1108/00400910710754435
Discussion of R01 grant proposals submitted to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), after they have received an initial funding priority score, generally has little effect on ultimate funding probability.... Read more »
Martin, M. R., Kopstein, A., & Janice, J. M. (2010) An Analysis of Preliminary and Post-Discussion Priority Scores for Grant Applications Peer Reviewed by the Center for Scientific Review at the NIH. PLoS ONE, 5(11). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013526
Ivan Oransky on his Retraction Watch blog pointed to a paper by R. Grant Steen looking at numbers of retraction and whether they were due to fraud or error. Ivan pointed to a news item on The Great Beyond by...... Read more »
Steen, R. (2010) Retractions in the scientific literature: do authors deliberately commit research fraud?. Journal of Medical Ethics. DOI: 10.1136/jme.2010.038125
We did present at ASSETS 2010 as I previously said and I must say that I think this years conference was solid.... Read more »
Shari Trewin, Bonnie E. John, John Richards, Cal Swart, Jonathan Brezin and John Thomas. (2010) Towards a Tool for Keystroke Level Modeling of Skilled Screen Reading. Proceedings of the 12th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility, 1(1). info:/
The dissemination of science follows the conventional route of rigorous peer-review followed by publication in an accredited scientific journal. This process has been the standard foundation from which the general public can trust that the science is, at the very least, valid and honest. Of course this system is not without its flaws. Scientific papers of questionable authority, [...]... Read more »
Flor Lacanilao. (1997) Continuing problems with gray literature. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 1-5. info:/
Which is the best answer?A. YesB. NoC. MaybeD. 2 of the 3 aboveE. None of the aboveWait, what?! What a terribly written test question! Have you encountered similarly poor questions on exams? It turns out that writing multiple-choice test questions is actually pretty difficult. There are some basic rules to follow and pitfalls to avoid.In an article, the authors (hey, I know most of them! Wait, why wasn't I invited?!) talks about the lack of a National Board Medical Exam in Emergency Me........ Read more »
Academic dishonesty is any type of cheating that occurs in relation to a formal academic exercise. Examples are:
Plagiarism: The adoption or reproduction of original creations of another author (person, collective, organization, community or other type of author, including anonymous authors) without due acknowledgment.
Fabrication: The falsification of data, information, or citations in any formal academic exercise.
Related posts:Adolescents’ Narcissism on Facebook
Nar........ Read more »
Brunell, A., Staats, S., Barden, J., & Hupp, J. (2010) Narcissism and academic dishonesty: The exhibitionism dimension and the lack of guilt. Personality and Individual Differences. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2010.10.006
These days medical journals are rigorous when it comes to getting researchers to declare any associations with industry that might influence how a trial is reported. Before agreeing to publish a paper, many of the top medical journals require authors to sign a comprehensive conflicts of interest form that outlines any financial or personal relationships [...]... Read more »
Lundh, A., Barbateskovic, M., Hróbjartsson, A., & Gøtzsche, P. (2010) Conflicts of Interest at Medical Journals: The Influence of Industry-Supported Randomised Trials on Journal Impact Factors and Revenue – Cohort Study. PLoS Medicine, 7(10). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000354
Do you write about peer-reviewed research in your blog? Use ResearchBlogging.org to make it easy for your readers — and others from around the world — to find your serious posts about academic research.
If you don't have a blog, you can still use our site to learn about fascinating developments in cutting-edge research from around the world.
Research Blogging is powered by SMG Technology.
To learn more, visit seedmediagroup.com.