The U.S. Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory has created a faster, cleaner biofuel refining technology that not only combines processes, it uses widely available materials to reduce costs.... Read more »
Kandel, K., Anderegg, J., Nelson, N., Chaudhary, U., & Slowing, I. (2014) Supported iron nanoparticles for the hydrodeoxygenation of microalgal oil to green diesel. Journal of Catalysis, 142-148. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcat.2014.04.009
Ever wonder why you don’t see too many illnesses that affect the brain directly? You can give your head a nice pat and congratulate the blood brain barrier for keeping […]... Read more »
Ben-Zvi Ayal, Lacoste Baptiste, Kur Esther, Andreone Benjamin J., Mayshar Yoav, Yan Han, & Gu Chenghua. (2014) Mfsd2a is critical for the formation and function of the blood–brain barrier. Nature. DOI: 10.1038/nature13324
Do you have some of that unwanted belly fat? Do you get nervous that you will exceed the weight limit in an elevator? Do you want to eat everything in […]... Read more »
Bahadori Babak, McCarty Mark F., Barroso-Aranda Jorge, Gustin John C., & Contreras Francisco. (2009) A “mini-fast with exercise” protocol for fat loss. Medical Hypotheses, 73(4), 619-622. DOI: 10.1016/j.mehy.2008.09.063
Aleixandre Amaya, & Miguel Marta. (2008) Dietary Fiber in the Prevention and Treatment of Metabolic Syndrome: A Review. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 48(10), 905-912. DOI: 10.1080/10408390701761886
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Pawlak Dorota B. , Brand-Miller Janette C. , Denyer Gareth S. , & Bryson Janet M. . (2001) High Glycemic Index Starch Promotes Hypersecretion of Insulin and Higher Body Fat in Rats without Affecting Insulin Sensitivity. The Journal of Nutrition , 131(1). DOI: 0022-3166
Pittas A. G., Das S. K., Hajduk C. L., Golden J., Saltzman E., Stark P. C., Greenberg A. S., & Roberts S. B. (2005) A Low-Glycemic Load Diet Facilitates Greater Weight Loss in Overweight Adults With High Insulin Secretion but Not in Overweight Adults With Low Insulin Secretion in the CALERIE Trial. Diabetes Care, 28(12), 2939-2941. DOI: 10.2337/diacare.28.12.2939
O’Keefe James H., Gheewala Neil M., & O’Keefe Joan O. (2008) Dietary Strategies for Improving Post-Prandial Glucose, Lipids, Inflammation, and Cardiovascular Health. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 51(3), 249-255. DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2007.10.016
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Stamper I. Johanna, & Wang Xujing. (2013) Mathematical modeling of insulin secretion and the role of glucose-dependent mobilization, docking, priming and fusion of insulin granules. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 210-225. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2012.11.002
Ishøy Pelle L., Knop Filip K., Vilsbøll Tina, Glenthøj Birte Y., & Ebdrup Bjørn H. (2013) Sustained Weight Loss After Treatment With a Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor Agonist in an Obese Patient With Schizophrenia and Type 2 Diabetes. American Journal of Psychiatry, 170(6), 681. DOI: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2013.12101344
Before you enjoy your next slice of gouda or wedge of brie, you might take a moment to think of all the organisms that have nibbled it before you. Cheeses get the flavors you love from the bacteria and fungi that live on and inside them. And thanks to genetic testing, those microscopic workers are […]The post Genetic Test Shows Who’s Who in Cheese Bacteria (and Fungus) appeared first on Inkfish.... Read more »
Schornsteiner E, Mann E, Bereuter O, Wagner M, & Schmitz-Esser S. (2014) Cultivation-independent analysis of microbial communities on Austrian raw milk hard cheese rinds. International journal of food microbiology, 88-97. PMID: 24794620
Biofuels seem to be all the rage these days, not a bad thing since that whole global warming thing [that people are scared to admit is real] is going on. […]... Read more »
Kandel Kapil, Anderegg James W., Nelson Nicholas C., Chaudhary Umesh, & Slowing Igor I. (2014) Supported iron nanoparticles for the hydrodeoxygenation of microalgal oil to green diesel. Journal of Catalysis, 142-148. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcat.2014.04.009
It was a disaster that ended up as one of the worst oil spills in modern history, the Deepwater Horizon didn’t just leak, it gushed. The depth of the well made […]... Read more »
Crespo-Medina M., Meile C. D., Hunter K. S., Diercks A-R., Asper V. L., Orphan V. J., Tavormina P. L., Nigro L. M., Battles J. J., & Chanton J. P. (2014) The rise and fall of methanotrophy following a deepwater oil-well blowout. Nature Geoscience. DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2156
University of Houston physicists have discovered a new thermoelectric material offering high performance at temperatures ranging from room temperature up to 300 °C, or about 573 °F.... Read more »
Zhao, H., Sui, J., Tang, Z., Lan, Y., Jie, Q., Kraemer, D., McEnaney, K., Chen, G., & Ren, Z. (2014) High thermoelectric performance of MgAgSb-based materials. Nano Energy. DOI: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2014.04.012
Vermont, not quite the armpit of the United States, but not a place I would live [personally speaking of course]. Still, looking at history Vermont was the first to ban […]... Read more »
McFadden Brandon R. , & Lusk Jayson L. . (2014) Cognitive Biases in the Assimilation of Scientific Information on Global Warming and Genetically Modified Food. Agricultural Economics Association. DOI: http://purl.umn.edu/162532
Bees, who needs them? They are scary, they sting and they seem to find magical ways into your securely locked home. I’m not bias, even though I run screaming like […]... Read more »
Lu Chensheng . (2014) Sub-lethal exposure to neonicotinoids impaired honey bees winterization before proceeding to colony collapse disorder. Bulletin of Insectology, 125-130. DOI: 1721-8861
Rogers Shelley R., Tarpy David R., Burrack Hannah J., & Blenau Wolfgang. (2014) Bee Species Diversity Enhances Productivity and Stability in a Perennial Crop. PLoS ONE, 9(5). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0097307.s001
New technique uses infrared synchrotron light and atomic force microscopy to study batteries, cell membranes, stardust, and other complex systems on the nanoscale.
News release May 07, 2014 By Kate Greene Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory... Read more »
A new absorbing material from the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (Empa) could be of assistance in future oil spill accidents. This chemically modified nanocellulose sponge absorbs the oil spill, remains floating on the surface and can then be recovered.... Read more »
Zhang, Z., Sèbe, G., Rentsch, D., Zimmermann, T., & Tingaut, P. (2014) Ultralightweight and Flexible Silylated Nanocellulose Sponges for the Selective Removal of Oil from Water. Chemistry of Materials, 26(8), 2659-2668. DOI: 10.1021/cm5004164
Northwestern University researchers are the first to develop a new solar cell with good efficiency that uses tin instead of lead perovskite as the harvester of light. The low-cost, environmentally friendly solar cell can be made easily using “bench” chemistry—no fancy equipment or hazardous materials.... Read more »
Hao, F., Stoumpos, C., Cao, D., Chang, R., & Kanatzidis, M. (2014) Lead-free solid-state organic–inorganic halide perovskite solar cells. Nature Photonics. DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2014.82
In what appears to be Fountain of Youth month here at Lunatic Laboratories, we have yet another way to turn back the clock, this time specifically for your arteries — […]... Read more »
Gioscia-Ryan Rachel A., LaRocca Thomas J., Sindler Amy L., Zigler Melanie C., Murphy Michael P., & Seals Douglas R. (2014) Mitochondria-targeted antioxidant (MitoQ) ameliorates age-related arterial endothelial dysfunction in mice. The Journal of Physiology. DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.2013.268680
Testosterone, the “big T”, you can’t turn on the TV without someone talking about it. In fact, despite the bad [and almost completely false] press about the effects of testosterone, the […]... Read more »
Miller Mark J. S. (2013) Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease: A Cautionary Tale of Diet–Microbiome Interactions. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 32(2), 75-78. DOI: 10.1080/07315724.2013.799982
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Shores Molly M., Moceri Victoria M., Gruenewald David A., Brodkin Kayla I., Matsumoto Alvin M., & Kivlahan Daniel R. (2004) Low Testosterone Is Associated with Decreased Function and Increased Mortality Risk: A Preliminary Study of Men in a Geriatric Rehabilitation Unit. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 52(12), 2077-2081. DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2004.52562.x
The opioid receptor antagonist naltrexone has been on the periphery of my autism research career for as long as I can remember. As unusual as it might sound, some of the early interpretations for example, on why installation of a gluten- and casein-free (GFCF) diet seemed to correlate with changes to behavioural presentation for some on the autism spectrum, relied heavily on the notion of opioid-excess  as a function of the proposed bioactivity of gluten and casein derived pept........ Read more »
Dodou K, Armstrong A, Kelly I, Wilkinson S, Carr K, Shattock P, & Whiteley P. (2014) Ex vivo studies for the passive transdermal delivery of low-dose naltrexone from a cream; detection of naltrexone and its active metabolite, 6β-naltrexol, using a novel LC Q-ToF MS assay. Pharmaceutical development and technology. PMID: 24785567
A Northwestern University study by an economist and a chemist reports that when fuel prices drove residents of São Paulo, Brazil, to mostly switch from ethanol to gasoline in their flexible-fuel vehicles, local ozone levels dropped 20 percent. At the same time, nitric oxide and carbon monoxide concentrations tended to go up.... Read more »
Salvo, A., & Geiger, F. (2014) Reduction in local ozone levels in urban São Paulo due to a shift from ethanol to gasoline use. Nature Geoscience. DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2144
Researchers at the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (Empa) have succeeded in developing a method of producing transparent conductive oxide (TCO) films that is not only cheaper, but also simpler and more environmentally friendly.... Read more »
Hagendorfer, H., Lienau, K., Nishiwaki, S., Fella, C., Kranz, L., Uhl, A., Jaeger, D., Luo, L., Gretener, C., Buecheler, S.... (2014) Highly Transparent and Conductive ZnO: Al Thin Films from a Low Temperature Aqueous Solution Approach. Advanced Materials, 26(4), 632-636. DOI: 10.1002/adma.201303186
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign use a printing process to assemble tiny cells into multilayer stacks for extraordinary levels of photovoltaic conversion efficiency.... Read more »
Sheng, X., Bower, C., Bonafede, S., Wilson, J., Fisher, B., Meitl, M., Yuen, H., Wang, S., Shen, L., Banks, A.... (2014) Printing-based assembly of quadruple-junction four-terminal microscale solar cells and their use in high-efficiency modules. Nature Materials. DOI: 10.1038/nmat3946
Scientists at Japan’s National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) have created a novel superconductor, SrAuSi3, which contains gold as a principal constituent element.... Read more »
A new study from the University of Toronto Scarborough suggests the search for life on planets outside our solar system may be more difficult than previously thought.
The study, authored by a team of international researchers led by UTSC Assistant Professor Hanno Rein from the Department of Physical and Environmental Science, finds the method used to detect biosignatures on such planets, known as exoplanets, can produce a false positive result.
News release Apr 29, 2014 By Don Campbell Uni........ Read more »
Rein, H., Fujii, Y., & Spiegel, D. (2014) Some inconvenient truths about biosignatures involving two chemical species on Earth-like exoplanets. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1401816111
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