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  • May 16, 2014
  • 04:35 PM

Laser enhancement - A path to defect free diamond growth?

by Shannon Nicley Demlow in Blingtronics - Science, Engineering and Diamonds

In this post I'll take a look at an article titled "Control of crystallographic orientation in diamond synthesis through laser resonant vibrational excitation of precursor molecules" published recently in Scientific Reports. In the article, Zhi Qiang Xie and coworkers describe the potential benefits of using a laser to introduce resonant vibrations of molecules during the growth of diamond films. How can laser light improve the growth process, and does this technique hold promise........ Read more »

May, P. (2000) Diamond thin films: a 21st-century material. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 358(1766), 473-495. DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2000.0542  

  • May 15, 2014
  • 05:18 PM

Nanoparticles Make Biofuel Refining Faster and Cleaner

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory has created a faster, cleaner biofuel refining technology that not only combines processes, it uses widely available materials to reduce costs.... Read more »

  • May 15, 2014
  • 02:53 PM

Tearing down the [Blood Brain Barrier] Wall

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Ever wonder why you don’t see too many illnesses that affect the brain directly? You can give your head a nice pat and congratulate the blood brain barrier for keeping […]... Read more »

Ben-Zvi Ayal, Lacoste Baptiste, Kur Esther, Andreone Benjamin J., Mayshar Yoav, Yan Han, & Gu Chenghua. (2014) Mfsd2a is critical for the formation and function of the blood–brain barrier. Nature. DOI: 10.1038/nature13324  

  • May 14, 2014
  • 02:42 PM

Science Fact and Fiction behind Fat Loss

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Do you have some of that unwanted belly fat? Do you get nervous that you will exceed the weight limit in an elevator? Do you want to eat everything in […]... Read more »

Bahadori Babak, McCarty Mark F., Barroso-Aranda Jorge, Gustin John C., & Contreras Francisco. (2009) A “mini-fast with exercise” protocol for fat loss. Medical Hypotheses, 73(4), 619-622. DOI: 10.1016/j.mehy.2008.09.063  

Aleixandre Amaya, & Miguel Marta. (2008) Dietary Fiber in the Prevention and Treatment of Metabolic Syndrome: A Review. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 48(10), 905-912. DOI: 10.1080/10408390701761886  

Foltran F., Verduci E., Ghidina M., Campoy C., Jany K.-D., Widhalm K., Biasucci G., Vogele C., Halpern G., & Gregori D. (2010) Nutritional Profiles in a Public Health Perspective: A Critical Review. Journal of International Medical Research, 38(2), 318-385. DOI: 10.1177/147323001003800202  

  • May 14, 2014
  • 11:50 AM

Genetic Test Shows Who’s Who in Cheese Bacteria (and Fungus)

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish

Before you enjoy your next slice of gouda or wedge of brie, you might take a moment to think of all the organisms that have nibbled it before you. Cheeses get the flavors you love from the bacteria and fungi that live on and inside them. And thanks to genetic testing, those microscopic workers are […]The post Genetic Test Shows Who’s Who in Cheese Bacteria (and Fungus) appeared first on Inkfish.... Read more »

Schornsteiner E, Mann E, Bereuter O, Wagner M, & Schmitz-Esser S. (2014) Cultivation-independent analysis of microbial communities on Austrian raw milk hard cheese rinds. International journal of food microbiology, 88-97. PMID: 24794620  

  • May 13, 2014
  • 12:00 PM

Cheaper, Cleaner Biofuel: A Temporary Fix to a Big Problem

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Biofuels seem to be all the rage these days, not a bad thing since that whole global warming thing [that people are scared to admit is real] is going on. […]... Read more »

Kandel Kapil, Anderegg James W., Nelson Nicholas C., Chaudhary Umesh, & Slowing Igor I. (2014) Supported iron nanoparticles for the hydrodeoxygenation of microalgal oil to green diesel. Journal of Catalysis, 142-148. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcat.2014.04.009  

  • May 12, 2014
  • 01:00 PM

Deepwater Horizon Oil spill: The Environmental Impact

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

It was a disaster that ended up as one of the worst oil spills in modern history, the Deepwater Horizon didn’t just leak, it gushed. The depth of the well made […]... Read more »

Crespo-Medina M., Meile C. D., Hunter K. S., Diercks A-R., Asper V. L., Orphan V. J., Tavormina P. L., Nigro L. M., Battles J. J., & Chanton J. P. (2014) The rise and fall of methanotrophy following a deepwater oil-well blowout. Nature Geoscience. DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2156  

  • May 12, 2014
  • 11:59 AM

New High-Efficiency Thermoelectric Material Discovered

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

University of Houston physicists have discovered a new thermoelectric material offering high performance at temperatures ranging from room temperature up to 300 °C, or about 573 °F.... Read more »

Zhao, H., Sui, J., Tang, Z., Lan, Y., Jie, Q., Kraemer, D., McEnaney, K., Chen, G., & Ren, Z. (2014) High thermoelectric performance of MgAgSb-based materials. Nano Energy. DOI: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2014.04.012  

  • May 11, 2014
  • 01:00 PM

Genetically Modified Food: Myth and Legend

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Vermont, not quite the armpit of the United States, but not a place I would live [personally speaking of course]. Still, looking at history Vermont was the first to ban […]... Read more »

  • May 10, 2014
  • 01:00 PM

Colony Collapse Disorder and Pesticides, Or Save the Bees!

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Bees, who needs them? They are scary, they sting and they seem to find magical ways into your securely locked home. I’m not bias, even though I run screaming like […]... Read more »

  • May 9, 2014
  • 08:45 AM

Berkeley Lab Develops Nanoscope to Probe Chemistry on the Molecular Scale

by Perikis Livas in Chilon

New technique uses infrared synchrotron light and atomic force microscopy to study batteries, cell membranes, stardust, and other complex systems on the nanoscale.

News release May 07, 2014 By Kate Greene Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory... Read more »

Bechtel, H., Muller, E., Olmon, R., Martin, M., & Raschke, M. (2014) Ultrabroadband infrared nanospectroscopic imaging. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1400502111  

  • May 8, 2014
  • 12:08 PM

Chemically Modified Wood Absorbs Spilled Oil

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

A new absorbing material from the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (Empa) could be of assistance in future oil spill accidents. This chemically modified nanocellulose sponge absorbs the oil spill, remains floating on the surface and can then be recovered.... Read more »

  • May 7, 2014
  • 02:56 PM

Researchers Replace Lead With Tin in Promising Solar Cell

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Northwestern University researchers are the first to develop a new solar cell with good efficiency that uses tin instead of lead perovskite as the harvester of light. The low-cost, environmentally friendly solar cell can be made easily using “bench” chemistry—no fancy equipment or hazardous materials.... Read more »

  • May 7, 2014
  • 01:00 PM

Turning Back the Clock: Arteries

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

In what appears to be Fountain of Youth month here at Lunatic Laboratories, we have yet another way to turn back the clock, this time specifically for your arteries — […]... Read more »

Gioscia-Ryan Rachel A., LaRocca Thomas J., Sindler Amy L., Zigler Melanie C., Murphy Michael P., & Seals Douglas R. (2014) Mitochondria-targeted antioxidant (MitoQ) ameliorates age-related arterial endothelial dysfunction in mice. The Journal of Physiology. DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.2013.268680  

  • May 6, 2014
  • 12:00 PM

Testosterone and your Heart: Don’t believe the hype

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Testosterone, the “big T”, you can’t turn on the TV without someone talking about it. In fact, despite the bad [and almost completely false] press about the effects of testosterone, the […]... Read more »

Corona G., Rastrelli G., Monami M., Guay A., Buvat J., Sforza A., Forti G., Mannucci E., & Maggi M. (2011) Hypogonadism as a risk factor for cardiovascular mortality in men: a meta-analytic study. European Journal of Endocrinology, 165(5), 687-701. DOI: 10.1530/EJE-11-0447  

  • May 6, 2014
  • 03:49 AM

Formulating low dose naltrexone into a cream

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

The opioid receptor antagonist naltrexone has been on the periphery of my autism research career for as long as I can remember. As unusual as it might sound, some of the early interpretations for example, on why installation of a gluten- and casein-free (GFCF) diet seemed to correlate with changes to behavioural presentation for some on the autism spectrum, relied heavily on the notion of opioid-excess [1] as a function of the proposed bioactivity of gluten and casein derived pept........ Read more »

  • May 5, 2014
  • 05:42 PM

Switch From Ethanol to Gasoline Causes Ozone Levels to Drop 20%

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

A Northwestern University study by an economist and a chemist reports that when fuel prices drove residents of São Paulo, Brazil, to mostly switch from ethanol to gasoline in their flexible-fuel vehicles, local ozone levels dropped 20 percent. At the same time, nitric oxide and carbon monoxide concentrations tended to go up.... Read more »

  • May 5, 2014
  • 12:35 PM

New Method to Make Conductive Film for Solar Cells Cheaper

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Researchers at the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (Empa) have succeeded in developing a method of producing transparent conductive oxide (TCO) films that is not only cheaper, but also simpler and more environmentally friendly.... Read more »

Hagendorfer, H., Lienau, K., Nishiwaki, S., Fella, C., Kranz, L., Uhl, A., Jaeger, D., Luo, L., Gretener, C., Buecheler, S.... (2014) Highly Transparent and Conductive ZnO: Al Thin Films from a Low Temperature Aqueous Solution Approach. Advanced Materials, 26(4), 632-636. DOI: 10.1002/adma.201303186  

  • May 4, 2014
  • 02:55 PM

Researchers Print Tiny, Efficient Multilayer Solar Cells

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign use a printing process to assemble tiny cells into multilayer stacks for extraordinary levels of photovoltaic conversion efficiency.... Read more »

  • May 1, 2014
  • 03:21 PM

Novel Gold-Based Superconductor Discovered

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists at Japan’s National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) have created a novel superconductor, SrAuSi3, which contains gold as a principal constituent element.... Read more »

Isobe, M., Yoshida, H., Kimoto, K., Arai, M., & Takayama-Muromachi, E. (2014) SrAuSi: A Noncentrosymmetric Superconductor . Chemistry of Materials, 26(6), 2155-2165. DOI: 10.1021/cm500032u  

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