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  • December 20, 2011
  • 12:04 AM

Kinesio Taping in Treatment and Prevention of Sports Injuries

by Kathleen White in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Since its international appearance at the 2008 Olympic Games, KinesioTape (KT) has become a popular intervention in clinical medicine. Because of its increasing popularity it has practitioners and researchers looking for the evidence to support its acclaimed therapeutic benefits. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of KT in the prevention and treatment of sports injuries based on the current published literature.... Read more »

  • December 19, 2011
  • 03:02 PM

Another Mad Cow

by Nsikan Akpan in That's Basic Science

Emergence of a new prion species in Switzerland implicated in mad cow disease.

(Apologies to those who tried to read this post from 4:30p - 6pm on 12/19. Had some Blogger issues.)... Read more »

Seuberlich T, Gsponer M, Drögemüller C, Polak MP, McCutcheon S, Heim D, et al. (2011) Novel prion protein in BSE-affected cattle, Switzerland. Emerging Infectious Diseases. info:/10.3201/eid1801.111225

  • December 19, 2011
  • 01:08 PM

Glutamate Receptors and Genetics of ADHD

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

Genetic association studies in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have been inconsistent despite a heritability estimated as high as 90% for the disorder.Recently, novel approaches examining gene copy number variations (CNV) have shown promise in neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism.... Read more »

  • December 19, 2011
  • 03:05 AM

Laugh yourself to health! Possibly the funniest Mr Bean video ever…

by Stuart Farrimond in Guru: Science Blog

On the sixth day of Christmas, my Guru gave to me… laughter! We’ve all heard that laughter is good medicine. It’s not a new idea (even the Old Testament Bible prescribes it) but does it really have a tangible benefit? Proving the health benefits of laughter is tricky. Throughout nearly every sphere of medicine, there [...]... Read more »

Strean WB. (2009) Laughter prescription. Canadian family physician Medecin de famille canadien, 55(10), 965-7. PMID: 19826144  

  • December 19, 2011
  • 12:03 AM

Preventive Effect of Eccentric Training on Acute Hamstring Injuries

by Lisa Chinn in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

his study used a cluster-randomized controlled trial to evaluate whether a 10-week training program using the Nordic hamstring exercise could lower the incidence of new and recurrent hamstring injuries.... Read more »

  • December 18, 2011
  • 07:00 AM

Shyness and Social Phobia

by Jennifer Gibson, PharmD in Brain Blogger

Personalities come in all shapes and sizes. Boisterous and docile. Flamboyant and reserved. Extroverted and introverted. Sociable and shy. But, when does a normal variation in personality characteristic, such as shyness, become a medical condition? Not as often as you might think, according to a new study that observed little connection between shyness and social [...]... Read more »

Burstein M, Ameli-Grillon L, & Merikangas KR. (2011) Shyness versus social phobia in US youth. Pediatrics, 128(5), 917-25. PMID: 22007009  

Burstein M, He JP, Kattan G, Albano AM, Avenevoli S, & Merikangas KR. (2011) Social phobia and subtypes in the national comorbidity survey-adolescent supplement: prevalence, correlates, and comorbidity. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 50(9), 870-80. PMID: 21871369  

Ginsburg GS, Kendall PC, Sakolsky D, Compton SN, Piacentini J, Albano AM, Walkup JT, Sherrill J, Coffey KA, Rynn MA.... (2011) Remission after acute treatment in children and adolescents with anxiety disorders: Findings from the CAMS. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 79(6), 806-13. PMID: 22122292  

Hitchcock CA, Chavira DA, & Stein MB. (2009) Recent findings in social phobia among children and adolescents. The Israel journal of psychiatry and related sciences, 46(1), 34-44. PMID: 19728571  

Schutters SI, Dominguez MD, Knappe S, Lieb R, van Os J, Schruers KR, & Wittchen HU. (2011) The association between social phobia, social anxiety cognitions and paranoid symptoms. Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica. PMID: 22077136  

  • December 17, 2011
  • 11:50 AM

Mining the minerals in cowpea

by Jeremy in Agricultural Biodiversity Weblog

In the wake of recent news of successes in biofortifying root and tuber crops like sweet potato and cassava, it is as well to remind ourselves that grains also provide micronutrients, and a paper in Plant Genetic Resources: Characterization and Utilization does a good job of just that for the somewhat neglected cowpea. The authors [...]... Read more »

Boukar, O., Massawe, F., Muranaka, S., Franco, J., Maziya-Dixon, B., Singh, B., & Fatokun, C. (2011) Evaluation of cowpea germplasm lines for protein and mineral concentrations in grains. Plant Genetic Resources, 9(04), 515-522. DOI: 10.1017/S1479262111000815  

  • December 17, 2011
  • 05:27 AM

Young, Canadian and on Antipsychotics

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic

Antipsychotic use in Canadian children and teens is rising dramatically - prescriptions more than doubled in just 4 years, from 2005 to 2009.That's according to a paper just out from Pringsheim et al. It's been known for a while that the same is true of the USA. The data reveal that the Canadian border is no barrier to the spread of antipsychotics.What's surprising is that while in the USA, some of these drugs are officially licensed for use in certain children and adolescent psychiatric disorde........ Read more »

  • December 16, 2011
  • 09:47 PM

Daily Mail misunderstand and misconstrue cannabis-schizophrenia research

by Neurobonkers in Neurobonkers

A study in to how the tabloids can misrepresent academic research.... Read more »

Kucewicz MT, Tricklebank MD, Bogacz R, & Jones MW. (2011) Dysfunctional prefrontal cortical network activity and interactions following cannabinoid receptor activation. The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 31(43), 15560-8. PMID: 22031901  

  • December 16, 2011
  • 11:55 AM

Contributors to the Pediatric Obesity Epidemic Part 5: Risk Factors I Missed

by Travis Saunders, MSc in Obesity Panacea

Today we will look at other potential contributors to the pediatric obesity epidemic which I didn’t include in my paper. There are a few reasons for that – some risk factors are ones that I just felt didn’t have much evidence behind them, others were similar to ones that were included, and some just didn’t fit within the space constraints (since this paper was originally written for my comprehensive exams, it was limited to 15 pages).... Read more »

  • December 16, 2011
  • 04:06 AM

All I want for Christmas is… Youth. The Truth and Lies about Anti-ageing products.

by Stuart Farrimond in Guru: Science Blog

On the third day of Christmas, my Guru gave to me… The truth about beauty products! With Christmas just around the corner, everyone is making final preparations for the holiday season. The social calendar is full, what with office parties, friend’s get-togethers, families to visit and a lot of shopping to do – unless you [...]... Read more »

Watson, R., Ogden, S., Cotterell, L., Bowden, J., Bastrilles, J., Long, S., & Griffiths, C. (2009) A cosmetic ‘anti-ageing’ product improves photoaged skin: a double-blind, randomized controlled trial. British Journal of Dermatology, 161(2), 419-426. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2133.2009.09216.x  

  • December 16, 2011
  • 12:20 AM

Shoulder force couples – How do they function throughout rehab exercises?

by Mark Rice in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Swanik et al. investigated muscle coactivation levels and coactivation patterns of the subscapularis, infraspinatus, and teres minor throughout the range of motion (ROM) of 4 commonly utilized therapeutic exercises.... Read more »

  • December 15, 2011
  • 06:37 PM

Bibliotherapy – The Healing Power of Books

by Veronica Pamoukaghlian, MA in Brain Blogger

A book must be an ice-axe to break the seas frozen inside our soul. — Franz Kafka In this era of tablets, videogames and virtual reality, it may seem anachronistic for kids to be told that “reading is good for you.” Though there are many ways in which reading can be beneficial for the education [...]... Read more »

  • December 15, 2011
  • 09:58 AM

Recurrent splicing mutations in MDS and leukemia

by Daniel Koboldt in Massgenomics

Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS, also called preleukemia) is a blood disorder characterized by ineffective production of myeloid cells, or leukocytes. The disorderly and ineffective production of blood cells from stem cells in the bone marrow results in low blood counts, or cytopenias. As many of 30% of MDS cases progress to full-blown, chemotherapy-resistant secondary AML. This [...]... Read more »

Graubert TA, Shen D, Ding L, Okeyo-Owuor T, Lunn CL, Shao J, Krysiak K, Harris CC, Koboldt DC, Larson DE.... (2011) Recurrent mutations in the U2AF1 splicing factor in myelodysplastic syndromes. Nature genetics. PMID: 22158538  

Quesada V, Conde L, Villamor N, Ordóñez GR, Jares P, Bassaganyas L, Ramsay AJ, Beà S, Pinyol M, Martínez-Trillos A.... (2011) Exome sequencing identifies recurrent mutations of the splicing factor SF3B1 gene in chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Nature genetics. PMID: 22158541  

  • December 15, 2011
  • 09:43 AM

Contributors to the Pediatric Obesity Epidemic Part 4: Adult Obesity, and Relative Contributions of All Risk Factors

by Travis Saunders, MSc in Obesity Panacea

In Part 1 we examined the impact of changes in physical activity and sedentary behaviour, in Part 2 we looked at changes in food intake, and in Part 3 we looked at sleep, breastfeeding, maternal age and pollution. Today we look at the evidence (or lack thereof) linking adult obesity with the pediatric obesity epidemic, then examine the relative contributions of all of the risk factors we’ve discussed so far.... Read more »

  • December 15, 2011
  • 09:24 AM

AML update from 2011 ASH Annual Meeting

by Pieter Droppert in Biotech Strategy Blog

A good definition of AML comes from a recent paper in the journal, “Blood” where Yang Shen and colleagues from the Shanghai Institute of Hematology and other Chinese institutions describe it as:

“A group of heterogeneous diseases with considerable diversity in terms of clinical behavior and prognosis.”

A lot of work has been done in identifying the cytogenetic abnormalities associated with AML. Considerable effort has been spent in attempting to correlate the molecu........ Read more »

  • December 15, 2011
  • 08:24 AM

AML update from 2011 ASH annual meeting

by Pieter Droppert in Biotech Strategy Blog

At the recent American Society of Hematology (ASH) annual meeting in San Diego, I had the opportunity to hear a few presentations on Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML). Those of you familiar with the ASH annual meeting will know that most … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • December 15, 2011
  • 06:30 AM

Intraosseous Versus Intravenous Vascular Access During Out-of- Hospital Cardiac Arrest – A Randomized Controlled Trial

by Rogue Medic in Rogue Medic

For treatment of medical cardiac arrest patients, which is better – IO (IntraOsseous) or IV (IntraVenous) access for medication administration?

Since no medications have ever been demonstrated to improve survival from cardiac arrest (only chest compressions and defibrillation have), the most important consideration will be what method results in the least interruption of compressions and the least interference with defibrillation.... Read more »

  • December 15, 2011
  • 02:54 AM

"Mad Honey" Sex Is A Bad Idea

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic

A cautionary tale from Turkey - do not eat poison honey to try to spice up your sex life. "Mad honey" is honey made by bees from the nectar of toxic Rhododendron flowers. In places where wild Rhododendrons grow, including Turkey, it's a health hazard. The dangers of mad honey were known to the ancient Greeks and Romans, and it's reported that leaving tainted honeycombs in the path of invading armies was a popular military tactic.2000 years later, some people still haven't quite got the message. ........ Read more »

Mikail Yarlioglues et al. (2011) Mad-Honey Sexual Activity and Acute Inferior Myocardial Infarctions in a Married Couple. Texas Heart Institute Journal. info:/

  • December 15, 2011
  • 12:08 AM

Measuring Brain Activity to Track Recovery from Sport-Related Concussion

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

The purpose of this study was to follow recovery from a concussion within athletes using an index based on changes in quantitative electroencephalographic (EEG; brain activity) that was previously developed among an independent Emergency Department sample of head-injured subjects with traumatic brain injuries. ... Read more »

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