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  • May 19, 2014
  • 11:12 AM
  • 408 views

Shale Gas Not Likely to Alter Greenhouse Emissions

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

While natural gas can reduce greenhouse emissions when it is substituted for higher-emission energy sources, abundant shale gas is not likely to substantially alter total emissions without policies targeted at greenhouse gas reduction, a pair of Duke researchers find.... Read more »

  • May 19, 2014
  • 09:11 AM
  • 417 views

UCLA Scientists Develop Energy Efficient Topological Insulators

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

A research team at the UCLA Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science has developed a new class of topological insulators in which one of two layers is magnetized. The advance could lead to the development of much more energy-efficient big-data processing systems and ultra-low power electronics.... Read more »

  • May 16, 2014
  • 04:35 PM
  • 677 views

Laser enhancement - A path to defect free diamond growth?

by Shannon Nicley Demlow in Blingtronics - Science, Engineering and Diamonds

In this post I'll take a look at an article titled "Control of crystallographic orientation in diamond synthesis through laser resonant vibrational excitation of precursor molecules" published recently in Scientific Reports. In the article, Zhi Qiang Xie and coworkers describe the potential benefits of using a laser to introduce resonant vibrations of molecules during the growth of diamond films. How can laser light improve the growth process, and does this technique hold promise for improving diamond growth in general?... Read more »

May, P. (2000) Diamond thin films: a 21st-century material. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 358(1766), 473-495. DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2000.0542  

  • May 12, 2014
  • 11:59 AM
  • 396 views

New High-Efficiency Thermoelectric Material Discovered

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

University of Houston physicists have discovered a new thermoelectric material offering high performance at temperatures ranging from room temperature up to 300 °C, or about 573 °F.... Read more »

Zhao, H., Sui, J., Tang, Z., Lan, Y., Jie, Q., Kraemer, D., McEnaney, K., Chen, G., & Ren, Z. (2014) High thermoelectric performance of MgAgSb-based materials. Nano Energy. DOI: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2014.04.012  

  • May 8, 2014
  • 01:00 PM
  • 596 views

Is that Good Science? A Guide to Cutting through BS

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Part of getting an education isn’t about learning what to think, it is about learning how to find good information. When it comes to scientific literature [especially on-line], it’s hard […]... Read more »

  • May 7, 2014
  • 02:56 PM
  • 416 views

Researchers Replace Lead With Tin in Promising Solar Cell

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Northwestern University researchers are the first to develop a new solar cell with good efficiency that uses tin instead of lead perovskite as the harvester of light. The low-cost, environmentally friendly solar cell can be made easily using “bench” chemistry—no fancy equipment or hazardous materials.... Read more »

  • May 7, 2014
  • 09:38 AM
  • 344 views

Video Tip of the Week: BioRxiv, A preprint server for biology

by Trey in OpenHelix

 Open access to scientific research has been advocated for a long time, even before the advent of the internet. With the internet, the movement grew. Many open access journals, NIH now requires NIH-funded research to be open access within a year of publication, NSF and other agencies are working on similar plans. A part of […]... Read more »

Desjardins-Proulx, P., White, E., Adamson, J., Ram, K., Poisot, T., & Gravel, D. (2013) The Case for Open Preprints in Biology. PLoS Biology, 11(5). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001563  

  • May 6, 2014
  • 12:14 PM
  • 622 views

Chitosan Bioplastic

by Perikis Livas in Chilon

A fully degradable bioplastic isolated from shrimp shells could provide a solution to planet-clogging plastics

Environment & Sustainability Harvard’s Wyss Institute... Read more »

  • April 29, 2014
  • 07:08 PM
  • 398 views

Molybdenite LED Doubles as Solar Cell

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Researchers at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland, have tapped into the electronic potential of molybdenite (MoS2) by creating diodes that can emit light or absorb it to produce electricity.... Read more »

Lopez-Sanchez, O., Alarcon Llado, E., Koman, V., Fontcuberta i Morral, A., Radenovic, A., & Kis, A. (2014) Light Generation and Harvesting in a van der Waals Heterostructure. ACS Nano, 8(3), 3042-3048. DOI: 10.1021/nn500480u  

  • April 29, 2014
  • 01:08 PM
  • 367 views

Silicon Brains: Not as Cuddly as the Real Thing.

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Are you real? What is ‘real’, more of a philosophy question than a scientific one, but what if a computer worked like your brain? What if, one day the line […]... Read more »

Benjamin Ben Varkey, Gao Peiran, McQuinn Emmett, Choudhary Swadesh, Chandrasekaran Anand R., Bussat Jean-Marie, Alvarez-Icaza Rodrigo, Arthur John V., Merolla Paul A., & Boahen Kwabena. (2014) Neurogrid: A Mixed-Analog-Digital Multichip System for Large-Scale Neural Simulations. Proceedings of the IEEE, 102(5), 699-716. DOI: 10.1109/JPROC.2014.2313565  

  • April 28, 2014
  • 11:14 AM
  • 441 views

Wind Turbines Can Produce Lightning Discharges

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists at the Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC) have demonstrated the relationship between the movement of wind turbines and the generation of lightning.... Read more »

Montanyà, J., van der Velde, O., & Williams, E. (2014) Lightning discharges produced by wind turbines. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 119(3), 1455-1462. DOI: 10.1002/2013JD020225  

Montanyà, J., van der Velde, O., . (2014) Atmosphere: Turbines shoot upside-down lightning. Nature, 506(7488), 268-268. DOI: 10.1038/506268a  

  • April 24, 2014
  • 12:21 PM
  • 587 views

Scientists Use Airplane to Detect Methane From Fracking

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Using an airplane to detect greenhouse gas emissions from freshly drilled shale gas wells in Pennsylvania’s Marcellus basin, Cornell and Purdue scientists have found that leaked methane from fracking is a tougher problem—between a hundred- and a thousandfold—than previously thought.... Read more »

Caulton, D., Shepson, P., Santoro, R., Sparks, J., Howarth, R., Ingraffea, A., Cambaliza, M., Sweeney, C., Karion, A., Davis, K.... (2014) Toward a better understanding and quantification of methane emissions from shale gas development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1316546111  

  • April 23, 2014
  • 05:18 PM
  • 294 views

Highest Efficiency Achieved for Small GaAs Solar Cells

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Engineering researchers at the University of Arkansas have achieved the highest efficiency ever in a 9 mm2 solar cell made of gallium arsenide.... Read more »

Makableh, Y., Vasan, R., Sarker, J., Nusir, A., Seal, S., & Manasreh, M. (2014) Enhancement of GaAs solar cell performance by using a ZnO sol–gel anti-reflection coating. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 178-182. DOI: 10.1016/j.solmat.2014.01.007  

  • April 23, 2014
  • 11:32 AM
  • 389 views

Plasmonic Metamaterials Could Improve Solar Cell Performance

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

New plasmonic metamaterials that operate at high temperatures could radically improve solar cell performance and bring advanced computer data storage technology that uses heat to record information on a magnetic disk.... Read more »

Guler, U., Boltasseva, A., & Shalaev, V. (2014) Refractory Plasmonics. Science, 344(6181), 263-264. DOI: 10.1126/science.1252722  

  • April 23, 2014
  • 10:00 AM
  • 326 views

Mantis shrimp, is there anything you can't teach us?

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Learning secrets for construction from the one and only Mantis shrimp.... Read more »

Grunenfelder L.K., Suksangpanya N., Salinas C., Milliron G., Yaraghi N., Herrera S., Evans-Lutterodt K., Nutt S.R., Zavattieri P., & Kisailus D. (2014) Bio-inspired impact-resistant composites. Acta Biomaterialia. DOI: 10.1016/j.actbio.2014.03.022  

  • April 21, 2014
  • 04:03 PM
  • 425 views

Pyrolysis Biofuel Production Process Simplified

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Innovations at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) are bringing researchers one step closer to developing “green” biofuel production systems farmers can use to meet on-farm energy needs, or to produce renewable fuels for commercial markets.... Read more »

  • April 21, 2014
  • 07:18 AM
  • 633 views

What makes music groovy?

by Henkjan Honing in Music Matters

Last week PLOS ONE published an interesting study on rhythm, groove and syncopation that uses an often criticized methodology: questionnaire and web-based research...... Read more »

Witek, M., Clarke, E., Wallentin, M., Kringelbach, M., & Vuust, P. (2014) Syncopation, Body-Movement and Pleasure in Groove Music. PLoS ONE, 9(4). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0094446  

Honing, H., & Reips, U.-D. (2008) Web-based versus lab-based studies: a response to Kendall (2008). Empirical Musicology Review, 3(2), 73-77. info:/

  • April 20, 2014
  • 11:45 PM
  • 605 views

Cross-validation in finance, psychology, and political science

by Artem Kaznatcheev in Evolutionary Games Group

A large chunk of machine learning (although not all of it) is concerned with predictive modeling, usually in the form of designing an algorithm that takes in some data set and returns an algorithm (or sometimes, a description of an algorithm) for making predictions based on future data. In terminology more friendly to the philosophy […]... Read more »

  • April 18, 2014
  • 11:04 AM
  • 369 views

Danish Project to Make Polymer Solar Cells More Profitable

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Project Megawatt intends to make polymer solar cells profitable enough to allow power generation from polymer solar cells to compete on market terms with traditional coal-fired power plants.... Read more »

  • April 16, 2014
  • 10:00 AM
  • 249 views

Self-Healing Composites- The Trick is Biology

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Using a trick in biology to create self healing composites.... Read more »

Patrick Jason F., Hart Kevin R., Krull Brett P., Diesendruck Charles E., Moore Jeffrey S., White Scott R., & Sottos Nancy R. (2014) Continuous Self-Healing Life Cycle in Vascularized Structural Composites. Advanced Materials. DOI: 10.1002/adma.201400248  

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