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  • April 13, 2014
  • 11:59 AM
  • 568 views

The Curse of the Internet

by Aurametrix team in Health Technologies

It's hard to imagine our lives without the Internet  - either mobile or desktop. The Internet has become a catalyst of innovation, an essential tool in business and social life. It brought new levels of participation and access to knowledge. It enabled new forms of interaction, albeit mostly utilized for entertainment purposes. But despite all the advantages and conveniences, does the Internet really serve us or is it the other way around?... Read more »

  • April 12, 2014
  • 12:12 PM
  • 468 views

Flexible Plastics Turn Vibrations Into Electrical Energy

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Kui Yao and co-workers from the A*STAR Institute of Materials Research and Engineering in Singapore have discovered a way to give lightweight polymer vibration harvesters a hundredfold boost in energy output—a finding that may help to eliminate manual battery recharging in microsensors and mobile devices. ... Read more »

Lei Zhang, ., Oh, S., Ting Chong Wong, ., Chin Yaw Tan, ., & Kui Yao, . (2013) Piezoelectric polymer multilayer on flexible substrate for energy harvesting. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, 60(9), 2013-2020. DOI: 10.1109/TUFFC.2013.2786  

  • April 11, 2014
  • 12:46 PM
  • 639 views

Variant Annotation in Coding Regions

by Daniel Koboldt in Massgenomics

The analysis of NGS data comes with many challenges — data management, read alignment, variant calling, etc. — that the bioinformatics community has tackled with some success. Today I want to discuss another critical component of analysis that remains an unsolved problem: annotation of genetic variants. This process, in which we try to predict the […]... Read more »

Davis J McCarthy, Peter Humburg, Alexander Kanapin, Manuel A Rivas, Kyle Gaulton, The WGS500 Consortium, Jean-Baptiste Cazier and Peter Donnelly. (2014) Choice of transcripts and software has a large effect on variant annotation. Genome Medicine, 6(26). info:/doi:10.1186/gm543

  • April 9, 2014
  • 12:03 PM
  • 431 views

Study Reveals Causes of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Degradation

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology (OIST) have made a surprising discovery about the degradation of dye-sensitized solar cells that could help pave the way to prolonging the lifetime of these cells.... Read more »

Ono, L., Schulz, P., Endres, J., Nikiforov, G., Kato, Y., Kahn, A., & Qi, Y. (2014) Air-Exposure-Induced Gas-Molecule Incorporation into Spiro-MeOTAD Films. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 1374-1379. DOI: 10.1021/jz500414m  

  • April 8, 2014
  • 09:37 AM
  • 461 views

Researchers Use Sun to Make Solar Energy Materials

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Researchers at Oregon State University have discovered a way to tap the sun not only as a source of power, but also to directly produce the solar energy materials that make this possible.... Read more »

  • April 6, 2014
  • 11:45 PM
  • 780 views

Kleene’s variant of the Church-Turing thesis

by Artem Kaznatcheev in Evolutionary Games Group

In 1936, Alonzo Church, Alan Turing, and Emil Post each published independent papers on the Entscheidungsproblem and introducing the lambda calculus, Turing machines, and Post-Turing machines as mathematical models of computation. A myriad of other models followed, many of them taking seemingly unrelated approaches to the computable: algebraic, combinatorial, linguistic, logical, mechanistic, etc. Of course, […]... Read more »

  • April 6, 2014
  • 04:19 PM
  • 519 views

Scientists Determine Most Favorable Wind Turbine Positioning

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

A team of researchers at Johns Hopkins University (JHU) has developed a new way to study wake effects that takes into account the airflow both within and around a wind farm and challenges the conventional belief that turbines arrayed in checker board patterns produce the highest power output.... Read more »

Stevens, R., Gayme, D., & Meneveau, C. (2014) Large eddy simulation studies of the effects of alignment and wind farm length. Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 6(2), 23105. DOI: 10.1063/1.4869568  

  • April 1, 2014
  • 10:17 PM
  • 342 views

Good vibrations: Using light-heated water to deliver drugs

by Jason Carr in Wired Cosmos

Researchers from the University of California, San Diego Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, in collaboration with materials scientists, engineers and neurobiologists, have discovered a new mechanism for using light to activate drug-delivering nanoparticles and other targeted therapeutic substances inside the body. This discovery represents a major innovation, said Adah Almutairi, PhD, associate professor … Read More →... Read more »

Viger, M., Sheng, W., Dore, K., Alhasan, A., Carling, C., Lux, J., de Gracia Lux, C., Grossman, M., Malinow, R., & Almutairi, A. (2014) Near Infrared-Induced Heating of Confined Water in Polymeric Particles for Efficient Payload Release. ACS Nano, 2147483647. DOI: 10.1021/nn500702g  

  • April 1, 2014
  • 11:13 AM
  • 372 views

Multilayered Waveguide Array Opens New Possibilities in Solar Power

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

A new study by researchers at the University at Buffalo explores the use of a nanoscale microchip ... Read more »

Ji, D., Song, H., Zeng, X., Hu, H., Liu, K., Zhang, N., & Gan, Q. (2014) Broadband absorption engineering of hyperbolic metafilm patterns. Scientific Reports. DOI: 10.1038/srep04498  

  • March 31, 2014
  • 09:03 PM
  • 587 views

How to Incorporate Elusive Atoms into Nanodiamond

by Shannon Nicley Demlow in Blingtronics - Science, Engineering and Diamonds

In an article published last week in Nature Communications [1], Andrew Magyar and coworkers described a method for getting europium with a particular electronic structure into diamond. Before we examine the how let's look for a second at the why, as in, "why would you want to put europium into nanodiamond?"... Read more »

Magyar, A., Hu, W., Shanley, T., Flatté, M., Hu, E., & Aharonovich, I. (2014) Synthesis of luminescent europium defects in diamond. Nature Communications. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4523  

Mochalin, V., Shenderova, O., Ho, D., & Gogotsi, Y. (2011) The properties and applications of nanodiamonds. Nature Nanotechnology, 7(1), 11-23. DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2011.209  

Williams, O., Nesladek, M., Daenen, M., Michaelson, S., Hoffman, A., Osawa, E., Haenen, K., & Jackman, R. (2008) Growth, electronic properties and applications of nanodiamond. Diamond and Related Materials, 17(7-10), 1080-1088. DOI: 10.1016/j.diamond.2008.01.103  

  • March 30, 2014
  • 01:20 PM
  • 471 views

New Magnetic Materials Hold Promise for Better Generators

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists from the Charles III University of Madrid (UC3M) are developing a new type of tidal energy generator that will be cheaper and more efficient. The device would replace conventional magnetic materials for new materials that are made using an alternative technology.... Read more »

Torralba, J., Hidalgo, J., & Morales, A. (2013) Powder injection moulding: processing of small parts of complex shape. International Journal of Microstructure and Materials Properties, 8(1/2), 87. DOI: 10.1504/IJMMP.2013.052648  

  • March 29, 2014
  • 01:37 PM
  • 655 views

Supercomputers, The Human Brain and the Advent of Computational Biology

by JB Sheppard in Antisense Science

What makes a supercomputer different from a human brain, and how is this leading to a better understanding of ourselves? ... Read more »

  • March 27, 2014
  • 10:51 AM
  • 243 views

Computing with Slime

by Jason Carr in Wired Cosmos

A future computer might be a lot slimier than the solid silicon devices we have today. In a study published in the journal Materials Today, European researchers reveal details of logic units built using living slime molds, which might act as the building blocks for computing devices and sensors (citation below). Andrew Adamatzky (University of … Read More →... Read more »

Adamatzky, A., & Schubert, T. (2014) Slime mold microfluidic logical gates. Materials Today, 17(2), 86-91. DOI: 10.1016/j.mattod.2014.01.018  

  • March 26, 2014
  • 04:38 PM
  • 470 views

Fragmented Carbon Nanotube Macrofilms Hold Promise for Better Batteries

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

The electrodes in lithium-ion batteries typically comprise three components: active materials, conductive additives, and binders. Now, a team of researchers at the University of Delaware has discovered that fragmented carbon nanotube macrofilms may eliminate the need for binders.... Read more »

  • March 25, 2014
  • 11:45 PM
  • 1,032 views

Algorithmic Darwinism

by Artem Kaznatcheev in Evolutionary Games Group

The workshop on computational theories of evolution started off on Monday, March 17th with Leslie Valiant — one of the organizers — introducing his model of evolvability (Valiant, 2009). This original name was meant to capture what type of complexity can be achieved through evolution. Unfortunately — especially at this workshop — evolvability already had […]... Read more »

Feldman, V. (2008) Evolvability from learning algorithms. Proceedings of the 40th annual ACM symposium on Theory of Computing, 619-628. DOI: 10.1145/1374376.1374465  

  • March 23, 2014
  • 08:00 AM
  • 149 views

Could climate change increase the price of airfare tickets (consequently tour costs)?

by Spiderxbass in Spiderxbass

I was writing and reading about what is turbulence and how to avoid it (last two posts) when I found a recent (2013) interesting paper talking about the possible intensification of turbulence activity due climate change.... Read more »

  • March 21, 2014
  • 09:44 AM
  • 400 views

New Processing Method Makes LEDs Brighter, More Stable

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new processing technique that makes light emitting diodes (LEDs) brighter and more resilient by coating the semiconductor material gallium nitride (GaN) with a layer of phosphonic acid derivatives.... Read more »

  • March 19, 2014
  • 06:40 PM
  • 422 views

Algorithm Improves Small Wind Turbines Efficiency

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

A research group at the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU) has developed an adaptative algorithm to improve small wind turbines efficiency.... Read more »

Kortabarria, I., Andreu, J., Martínez de Alegría, I., Jiménez, J., Gárate, J., & Robles, E. (2014) A novel adaptative maximum power point tracking algorithm for small wind turbines. Renewable Energy, 785-796. DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2013.10.036  

  • March 17, 2014
  • 01:52 PM
  • 425 views

‘Breathing’ Battery Could Extend EVs’ Range

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Researchers are reporting new progress on a “breathing” battery that has the potential to one day replace the lithium-ion technology of today’s EVs. This lithium-air battery technology could boost the range of EVs toward a 300 miles or even more.... Read more »

  • March 16, 2014
  • 09:00 PM
  • 622 views

Computational theories of evolution

by Artem Kaznatcheev in Evolutionary Games Group

If you look at your typical computer science department’s faculty list, you will notice the theorists are a minority. Sometimes they are further subdivided by being culled off into mathematics departments. As such, any institute that unites and strengthens theorists is a good development. That was my first reason for excitement two years ago when […]... Read more »

Angelino, E., & Kanade, V. (2014) Attribute-efficient evolvability of linear functions. Proceedings of the 5th conference on Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science, 287-300. DOI: 10.1145/2554797.2554824  

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