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  • August 15, 2014
  • 01:29 PM
  • 78 views

Swamp Thing and Plant Communication

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Maybe I’m dating myself here, but ever see the swamp thing movie, television show, or even the comic? Call me picky, after all we are talking about a human/plant hybrid, but he never needed to talk. I know, some of you are probably rolling your eyes at me given it’s a comic, movie or tv show [depending on your level of geek], but come on, this is science![…]... Read more »

G. Kim,, M. L. LeBlanc,, E. K. Wafula,, C. W. dePamphilis,, & J. H. Westwood. (2014) Genomic-scale exchange of mRNA between a parasitic plant and its hosts. Science. info:/10.1126/science.1253122

  • August 14, 2014
  • 08:27 PM
  • 82 views

Few but strong: dense tornado clusters on the rise in the United States

by Jonathan Trinastic in Goodnight Earth

Analysis of tornado frequency data over the last half-century shows that tornadoes are occurring on fewer days but with greater density and severity, indicating that climate change may be changing the local dynamics at play.... Read more »

JB Elsner, SC Elsner, TH Jagger. (2014) The increasing efficiency of tornado days in the United States. Climate Dynamics. info:/

  • August 14, 2014
  • 09:30 AM
  • 60 views

Competition for ecological niches limits evolution of new species | @GrrlScientist

by GrrlScientist in GrrlScientist

A recently published study finds that competition for ecological niches limits the evolution of new species. Further, this study finds that speciation rate slows or even stops as available ecological niches fill up. Continue reading...... Read more »

Price Trevor D., Hooper Daniel M., Buchanan Caitlyn D., Johansson Ulf S., Tietze D. Thomas, Alström Per, Olsson Urban, Ghosh-Harihar Mousumi, Ishtiaq Farah, & Gupta Sandeep K. (2014) Niche filling slows the diversification of Himalayan songbirds. Nature. DOI: 10.1038/nature13272  

Kennedy Jonathan D., Weir Jason T., Hooper Daniel M. , Tietze D. Thomas, Martens Jochen, & Price Trevor D. (2012) Ecological limits on diversification of the Himalayan core Corvoidea. Evolution, 66(8), 2599-2613. DOI: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2012.01618.x  

Harmon Luke J., Schulte James A., Larson Allan, & Losos Jonathan B. (2003) Tempo and Mode of Evolutionary Radiation in Iguanian Lizards. Science, 301(5635), 961-964. DOI: 10.1126/science.1084786  

  • August 11, 2014
  • 11:05 AM
  • 49 views

Earth’s energy imbalance

by Ed Hawkins in Climate Lab Book

Global surface air temperatures have risen less rapidly over the past 15 years than the previous few decades. The causes of this ‘hiatus’ have been much debated. However, just considering surface temperatures does not tell the whole story – a … Continue reading →... Read more »

Allan, R., Liu, C., Loeb, N., Palmer, M., Roberts, M., Smith, D., & Vidale, P. (2014) Changes in global net radiative imbalance 1985-2012. Geophysical Research Letters. DOI: 10.1002/2014GL060962  

  • August 11, 2014
  • 08:00 AM
  • 59 views

Weather Vs. Climate In Global Warming

by Mark E. Lasbury in The 'Scope

Last winter was horrible, and this summer has been mild – so global warming must not be real. This is the thought process for many people, but it points out the confusion between climate and weather. Climate is the average weather for a place over a given period, while weather is what you get day to day. New research is showing that climate change is causing more intense hurricanes - but is the number changing? Recent studies land on both sides of the issue.... Read more »

  • August 2, 2014
  • 09:44 AM
  • 117 views

Metamorphic petrology: under pressure and getting stressed?

by Metageologist in Metageologist

High pressure (HP) terranes are areas containing eclogites and other eclogite-facies rocks found within many mountains belts, including the Himalaya and the Alps. HP rocks were metamorphosed at extreme pressures, up to 3 or even 4 billion Pascals (or GPa. Atmospheric … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • July 30, 2014
  • 05:23 AM
  • 17 views

Wet get drier (eventually)?

by Ed Hawkins in Climate Lab Book

A prevailing paradigm of how rainfall patterns will change on a warming Earth is that the hydrological cycle strengthens causing wet regions to get wetter and dry regions to get drier. However, this is not always the case: Hawkins, Joshi … Continue reading →... Read more »

Hawkins, E., Joshi, M., & Frame, D. (2014) Wetter then drier in some tropical areas. Nature Climate Change, 4(8), 646-647. DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2299  

  • July 26, 2014
  • 05:59 AM
  • 179 views

Temperatures make our global warming opinions change like the weather

by Andy Extance in Simple Climate

Our experience of current warmth can override our scientific knowledge in driving beliefs about climate change, which is part of the reason we struggle to take the resulting risks seriously, underlines Columbia University’s Elke Weber. ... Read more »

  • July 23, 2014
  • 06:57 AM
  • 151 views

Top-of-atmosphere contribution to unforced variability in global temperature

by Ed Hawkins in Climate Lab Book

As the attention received by the ‘global warming hiatus’ demonstrates, global mean surface temperature (T) variability on decadal timescales is of great interest to both the general public and to scientists. Here, I will discuss a recently published paper (Brown … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • July 22, 2014
  • 01:19 PM
  • 131 views

Optical Cables, from Thin Air!

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

It’s a project that would make Tesla proud. Just imagine being able to instantaneously run an optical cable or fiber to any point on earth, or even into space. That’s what researchers are trying to do. Did I mention it was instantaneous and involved no connection other than the air around us? Well if you are as excited as I am, then you should read on! If not, two words, laser weapons!!... Read more »

Rosenthal, E., Jhajj, N., Wahlstrand, J., & Milchberg, H. (2014) Collection of remote optical signals by air waveguides. Optica, 1(1), 5. DOI: 10.1364/OPTICA.1.000005  

Jhajj, N., Rosenthal, E., Birnbaum, R., Wahlstrand, J., & Milchberg, H. (2014) Demonstration of Long-Lived High-Power Optical Waveguides in Air. Physical Review X, 4(1). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevX.4.011027  

  • July 19, 2014
  • 07:10 AM
  • 116 views

CO2 emissions drive heatwaves on despite warming ‘hiatus’

by Andy Extance in Simple Climate

Direct effects from greenhouse gases are playing a significant role in making hot Northern Hemisphere summers more common even as average temperature increases slow down, find Youichi Kamae from the National Institute for Environmental Studies in Japan and his colleagues. ... Read more »

  • July 16, 2014
  • 01:01 PM
  • 132 views

More Horror from Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Deepwater Horizon, it was a technological feat to get oil that deep in the water. Then the spill occurred, when it happened I honestly think more people were in shock […]... Read more »

White, H., Lyons, S., Harrison, S., Findley, D., Liu, Y., & Kujawinski, E. (2014) Long-Term Persistence of Dispersants following the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill. Environmental Science , 1(7), 295-299. DOI: 10.1021/ez500168r  

  • July 12, 2014
  • 06:50 AM
  • 132 views

Could climate’s crop impact catch us with our plants down?

by Andy Extance in Simple Climate

Global warming has sharply increased the odds of serious problems because of declining harvests, find David Lobell from and Claudia Tebaldi from NCAR, and though that situation remains fairly unlikely, they advise countries to prepare for it. ... Read more »

Mora, C., Frazier, A., Longman, R., Dacks, R., Walton, M., Tong, E., Sanchez, J., Kaiser, L., Stender, Y., Anderson, J.... (2013) The projected timing of climate departure from recent variability. Nature, 502(7470), 183-187. DOI: 10.1038/nature12540  

Hawkins, E., Anderson, B., Diffenbaugh, N., Mahlstein, I., Betts, R., Hegerl, G., Joshi, M., Knutti, R., McNeall, D., Solomon, S.... (2014) Uncertainties in the timing of unprecedented climates. Nature, 511(7507). DOI: 10.1038/nature13523  

  • July 8, 2014
  • 12:00 PM
  • 123 views

Mathematical Model Helps Identify Gas Hydrate Pockets

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists at Rice University have developed a mathematical model that simulates gas hydrate and free gas accumulation under the ocean floor.... Read more »

  • July 5, 2014
  • 07:12 AM
  • 139 views

Who can afford to hold back rising seas?

by Andy Extance in Simple Climate

Though using dikes to protect the world from rising sea levels will generally make economic sense, explains Jochen Hinkel from the Global Climate Forum, poor countries may not have the resources to do so.... Read more »

Hinkel, J., Lincke, D., Vafeidis, A., Perrette, M., Nicholls, R., Tol, R., Marzeion, B., Fettweis, X., Ionescu, C., & Levermann, A. (2014) Coastal flood damage and adaptation costs under 21st century sea-level rise. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(9), 3292-3297. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1222469111  

  • July 2, 2014
  • 01:13 PM
  • 163 views

Saving the Rainforest and the Consequences

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

The road to hell is paved with good intentions. This seems even more true when a new study came out that shows, when it comes to fixing deforestation and forest degradation, […]... Read more »

Putz, F., & Romero, C. (2014) Futures of Tropical Forests . Biotropica, 46(4), 495-505. DOI: 10.1111/btp.12124  

  • July 2, 2014
  • 08:00 AM
  • 95 views

Uncertainties in the timing of unprecedented climates

by Ed Hawkins in Climate Lab Book

Back in October 2013, Nature published an analysis by Camilo Mora et al. which discussed when ‘unprecedented climates’ would emerge, with a focus on regions of high biodiversity.

The paper was highlighted by Nature with an associated News & Views article and received widespread media attention (e.g. Climate Central, National Geographic, Guardian, Grist, amongst many). The paper was also in the top 100 most discussed papers from 2013 according to Altmetric.

Unfortunately, it has........ Read more »

Hawkins, E., Anderson, B., Diffenbaugh, N., Mahlstein, I., Betts, R., Hegerl, G., Joshi, M., Knutti, R., McNeall, D., Solomon, S.... (2014) Uncertainties in the timing of unprecedented climates. Nature, 511(7507). DOI: 10.1038/nature13523  

Mora, C., Frazier, A., Longman, R., Dacks, R., Walton, M., Tong, E., Sanchez, J., Kaiser, L., Stender, Y., Anderson, J.... (2013) The projected timing of climate departure from recent variability. Nature, 502(7470), 183-187. DOI: 10.1038/nature12540  

  • July 1, 2014
  • 04:19 AM
  • 97 views

With climate change, uncertainty is no-one’s friend

by Andy Extance in Simple Climate

Heard people say climate science is uncertain? Research by psychologist Stephan Lewandowsky from the University of Bristol and his colleagues finds this is more, not less, reason to fight global warming. ... Read more »

  • June 28, 2014
  • 01:00 PM
  • 211 views

A Startling New Climate Change Revelation!

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Call out the troops, call the Marines, we need tanks, lots of tanks. Well okay, maybe not. Brute force won’t stop global warming and thanks to a new study on […]... Read more »

Pierrehumbert, R. (2014) Short-Lived Climate Pollution. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 42(1), 341-379. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-earth-060313-054843  

  • June 28, 2014
  • 02:03 AM
  • 193 views

Shrinking dairy’s carbon hoofprint

by Andy Extance in Simple Climate

As the world’s appetite for dairy produce grows along with its population so too will emissions of the greenhouse gas methane from cow guts – but US dairy industry consultant Joanne Knapp and her team have found that measures including more intensive farming and ensuring healthy herds can offset a lot of this. ... Read more »

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