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All posts; Tags Include "Affective Psychology"

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  • September 28, 2013
  • 10:01 AM
  • 1,111 views

Marital Separation, Expressive Writing, and Meaning Making: Important Cautions to Lawyers & Clients About Keeping “Divorce Journals”

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Marital separation, which can include divorce, correlates with pain and suffering.  Easily characterized as one of life’s most stressful experiences, marital separation puts people at risk for poor outcomes in their mental and physical health.  Expressive writing, according to the authors of the study reported in this post, has a “strong record for improving [...]The post Marital Separation, Expressive Writing, and Meaning Making: Important Cautions to Lawyers & Clients About Keeping &........ Read more »

  • September 11, 2013
  • 11:58 AM
  • 1,025 views

Emotion Fluctuations in Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa: A Rollercoaster or Not So Much?

by Tetyana in Science of Eating Disorders


Restricting, bingeing, and purging are powerful ways to regulate emotional states. However, these behaviours probably play different roles in emotional regulation. Whereas restriction is hypothesized to pre-empt the onset of highly emotional states, bingeing and purging is thought to act as a coping mechanism to deal with overwhelming emotional states once they’ve already been activated. 
If this is true, we would expect to see more variability (or fluctuation) in the intensity and ........ Read more »

  • August 24, 2013
  • 05:41 AM
  • 767 views

An Initial Guide [for Female Attorneys] to Success Strategies for Managing the [Legal] Glass Ceiling–Building on the Understanding and Advice of Others

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Women do not manage or run most law firms, legal departments, and other legal services organizations.  While statistics show that they constitute about 50% of the workforce in America, “women continue to be disproportionately represented in upper management.”  A research team addressed this issue – the “glass ceiling” – recently.  They identified six general [...]The post An Initial Guide [for Female Attorneys] to Success Strategies for Managing the [Legal]........ Read more »

  • August 13, 2013
  • 08:34 PM
  • 890 views

Trait Emotional Intelligence [EI] and Lawyers: EI As a Shield Against Burnout and Job Dissatisfaction

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Research recently showed that trait emotional intelligence [EI], appears to operate as a significant factor in protecting lawyers from burnout and job dissatisfaction and enhancing lawyer job satisfaction. This research extended the investigation of trait EI as an important personality-level predictor of burnout and job satisfaction in the human services professions to the legal [...]The post Trait Emotional Intelligence [EI] and Lawyers: EI As a Shield Against Burnout and Job Dissatisfaction a........ Read more »

Platsidou, M., Salman, L. (2012) The role of emotional intelligence in predicting burnout and job satisfaction of Greek Lawyers. International Journal of Law, Psychology and Human Life. info:other/

  • July 28, 2013
  • 09:46 AM
  • 803 views

Emotion Perception [and Lawyers], the Face, and the Importance of Context: The Face Alone Does Not Speak for Itself

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

“Simply put, a face does not speak for itself.”  Leading affective scientists stated so in their recent review of recent emotion perception research.  The evidence , they claim, shows that something more than the structural features of the face alone drives efficient emotion perception.  The authors argue that context counts when it comes to [...]The post Emotion Perception [and Lawyers], the Face, and the Importance of Context: The Face Alone Does Not Speak for Itself appeared f........ Read more »

Barrett, L.F., Mesquita, B., & Gendron, M. (2011) Context in emotion perception. Current Directions in Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/0963721411422522  

  • July 23, 2013
  • 08:45 AM
  • 1,049 views

The Myth of Catharsis: Why Ranting and Venting are Terrible Ways to Handle Anger

by Scott McGreal in Eye on Psych

A study on the effects of using "rant" sites illustrates that cathartic venting actually makes anger worse, contrary to popular opinion. More constructive ways of expressing anger are considered. ... Read more »

Martin, R. C., Coyier, K. R., VanSistine, L. M., & Schroeder, K. L. (2013) Anger on the Internet: The Perceived Value of Rant-Sites. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 16(2). DOI: 10.1089/cyber.2012.0130  

  • July 20, 2013
  • 08:53 AM
  • 815 views

Mechanisms and Moderators and Emotion-Focused Coping Strategies in Response to Stress: Charting Pathways to [Lawyer] Well-Being

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Does emotional expression in response to stress hurt us? or help us? A team of leading emotion science researchers recently reviewed two decades of research in an attempt to unravel the tangled web of the body of knowledge of emotion regulation. Their review focused on the effects on psychological and physical health of coping [...]The post Mechanisms and Moderators and Emotion-Focused Coping Strategies in Response to Stress: Charting Pathways to [Lawyer] Well-Being appeared first on Psycholawl........ Read more »

  • July 3, 2013
  • 02:07 AM
  • 986 views

Hide or Seek? Social Support and Eating Disorders

by Andrea in Science of Eating Disorders


Social support has been noted as key in helping individuals with any number of health issues to cope with illness and even thrive in adverse situations (Sarason, Sarason & Pierce, 1990). Individuals with eating disorders may be encouraged, as an adjunct to treatment or even in the absence of formal treatment, to seek out social support to help with the day-to-day management of their disorder (Holt & Espelage, 2002). However, not everyone with an eating disorder seeks out social sup........ Read more »

  • June 26, 2013
  • 07:08 AM
  • 987 views

Emotional Intelligence[EI], Malevolent Creativity, and Predicting Harmful Behaviors: EI as a Countermeasure to the “Dark Side” of Creativity

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Emotional intelligence may influence and predict something known as “malevolent creativity”.  This important construct has been dubbed the “dark side” of creativity.  Cutting edge research recently explored the link between EI and malevolent creativity.  The research team  defined malevolent creativity as a novel and useful product created by an individual or group from the [...]The post Emotional Intelligence[EI], Malevolent Creativity, and Predicting Harmful Behavio........ Read more »

Harris, D.J., Reiter-Palmon, R., Kaufman, J.C. (2013) The effect of emotional intelligence and task type on malevolent creativity. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts. DOI: 10.1037/a0032139  

  • June 8, 2013
  • 08:43 PM
  • 983 views

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Women with Bulimia Nervosa

by Tetyana in Science of Eating Disorders


Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is 3-5 times more prevalent in individuals with bulimia nervosa (BN) than those without (Dansky et al., 1997). However, the relationship between PTSD and BN–in particular, how PTSD might affect or moderate bulimic symptoms–remains largely unexplored. In a recent study, Trisha Karr and colleagues followed 119 women (20 with PTSD and BN, and 99 with BN only) for 2-week period to investigate whether participants with comorbid PTSD + BN dif........ Read more »

  • May 29, 2013
  • 12:36 AM
  • 742 views

The [Lawyer’s] Billable Hour – Part 2: The Nuanced and [Un]savory Relationship Between Time, Money, and Happiness

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

People who bill their time in the form of an hourly wage, i.e. “billable hour”, develop a “money mindset”.  Instead of focusing on time, which activates a more emotional mindset, the money mindset focuses on the goal of maximizing the economic value of time.  Persons with mindsets oriented toward time, compared to the economic [...]The post The [Lawyer’s] Billable Hour – Part 2: The Nuanced and [Un]savory Relationship Between Time, Money, and Happiness appeared first on Psy........ Read more »

  • May 14, 2013
  • 07:12 AM
  • 1,512 views

Ostracism Hurts: The Psychological Costs of Ignoring or Excluding Others

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

People who ostracize – ignore or exclude – others incur psychological costs.  Researchers who recently explored whether people suffer psychological costs when they comply with social directives to ignore or exclude cause others reached that conclusion.  The pressure to ignore or exclude someone has become an “all too common” experience, and the authors noted [...]The post Ostracism Hurts: The Psychological Costs of Ignoring or Excluding Others appeared first on Psychol........ Read more »

  • May 9, 2013
  • 12:05 AM
  • 1,074 views

Legal Case Management: Prediction of Case Outcomes, Overconfidence, and Lawyers’ Need for Calibration Tools – Part 1

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

How accurately do lawyers predict their case outcomes?  These forecasts play a pivotal role in practical legal decision-making, and affect many stakeholders:  the lawyer; the client; and the justice environment as a whole.  Prediction errors can cost the client and their lawyer.  Prediction errors can make cases become an unnecessary burden on the system. [...]The post Legal Case Management: Prediction of Case Outcomes, Overconfidence, and Lawyers’ Need for Calibration Tools – P........ Read more »

Goodman-Delahunty, J., Granhag, P., Hartwig, M., & Loftus, E. (2010) Insightful or wishful: Lawyers' ability to predict case outcomes. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 16(2), 133-157. DOI: 10.1037/a0019060  

  • April 23, 2013
  • 10:02 AM
  • 628 views

Significant Life [Legal] Decisions and the Impact of Emotional Intelligence on the Accuracy of Forecasting Future Emotional Reactions

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

We all make significant life decisions.  These choices impact our future emotional well-being.  We want to foresee how our choices  will impact us in the future.   A number of research studies show that our forecasts about our emotional reactions to future emotional events guide our decisions about relationships, occupations, and health behaviors.  Other [...]The post Significant Life [Legal] Decisions and the Impact of Emotional Intelligence on the Accuracy of Forecasting Future Emotional ........ Read more »

  • April 15, 2013
  • 01:27 AM
  • 1,722 views

What’s The Point of Bingeing and Purging? And Why Can’t You Just Stop?

by Tetyana in Science of Eating Disorders

I defended my MSc degree on Tuesday and I’m not going to lie: I was pretty symptomatic with bulimia in the days prior to my defence. As I was explaining to my boyfriend, the anxiety-reducing effects of purging are so powerful, and the compulsion to binge and purge (when I’m stressed/anxious/”not okay”) is so strong that it is much easier to do it, get it over with, and continue working (in a much calmer state).
I’ve mentioned before, for me, purging is very anxiety-........ Read more »

  • March 16, 2013
  • 03:39 PM
  • 1,246 views

Ambition: An Important Character Trait And Predictor of Positive Life Outcomes

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

A team of leading organizational psychology researchers recently studied the causes and consequences of ambition.  They considered over a hundred prior research articles from psychological, vocational behavior, and sociology literatures, and came up with a satisfactory definition of ambition, and developed and tested their model of ambition in the context of career success. [...]The post Ambition: An Important Character Trait And Predictor of Positive Life Outcomes appeared first on Psycholawl........ Read more »

  • March 11, 2013
  • 07:48 AM
  • 789 views

How Low Is Your GASP Score? Higher Guilt Proneness is Better.

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

The choice between moral action and selfish action by workers has important consequences for organizations.  One question about unethical and counterproductive workplace behaviors comes front and center:  What prevents a person from engaging in unethical behavior?  One personality trait particularly important for understanding moral character, guilt proneness, provides a key to predicting which [...]The post How Low Is Your GASP Score? Higher Guilt Proneness is Better. appeared first on Psy........ Read more »

Cohen, T., Panter, A., & Turan, N. (2012) Guilt Proneness and Moral Character. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21(5), 355-359. DOI: 10.1177/0963721412454874  

  • February 25, 2013
  • 11:50 PM
  • 1,311 views

The Neurotransmitter Dopamine May Be A Key Mediator Of The “Superiority Illusion”

by Jalees Rehman in Fragments of Truth

The concept “superiority illusion” refers to the fact that people tend to judge themselves as being superior to the average person when it comes to positive traits such as intelligence, desirability or other personality traits. This is mathematically not possible, because in a normally distributed population, most people cannot be above average. The “superiority illusion” belongs to a family of positive illusions, such as the “optimism bias”, which is characte........ Read more »

Yamada, M., Uddin, L., Takahashi, H., Kimura, Y., Takahata, K., Kousa, R., Ikoma, Y., Eguchi, Y., Takano, H., Ito, H.... (2013) Superiority illusion arises from resting-state brain networks modulated by dopamine. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1221681110  

  • January 27, 2013
  • 12:30 PM
  • 1,094 views

Happier Children Earn Higher Wages When They Become Adults

by Jalees Rehman in Fragments of Truth

The researchers Jan-Emmanuel De Neve and Andrew Oswald decided to study the link between happiness and income from a very different angle. Instead of asking whether more money leads to more happiness, they reversed the question and asked whether more happiness leads to more money. In the paper “Estimating the influence of life satisfaction and positive affect on later income using sibling fixed effects” published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, De Neve and Osw........ Read more »

  • January 10, 2013
  • 01:15 PM
  • 1,086 views

Proximity to Parent Reduces Anxious Youth Stress Response

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

Functional magnetic resonance imaging provides a powerful tool for understanding anxiety in children as well as adults.This technique does not use any form of radiation and presents minimal risk for research participants.  We are beginning to better understand important mechanisms of childhood anxiety.An innovative study of neural stress markers in children examined an important variable in childhood anxiety.  When children are studied in an fMRI scanner, they may or may not have a par........ Read more »

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