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All posts; Tags Include "Affective Psychology"

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  • July 2, 2012
  • 09:46 AM

Do old people get more grumpy?

by Stuart Farrimond in Dr Stu's Science Blog

It is said that during our twenties we spend our time worrying about what other people think . In our thirties, we blame our parents for all our problems. In our forties, we finally realise that no one was really paying us that much attention and all our issues aren’t our parent’s fault after all. … Continue reading »... Read more »

Robins, Richard W,, & Trzesniewski, K H. (2005) : Self-esteem development across the lifespan . Current Directions in Psychological Science, 158-162. DOI: 10.1111/j.0963-7214.2005.00353.x  

Mak W, & Carpenter BD. (2007) Humor comprehension in older adults. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society : JINS, 13(4), 606-14. PMID: 17521496  

Shammi P, & Stuss DT. (1999) Humour appreciation: a role of the right frontal lobe. Brain : a journal of neurology, 657-66. PMID: 10219779  

Kruse BG, & Prazak M. (2006) Humor and older adults: what makes them laugh?. Journal of holistic nursing : official journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association, 24(3), 188-93. PMID: 16880415  

  • June 23, 2012
  • 12:18 PM

Impulsivity in Eating Disorders is Associated with Bingeing/Purging

by Tetyana in Science of Eating Disorders

There is a marshmallow in front of you. Can you wait for twenty minutes, starring intently at the white, soft, cylindrical shaped sweet, to get another marshmallow? Or do you devour it right away, forgoing the opportunity to have two sweets?
I’d probably wait. But that’s only because I don’t like marshmallows, and would be in no rush to consume either one or two of them. What about you?
That’s the famous experiment that’s shown to many first year psychology undergrads (I, too, watche........ Read more »

Waxman, S.E. (2009) A systematic review of impulsivity in eating disorders. European eating disorders review : the journal of the Eating Disorders Association, 17(6), 408-25. PMID: 19548249  

  • June 12, 2012
  • 01:37 PM

Intentional Or Not, Incest Is Still Gross (And Wrong)

by Jesse Marczyk in Pop Psychology

For a moment, let’s try to imagine a world that isn’t our own. In this world, the intentions behind an act are completely disregarded when it comes to judging that act morally; the only thing that matters is the outcome. … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • June 6, 2012
  • 12:38 PM

Decisions, Decisions

by Miss Behavior in The Scorpion and the Frog

It doesn't take much to notice how different animalscan be... But look closer and you'll see how similarthey are too. Figure from O'Connell and Hofmann2011 Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology paper.Animals live in social environments that repeatedly present both challenges (like an aggressive neighbor) and opportunities (like a flirtatious neighbor). Although animals can usually respond to such challenges and opportunities in a number of different ways, t........ Read more »

  • June 5, 2012
  • 07:00 AM

Important Announcement About Emotional Competence – Adults Can Be Trained & Receive Important Benefits

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

A team of researchers associated with two Belgian universities recently conducted a ground-breaking experiment concerning emotional intelligence.  Their findings support the notion that a rigorous, scientifically derived and valid emotional competence intervention program can effectively train motivated adults and provide them significant benefits in psychological, somatic, and social adjustment. Lawyers and other professionals [...]... Read more »

  • May 23, 2012
  • 03:09 PM

Snakes Deceive to Get a Little Snuggle

by Miss Behavior in The Scorpion and the Frog

A lone red-sided garter snake. Photo by Tracy Langkilde.The red-sided garter snake is a small snake species with the largest and most northern distribution of all reptiles in North America. These northern ranges can get quite cold for any animal, let alone a reptile. Like most reptiles, they are ectotherms, meaning they regulate their body temperature largely by exchanging heat with their environment. If an animal gets almost all of its body heat from a cold environment, its body is also going t........ Read more »

  • May 16, 2012
  • 01:33 PM

Does Social Status Change Brains?

by Miss Behavior in The Scorpion and the Frog

Photo by The Grappling Source Inc. at Wikimedia CommonsBeing subordinated is stressful. The process of one individual lowering the social rank of another often involves physical aggression, aggressive displays, and exclusion. In addition to the obvious possible costs of being subordinated (like getting beat up), subordinated individuals often undergo physiological changes to their hormonal systems and brains. Sounds pretty scary, doesn’t it? But what if some of those changes are beneficial in ........ Read more »

  • May 15, 2012
  • 07:00 AM

Powerful Posture vs. Powerful Role – Researchers Suggest New And Valuable Clues To Predicting “Who’s in Charge Here…..”

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Posture vs. Role Organizational behavior and management researchers associated with the Kellogg School of Management and Stanford University recently explored the relative impact of body posture and role on the two main outcomes associated with power: action and thought. The researchers conducted three experiments to test their hypothesis that [...]... Read more »

  • May 14, 2012
  • 04:45 AM

Ofsted Head says Teachers don’t know Stress. Perhaps Sir Michael Wilshaw should have done his homework.

by Stuart Farrimond in Dr Stu's Science Blog

Teaching is an incredible privilege. It’s hard to underestimate the importance of inspiring and motivating young people – helping them achieve and grow. It was therefore more than a little surprising when Sir Michael Wilshaw, head of the UK schools inspectorate Ofsted, started a finger-wagging tirade accusing teachers of being shirking whiners. “You youngsters don’t … Continue reading »... Read more »

  • May 8, 2012
  • 09:28 AM

Yawning Dogs and Empathy

by GDW in The Beast, the Bard and the Bot

Huuaa (supposed to be a yawn). Chances are you yawned too (although the yawn’s efficacy is probably seriously impaired by the fact that it’s written rather than seen or heard. But hey, indulge me.). Yawning is contagious, as you know. … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • April 24, 2012
  • 07:00 AM

How’s Your Heuristic? Per Diem Arguments & Jury Trials – Too large, too small, or just right…..?

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Topic A recent experiment studied the effects of different dollar/time arguments on jurors’ noneconomic damage awards in a simulated personal injury case. This research extended prior research which established that moderate argument amounts correlated in a higher award while more extreme argument amounts caused awards to move away [...]... Read more »

  • April 11, 2012
  • 03:01 PM

The Social Punishment of Samantha Brick

by Miss Behavior in The Scorpion and the Frog

An interesting thing happened this week in the world of collective human behavior. But before we go into that, let me ask you two questions: Have you heard of Samantha Brick? On a scale of 1 to 10, how attractive do you think she is? Samantha Brick, a journalist, wrote an article for the Daily Mail called “'There are downsides to looking this pretty': Why women hate me for being beautiful”. Naturally, the response to hearing a story like this is, “Well, what does she look like?” Luckily ........ Read more »

  • April 4, 2012
  • 11:28 AM

Animal Mass Suicide and the Lemming Conspiracy

by Miss Behavior in The Scorpion and the Frog

Ticked off Norway lemming doesn't like gossip!Photo from Wikimedia Commons by Frode Inge Helland We all know the story: Every few years, millions of lemmings, driven by a deep-seated urge, run and leap off a cliff only to be dashed on the rocks below and eventually drowned in the raging sea. Stupid lemmings. It’s a story with staying power: short, not-so-sweet, and to the rocky point. But it is a LIE. And who, you may ask, would tell us such a horrendous fabrication? Walt Disney! Well, ........ Read more »

  • March 20, 2012
  • 08:31 AM

Looking for a bargain? Don’t shop on a Sunny Day

by Stuart Farrimond in Dr Stu's Science Blog

Forget twitter, Facebook and social networking. If you want real followers – the physical ones – just get yourself a roll of yellow labels. Come early evening when supermarkets start reducing short-dated produce, a rabble of anxious-looking shoppers will invariably tail staff members as they mark down food. It seems many of us are ravenous … Continue reading »... Read more »

Murray, K., Di Muro, F., Finn, A., & Popkowski Leszczyc, P. (2010) The effect of weather on consumer spending. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 17(6), 512-520. DOI: 10.1016/j.jretconser.2010.08.006  

  • March 14, 2012
  • 01:38 PM

Social butterflies or wallflowers? Two brain regions and a peptide

by Miss Behavior in The Scorpion and the Frog

Zebra finches are really social little birds. When conditions are not right for breeding (usually when there’s not enough rain), they hang out in flocks of hundreds. And in the intimate mood the rain brings, groups break up into more manageable sizes of 10-20 birds, which still seems like a lot to me. Although, if you’re the type to have a “quiet night in” with just a dozen or so of your closest friends, you may be able to relate to the gregarious zebra finch. This is a zebra finch ........ Read more »

Kelly, A., Kingsbury, M., Hoffbuhr, K., Schrock, S., Waxman, B., Kabelik, D., Thompson, R., & Goodson, J. (2011) Vasotocin neurons and septal V1a-like receptors potently modulate songbird flocking and responses to novelty. Hormones and Behavior, 60(1), 12-21. DOI: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2011.01.012  

  • February 29, 2012
  • 10:55 AM

Playing “Good Cop, Bad Cop” with Octopuses

by Miss Behavior in The Scorpion and the Frog

Have you ever seen an octopus in an aquarium, or maybe even in the ocean, and thought, “I know you!”? No? Well, they might think that when they see you!We’ve known for some time that many domestic animals, like dogs, can tell us people apart. It turns out that a lot of animal species can recognize individual people. But how do we humans know that? It’s not like you can walk right up to an animal and say “Hey! Remember me?” ...Well, I guess you could do that, but how would you interpr........ Read more »

Anderson RC, Mather JA, Monette MQ, & Zimsen SR. (2010) Octopuses (Enteroctopus dofleini) recognize individual humans. Journal of applied animal welfare science : JAAWS, 13(3), 261-72. PMID: 20563906  

  • December 31, 2011
  • 10:39 AM

Variation in the human cannabinoid receptor CNR1 gene modulates gaze duration for happy faces

by Dorit Kliemann in neuro JC

The authors of the current study (2) investigated the relationship of common genetic variations and gaze patterns. In particular, they tested whether variations in the cannabinoid receptor 1 (CNR1) gene would modulate gaze duration on (happy) faces. To this end, four single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the CNR1 gene were genotyped in 30 healthy subjects (13 [...]... Read more »

  • December 21, 2011
  • 08:02 AM

If your jurors are happy, will they blame the victim less?

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

This is research that flies in the face of the common wisdom that angry jurors award more damages. It is a long-standing tenet of the research literature that when bad things happen to good people we tend to paradoxically blame the victim. It helps us feel safer to believe the harmed party “must have” done [...]
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A long tall Texan (and an auto repair shop tale)
... Read more »

Goldenberg, L., & Forgas, J. (2012) Can happy mood reduce the just world bias? Affective influences on blaming the victim. . Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 239-243. info:/

  • December 14, 2011
  • 01:44 PM

Brain and Gut in Processing Emotion

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

Ventrolateral Prefrontal Cortex in BlueIntense emotional experiences frequently occur with bodily sensations such as a rapid heart rate or gastrointestinal distress.It appears that bodily sensation (interoception) can be an important source of information when judging one's emotional.  How the brain processes interoception is becoming better understood. However, how the brain integrates interoceptive signals with other brain emotional processing circuits is less well understood.Terasawa and........ Read more »

  • December 10, 2011
  • 04:32 PM

Moderate believers might benefit from less, not more religion

by Tom Rees in Epiphenom

I always enjoy analyses of religion done by people whose main research focus lies in other fields. They tend to have quite a refreshing take.

So here's a study written by three outsiders. You probably already know Dan Ariely, the author of Predictably Irrational (and if you don't, well then get out and read the book this moment!). The lead is Daniel Mochon, Assistant Professor of Marketing at the Freeman School of Business at Tulane University, and the other is Michael Norton, an Associate Pr........ Read more »

Mochon, D., Norton, M., & Ariely, D. (2010) Who Benefits from Religion?. Social Indicators Research, 101(1), 1-15. DOI: 10.1007/s11205-010-9637-0  

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