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All posts; Tags Include "Affective Psychology"

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  • December 4, 2011
  • 05:34 PM

Forget a ‘broken society’ – did Boredom cause the London Riots?

by Stuart Farrimond in Dr Stu's Science Blog

Can being fed-up make you go mad? Is a dreary life as harmful as a physical illness? Were last summer’s riots perpetuated by world-weary Brits in need of some excitement? They sound outrageous propositions, but they are the ones posed in a forthcoming documentary by Canadian film producers, Elevator Films (for release May 2012).  Exploring … Continue reading »... Read more »

Goldberg, Y., Eastwood, J., LaGuardia, J., & Danckert, J. (2011) Boredom: An Emotional Experience Distinct from Apathy, Anhedonia, or Depression. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 30(6), 647-666. DOI: 10.1521/jscp.2011.30.6.647  

Lupien, S., de Leon, M., de Santi, S., Convit, A., Tarshish, C., Nair, N., Thakur, M., McEwen, B., Hauger, R., & Meaney, M. (1998) Cortisol levels during human aging predict hippocampal atrophy and memory deficits. Nature Neuroscience, 1(1), 69-73. DOI: 10.1038/271  

Britton, A., & Shipley, M. (2010) Bored to death?. International Journal of Epidemiology, 39(2), 370-371. DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyp404  

  • November 27, 2011
  • 01:05 AM

The Eight Rasas/Emotions (contd)

by sandeep gautam in The Mouse Trap

A taxonomy of Basic emotions derived from India Rasas. ... Read more »

Camras, L., & Shutter, J. (2010) Emotional Facial Expressions in Infancy. Emotion Review, 2(2), 120-129. DOI: 10.1177/1754073909352529  

  • November 24, 2011
  • 07:13 PM

The Psychology of Giving Thanks

by Melanie Tannenbaum in PsySociety

As everyone sits down tonight to feast on turkey, they will be going around the table giving thanks for everyday sources of gratitude, like friendships, relationships, and good health. According to psychological research, there are plenty of reasons why Thanksgiving … Continue reading →... Read more »

Algoe, Sara B., Gable, Shelly L., & Maisel, Natalya C. (2010) It's the little things: Everyday gratitude as a booster shot for romantic relationships. Personal Relationships. info:/

  • November 24, 2011
  • 12:00 PM

Chicken Soup for the Lonely Soul: Why Comfort Food Works

by Jason Goldman in The Thoughtful Animal

My grandmother was born in Sobrance, in what was then called Czechoslovakia on November 5, 1930. She grew up in ten kilometers away, in a small town called Nagy-Muzsaly. Her father’s family were landowners, something that was very rare for Jewish families at the time, and they used that land to produce wine. My grandmother’s [...]

... Read more »

  • November 7, 2011
  • 06:30 AM

Are autism and schizophrenia diametric extremes

by Journal club presenter in neuro JC

In this focus paper in Behavioral and Brain Sciences,Crespi and Badcock argue that the psychiatric disorders autism and schizophrenia are opposite ends of a psychological spectrum. They claim that the natural variations in several factors such as sense of self, gaze, agency, social cognition, local versus global processing and others. The idea is that autism [...]... Read more »

  • October 26, 2011
  • 05:18 PM

Accentuate the negative

by deevybee in bishopblog

Publication bias in favour of positive results seriously distorts the literature. For clinical trials, registration can help, but researchers should be encouraged to publish null results from well-designed studies as well.... Read more »

Green, J., Charman, T., McConachie, H., Aldred, C., Slonims, V., Howlin, P., Le Couteur, A., Leadbitter, K., Hudry, K., Byford, S.... (2010) Parent-mediated communication-focused treatment in children with autism (PACT): a randomised controlled trial. The Lancet, 375(9732), 2152-2160. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60587-9  

  • October 5, 2011
  • 08:02 AM

The GASP scale: A new measure of guilt and shame proneness

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

A little over a year ago, we wrote about the Depravity Scale so it’s probably time for a new measurement tool. While the Depravity Scale allows a ranking of just how depraved/horrific/egregious specific behaviors are—the GASP scale allows us to assess the level to which others (or ourselves) are prone to guilt and shame reactions. There [...]

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Deliberations: Jurors think and feel as they make decisio........ Read more »

Cohen TR, Wolf ST, Panter AT, & Insko CA. (2011) Introducing the GASP scale: a new measure of guilt and shame proneness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100(5), 947-66. PMID: 21517196  

  • October 4, 2011
  • 04:25 PM

The Course of Mood Disorders

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

Dr. William Coryell presented the October, 2011 Warren Frontiers in Neuroscience lecture at Laureate Psychiatric Clinic and Hospital in Tulsa, Oklahoma.  Dr. Coryell has been key investigator in the NIMH Collaborative Depression Study or CDS.  The CDS is one of the largest prospective studies of mood disorder,  documenting the outcome of 950 subjects enrolled following an episode of depression or mania.Dr. Coryell's lecture covered a summary of results for the CDS from a number of........ Read more »

Solomon DA, Leon AC, Coryell WH, Endicott J, Li C, Fiedorowicz JG, Boyken L, & Keller MB. (2010) Longitudinal course of bipolar I disorder: duration of mood episodes. Archives of general psychiatry, 67(4), 339-47. PMID: 20368510  

Fiedorowicz JG, Endicott J, Leon AC, Solomon DA, Keller MB, & Coryell WH. (2011) Subthreshold hypomanic symptoms in progression from unipolar major depression to bipolar disorder. The American journal of psychiatry, 168(1), 40-8. PMID: 21078709  

Fiedorowicz JG, Leon AC, Keller MB, Solomon DA, Rice JP, & Coryell WH. (2009) Do risk factors for suicidal behavior differ by affective disorder polarity?. Psychological medicine, 39(5), 763-71. PMID: 18667100  

  • September 30, 2011
  • 08:10 PM

Scientists use Twitter to draw obvious conclusions about our moods

by NerdyOne in Try Nerdy

I promise I’m not the type to bash scientists for what they do. Unless you’ve clearly misrepresented your data with underhanded intentions, I can respect your scientific endeavor. Ninety-nine percent of the time. But this research I just read about made me literally laugh out loud, so I may sound a bit facetious at times in this post.

Read on to find out how scientists analyzed millions of Twitter accounts and drew conclusions that left me thinking, “Tell me something I don&........ Read more »

  • September 13, 2011
  • 04:27 PM

Serotonin, Social Interaction and Making Decisions

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

The role of specific neurotransmitters and neurotransmitter circuits in decision making is being explored in a variety of ways.  Dopamine appears to have significant research support for a key role in making decisions related to reward.The role of serotonin in decision making is less well studied but also appears to be important.  Robert Rogers, Ph.D. recently presented some of his lab's research at the Warren Frontiers in Neuroscience lecture in Tulsa, Oklahoma.  (Additionally, I........ Read more »

  • September 12, 2011
  • 05:39 AM

Optimism and Personality

by Dr Shock in Dr Shock MD PhD

Buffer Optimism is good for you, this feature enhances physical well being, gets you more adjusted and satisfied with life. But what is the relationship between optimism and personality? Of course the big five was used to answer this question. For those of you who don’t exactly know what the big five is The Big [...]

No related posts.... Read more »

  • September 12, 2011
  • 04:24 AM

How to become a celebrity scientist

by Dorothy Bishop in bishopblog

The media are attracted by scientists who are willing to take a firm line on a scare story, especially if it involves neuroscience. A recent article by Aric Sigman on neurobiological impact of daycare is examined from this perspective.... Read more »

  • September 11, 2011
  • 12:12 PM

How much 9/11 TV footage is too much?

by Stuart Farrimond in Dr Stu's Science Blog

Ten years on from the fateful and tragic day, once again our TV screens relive the moments when the World Trade Centre and the Pentagon came under terrorist attack. Footage of planes exploding into skyscrapers, crumbling buildings and billowing dust clouds are all now indelibly etched into all of our psyches. It was a watershed … Continue reading »... Read more »

  • August 24, 2011
  • 06:44 PM

Banish your worries by surrendering to God

by Tom Rees in Epiphenom

You may have seen, earlier this month, one of several news reports about how belief in God is great for reducing worries (e.g. here). Well no, that's not really what the study found - the study is actually a bit more precisely focussed than that and a bit more interesting for it.

The researchers, lead by David Rosmarin at Harvard Medical School, were interested in the idea that the  Middle-Eastern monotheisms place a great deal of focus on trusting God. Yet many believers don't trust their........ Read more »

Rosmarin, D., Pirutinsky, S., Auerbach, R., Björgvinsson, T., Bigda-Peyton, J., Andersson, G., Pargament, K., & Krumrei, E. (2011) Incorporating spiritual beliefs into a cognitive model of worry. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 67(7), 691-700. DOI: 10.1002/jclp.20798  

  • August 20, 2011
  • 07:32 AM

Is being Self-Employed good for your Health?

by Stuart Farrimond in Dr Stu's Science Blog

Working for yourself will make you happier, more satisfied and more productive. These are the surprising conclusions of over two decades of life-satisfaction research – Which is rather odd; considering that being your own boss means no health insurance, no pension and no end of the month office party (!!) With increasing pressure on salaried … Continue reading »... Read more »

  • June 23, 2011
  • 09:41 AM

Brain Basis for Emotion Recognition Deficits in Depression

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

There is a emerging understanding of the role of social perception problems in depression and anxiety disorders.  Depression appears to effect the cognitive ability to judge the facial expression of others.  This impairment poses a challenge for interpersonal function and social relationships.  Research is now pinning down the neural basis for this deficit and to determine it’s persistence and the effect of depression remission on this social cognition function.van Winge........ Read more »

van Wingen, G., van Eijndhoven, P., Tendolkar, I., Buitelaar, J., Verkes, R., & Fernández, G. (2010) Neural basis of emotion recognition deficits in first-episode major depression. Psychological Medicine, 41(07), 1397-1405. DOI: 10.1017/S0033291710002084  

  • June 11, 2011
  • 06:33 PM

Religion, patriotism, and death

by Tom Rees in Epiphenom

When people are reminded about death, they get defensive. In the West, at least, they will tend to get more patriotic and more supportive of their cultural norms (Asian cultures tend to react a little differently). They also tend to get more religious.

Here's the question: do people get more religious because they want to believe in a life after death? Or do they get more religious because they need more certainty in general?

So what Zachary Hohman and Michael Hogg, at Claremont University in ........ Read more »

  • May 26, 2011
  • 03:31 AM

The Olympics is Coming to London: So Why won’t Brits be any Happier?

by Stuart Farrimond in Dr Stu's Science Blog

It was a shock announcement. Back in 2005, everyone thought Paris had the winning bid to host the 2012 Olympic Games. Unlike the UK’s hastily put together pitch, the French had spent 20 years fine-tuning theirs. When the IOC president declared that the Olympics were coming to London, scenes of jubilant crowds filled the screens … Continue reading »... Read more »

Kavetsos, G., & Szymanski, S. (2010) National well-being and international sports events. Journal of Economic Psychology, 31(2), 158-171. DOI: 10.1016/j.joep.2009.11.005  

  • May 23, 2011
  • 03:53 AM

Blue Lights Shown to Give a Brain Boost! But is a Better than Coffee?

by Stuart Farrimond in Dr Stu's Science Blog

It’s 6 am and the alarm sounds. Mornings aren’t a friendly place until you’ve had a coffee. Loathed by some but loved by many more, caffienated drinks are the world’s most popular drug. Effective as a stimulant, a mood-booster and an learning-enhancer, caffeine is an indispensable part of modern-day living for 90% of Westerners. Coffee … Continue reading »... Read more »

Vandewalle, G., Maquet, P., & Dijk, D. (2009) Light as a modulator of cognitive brain function. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 13(10), 429-438. DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2009.07.004  

Lehrl, S., Gerstmeyer, K., Jacob, J., Frieling, H., Henkel, A., Meyrer, R., Wiltfang, J., Kornhuber, J., & Bleich, S. (2007) Blue light improves cognitive performance. Journal of Neural Transmission, 114(4), 457-460. DOI: 10.1007/s00702-006-0621-4  

Smith, A. (2002) Effects of caffeine on human behavior. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 40(9), 1243-1255. DOI: 10.1016/S0278-6915(02)00096-0  

  • May 5, 2011
  • 10:51 PM

Memento Mori: Thoughts of Death Can Subtly Bias People's Ideas about Human Origins

by Lindsay in Autist's Corner

Discussion of some psychological research into the emotional underpinnings of creationism... Read more »

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