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All posts; Tags Include "Affective Psychology"

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  • February 13, 2014
  • 07:00 AM

What’s Love Got to Do With It?

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Overpriced roses and generic greeting cards are flying off the shelves, only to be thrown in the trash in a day or two. Windows, storefronts, even drab office cubicles are […]... Read more »

  • February 12, 2014
  • 01:45 PM

Three Seconds: Poems, Cubes and the Brain

by Jalees Rehman in Fragments of Truth

Temporal order can be assessed in a rather straightforward experimental manner. Research subjects can be provided sequential auditory clicks, one to each ear. If the clicks are one second apart, nearly all participants can correctly identify whether or not the click in the right ear came before the one in the left ear. It turns out that this holds true even if the clicks are only 100 milliseconds (0.1 seconds) apart. The threshold for being able to correctly assign a temporal order to such brief........ Read more »

  • February 6, 2014
  • 04:43 AM

Bullying at Work [Legal Organizations], Coping Strategies, and Health Problems

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Bullying, defined as the “repeated, systematic, and intentional negative behavior of one or more individuals directed at another individual”, causes stress and problems at work.  Bullying really hurts people and their organizations.  Bullies cause psychosomatic and physiologic complaints and psychological problems for their victims.  According to some definitions, bullying requires a power differential.  Most [...]
The post Bullying at Work [Legal Organizations], Coping Strategies, and H........ Read more »

Dehue, F., Bolman, C., Völlink, T., & Pouwelse, M. (2012) Coping with bullying at work and health related problems. . International Journal of Stress Management,. DOI: 10.1037/a0028969  

  • January 29, 2014
  • 09:15 AM

Sweet, Salt, Bitter, Sour - They Ain't The Half Of It

by Mark Lasbury in As Many Exceptions As Rules

What are the tastes humans sense? Sweet salt, sour, and bitter – don’t forget umami. Even though it has been around since 1908, umami as a concept has hit it big in just the past decade or so. This makes one wonder, are there more tastes out there? How about fat. New research shows that there are fatty acid receptors in the oral cavity, and they do induce specific physiologic responses. Is this the same as tasting?

Fatty acid receptors may turn out to be especially important for o........ Read more »

Keller KL, Liang LC, Sakimura J, May D, van Belle C, Breen C, Driggin E, Tepper BJ, Lanzano PC, Deng L.... (2012) Common variants in the CD36 gene are associated with oral fat perception, fat preferences, and obesity in African Americans. Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 20(5), 1066-73. PMID: 22240721  

Chan KQ, Tong EM, Tan DH, & Koh AH. (2013) What do love and jealousy taste like?. Emotion (Washington, D.C.), 13(6), 1142-9. PMID: 24040883  

  • January 28, 2014
  • 11:53 PM

Mindfulness and [Lawyers’] Improved Executive Control: Refined Affective Awareness and Acceptance of Thoughts and Emotions Helps Us Feel the “Pang” and Leads to Better Navigation of Our World

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Mindfulness practice, which involves present moment awareness and nonjudgmental acceptance of present emotions and thoughts, works.  The authors of a recent psychological science commentary noted that the practice of mindfulness training seems to provide a number of benefits.  Its popularity has increased in Western cultures for several decades.  These things partly explain why psychological [...]The post Mindfulness and [Lawyers’] Improved Executive Control: Refined Affective Awareness........ Read more »

  • January 15, 2014
  • 10:43 AM

Why Me? Perceptions of Justice Influence Pain Experiences

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Life has its many twists and turns – to make sense of all of it, people sometimes take a “just world” approach, reasoning that people get more or less what […]... Read more »

  • December 30, 2013
  • 12:36 PM

Meditation May Help Us Cut Our Losses

by amikulak in Daily Observations

There are certain things that are notoriously hard for us to do: Leaving the theater halfway through a terrible movie, deciding to quit a craft project that doesn’t look like […]... Read more »

  • December 30, 2013
  • 09:15 AM

It’s An Exercise Resolution

by Mark Lasbury in As Many Exceptions As Rules

More exercise is a good New Year’s resolution, but do you know why it is good for you. Sure, you strengthen your heart and may lose some weight, but exercise affects your brain most of all. In terms of improved mood, research is showing how brain derived neurotrophic factor is stimulated by endocannabinoids and then increases serotonin production. The endocannabinoids have also recently been shown to decrease nociception to allow for increased effects of high serotonin and dopamine levels......... Read more »

Galdino G, Romero TR, Silva JF, Aguiar DC, de Paula AM, Cruz JS, Parrella C, Piscitelli F, Duarte ID, Di Marzo V.... (2013) The endocannabinoid system mediates aerobic exercise-induced antinociception in rats. Neuropharmacology, 313-324. PMID: 24148812  

  • December 26, 2013
  • 11:51 AM

Prosocial Media Linked With Empathy Across Cultures

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Prosocial media and video games appear to have a positive influence on behavior regardless of culture, according to a new cross-cultural study led by researchers at Iowa State University. Lead […]... Read more »

Prot, S., Gentile, D.A., Anderson, C.A., Suzuki, K., Swing, E., Lim, K.M., Horiuchi, Y., .., & Lam, B.C.P. (2013) Long-term relations among prosocial-media use, empathy, and prosocial behavior. Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613503854  

  • December 19, 2013
  • 03:55 PM

Alcohol Dampens Stress Responses, Especially for Uncertain Threats

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Whether it’s a glass of wine, a pint of beer, or a tumbler of whiskey, people often turn to alcohol to calm their nerves. Anecdotally, alcohol does seem to help […]... Read more »

  • December 14, 2013
  • 01:15 AM

Who Is Your Firm’s “A-Game” Negotiator? Research Points to Those Higher in Emotion Understanding as the “Best” Choice

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

A “compelling and robust correlation between the ability to understand emotion and counterpart mood” has been shown in the context of negotiation.  More specifically, from the results of their two studies in which they utilized an ability-based model of emotional intelligence, emotional intelligence researchers concluded that the “Practical implications of these findings are clear; [...]The post Who Is Your Firm’s “A-Game” Negotiator? Research Points to Those Higher in E........ Read more »

  • December 12, 2013
  • 06:00 PM

The Link Between Using Pro-Social Media and Empathy

by Jalees Rehman in The Next Regeneration

Does watching TV and playing video games affect our empathy and willingness to engage in pro-social behavior? A team of international psychology researchers studied over 2,000 adolescents (mean age 21 years, 60% female and 40% male) in seven countries (Australia, China, Croatia, Germany, Japan, Romania and the United States) to determine whether there is a link between the media they consume and their levels of empathy and pro-social behavior. ... Read more »

Sara Prot, Douglas A. Gentile, Craig A. Anderson, Kanae Suzuki, Edward Swing, Kam Ming Lim, Yukiko Horiuchi, Margareta Jelic, Barbara Krahé, Wei Liuqing.... (2013) Long-Term Relations Among Prosocial-Media Use, Empathy, and Prosocial Behavior. Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613503854  

  • November 27, 2013
  • 12:40 PM

Our Estimates of Food Value Run “Hot” and “Cold”

by amikulak in Daily Observations

It stands to reason that you’d be willing to pay more for a nice slice of pumpkin or apple pie before Thanksgiving dinner, when you’re hungry and salivating, than afterwards, […]... Read more »

  • November 25, 2013
  • 07:40 PM

Training and Development for [Legal] Organizations – The Science Behind What to Train, How to Train, and How to Implement and Evaluate the Design and Delivery of Training [Part 1]

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

A team of leading experts in the science and application of training recently provided a comprehensive review and summary of what is known about training, how to decide whether training is needed, what steps to follow in training program design, and among other things, how to assess a training program’s impact. Properly designed and [...]The post Training and Development for [Legal] Organizations – The Science Behind What to Train, How to Train, and How to Implement and Evaluate the ........ Read more »

Salas, E., Tannenbaum, S. I., Kraiger, K., & Smith-Jentsch, K. A. (2012) The science of training and development in organizations: What matters in practice. Psychological Science in the Public Interest. DOI: 10.1177/1529100612436661  

  • November 18, 2013
  • 02:36 AM

Perceptions of “Sorry” – Negotiated vs. Delegated Apologies, Settlement Levers, and Mediation

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Saying that you are really and genuinely “sorry” effectively in psychological terms is not easy.  The other’s perception that you really mean it presents a rocky proposition, too.  Another layer involves advocates.  It’s not easier, either, when lawyers get involved.  Many examples of the rocky shoals of apology, particularly in the context of national [...]The post Perceptions of “Sorry” – Negotiated vs. Delegated Apologies, Settlement Levers, and Media........ Read more »

  • November 6, 2013
  • 08:25 AM

The Bouba/Kiki Effect: Synesthesia or Ideasthesia?

by Robert Seymour in NeuroFractal

Many researchers believed that the Bouba/Kiki effect demonstrated that we all show a little synaesthesia, where sensory inputs involuntarily activate an unrelated sensory experience. However, unlike classical synaesthesia, participants in the Bouba/Kiki experiment are associating a sensory input with a semantic label rather than two independent sensory experiences. Nikolic (2009) therefore recently introduced the idea of ideasthesia...... Read more »

Nikolic D. (2009) Is synaesthesia actually ideaesthesia? An inquiry into the nature of the phenomenon. Proceedings of the Third International Congress on Synaesthesia, Science and Art. info:/

  • November 5, 2013
  • 09:00 AM

The ‘Heartwarming’ Nature of Social Bonds

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Emotional connections with others are one of the fundamental ingredients for a happy and fulfilled life. Seeking out these connections often feels good, providing a kind of social “warmth.” New […]... Read more »

  • October 29, 2013
  • 03:15 PM

IBS: pity, compassion and discrimination

by Aurametrix team in Irritable Bowel Blog

 The effects of IBS on quality of life may be more substantial than those of many other chronic diseases. It affects school, work and life, putting the sufferers at risk for social isolation. Numerous books, columns and blogs about this condition usually affirm that social problems arise because the sufferers are trying to hide the fact they have IBS from others. Keeping secrets is stressful, while being upfront and coming out of the closet is the best strategy. Is it really?........ Read more »

Sutin AR, & Terracciano A. (2013) Perceived weight discrimination and obesity. PloS one, 8(7). PMID: 23894586  

  • October 7, 2013
  • 08:02 AM

How can cheating be wrong when it feels so right?

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

I think I was in college when Barbara Mandrell came out with this song for cheaters everywhere. A few decades later, I listened to my niece talk about tools she uses to identify plagiarism in her college freshman students. So I ask my (then) high school kids about cheating. They look at me as though […]

Related posts:
Apology redux: Doing it right (and doing it wrong)
Is it wrong to want an 8-foot chicken?
“I can tell how she feels by looking at her face…”

... Read more »

Ruedy NE, Moore C, Gino F, & Schweitzer ME. (2013) The cheater's high: The unexpected affective benefits of unethical behavior. Journal of personality and social psychology, 105(4), 531-48. PMID: 24000799  

  • October 2, 2013
  • 08:53 AM

Entering, Enjoying, and Exiting the “Age Queue” and the “SIC” Scale: A New Way to Measure [and Lawyers to Consider] Ageism’s Subtle and Overlooked Bias and Prejudice

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

“Older people shouldn’t even try to act cool.”  One of three factors in a new assessment which measures age-based prescriptive stereotypes includes this item.  A different factor asks respondents to endorse this item “Doctors spend too much time treating sickly older people”.  Leading age researchers recently argued that we must increase our understanding of [...]The post Entering, Enjoying, and Exiting the “Age Queue” and the “SIC” Scale: A New Way to Measure [and Lawyers t........ Read more »

North, M.S., & Fiske, S.T. (2013) A prescriptive intergenerational – tension ageism scale: Succession, identify, and consumption. Psychological Assessment. info:/10.1037/a0032367

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