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All posts; Tags Include "Cognitive Psychology"

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  • November 13, 2013
  • 08:00 AM
  • 1,962 views

Visual Aids Can Help People Better Understand Health Risks

by amikulak in Daily Observations

In order to be able to make sound health decisions, patients need to understand the risks and the benefits that come with medical treatments, screenings, and lifestyle choices. But many […]... Read more »

Garcia-Retamero, R., & Cokely, E.T. (2013) Communicating Health Risks With Visual Aids. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(5), 392-399. DOI: 10.1177/0963721413491570  

  • November 10, 2013
  • 08:00 PM
  • 1,029 views

Transfer of Learning: Take What You’ve Learned with You

by Winston Sieck in Global Cognition

Can an eighth-grade math student apply her knowledge of geometry to estimate the square footage of the family’s new home? If so, then she has experienced transfer of learning. Transfer of learning means to extend knowledge you’ve gained from one situation to new ones. Parents and educators hope that kids get more out of school […]... Read more »

Barnett, S. M., & Ceci, S. J. (2002) When and where do we apply what we learn? A taxonomy for far transfer. Psychological bulletin, 128(4), 612-637. info:/10.1037//0033-2909.128.4.612

  • November 6, 2013
  • 07:25 AM
  • 944 views

The Bouba/Kiki Effect: Synesthesia or Ideasthesia?

by Robert Seymour in NeuroFractal

Many researchers believed that the Bouba/Kiki effect demonstrated that we all show a little synaesthesia, where sensory inputs involuntarily activate an unrelated sensory experience. However, unlike classical synaesthesia, participants in the Bouba/Kiki experiment are associating a sensory input with a semantic label rather than two independent sensory experiences. Nikolic (2009) therefore recently introduced the idea of ideasthesia...... Read more »

Nikolic D. (2009) Is synaesthesia actually ideaesthesia? An inquiry into the nature of the phenomenon. Proceedings of the Third International Congress on Synaesthesia, Science and Art. info:/

  • November 6, 2013
  • 07:02 AM
  • 870 views

Do you want to make your juror “think fast”?

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

A new research review says thinking fast can improve our mood, and increase risk-taking, confidence and problem-solving. The author discusses the experiences of running, skiing, driving over the speed limit as all having the capacity to excite, elate and energize us. But we do not have to be moving fast in order to improve our […]

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Think fast! Is this the perpetrator? How certain are you?
Is that quick decision a good indicator of your moral character?
What happens when a ju........ Read more »

  • November 3, 2013
  • 11:22 AM
  • 855 views

Novel Means to Quantify Physiological Sleepiness

by Allison in Dormivigilia

My postdoctoral laboratory has published a methods paper in the recent issue of Sleep that provides a means to determine physiological sleepiness as it occurs, not de facto. They are mice after all, but if these findings were extrapolated to humans, then the scary reality of just a few hours of sleep loss is apparent-a moving body in a brain that is essentially asleep. ... Read more »

  • October 31, 2013
  • 02:56 PM
  • 1,224 views

Building Spatial Thinking Improves STEM success

by Winston Sieck in Global Cognition

You fall off of a ledge, dropping through a hole in the floor, only to find yourself hurtling out the side of a wall like a cannon ball. If you can imagine that easily, you have great spatial thinking skills. Or you’ve been playing Portal 2. Perhaps your spatial thinking skills got a boost from […]... Read more »

David H. Uttal, David I. Miller, & Nora S. Newcombe. (2013) Exploring and Enhancing Spatial Thinking: Links to Achievement in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics?. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(5), 367-373. info:/10.1177/0963721413484756

  • October 31, 2013
  • 02:30 AM
  • 1,388 views

Give Your Halloween Candy a Flavor Boost with Psychological Science

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Late on Halloween night, with candy strewn across the dining room table, millions of children across the United States will enjoy the hard-earned fruits of their trick-or-treating labors. After picking […]... Read more »

Vohs, K.D., Wang, Y., Gino, F., & Norton, M.I. (2013) Rituals Enhance Consumption. Psychological Science, 24(9), 1714-1721. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613478949  

Cole, G.G., & Wilkins, A.J. (2013) Fear of Holes. Psychological Science, 24(10), 1980-1985. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613484937  

  • October 30, 2013
  • 07:02 AM
  • 655 views

Mean-spirited blog comments tick off conservatives

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

But liberals shrug them off. At least that’s the preliminary finding in a study recently presented at the annual American Political Science Association meeting. Elizabeth Suhay set out to investigate incivility in online blog comments. She wasn’t expecting differences in how liberals and conservatives react to incivility…but that’s what she found. While incivility is a […]

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Suhay, E. (2013) The Polarizing Effect of Incivility in the Political Blog Commentsphere. SSRN Electronic Journal. info:/

  • October 26, 2013
  • 08:51 AM
  • 1,039 views

Cognitive Skills Help Fashion Adaptive Minds

by Winston Sieck in Global Cognition

Which is the most useful kind of knowledge – general knowledge about how to think well, or specific knowledge within many subject areas? The idea that we can train the mind to use core cognitive skills that are effective in a wide range of situations is really fantastic. But, maybe it’s too fantastic. General, learnable, […]... Read more »

Perkins, D. N., & Salomon, G. (1989) Are cognitive skills context bound?. Educational Researcher, 18(1), 16-25. info:/10.3102/0013189X018001016

  • October 21, 2013
  • 05:39 PM
  • 1,387 views

The mind is not a (digital) computer

by Dan Mirman in Minding the Brain

The "mind as computer" has been a dominant and powerful metaphor in cognitive science at least since the middle of the 20th century. Throughout this time, many of us have chafed against this metaphor because it has a tendency to be taken too literally. Framing mental and neural processes in terms of computation or information processing can be extremely useful, but this approach can turn into the extremely misleading notion that our minds work kind of like our desktop or laptop computers. There ........ Read more »

McClelland JL, Mirman D, & Holt LL. (2006) Are there interactive processes in speech perception?. Trends in cognitive sciences, 10(8), 363-369. PMID: 16843037  

  • October 7, 2013
  • 07:02 AM
  • 918 views

How can cheating be wrong when it feels so right?

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

I think I was in college when Barbara Mandrell came out with this song for cheaters everywhere. A few decades later, I listened to my niece talk about tools she uses to identify plagiarism in her college freshman students. So I ask my (then) high school kids about cheating. They look at me as though […]

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Apology redux: Doing it right (and doing it wrong)
Is it wrong to want an 8-foot chicken?
“I can tell how she feels by looking at her face…”


... Read more »

Ruedy NE, Moore C, Gino F, & Schweitzer ME. (2013) The cheater's high: The unexpected affective benefits of unethical behavior. Journal of personality and social psychology, 105(4), 531-48. PMID: 24000799  

  • October 5, 2013
  • 04:30 PM
  • 926 views

Revisiting Caffeinated Alcoholic Beverages: Effects on Sleep

by Allison in Dormivigilia

After getting college students hammered via caffeine-infused alcohol (most like Red Bull-vodkas), the researchers surprisingly found that these drinks have little effect on sleep. Their effects on risks for addiction and brain health is a different story...... Read more »

  • October 5, 2013
  • 03:30 PM
  • 977 views

Neury Thursday: Sleep in Worms Cont'd

by Allison in Dormivigilia

Worms have a sleep-like state known as lethargus in between their molting cycles. Researchers in Germany carefully studied lethargus at behavioral, physiologically, and cellular levels providing convincing evidence that worms and their nervous system works in similar manners to control daily sleep. ... Read more »

  • October 2, 2013
  • 07:53 AM
  • 1,201 views

Entering, Enjoying, and Exiting the “Age Queue” and the “SIC” Scale: A New Way to Measure [and Lawyers to Consider] Ageism’s Subtle and Overlooked Bias and Prejudice

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

“Older people shouldn’t even try to act cool.”  One of three factors in a new assessment which measures age-based prescriptive stereotypes includes this item.  A different factor asks respondents to endorse this item “Doctors spend too much time treating sickly older people”.  Leading age researchers recently argued that we must increase our understanding of [...]The post Entering, Enjoying, and Exiting the “Age Queue” and the “SIC” Scale: A New Way to Measure [and Lawyers t........ Read more »

North, M.S., & Fiske, S.T. (2013) A prescriptive intergenerational – tension ageism scale: Succession, identify, and consumption. Psychological Assessment. info:/10.1037/a0032367

  • September 30, 2013
  • 06:18 PM
  • 1,006 views

Five Metacognitive Strategies to Change Your Mind

by Winston Sieck in Global Cognition

Everyday learning often starts with a surprise. Something unexpected happens and you use that to change your understanding. You learn the most when you use metacognitive strategies to adapt your mindset. Metacognition is what you know about how you think and learn. It includes knowing what you know (and what you don’t).  It also includes […]... Read more »

Winston R. Sieck, Jennifer L. Smith, & Louise J. Rasmussen. (2013) Metacognitive strategies for making sense of cross-cultural encounters. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 44(6), 1007-1023. DOI: 10.1177/0022022113492890  

  • September 30, 2013
  • 01:47 PM
  • 1,135 views

Larks vs. Night-Owls: What Your Sleep Patterns Say About You

by Melissa Chernick in Science Storiented

Ugh, Monday morning really kicked my butt. Even my strong coffee failed to wake me up completely. Of course, I drag-ass most mornings, being almost useless before 10 a.m. On the flip side, I have always been wonderfully alert and productive after 7 p.m. A night owl I am, and this seems like a good topic for discussion. What determines your circadian rhythms and what does that mean for your personality?A circadian rhythm is an endogenous, near 24 hour cycle in the process of living organisms (pl........ Read more »

  • September 30, 2013
  • 04:17 AM
  • 662 views

On the entangled banks of representations (pt.1)

by Wintz in A Replicated Typo 2.0

Lately, I took time out to read through a few papers I’d put on the backburner until after my first year review was completed. Now that’s out of the way, I found myself looking through Berwick et al.‘s review on Evolution, brain, and the nature of language. Much of it is written in strongly worded language and read more...... Read more »

Wilson AD, & Golonka S. (2013) Embodied Cognition is Not What you Think it is. Frontiers in psychology, 58. PMID: 23408669  

  • September 28, 2013
  • 09:01 AM
  • 1,061 views

Marital Separation, Expressive Writing, and Meaning Making: Important Cautions to Lawyers & Clients About Keeping “Divorce Journals”

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Marital separation, which can include divorce, correlates with pain and suffering.  Easily characterized as one of life’s most stressful experiences, marital separation puts people at risk for poor outcomes in their mental and physical health.  Expressive writing, according to the authors of the study reported in this post, has a “strong record for improving [...]The post Marital Separation, Expressive Writing, and Meaning Making: Important Cautions to Lawyers & Clients About Keeping &........ Read more »

  • September 27, 2013
  • 07:02 AM
  • 751 views

Simple Jury Persuasion: Do haters have to hate? It would seem so.

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

It’s in our genes. Or at least, in our dispositions. We all know people who are consistently negative. They pick out the negative in every situation and magnify it. Conversely, we also know people who are invariably positive. We call them Pollyanna’s. They are two extremes: the Haters and the Pollyanna’s. However, those extremes may […]

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  • September 22, 2013
  • 04:39 PM
  • 1,058 views

Legal Case Management: Prediction of Case Outcomes, Overconfidence, and Lawyers’ Need for Calibration Tools [Feedback]- Part 2 of 3

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

When it comes to legal strategy, predicting case outcomes, and decision-making, science shows that lawyers suffer a serious fault– overconfidence.  The largest study of American lawyers of its kind to date noted that “Lawyers frequently made substantial judgmental errors, showing a proclivity to overoptimism.  The most biased estimates were expressed with very high initial [...]The post Legal Case Management: Prediction of Case Outcomes, Overconfidence, and Lawyers’ Need for Calibrat........ Read more »

Goodman-Delahunty, J., Granhag, P., Hartwig, M., & Loftus, E. (2010) Insightful or wishful: Lawyers' ability to predict case outcomes. . Psychology, Public Policy, and Law. DOI: 10.1037/a0019060  

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