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  • June 11, 2014
  • 12:47 PM

Do Dogs Get that Eureka! Feeling?

by CAPB in Companion Animal Psychology Blog

Does successful problem solving make dogs happy?Photo: Mackland / ShutterstockNew research by Ragen McGowan et al (University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden) investigates whether dogs enjoy the experience of solving a problem in order to obtain a reward, or if it is just the reward itself that makes them happy.Rather unusually, the idea came from a study that found cattle who completed a task to earn a reward seemed to be happier than those who just received the reward. The design of McG........ Read more »

  • June 9, 2014
  • 10:21 PM

Images to Reduce Pain

by John DiPrete in EmbodiCog

Images found to reduce pain in chronic sufferers. 10 selected pictures fit the criteria of pain reduction. Each image opens in a new window. Test them to see if their effects are real.... Read more »

  • June 6, 2014
  • 08:02 AM

“Look inside yourself at the very best you there is….”

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

If you’ve read us for any length of time at all, you know we love this strategy to increase empathy and reduce bias in civil cases. Today we are looking at new research relevant to criminal work that shows how empathy (and the resulting perspective-taking) drives decisions about responsibility and guilt, sentencing, and leniency. This […]

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Which jurors most “feel........ Read more »

Skorinko, J., Laurent, S., Bountress, K., Nyein, K., & Kuckuck, D. (2014) Effects of perspective taking on courtroom decisions. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 44(4), 303-318. DOI: 10.1111/jasp.12222  

  • June 5, 2014
  • 10:00 AM

“Out, Damned Spot!”: Obsessive-Like Behavior Linked to Specific Type of Guilt

by amikulak in Daily Observations

If you’ve ever watched the T.V. show Monk, you know that obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by a fixation on certain thoughts and a need to engage in repetitive behaviors, […]... Read more »

  • June 5, 2014
  • 01:30 AM

Mindfulness For Kids – Is It A Good Idea?

by Pranita Sohony in Workout Trends

“Twinkle Twinkle Little Star, How I wonder what you are? Up above the diamond….the world…sky….” [Long Pause] [Sobbing] [Curtains close] And your child comes running to you only to hug you and cry incessantly, leaving you disappointed. Are you sorry and lost? Would this have made you happy…? Alternate scenario: “Twinkle Twinkle Little Star, How […]
The post Mindfulness For Kids – Is It A Good Idea? appeared first on .
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  • June 4, 2014
  • 09:45 AM

How Does Your Facebook News Feed Affect You?

by Jalees Rehman in The Next Regeneration

Researchers at Facebook, Inc., the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) and Cornell University teamed up to study whether manipulating the News Feeds of Facebook users would affect the emotional content of the users' status updates or postings. They recently published their findings in the PNAS paper "Experimental evidence of massive-scale emotional contagion through social networks" and suggest that they have found evidence of an "emotional contagion", i.e. t........ Read more »

  • June 3, 2014
  • 08:37 AM

Sharing Our Sorrow Via Facebook

by Jalees Rehman in Fragments of Truth

Geteiltes Leid ist halbes Leid ("Shared sorrow is half the sorrow") is a popular German proverb which refers to the importance of sharing bad news and troubling experiences with others. The therapeutic process of sharing takes on many different forms: we may take comfort in the fact that others have experienced similar forms of sorrow, we are often reassured by the empathy and encouragement we receive from friends, and even the mere process of narrating the details of what is troubling........ Read more »

  • June 2, 2014
  • 08:02 AM

You wanted to be a leader! Act like one! (or else)

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

We’ve written about women and leadership before. While some new research shows female leaders handle stress more effectively than male leaders, we’re not going to write about that one today. Instead, here is a report on a study showing some other good news: women are no longer punished for behaving assertively in a leadership role! […]

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  • May 31, 2014
  • 11:06 AM

Ostracism, A Stressful and Aversive Part of Everday Life

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Ostracizers ignore and exclude others. Their victims have all sorts of negative reactions to this social rejection, which generally threatens the target’s sense of worth and existence. Ostracism victims’ hurt ranges from increased sadness and anger to decreased feelings of belonging, control, self-esteem, and meaningful existence.
Researchers recently explored those powerful effects of this [...]
The post Ostracism, A Stressful and Aversive Part of Everday Life appeared first on Psyc........ Read more »

Nezlek, J., Wesselmann, E., Wheeler, L., & Williams, K. (2012) Ostracism in everyday life. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 16(2), 91-104. DOI: 10.1037/a0028029  

  • May 26, 2014
  • 04:01 AM

Emotional Intelligence Emotion Regulation Ability Helps You [Lawyers] Interact With Others More Effectively

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Our ability to regulate emotion affects our relationships, well-being, and stress.  This ability – emotion regulation – one of the four branches of ability-based emotional intelligence as assessed by the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT) see prior post on Psycholawlogy here, guides our self-regulation and our adaptation to our environment.  Recent research shows [...]
The post Emotional Intelligence Emotion Regulation Ability Helps You [Lawyers] Interact Wit........ Read more »

  • May 20, 2014
  • 09:03 AM

Why Women are Better CEOs, Presidents, and Prime Ministers

by Jeremiah Stanghini in Jeremiah Stanghini

New research shows that women are far better at handling stress than men. I suppose that’s not a newsflash as most people already think that’s true, but consider the way in which this study frames it [Emphasis added]: We consistently … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • May 16, 2014
  • 08:02 AM

Simple Jury Persuasion: Video evidence and screen size

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

Is bigger better (hey, hey!–we’re talking about video monitors!)? We now have definitive evidence saying it all depends on your ultimate goal. According to this research, what your jurors see in the courtroom is going to affect their decisions during deliberations. While this is hardly news, the level of detail on how video screen size […]

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  • May 14, 2014
  • 08:02 AM

Teary testimony from children is more credible

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

Here’s one that just makes intuitive sense. When children are testifying in court, teary testimony is thought to be more credible than stoic and controlled testimony from child victims of non-sexual crimes. At least so say aspiring lawyers in Sweden. Researchers developed four (5 minute long) videos using two child actors (one boy and one […]

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W........ Read more »

Landström, S., Ask, K., Sommar, C., & Willén, R. (2013) Children's testimony and the emotional victim effect. Legal and Criminological Psychology. DOI: 10.1111/lcrp.12036  

  • May 7, 2014
  • 03:58 PM

Does Literary Fiction Challenge Racial Stereotypes?

by Jalees Rehman in The Next Regeneration

Reading literary fiction can be highly pleasurable, but does it also make you a better person? Conventional wisdom and intuition lead us to believe that reading can indeed improve us. However, as the philosopher Emrys Westacott has recently pointed out in his essay for 3Quarksdaily, we may overestimate the capacity of literary fiction to foster moral improvement. A slew of scientific studies have taken on the task of studying the impact of literary fiction on our emotions and thoughts. Some of t........ Read more »

Johnson, D., Huffman, B., & Jasper, D. (2014) Changing Race Boundary Perception by Reading Narrative Fiction. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 36(1), 83-90. DOI: 10.1080/01973533.2013.856791  

  • May 7, 2014
  • 09:05 AM

Everybody Wants To Be Cool

by Mark Lasbury in As Many Exceptions As Rules

Capsaicin activates TRPV1 ion channels. Why do we care? Because that’s makes our mouth burn when we eat spicy food. But TRPV1 also senses noxious heat. On the other end of the scale, there are also ion channels for sensing cool and cold temperatures. But the TRPM8 cool receptor is also activated by menthol. This is much of the reason for menthol being added to cigarettes.

New research shows that menthol in cigarettes adds to the cytotoxicity of tobacco smoke, while menthol alone causes ........ Read more »

Noriyasu A, Konishi T, Mochizuki S, Sakurai K, Tanaike Y, Matsuyama K, Uezu K, & Kawano T. (2013) Menthol-enhanced cytotoxicity of cigarette smoke demonstrated in two bioassay models. Tobacco induced diseases, 11(1), 18. PMID: 24001273  

Brody AL, Mukhin AG, La Charite J, Ta K, Farahi J, Sugar CA, Mamoun MS, Vellios E, Archie M, Kozman M.... (2013) Up-regulation of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in menthol cigarette smokers. The international journal of neuropsychopharmacology / official scientific journal of the Collegium Internationale Neuropsychopharmacologicum (CINP), 16(5), 957-66. PMID: 23171716  

Ashoor A, Nordman JC, Veltri D, Yang KH, Al Kury L, Shuba Y, Mahgoub M, Howarth FC, Sadek B, Shehu A.... (2013) Menthol binding and inhibition of α7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. PloS one, 8(7). PMID: 23935840  

  • May 5, 2014
  • 05:13 AM

The wise do recover from addiction

by DJMac in Recovery Review

Wisdom’s not a very scientific term is it? We sort of know what it means, but it’s vague and not really something to value or measure in scientific literature – right? It’s a bit like spirituality; you might get a dozen different definitions depending on whom you talk to. That hasn’t stopped researchers exploring what [...]
The post The wise do recover from addiction appeared first on Recovery Review.
... Read more »

  • April 17, 2014
  • 10:14 AM

What Do You Want to Hear First: Good News or Bad News?

by Jeremiah Stanghini in Jeremiah Stanghini

As it turns out, our answer to this question is different depending on whether we’re the one delivering the news or we’re the one receiving the news. If we’re delivering the news, we’re more likely to want to lead with … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • April 16, 2014
  • 09:30 AM

Does Animal-Assisted Therapy Help At-Risk Boys?

by CAPB in Companion Animal Psychology Blog

If existing behavioural programs aren’t working, can therapeutic sessions with a dog help boys who have problems at school?Photo: criben / ShutterstockA new paper by Abbey Schneider et al (2014) investigates the success of a program designed to help boys who are considered ‘at-risk’ – by matching them up with a specially trained dog and handler.In Colorado, a group of elementary schools take part in a program called the Human Animal Bond in Colorado (HABIC). It is designed to help ........ Read more »

Schneider, A.A.,, Rosenberg, J., Baker, M., Melia, N., Granger, B., & Biringen, Z. (2014) Becoming relationally effective: High-risk boys in animal-assisted therapy. Human-Animal Interaction Bulletin, 2(1), 1-18. info:/

  • April 6, 2014
  • 01:41 PM

Look! A Morsel of Good Vaccination News

by Eric Horowitz in peer-reviewed by my neurons

It’s been a bad few weeks for vaccination. Whooping cough continues to make a comeback; it was revealed that some New York City schools have third-world vaccination rates; and a study led by Brendan Nyhan found that four different interventions were unable to shift vaccination intentions. So it may come as a surprise that a […]... Read more »

  • April 2, 2014
  • 01:34 AM

The Connection Between Conspiracy Theories and Ambivalence

by Eric Horowitz in peer-reviewed by my neurons

It’s a good time to be in the conspiracy theory business, and not just because the birthplace of the U.S. President has been verified only 72 times. Thanks to the internet, it’s easier than ever to track down potentially suspicious information and discuss it with like-minded gumshoes. While certain people may be predisposed to believing in certain kinds […]... Read more »

van Harreveld, F., Rutjens, B., Schneider, I., Nohlen, H., & Keskinis, K. (2014) In Doubt and Disorderly: Ambivalence Promotes Compensatory Perceptions of Order. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. DOI: 10.1037/a0036099  

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