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All posts; Tags Include "Industrial/Organizational Psychology"

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  • July 9, 2013
  • 10:42 AM
  • 634 views

Women leaders don't get a free pass for acting tentatively - but men do

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

Women seeking leadership have historically been hampered by stereotypical beliefs that they don't - and shouldn't - behave actively, confidently, with agency. Leaders need to be agentic, shaping an organisation toward a desired vision. But traditional gender roles demand that women take a more nurturing, passive stance, and when they do not, as copious research from the 1980s and 1990s found, they are met with disapproval. However, society has changed over the decades, to the extent that agency ........ Read more »

  • July 4, 2013
  • 08:34 AM
  • 890 views

When is it better to be a directive or an empowering leader?

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

P { margin-bottom: 0.21cm; direction: ltr; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); }P.western { font-family: "Liberation Serif","Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; }P.cjk { font-family: "WenQuanYi Micro Hei"; font-size: 12pt; }P.ctl { font-family: "Lohit Hindi"; font-size: 12pt; } In its early existence, a team led with a clear, directive approach outperforms one with a leader who is hands-off and emphasises empowerment. Over time, however, the empowered team forges insights and patterns of working that lea........ Read more »

  • July 2, 2013
  • 12:45 PM
  • 518 views

Employers benefit when members don't only identify with them

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

Where does our work allegiance lie? At first blush, probably with the employer organisation that pays our wages and paints a vision of why we are doing what we do. We identify as National Trust people, or as part of Rummidge General Hospital. Identification with an organisation helps it meet objectives and lines employees up towards common goals, such as meeting hospital targets. But perhaps we also identify as a member of the medical profession: two identities, not one. And for in-sourced emplo........ Read more »

  • June 27, 2013
  • 07:09 AM
  • 695 views

Junior doctors squeezed by working conditions

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

How do junior doctors experience current working conditions? Pressures on public sector spending in many countries have put the squeeze on their health services, and this strata of the workforce - already renowned as being under pressure - seem to be feeling extra strain. This is the suggestion of a recent study that investigates the experiences of twenty junior doctors in the Irish medical system.The participants provided their experiences through qualitative interviews with the researchers, wo........ Read more »

  • June 20, 2013
  • 11:08 AM
  • 880 views

Employees don't feel obliged to pay back managers who support them emotionally

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

The offering of emotional support from a manager at times of need is perceived very differently by managers and the recipients of that support. According to a new paper, while managers see such efforts as over-and-above their expected responsibilities, employees see it as just part of the manager's job. This clash of expectations can lead to problems.Researchers Ginka Toegel, Martin Kilduff and N Anand drew their data through interviews and network analysis of staff at a recruitment agency. The ........ Read more »

  • June 19, 2013
  • 08:02 AM
  • 896 views

When in-group rebels have a cause…

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

Despite the admiration we often have for whistle-blowers and the generous adjectives we might use to describe them (e.g., courageous, principled, moral) they almost uniformly have a very tough time. They are also seen as disloyal and mean-spirited by members of their former group and typically not revered as having the best interests of the [...]

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“It was ‘a man’s work’ and I just didn’t like working with those incompetent women….”
Politics and prejudice? Nope. I........ Read more »

  • June 16, 2013
  • 08:59 AM
  • 945 views

Getting To Know Others’ Perspectives Widens The Pathway Towards [Lawyers] Improving Self-Knowledge

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Am I delusional? After reading a review of the current research about self-knowledge, that far-fetched question may seem appropriate for many of us.  That may seem harsh, but lack of information and motivational biases obstruct our ability to truly know ourselves.  While science has long been interested in introspection as a route to improving [...]The post Getting To Know Others’ Perspectives Widens The Pathway Towards [Lawyers] Improving Self-Knowledge appeared first on Psycholawlogy.... Read more »

Vazire, S., & Carlson, E. (2011) Others Sometimes Know Us Better Than We Know Ourselves. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20(2), 104-108. DOI: 10.1177/0963721411402478  

  • June 14, 2013
  • 11:03 AM
  • 699 views

Starting negative may help you be creative

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

Positive emotion has long been recognised as facilitating creativity, through broadening thinking and allowing exploratory mental wandering. Conversely, high negative emotion tends to lead to narrow focus on salient, possibly threatening environmental features (such as an impending deadline or difficult conversation), which has lead many to discount it as an impediment to creativity. But recent research suggests that prior states of negative emotion can improve subsequent creative activity.The p........ Read more »

Bledow, R., Rosing, K., & Frese, M. (2012) A Dynamic Perspective on Affect and Creativity. Academy of Management Journal, 56(2), 432-450. DOI: 10.5465/amj.2010.0894  

  • June 7, 2013
  • 10:41 AM
  • 662 views

Do we make too much of workplace conflict between women?

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

This month, the Women's Business Council released a report revealing that underuse of women's workplace potential costs the economy £160 billion.As well as structural issues, such as inadequate workplace childcare, psychological factors can also provide obstacles to an unrestricted workplace.  A recent paper by Leah Sheppard and Karl Aquino suggests one may be the tendency to overstate the consequences of female-female workplace conflict.  There is a pedigree of research into female-f........ Read more »

  • June 6, 2013
  • 05:24 AM
  • 1,117 views

More Money makes you Bad at Work: The Myth of Performance-Related Pay.

by Stuart Farrimond in Dr Stu's Science Blog

Motivated by money? I confess I am. Well ok, not always: there are plenty of things that will trump a stack of greenbacks. However, few of us would object to a kindly benefactor plopping a million quid into our current account. Even for the least materially-minded, it would be difficult to ignore such an offer: … Continue reading »... Read more »

ARIELY, D., GNEEZY, U., LOEWENSTEIN, G., & MAZAR, N. (2009) Large Stakes and Big Mistakes. Review of Economic Studies, 76(2), 451-469. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-937X.2009.00534.x  

  • June 3, 2013
  • 08:02 AM
  • 742 views

Want that job? Just recall a time you felt powerful!

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

We’ve written about striking a ‘power pose’ in the past here. It was in relation to how to manage your appearance in court but now we have new research that says something much more odd and maybe even a little bit spooky. You don’t even have to be present for an interviewer to see you more [...]

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“Ethnic-sounding first names” and getting the job
Can you really sort out the liars from the truth tellers?
Should you meet with that prospective client first or last?


... Read more »

Lammers, J., Dubois, D., Rucker, D., & Galinsky, A. (2013) Power gets the job: Priming power improves interview outcomes. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49(4), 776-779. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2013.02.008  

  • May 29, 2013
  • 12:36 AM
  • 768 views

The [Lawyer’s] Billable Hour – Part 2: The Nuanced and [Un]savory Relationship Between Time, Money, and Happiness

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

People who bill their time in the form of an hourly wage, i.e. “billable hour”, develop a “money mindset”.  Instead of focusing on time, which activates a more emotional mindset, the money mindset focuses on the goal of maximizing the economic value of time.  Persons with mindsets oriented toward time, compared to the economic [...]The post The [Lawyer’s] Billable Hour – Part 2: The Nuanced and [Un]savory Relationship Between Time, Money, and Happiness appeared first on Psy........ Read more »

  • May 24, 2013
  • 10:05 AM
  • 692 views

Status shifts in groups as extraverts disappoint and neurotics overdeliver

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

New research suggests that the higher status bestowed on extraverts in new groups may drop as their contributions become better understood. In the meantime, neurotic people may see their lower status improve.Corrine Bendersky and Neha Parikh Shah investigated this in two studies. The first examined how 44 student teams working on MBA assignments over 10 weeks attributed status and competence to individual members. One week after forming, each member was asked to rate the other 3 to 5 members' gr........ Read more »

  • May 22, 2013
  • 08:33 AM
  • 879 views

The [Lawyer’s] Billable Hour: How Much Does 360 Seconds Cost? Who Pays?

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Tick – tock.  The “billable hour” determines so much in the lives of many professionals, including lawyers.  Many have to “keep time”.  Time keeping accounts for how many lawyers spend their time doing their work, factors into how much their clients get charged, directly impacts how most large law firms generate income, and plays [...]The post The [Lawyer’s] Billable Hour: How Much Does 360 Seconds Cost? Who Pays? appeared first on Psycholawlogy.... Read more »

  • May 22, 2013
  • 08:02 AM
  • 1,124 views

“Ethnic-sounding first names” and getting the job

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

Shuki. Soukias. Raheem. Samir. Jamal. Lakisha. Atholl. Tyronne. Magestic. Did you know that something as simple as a first name makes the difference between whether you even get the interview? Last weekend we were doing a focus group and one of the mock jurors had a very unique first name. One of a kind. She [...]

Related posts:
Is there a relationship between age and ethnic prejudice?
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Everyday racism: A comparison of African American and Asia........ Read more »

Cotton, J., O'Neill, B., & Griffin, A. (2008) The “name game”: affective and hiring reactions to first names. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 23(1), 18-39. DOI: 10.1108/02683940810849648  

  • May 21, 2013
  • 05:53 AM
  • 630 views

Does it take two to tango to get win-win negotiation outcomes?

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

Negotiation training has been shown to lead to positive outcomes for parties on both sides of the table, identifying 'win-win' solutions and helping the wheels of the world turn more amicably. But many studies focus on consequences when both negotiators are trained using the same methodology, when the reality is that a counterpart from another organisation may be trained differently or not at all. What happens then? A study by Alfred Zerres and colleagues finds out.The study recruited 360 busine........ Read more »

  • May 14, 2013
  • 07:12 AM
  • 1,542 views

Ostracism Hurts: The Psychological Costs of Ignoring or Excluding Others

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

People who ostracize – ignore or exclude – others incur psychological costs.  Researchers who recently explored whether people suffer psychological costs when they comply with social directives to ignore or exclude cause others reached that conclusion.  The pressure to ignore or exclude someone has become an “all too common” experience, and the authors noted [...]The post Ostracism Hurts: The Psychological Costs of Ignoring or Excluding Others appeared first on Psychol........ Read more »

  • May 13, 2013
  • 09:56 AM
  • 878 views

Who pays the biggest price for managing emotional displays in the workplace?

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

Understanding workplace demands on our emotions is one of our popular topics. Recent research combines two issues we've reported on previously: surface acting, the form of emotional labour that involves expressing emotions you don't genuinely feel, and affect spin, a measure of the variability of a person's emotional experiences. The paper suggests that overall, surface acting places greater demands on people high in affect spin.Daniel Beal and colleagues ran their study with 64 restaurant serve........ Read more »

Beal, D., Trougakos, J., Weiss, H., & Dalal, R. (2013) Affect Spin and the Emotion Regulation Process at Work. Journal of Applied Psychology. DOI: 10.1037/a0032559  

  • May 9, 2013
  • 12:05 AM
  • 1,105 views

Legal Case Management: Prediction of Case Outcomes, Overconfidence, and Lawyers’ Need for Calibration Tools – Part 1

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

How accurately do lawyers predict their case outcomes?  These forecasts play a pivotal role in practical legal decision-making, and affect many stakeholders:  the lawyer; the client; and the justice environment as a whole.  Prediction errors can cost the client and their lawyer.  Prediction errors can make cases become an unnecessary burden on the system. [...]The post Legal Case Management: Prediction of Case Outcomes, Overconfidence, and Lawyers’ Need for Calibration Tools – P........ Read more »

Goodman-Delahunty, J., Granhag, P., Hartwig, M., & Loftus, E. (2010) Insightful or wishful: Lawyers' ability to predict case outcomes. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 16(2), 133-157. DOI: 10.1037/a0019060  

  • May 5, 2013
  • 02:42 PM
  • 884 views

How Does Political Ideology Influence Views On Accountability?

by Eric Horowitz in peer-reviewed by my neurons

Accountability is all the rage these days, whether it’s with regard to schools, hospitals, government agencies, or the local Geico car insurance branch. But not all accountability is the same, and a thought-provoking new study led by Penn’s Philip Tetlock examines how political ideology and trust can influence support for various accountability systems. The study [...]... Read more »

Tetlock, P., Vieider, F., Patil, S., & Grant, A. (2013) Accountability and ideology: When left looks right and right looks left. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 122(1), 22-35. DOI: 10.1016/j.obhdp.2013.03.007  

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