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  • March 19, 2013
  • 07:55 AM

Expressing your proactive potential depends on attachment style

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

Employees who engage in proactive behaviours tend to be an asset to the workplace; they're less phased by obstacles, more likely to pursue new opportunities, and take more efforts to master their environment. While organisations have a role in cultivating proactivity, so do our personal traits. However, a recent paper by Chia-huei Wu and Sharon Parker suggests that this influence itself depends upon our 'attachment style', a common term in therapeutic fields and finding wider application elsewhe........ Read more »

  • March 12, 2013
  • 01:18 PM

Grow, broaden, maintain: HR practices and how they matter for older workers

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

In the last issue of the Human Resource Management Journal, Dorien Kooij and colleagues investigate how general HR practices might have differential effects for younger and older employees. Given the ageing workforces prevelant in the West, it's an increasingly relevant issue.800 respondents to a much larger survey were randomly selected to form eight equally sized age groups, ranging from those below 20 to an over-50 group. Participants reported their experiences of HR practices that could infl........ Read more »

Kooij, D., Guest, D., Clinton, M., Knight, T., Jansen, P., & Dikkers, J. (2013) How the impact of HR practices on employee well-being and performance changes with age. Human Resource Management Journal, 23(1), 18-35. DOI: 10.1111/1748-8583.12000  

  • March 8, 2013
  • 08:02 AM

“It was ‘a man’s work’ and I just didn’t like working with those incompetent women….”

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

Research shows, even though it’s now 2013, that stereotypes of women as passive, not ambitious, and not energetic continue to abound. Researchers wondered whether the proportion of women in a mixed-gender group doing a male-stereotyped task would affect gender-related evaluations of the group process. Researchers recruited 110 students (71 women, 39 men) enrolled in a [...]

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Everyday racism at work: Hope for African American Women?
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  • March 6, 2013
  • 01:14 PM

Abusive [Law Firm] Bosses: When “Company” Men & Women Are Bad For Business

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

“Bad” bosses who are “company” men or women are bad for the firm’s business.  Organizations empower supervisors to direct, evaluate, and coach employees.  Some supervisors support their direct reports and empower them to reach their goals.  Others belittle, demean, intentionally devalue, hold in contempt, humiliate, insult, or otherwise abuse their subordinates.  Victims who [...]The post Abusive [Law Firm] Bosses: When “Company” Men & Women Ar........ Read more »

  • March 6, 2013
  • 08:12 AM

How disclosing conflicts of interest can pass the burden to the customer

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

 We habitually consult experts to advise on personal and professional matters, but their recommendations can be coloured by conflicts of interest. Commonly advisors are required to disclose conflicts: armed with this information, the consumer can account for bias before making decisions. But evidence shows it's hard to make such adjustments. And new research by Sunita Sah, George Loewenstein and Daylia Cain suggests moreover that disclosure may make consumers feel obliged to follow the advi........ Read more »

Sah, S., Loewenstein, G., & Cain, D. (2013) The burden of disclosure: Increased compliance with distrusted advice. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104(2), 289-304. DOI: 10.1037/a0030527  

  • March 2, 2013
  • 08:24 PM

[Lawyer] Work Engagement Equation: Job Resources Personal Resources => Higher Performance

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

The article featured in this post starts by asking “Do you remember the last time you were really fascinated by a speaker who was explaining something very energetically and passionately?”  Candice Millard, the highly acclaimed bestselling author, comes to my mind.  I attended a continuing legal education program recently.  Hundreds of lawyers packed [...]The post [Lawyer] Work Engagement Equation: Job Resources + Personal Resources = Higher Performance appeared first on Psychola........ Read more »

Bakker, A. (2011) An Evidence-Based Model of Work Engagement. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20(4), 265-269. DOI: 10.1177/0963721411414534  

  • March 1, 2013
  • 08:04 AM

Fitting the office to our evolutionary niche

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

Imagine a workplace in harmony with our true nature. That's the aspiration held out by Carey Fitzgerald and Kimberley Danner in a recent paper surveying insights from environmental and evolutionary psychology and considering what they say about our work environments. The fundamental observation from which all else follows is that we are creatures evolved to live a life substantially in touch with nature and our own natural patterns. The workplace? Commonly, not so much...Take greenery. There is ........ Read more »

Fitzgerald CJ, & Danner KM. (2012) Evolution in the office: how evolutionary psychology can increase employee health, happiness, and productivity. Evolutionary psychology : an international journal of evolutionary approaches to psychology and behavior, 10(5), 770-81. PMID: 23253786  

  • March 1, 2013
  • 02:20 AM

Who Should Political Parties Send to the Negotiating Table?

by Eric Horowitz in peer-reviewed by my neurons

Every time a Superdupercommittee is put together to hash out a grand bargain analysis erupts over what each appointee means for the prospect of compromise. Politico sends a whole team to dissect social security votes from two decades ago in an effort to determine if a Congressman is there just to sabotage the negotiations. Meanwhile, psychologists [...]... Read more »

  • February 25, 2013
  • 08:07 AM

Your boss's expectations shape your performance - but only if you trust them?

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

The Pygmalion effect is the much-observed finding that a leader's high expectations for their subordinates, if clearly communicated and followed up by supporting behaviours, translate into higher achievements for those subordinates. The leader paints the possibility of another possible self that the subordinate could become - 'be all you can be' - if they apply themselves and follow the path. Thus inspired, the subordinate fixes themself on the new horizon, and with guidance, surpasses themself......... Read more »

  • February 22, 2013
  • 07:44 AM

Can more cognitive ability be a liability?

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

If you want to predict performance at work, you're hopefully aware of the long-investigated benefits that cognitive ability provide in many types of occupation. So hearing about apparently contradictory psychology studies in domains such as 'success under stress' where 'less is more', you're curious. Can cognitive ability - intelligence, roughly told - undermine task performance, or learning adaptability? A critical review by Oswalt and Beier argues that we needn't rewrite our assumptions just y........ Read more »

  • February 20, 2013
  • 09:30 AM

How to Evaluate Learning in Virtual Worlds and 3D Environments

by Richard Landers in NeoAcademic

In a recent issue of the Journal of Virtual Worlds Research, Landers and Callan[1] examine appropriate evaluation of learning taking place in virtual worlds (VWs) and other 3D environments. In doing so, they develop a new model of training evaluation specific to the virtual world context, integrating several classic training evaluation models and research on [...]

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Landers, R.N., & Callan, R.C. (2012) Training evaluation in virtual worlds: Development of a model. Journal of Virtual Worlds Research, 5(3). info:other/

  • February 19, 2013
  • 08:47 AM

Workplace Sexual Harassment: Gender Police Officers and Explaining Why Men Harass Other Men At Work

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

This post provides you notice about and hopefully some insight into a developing stream of applied social psychological research which in part relates to juror/judge decision-making in the context of employment discrimination.  Gaining knowledge about and developing an understanding about the science of judgments about harassment seems important for organizations and their [...]... Read more »

Wiener, R., Bennett, S., Cheloha, C., & Nicholson, N. (2012) Gender policing: Harassment judgments when men target other men. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 18(2), 245-267. DOI: 10.1037/a0025904  

  • February 19, 2013
  • 06:45 AM

Toxic Emotional Experiences: What they are, How they affect us, How to avoid them

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

When does experiencing negative emotions lead to longer-lasting consequences, for our mental health, our attitude toward work, or our performance? Negative emotions themselves tend to be short-lived, such as the flash of hot anger during a fruitless phone call with your would-be internet provider. These moments in themselves needn't necessarily wear us down; in fact, they can be galvanising, such as anger generated from a sense of injustice. Researchers Tina Kiefer and Laurie Barclay propose tha........ Read more »

  • February 18, 2013
  • 11:37 AM

Negotiating Salary 101 for Women Only

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

We’ve written before about salary negotiations and the discrepancy in pay for men and women. One of the issues consistently identified in the research is that men ask for more money and women often don’t. So researchers wondered (they are always so very curious) if women could begin to narrow the gender gap in salary [...]

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  • February 14, 2013
  • 09:30 AM

Trust, Shared Values, Reputation of Online Reviewers Influence Purchase Decisions

by Richard Landers in NeoAcademic

In a recent issue of Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, Chang and Hsiao[1] tried to determine why people do or do not follow recommendations provided by social recommendation systems – think of reviews on  Researchers have already identified that, in general, people do pay attention to such recommendations.  But what is left unanswered is why some [...]

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Survey Provider and Sponsor Reputation Influence Survey Participation
N........ Read more »

  • February 12, 2013
  • 07:08 AM

Do test cheats matter if you test enough people?

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

Over the past decade, the cheapness and convenience of online testing has seen its usage grow tremendously. Its critics raise the openings it makes for cheaters, who might take a test many times under different identities, conspire with past users to identify answers, or even employ a proxy candidate with superior levels of the desired trait. Its defenders point to countertactics, from data forensics to follow-up tests taken in person. But the statistical models employed by researchers Richard L........ Read more »

  • February 8, 2013
  • 10:39 AM

Saving the world through psychology

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

Can Occupational Psychology play a part in saving the world? Absolutely, insisted Prof Stuart Carr in his keynote presentation at the DOP conference. After all, work is deeply woven into the world, so transforming one can influence the other. Carr brought this home through examples of the United Nation's 2015 Millennial Development Goals, which include reduction of poverty, which manifests in the wages that workers derive; education, which depends on the capability of teachers and other staff; a........ Read more »

  • February 6, 2013
  • 09:30 AM

3D Virtual World Superior to Traditional Training for Police Officers

by Richard Landers in NeoAcademic

In a recent study appearing in Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, Moskaliuk, Bertram and Cress[1] examined the value of virtual training environments for training effective coordination between ground police officers and a helicopter crew.  This study thus applied virtual environments to one of the situations that I have previously argued is ideal for the application of virtual worlds: a [...]

Related articles from NeoAcademic:
Training in Virtual Worlds
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Moskaliuk, J., Bertram, J., & Cress, U. (2011) Training in virtual training environments: Connecting theory to practice. Connecting Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning to Policy and Practice: CSCL2011 Conference Proceeding, Vol 1., 192-199. info:other/

  • February 6, 2013
  • 08:02 AM

Intergenerational Law Offices and Intergenerational Juries

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

We have a new article in The Jury Expert with insight and strategies for avoiding the dreaded “failure to communicate” and offering ideas on how to apply what we know about generational differences to your workplace, your courtroom presentations and, naturally, to voir dire. Why? Our age and our generation shapes the lens through which [...]

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Douglas L. Keene, & Rita R. Handrich. (2013) Values, Priorities, and Decision-Making: Intergenerational Law Offices, Intergenerational Juries. . The Jury Expert, 25(1.). info:/

  • February 5, 2013
  • 06:56 AM

What's the evidence for coaching?

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

Extending the conversation about evidence in psychology, the DOP conference held several sessions looking at this exactly this issue as it pertains to an area close to the occupational domain: coaching.A discussion session led by Rob Briner asked the simple question: does executive coaching work? As a whole, the field contains many claims about its effects, which Briner demonstrated using choice quotes taken from public websites. Coaching can apparently make you more effective at work, help you ........ Read more »

Grant, Anthony M;, Passmore, Jonathan;, Cavanagh, Michael J;, & Parker, Helen. (2010) The State of Play in Coaching Today: A Comprehensive Review of the Field . International Review of Industrial and Organizational Psychology , 125-167. DOI: 10.1002/9780470661628  

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