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  • January 25, 2017
  • 12:06 PM
  • 441 views

Jet Lag and Baseball (MLB) Performance

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

Abrupt changes in the biological clock or circadian rhythm are noted to contribute to significant cognitive and psychomotor impairments.One practical area for this effect to potentially be important is in the area of sports performance.Alex Song and colleagues recently completed an interesting study of major league baseball (MLB) performance related to team travel patterns.The major leagues are divided into regional divisions (western, central and eastern) to minimize length of travel to and fro........ Read more »

Song A, Severini T, & Allada R. (2017) How jet lag impairs Major League Baseball performance. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID: 28115724  

  • November 2, 2016
  • 11:09 AM
  • 501 views

Weight Training Boosts Brain Size and Performance

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

Aerobic exercise increases brain blood flow and has demonstrated beneficial effects on cognition.The effects of weight training exercise on the brain is less frequently studied. Hence, we know little about the effect and mechanism of weight training on brain function and performance.A recent study provides some needed insight on this topic.A study by C Suo and colleagues from Australia examined the effects of resistance training and cognitive skills training on brain structure and function.The k........ Read more »

Suo C, Singh MF, Gates N, Wen W, Sachdev P, Brodaty H, Saigal N, Wilson GC, Meiklejohn J, Singh N.... (2016) Therapeutically relevant structural and functional mechanisms triggered by physical and cognitive exercise. Molecular psychiatry, 21(11), 1645. PMID: 27090304  

  • August 18, 2016
  • 08:00 AM
  • 681 views

Sorry, I Don't Drink

by Mark Lasbury in As Many Exceptions As Rules

Koalas don’t drink a lot of water, but the spinifex hopping mouse and kangaroo rat put him to shame. They never drink. What water they need they get from the seeds they eat and from the fact that they conserve water amazingly well – including the water that they produce during metabolism. Adult mayflies don’t drink either – they don’t have working mouthparts! Of course, some only live a few minutes as adults, so it may not be that big a deal.... Read more »

  • July 29, 2016
  • 11:22 AM
  • 704 views

Elite Cyclists and Brain Fatigue Resistance

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

In a Brain Post from 2012 I reviewed a study of fatigue in elite athletic performance. This study supported a key role in the brain insula in regulating the perception of exercise-induced fatigue. You can access this post by clicking HERE.An update on this topic was recently published in PloS One by a research team in Australia.This study compared performance on a cognitive task after extreme 20 minute cycling time trial. Professional cyclists were compared to recreational cyclists on the Stroop........ Read more »

Martin K, Staiano W, Menaspà P, Hennessey T, Marcora S, Keegan R, Thompson KG, Martin D, Halson S, & Rattray B. (2016) Superior Inhibitory Control and Resistance to Mental Fatigue in Professional Road Cyclists. PloS one, 11(7). PMID: 27441380  

  • January 11, 2016
  • 01:48 PM
  • 428 views

Exercise and Education Prevent Back Pain, Devices Do Not

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Daniel Steffens, Ph.D. The George Institute for Global Health The University of Sydney Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. Steffens: Back pain is a leading cause of disease burden globally. At present, a … Continue reading →
The post Exercise and Education Prevent Back Pain, Devices Do Not appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Daniel Steffens, Ph.D. (2015) Exercise and Education Prevent Back Pain, Devices Do Not. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • September 2, 2015
  • 12:48 PM
  • 789 views

Managing Fatigue in Match-Play Tennis

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

The 2015 U.S. Tennis Open is in full swing and I ran into an interesting recent manuscript summarizing fatigue in tennis.Fatigue has multiple elements including changes in muscle performance, blood markers of lactic acid and other compounds as well as brain central perception factors.Long multi-set matches can last four or five hours. Obviously, at the end of this type of exertion, players have had to adjust to effects of significant fatigue.Reid and Duffield review the key elements of fatigue i........ Read more »

Reid M, & Duffield R. (2014) The development of fatigue during match-play tennis. British journal of sports medicine. PMID: 24668384  

  • July 15, 2015
  • 12:32 PM
  • 837 views

Fitness Boosts White Matter Integrity in Aging

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

Cardiovascular fitness has been correlated with a variety of beneficial effects on brain structure and cognition.These correlations have not proven causality but they do support continued imaging and brain function studies.Scott Hayes from the VA Boston Healthcare System and Boston School of Medicine recently published an information study on this topic.Brain white matter integrity is now open for study using diffusion tensor imaging, available from high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MR........ Read more »

Hayes SM, Salat DH, Forman DE, Sperling RA, & Verfaellie M. (2015) Cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with white matter integrity in aging. Annals of clinical and translational neurology, 2(6), 688-98. PMID: 26125043  

  • March 17, 2015
  • 11:56 AM
  • 852 views

Physical Exercise Effects on Brain EEG

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

There are a variety of methods to study the effects on exercise on brain function. Brain imaging techniques such as fMRI provides a new tool to search for regional effects of acute and chronic exercise.Another tool that has received less attention is the electroencephalogram or EEG. One EEG measure of brain function is the individual alpha peak frequency or iAPF.The iAPF is positively correlated with arousal, attention and speed of information processing. Higher iAPF is linked to faster spe........ Read more »

Gutmann B, Mierau A, Hülsdünker T, Hildebrand C, Przyklenk A, Hollmann W, & Strüder HK. (2015) Effects of physical exercise on individual resting state EEG alpha peak frequency. Neural plasticity, 717312. PMID: 25759762  

  • July 15, 2014
  • 03:38 AM
  • 964 views

Treating Sports Injuries The Drug Free Way

by Pushkar Sikka in Workout Trends

Did you just roll your ankle while playing your favorite sport? Has the back pain been bothering you for a while now? Or did your knee just suffer a bang because of that fall? One of the methods here may just be the answer of getting relief from that pain and treating it the drug free way. […]
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Garra G, Singer AJ, Leno R, Taira BR, Gupta N, Mathaikutty B, & Thode HJ. (2010) Heat or cold packs for neck and back strain: a randomized controlled trial of efficacy. Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, 17(5), 484-9. PMID: 20536800  

French SD, Cameron M, Walker BF, Reggars JW, & Esterman AJ. (2006) A Cochrane review of superficial heat or cold for low back pain. Spine, 31(9), 998-1006. PMID: 16641776  

  • July 11, 2014
  • 06:17 AM
  • 845 views

What ‘P.S. I Love You’ Taught Me About Blue Stress

by Samiiksha Rohilla in Workout Trends

Last evening, while watching people passing by my lane, I realized how lucky it is to be happy and alive. It wasn’t the same with me a few months back. I used to prefer staying alone. I had locked my guitar inside the cupboard. And I had quit my work. Was I in a state of […]
The post What ‘P.S. I Love You’ Taught Me About Blue Stress appeared first on .
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  • July 7, 2014
  • 07:09 AM
  • 899 views

Revealed: The Secret Of An Intellectual Brain

by Shyamali Sharma in Workout Trends

“Do you love to write? I do… Do you prefer typing rather than writing? I do…” Well, I might sound like a bride standing on the altar in front of my groom. The priest asks me the most obvious questions and I nonchalantly reply, “Yes, I do.” Students and tech savvy people are also most likely […]
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  • July 6, 2014
  • 09:30 AM
  • 1,025 views

Day 5: BLUE and PURPLE Foods

by Namrata Diengdoh in Workout Trends

Whenever I close my eyes and imagine the color purple the first thought that comes to my mind is royalty. So does blue does it not? However, when I think blue it brings more serenity to my thoughts. Did you know that this color food group helps people who are looking forward to losing weight? […]
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García-Zepeda SP, García-Villa E, Díaz-Chávez J, Hernández-Pando R, & Gariglio P. (2013) Resveratrol induces cell death in cervical cancer cells through apoptosis and autophagy. European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP), 22(6), 577-84. PMID: 23603746  

Krikorian, R., Shidler, M., Nash, T., Kalt, W., Vinqvist-Tymchuk, M., Shukitt-Hale, B., & Joseph, J. (2010) Blueberry Supplementation Improves Memory in Older Adults . Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 58(7), 3996-4000. DOI: 10.1021/jf9029332  

  • July 5, 2014
  • 08:31 AM
  • 682 views

Day 4: Cleansing With WHITE Foods

by Namrata Diengdoh in Workout Trends

  “If I have been indulging in rich foods, a cleanse is a wonderful way to hit the reset button.” - Salma Hayek Now are not those beautiful words and don’t those words hold so much weight in them. If we think carefully and analyze our life pattern in the present time then it is […]
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Padayatty, S., Katz, A., Wang, Y., Eck, P., Kwon, O., Lee, J., Chen, S., Corpe, C., Dutta, A., Dutta, S.... (2003) Vitamin C as an Antioxidant: Evaluation of Its Role in Disease Prevention. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 22(1), 18-35. DOI: 10.1080/07315724.2003.10719272  

Handley, S., Dunn, T., Waldron, G., & Baker, J. (1980) Tryptophan, cortisol and puerperal mood. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 136(5), 498-508. DOI: 10.1192/bjp.136.5.498  

Shukla, Y., & Singh, M. (2007) Cancer preventive properties of ginger: A brief review. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 45(5), 683-690. DOI: 10.1016/j.fct.2006.11.002  

McCarron, D., Morris, C., Henry, H., & Stanton, J. (1984) Blood pressure and nutrient intake in the United States. Science, 224(4656), 1392-1398. DOI: 10.1126/science.6729459  

  • June 19, 2014
  • 08:30 AM
  • 813 views

Can Mindfulness Help You Shed Pounds?

by Pranita Sohony in Workout Trends

It is 8.30 in the morning. I have 12 Unread Mails, 5 files on my desk, 3 meetings to attend, 1 cheese wrap in my hand, and ‘Zero’ attention to what I am eating! How familiar is this story? Isn’t that your story at office every morning? Do you even remember what you had for […]
The post Can Mindfulness Help You Shed Pounds? appeared first on .
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Framson, C., Kristal, A., Schenk, J., Littman, A., Zeliadt, S., & Benitez, D. (2009) Development and Validation of the Mindful Eating Questionnaire. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 109(8), 1439-1444. DOI: 10.1016/j.jada.2009.05.006  

  • June 19, 2014
  • 12:30 AM
  • 856 views

Join The Thrill, Lift The FIFA World Cup Together !

by Shyamali Sharma in Workout Trends

A spoiled weekend… My friend asked me to come over to her place last weekend and texted me, “ I am all alone and bored to death, please come over!” It was already half past eight in the evening but I decided to go. On my way to her place, my idea of chilling was […]
The post Join The Thrill, Lift The FIFA World Cup Together ! appeared first on .
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  • June 17, 2014
  • 07:24 AM
  • 817 views

Anxiety Grew Up With Me And I Never Knew

by Namrata Diengdoh in Workout Trends

This morning I was all smiles when I reached office. I could not wait to meet my colleague. When I finally made it to my workstation, I just plopped my bag on to my chair, turned towards my colleague, hugged her and said “Thank you so much for giving me this article, it helped me […]
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Gliatto MF. (2000) Generalized anxiety disorder. American family physician, 62(7), 1591. PMID: 11037076  

Weller, M., & Wright, S. (1996) Anxiety and schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 18(2-3), 123-124. DOI: 10.1016/0920-9964(96)85418-1  

Smith, W., Powell, E., & Ross, S. (1955) MANIFEST ANXIETY AND FOOD AVERSIONS. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 50(1), 101-104. DOI: 10.1037/h0049253  

Craig, A. (2006) Fear of speaking: chronic anxiety and stammering. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 12(1), 63-68. DOI: 10.1192/apt.12.1.63  

  • June 13, 2014
  • 12:30 AM
  • 854 views

Looking For Long Term Back Pain Relief?

by Pranita Sohony in Workout Trends

This incident dates back to the time when I was in the pre-final year of college. Exams were approaching and so were project submission deadlines. I planted myself in front of the laptop day in and day out, researching stuff, writing pages after pages, formatting documents and what not! One fine morning, I got up to […]
The post Looking For Long Term Back Pain Relief? appeared first on .
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  • June 11, 2014
  • 08:24 AM
  • 908 views

Why To Choose A Gluten Free Diet?

by Namrata Diengdoh in Workout Trends

“Ananya, have one more chapati. How are you going to survive the day with just one in your stomach?” Ananya groaned as Amma placed one more chapati on her plate, “No Amma I can’t, I already feel bloated.” Amma would not listen and the chapati went forcefully down Ananya’s throat with three glasses of water. […]
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  • June 6, 2014
  • 12:30 AM
  • 898 views

How I Made My Pregnancy Easy, Trimester-wise

by Pranita Sohony in Workout Trends

Soon after my family came to know of the classic ‘Good News’ (which in Indian households means just one thing!), did I start getting advice and recommendations from elders. A good diet and exercise topped the list, or for that matter were the only two that mattered to me the most! Good diet? Ah! That’s […]
The post How I Made My Pregnancy Easy, Trimester-wise appeared first on .
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Wang TW, & Apgar BS. (1998) Exercise during pregnancy. American family physician, 57(8), 1846. PMID: 9575323  

  • May 31, 2014
  • 02:22 AM
  • 1,260 views

Can Eccentric Training Increase Muscle and Strength?

by Mansi Goel in Workout Trends

What is Eccentric Training?

Eccentric training – sounds very technical but it is anything but! If you have been doing any form of weight training, you have been doing eccentric training. The only thing is that you might not be focusing on it specifically.

When we are doing any sort of weight bearing exercise, two types of muscle contractions are involved – concentric and eccentric.

Concentric contractions shorten the muscle, for example, when your biceps shorten as you lift ........ Read more »

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