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All posts; Tags Include "Motivation"

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  • February 24, 2017
  • 03:30 PM

Irresistible: Emotions affect choice of breed despite welfare issues

by CAPB in Companion Animal Psychology Blog

Knowing a breed of dog may have health problems does not stop people from wanting one, because emotions get in the way. A new Danish study by Peter S Sandøe (University of Copenhagen) et al investigates the reasons why people acquire particular small breeds of dog and how attached the owners feel to their pet. The research helps explain why some breeds are popular despite a high incidence of welfare problems. The study looked at people in Denmark with French Bulldogs, Chihuahuas, Cava........ Read more »

Sandøe P,, Kondrup SV,, Bennett PC,, Forkman B,, Meyer I,, Proschowsky HF,, Serpell, JA,, & Lund, TB. (2017) Why do people buy dogs with potential welfare problems related to extreme conformation and inherited disease? A representative study of Danish owners of four small dog breeds. . PLOSOne. info:/

  • August 31, 2016
  • 12:30 PM

Brain Scans Show Your Dog Loves You And Food

by CAPB in Companion Animal Psychology Blog

An fMRI study shows different dogs have different preferences for food and social interaction.A recent fMRI study investigates individual differences in dogs’ preferences for food and social interaction with their owner. The results have been widely – and erroneously – reported as showing that dogs prefer praise to food. In fact, the results paint a far more interesting picture of how brain activity predicts canine choice.I think most people feel subjectively that their dog loves them. The........ Read more »

Cook PF, Prichard A, Spivak M, & Berns GS. (2016) Awake Canine fMRI Predicts Dogs' Preference for Praise Versus Food. Social cognitive and affective neuroscience. PMID: 27521302  

  • December 2, 2015
  • 09:30 AM

Enrichment for Goldfish

by CAPB in Companion Animal Psychology Blog

What keeps goldfish happy in their tank – and how do we know?You’ve heard about the importance of enrichment for companion animals (like dogs) and for zoo animals, but what about goldfish? Fish are the third most popular pet - kept by 12.3 million households in the US - so it’s an important topic for animal welfare. Different types of fish might have different preferences. A new study by Miriam Sullivan (University of Western Australia) et al investigates.Enrichment “is particularly impo........ Read more »

  • October 28, 2015
  • 09:30 AM

Make Your Dog Happy: Enrichment

by CAPB in Companion Animal Psychology Blog

Easy ways to provide enrichment for your dog.Although we love our canine friends, many dogs have a relatively boring life in which they spend a lot of time hanging around the house or yard, perhaps on their own. Dogs that are bored or under-exercised can easily find their own entertainment, which might not be so pleasing to their human companions. Luckily there are many easy ways to add enrichment to our dog’s lives.Walks: If you are one of those people who walks your dog whatever the weather,........ Read more »

Christian HE, Westgarth C, Bauman A, Richards EA, Rhodes RE, Evenson KR, Mayer JA, & Thorpe RJ Jr. (2013) Dog ownership and physical activity: a review of the evidence. Journal of physical activity , 10(5), 750-9. PMID: 23006510  

Farrell, J., Hope, A., Hulstein, R., & Spaulding, S. (2015) Dog-Sport Competitors: What Motivates People to Participate with Their Dogs in Sporting Events?. Anthrozoos: A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People , 28(1), 61-71. DOI: 10.2752/089279315X1412935072201  

Tavares, S., Magalhães, A., & de Sousa, L. (2015) Labrador retrievers are more attracted to water than to social stimuli: A pilot study. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research. DOI: 10.1016/j.jveb.2015.07.041  

  • July 8, 2015
  • 09:30 AM

Six Ways to Entertain Your Dog Indoors

by CAPB in Companion Animal Psychology Blog

When walks are limited, these ideas will help you tire out your dog.Lately my dogs have been getting fewer walks due to unusually hot weather and smoke from forest fires. You can beat the heat by walking in the early morning or late evening, and sometimes there is better air quality just down the road. But there are times when there’s no choice but to limit walks. Then what do you do? These ideas will help you to entertain your dog. Feed Your Dog CreativelyYour dog’s food does not have to ar........ Read more »

  • February 11, 2015
  • 09:30 AM

Why Do People Take Part in Dog Sports?

by CAPB in Companion Animal Psychology Blog

Is it for themselves, for the dog - or a bit of both?People can participate in dog sports (like agility) at any level, from local classes to national and international events. A study by Joey Farrell (Lakehead University) et al investigates what motivates people to take part in dog sports, and why some compete much more often than others. They recruited people at events where at least two different sports were taking place, from a list of agility, rally, field, obedience and conformation (s........ Read more »

Farrell, J., Hope, A., Hulstein, R., & Spaulding, S. (2015) Dog-Sport Competitors: What Motivates People to Participate with Their Dogs in Sporting Events?. Anthrozoos: A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People , 28(1), 61-71. DOI: 10.2752/089279315X1412935072201  

  • December 10, 2014
  • 09:30 AM

The Companion Animal Science Story of the Year?

by CAPB in Companion Animal Psychology Blog

Dogs love learning. Eureka!Photo: Anna Tyurina / ShutterstockScience Borealis challenged Canadian science bloggers to write about the most important science news of the year in their field. It’s incredibly tough to choose one single study. Every week we cover fascinating research about people’s relationships with their pets, and every one of those studies deserves to be chosen. But there was one paper that really captured our readers’ imagination. It’s one of our most shared storie........ Read more »

McGowan RT, Rehn T, Norling Y, & Keeling LJ. (2014) Positive affect and learning: exploring the "Eureka Effect" in dogs. Animal cognition, 17(3), 577-87. PMID: 24096703  

  • June 11, 2014
  • 12:47 PM

Do Dogs Get that Eureka! Feeling?

by CAPB in Companion Animal Psychology Blog

Does successful problem solving make dogs happy?Photo: Mackland / ShutterstockNew research by Ragen McGowan et al (University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden) investigates whether dogs enjoy the experience of solving a problem in order to obtain a reward, or if it is just the reward itself that makes them happy.Rather unusually, the idea came from a study that found cattle who completed a task to earn a reward seemed to be happier than those who just received the reward. The design of McG........ Read more »

  • July 31, 2013
  • 09:30 AM

The Importance of Food in Dog Training

by CAPB in Companion Animal Psychology Blog

It goes without saying that food is vitally important and also one of life’s luxuries. Many people routinely use food such as chicken or treats to train their dogs, while others are offended by the idea and think their dog should obey commands for praise or affection. Who is right?Several scientists have looked at this topic recently. Last year we reported on a study by Erica Feuerbacher and Clive Wynnethat compared the use of a food reward to petting and praise in training. In a series of fi........ Read more »

  • November 23, 2012
  • 04:57 PM

Self-Denial, Secrecy and Deliberate Lying in Eating Disorders

by Tetyana in Science of Eating Disorders

I don’t know how many times I’ve said, “I’ve already eaten, thanks,” “No thanks, I’m going be eating later,” or “I’d love to, but I’ve got a stomach ache,” when I actually hadn’t eaten, wasn’t going to eat later, and didn’t have a stomach ache. Why did I do that? Did I realize I had, or was developing, an eating disorder? How long did it take for that realization to click? And once it did, did I stop lying ........ Read more »

Vandereycken, W., & Van Humbeeck, I. (2008) Denial and concealment of eating disorders: a retrospective survey. European Eating Disorders Review, 16(2), 109-114. DOI: 10.1002/erv.857  

  • August 14, 2012
  • 05:37 PM

Are Social Comparisons Making You Hoard Knowledge?

by Eric Horowitz in peer-reviewed by my neurons

In long-run, the degree to which humanity solves its most pressing problems will largely depend on our ability to share knowledge. The most apparent pieces of this endeavor are our formal K-12 public education systems, but knowledge sharing can also involve friends arguing over a beer or a professor mentoring a Ph.D student. One key [...]... Read more »

  • August 12, 2012
  • 10:28 PM

What Makes Beauty Subjective?

by Eric Horowitz in peer-reviewed by my neurons

Subjective experiences are known to influence our perception of beauty, but scientists still don’t have a great handle on what it is about these subjective experiences that influences our perceptions. Netta Weinstein of the University of Essex decided to examine the problem through the lens of self-determination theory (SDT), one of the chief theories of human [...]... Read more »

  • May 19, 2012
  • 02:54 AM

The Magic Of the Unknown

by Eric Horowitz in peer-reviewed by my neurons

Earlier in the week I caught some of a Stuart Firestein talk about the origin of his new pop-science book, Ignorance: How it Drives Science. The idea for the book came out of a class he taught at Columbia in which each week a professor from a different field would come in and lecture about [...]... Read more »

  • April 21, 2012
  • 08:44 PM

How Generalizations About Learning Hurt Student Motivation

by Eric Horowitz in peer-reviewed by my neurons

Recent research on implicit theories of intelligence (i.e. whether you believe intelligence is fixed or malleable) has paved the way for some of the most promising low-cost high-reward educational interventions. For example, a series of short lessons about the brain’s potential to grow like a muscle can have significant and long-lasting effects on student achievement. Even [...]... Read more »

  • September 22, 2011
  • 12:59 PM

I Can't Get No Job Satisfaction

by Duncan Hull in O'Really?

Job satisfaction is like a complex mathematical equation that needs to be balanced. There are many factors that contribute to the mix, both good and bad. Hopefully the good things about a job will outweigh the bad. But what are the good things that contribute to the elusive but crucial job satisfaction?... Read more »

Ariely, D., Gneezy, U., Loewenstein, G., & Mazar, N. (2009) Large Stakes and Big Mistakes. Review of Economic Studies, 76(2), 451-469. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-937X.2009.00534.x  

  • March 16, 2011
  • 05:02 PM

How a Helping Hand Can Slow You

by APS Daily Observations in Daily Observations

It’s great to know your partner will help you pursue your goals, right? Maybe not. According to a new study published in Psychological Science, having a helpful partner can actually ... Read more »

Fitzsimons, G., & Finkel, E. (2011) Outsourcing Self-Regulation. Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/0956797610397955  

  • December 30, 2010
  • 11:43 AM

Finding the Silver Lining

by APS Daily Observations in Daily Observations

“Life is not fair, get used to it.” Bill Gates may be right—seeing bad things happen in the world is scary, confusing and all too common. When tragedy strikes, one ... Read more »

  • November 9, 2010
  • 10:04 AM

The Upside of Anger

by APS Daily Observations in Daily Observations

When we think of anger, our thoughts naturally turn to unpleasant scenes and negative emotions. We generally consider showing anger to be a sign of weakness, to be avoided unless ... Read more »

Aarts, H, Ruys, K.I., Veling, H., Renes, R.A., de Groot, J.H., van Nunen, A.M., & Geertjes S. (2010) The art of anger: reward context turns avoidance responses to anger-related objects into approach. Psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science/ APS. PMID: 20855898  

  • August 16, 2010
  • 08:47 AM

Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivation for exercise

by PhD Blogger in Exercise Psychology

OK, so when was the last time you saw a public health campaign which tried to increase physical activity levels by targeting intrinsic motivations to exercise? I personally cant think of any I've seen!  Motivation for exercise can be defined as intrinsic or extrinsic.  Intrinsic motivations for exercise are behaviours that are performed for the satisfaction gained in the activity itself.  Deci and Ryan (1985) argue that intrinsic motivations are commonly those of competency, int........ Read more »

  • April 8, 2010
  • 07:00 AM

Will you read this post? Think about it…

by David Winter in Careers - in Theory

What do you think would motivate people more — getting them to focus on what they will do or asking them to think about whether they will do it or not?... Read more »

Ibrahim Senay, Dolores Albarracín, & Kenji Noguchi. (2010) Motivating Goal-Directed Behavior Through Introspective Self-Talk: The Role of the Interrogative Form of Simple Future Tense. Psychological Science. info:/10.1177/0956797610364751

Greenwald, A., Carnot, C., Beach, R., & Young, B. (1987) Increasing voting behavior by asking people if they expect to vote. Journal of Applied Psychology, 72(2), 315-318. DOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.72.2.315  

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