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  • April 7, 2014
  • 08:03 AM

Why “7 a Day” is the new “5 a Day”

by Stuart Farrimond in Dr Stu's Science Blog

You probably saw the news last week that you should “Forget five a day: You need SEVEN portions a day for a long life”. Yes you read that correctly, research now tells us that should eat seven – or possibly even ten – portions of fruit and veg every day to help keep disease at … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • March 12, 2014
  • 04:00 PM

MMR’s successor – MMRV

by Tarnjit Khera in Scitkk

MMRV is the quadruple vaccination against measles, mumps and rubella (MMR; more here) and chicken pox (also known as varicella). Varicella vaccination (developed in Japan) has been used in Japan for twenty years and in the USA since 1995. In 2006, the varicella vaccination was combined with MMR to make MMRV. MMRV was licensed in 2005 and is a routine vaccination in many countries including the USA, Germany and Australia. The advantages of this are to reduce the number of injections and therefore........ Read more »

Tarnjit Khera. (2014) MMR’s successor – MMRV. info:other/

  • March 3, 2014
  • 02:50 AM

The Impenetrable Bulwark of Vaccination Lies

by Eric Horowitz in peer-reviewed by my neurons

America has a problem. Some people are spouting the lie that vaccines can cause autism and other people are believing them. This has led to some unfortunate false-equivalence when the issue is discussed, and wouldn’t you know it, that false equivalence makes people less likely to believe the truth. Sometimes there’s no false equivalence; people […]... Read more »

Nyhan, B., Reifler, J., Richey, S., & Freed, G.L. (2014) Effective Messages in Vaccine Promotion: A Randomized Trial. Pediatrics. info:/

  • February 28, 2014
  • 11:20 AM

For the love of cod | @GrrlScientist

by GrrlScientist in GrrlScientist

A poetic intersection between life and science, art and photography.... Read more »

  • February 27, 2014
  • 01:39 AM

Nanotechnology and Smart Materials for “More than Moore” – It’s a Small World After All!

by JNSM in JScholar Publishers

Ever since Gordon Moore fore told about the future of the integrated circuit (IC) back in 1965 [1], Moore’s law was not only an accurate forecast of the achievements that microelectronics community has made, but also was a yardstick of the appropriate level of the commercial development in microelectronics for the past five decades. Such an amazing pace of the IC technology development was possible essentially because of simple two-dimensional (2D) structure of the metal-oxide-semiconducto........ Read more »

Jeong Bong Lee. (2014) Nanotechnology and Smart Materials for “More than Moore” – It’s a Small World After All!. Journal of Nanotechnology and Smart Materials, 1(1), 1-3. info:/1: 102

  • February 26, 2014
  • 12:47 AM

Drug and Alcohol Consumption and Trade and HIV in the Caribbean: A Review of the Literature

by JAID in JScholar Publishers

This consultancy was granted by the Caribbean Health Research Council (CHRC) to assess the state of the literature on possible links between HIV spread and prevalence of drug and alcohol abuse and trade in the region. The methodology was that of a thematic search of existing literature in databases and books or journal publications. Online materials and UN agency reports of relevance were also consulted. Regular meetings were held with CHRC staff to review progress and edit drafts while staff of........ Read more »

Biko Agozino. (2013) Drug and Alcohol Consumption and Trade and HIV in the Caribbean: A Review of the Literature. Journal of HIV/AIDS , 1(2), 1-12. info:/Vol 1: 203

  • February 22, 2014
  • 02:37 PM

Pros and Cons of Online Doctor Consultations

by Imtiaz Ibne Alam in Medical-Reference - A Pioneer in Medical Blogging

In these days of Dr. Google, it's not surprising that scores of sites often invite you to ask unseen medical professionals a question, though little is known about what occurs on these sites.

I don't know whether you've used these services yet or not, but today many patients are seeking advice online from doctors they have never met. However, many are still out there who strongly believe these services are jam-packed with scam activities. So, the questions you may ask:
Are th........ Read more »

  • February 22, 2014
  • 01:09 AM

Prevalence and Determinants of Adherence to Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) amongst a Cohort of HIV Positive Women Accessing Treatment in a Tertiary Health Facility in Southern Nigeria

by JAID in JScholar Publishers

Optimal adherence to HAART amongst women living with HIV/AIDS (WLHIV) accounts for more than half of all new infections worldwide. This is particularly crucial for the success of HIV/AIDS treatment programs. In Nigeria, adherence amongst women has remained largely unexplored. This study aims to determine the prevalence and determinants of adherence to HAART amongst HIV positive non-pregnant women receiving treatment in a tertiary health facility in Cross River State, Nigeria... Read more »

Oku AO*, Owoaje ET, Oku OO, Monjok E. (2013) Prevalence and Determinants of Adherence to Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) amongst a Cohort of HIV Positive Women Accessing Treatment in a Tertiary Health Facility in Southern Nigeria. Journal of HIV/AIDS , 1(2), 1-7. info:/Vol 1: 202

  • February 20, 2014
  • 11:17 PM

Increasing Knowledge of HIV Transmission: An Important Ingredient in HIV Risk Reduction among Young African American Women Attending Community College

by JAID in JScholar Publishers

HIV/AIDS is currently the leading cause of death for African American women ages 25-34. As heterosexual behavior is the major mode of HIV transmission among this population, it is important to further understand the factors which may influence risky sexual behaviors and promote HIV testing behaviors. The target population for this study represents the convergence of two groups disproportionately at-risk for contracting HIV: African American women and college students. Specifically, the purpose o........ Read more »

Keisha Carr Paxton*, Brandilynn Villarreal, Oku OO, Naomi M Hall. (2013) Increasing Knowledge of HIV Transmission: An Important Ingredient in HIV Risk Reduction among Young African American Women Attending Community College. Journal of HIV/AIDS , 1(2), 1-7. info:/Vol 1: 201

  • February 19, 2014
  • 08:37 AM

Map highlights areas of greatest risk to turtles in the Atlantic

by Aileen Cudmore in Natural Reactions

Satellite data predicts nine danger zones in the Atlantic where leatherback turtles are most susceptible to unintentional capture by fishing gear. ... Read more »

Fossette S, Witt MJ, Miller P, Nalovic MA, Albareda D, Almeida AP, Broderick AC, Chacón-Chaverri D, Coyne MS, Domingo A.... (2014) Pan-Atlantic analysis of the overlap of a highly migratory species, the leatherback turtle, with pelagic longline fisheries. Proc. R. Soc. B, 281(1780), 20133065. PMID: 24523271  

  • February 14, 2014
  • 01:17 PM

Lithium-Ion Batteries Get A Boost

by Whitney Campbell in Green Screen

After lithium-ion batteries were introduced to the public in the early 1990s, they've charged all kinds of products, from handheld cell phones to jumbo airplanes. But as their prevalence has grown, so have concerns with their safety.

In January 2013, airlines had to ground their fleets of Boeing Dreamliners due to fires linked to the "thermal runaway" of lithium-ion batteries. Likewise, lithium-ion-powered cars, such as the Tesla Model S, have caught fire "20 or so [times]........ Read more »

  • February 7, 2014
  • 09:22 AM

A Parched Future: Global Land and Water Grabbing

by Jalees Rehman in Fragments of Truth

Land grabbing refers to the large-scale acquisition of comparatively inexpensive agricultural land in foreign countries by foreign governments or corporations. In most cases, the acquired land is located in under-developed countries in Africa, Asia or South America, while the grabbers are investment funds based in Europe, North America and the Middle East. The acquisition can take the form of an outright purchase or a long-term-lease, ranging from 25 to 99 years, that gives the grabbing entity e........ Read more »

Rulli MC, Saviori A, & D'Odorico P. (2013) Global land and water grabbing. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(3), 892-7. PMID: 23284174  

  • February 7, 2014
  • 08:20 AM

Bone Marrow-Derived Circulating Endothelial Progenitor Cells Contribute to ENOS-Regulated Endothelial Repair and Vasodilation after Arterial Injury In Vivo

by JCVM in JScholar Publishers

Endothelial Nitric Oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS)-produced NO plays a crucial role in maintaining vascular homeostasis. Bone marrow-derived circulating Endothelial Progenitor Cells (EPCs) recently emerged as an important marker of vascular health and contribute to endothelial repair after arterial injury.

BM-derived circulating EPCs are closely involved in eNOS-regulated endothelial repair and vascular function after arterial injury. This finding enriches our understandings of the important role ........ Read more »

Junlei Chang, Dmitriy N. Atochin, Qian Li, Karen S.L. Lam, Aimin Xu, Paul L. Huang*. (2013) Bone Marrow-Derived Circulating Endothelial Progenitor Cells Contribute to ENOS-Regulated Endothelial Repair and Vasodilation after Arterial Injury In Vivo. Journal of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine, 1(1), 1-8. info:other/

  • January 14, 2014
  • 11:00 AM

NIH Grant Scores Are Poor Predictors Of Scientific Impact

by Jalees Rehman in The Next Regeneration

A recent paper published in Circulation Research, a major cardiovascular research journal, challenges the assumption that the scores a grant application receives can reliably predict the future impact of the research.... Read more »

Narasimhan Danthi, Colin O Wu, Peibei Shi, & Michael S Lauer. (2014) Percentile Ranking and Citation Impact of a Large Cohort of NHLBI-Funded Cardiovascular R01 Grants. Circulation Research. info:/

  • December 31, 2013
  • 09:00 AM

10 Animals That Went Extinct in 2013

by David Steen in Living Alongside Wildlife

Our extinction crisis continues; 2013 allowed us to safely conclude that we will never again see the animals listed below (2012 version here).

One of the last known photos ofa Formosan Clouded Leopard;
taken by Torii Ryūzō.

The Formosan Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa brachyura) of Taiwan is now thought to be extinct. None have been seen in over thirty years, despite a recent and ... Read more »

Soto-Azat C, Valenzuela-Sánchez A, Collen B, Rowcliffe JM, Veloso A, & Cunningham AA. (2013) The population decline and extinction of Darwin's frogs. PloS one, 8(6). PMID: 23776705  

  • December 2, 2013
  • 11:34 AM

Save the Rhinos! But How?

by Whitney Campbell in Green Screen

If only rhinos were as plentiful in the wild as they are in today's media landscape.

Since this summer, news of the western black rhino's extinction has been continuously breaking on popular sites and timelines. Although the last of its kind was seen in 2001 and the species was declared extinct in 2011 — as detailed in this sharp SA piece — a realization of the loss has been lately making the rounds with renewed despair.... Read more »

  • November 26, 2013
  • 12:16 AM

English is excellence

by Ingrid Piller in Language on the Move

“Using English is the sign of a great mind. Discuss.” Sounds like an absurdly bigoted essay topic? While I’ve made up the topic and while most readers will baulk at such an explicit association of English with academic excellence, most … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • November 20, 2013
  • 09:00 AM

Indigo Snake Found Last Week in Southwestern Georgia! --Guest Post--

by David Steen in Living Alongside Wildlife

    Like many other people these days I finally succumbed to the allure of social media and created a personal Facebook page; the main benefit for me is that it has allowed me to hear from lots of old friends. Another benefit is getting tagged in those, "Hey what is this critter?" posts I'm sure all other biologists probably get. Usually, the critter ends up being some spider in a garage or a ... Read more »

K.M. Enge, D. J. Stevenson, M. J. Elliot, & J. M. Bauder. (2013) The historical and current distribution of the eastern indigo snake (Drymarchon couperi). Herpetological Conservation and Biology, 8(2), 288-307. info:/

  • October 15, 2013
  • 03:37 AM

The Matthew effect and REF2014

by Dorothy Bishop in bishopblog

UK universities are gearing up for REF2014, a nationwide evaluation of research quality, on the basis of which central funding will be determined. Before the funding formula is specified, we need a discussion about whether we should be focusing mainly on supporting elite institutions, or whether it would be preferable to distribute funds more widely.... Read more »

  • October 8, 2013
  • 12:10 PM

Ecological Underpinnings of Wealth

by Guest Contributor in PLOS Biologue

By Jon Chase
Question: What’s the best way to improve the economy of a developing country?
Answer: Provide better healthcare to its citizens and conserve its biodiversity
Better healthcare?!? If you’ve been listening to the conversations from the left…... Read more »

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