Post List

  • May 6, 2015
  • 08:00 AM
  • 1 view

Plants Aren’t Just Male Or Female

by Mark Lasbury in As Many Exceptions As Rules

It’s hard enough to believe that flowering plants have different sexes, but how about plants that have three sexes? One trioecious plant varies it sex ratio depending on how much water is around, while another only shows three sexes when it lives near a particular bat. But most amazing, man made the papaya into a three-sex plant. Your tropical fruit salad is made with a hermaphrodite.... Read more »

VanBuren R, Zeng F, Chen C, Zhang J, Wai CM, Han J, Aryal R, Gschwend AR, Wang J, Na JK.... (2015) Origin and domestication of papaya Yh chromosome. Genome research, 25(4), 524-33. PMID: 25762551  

  • May 6, 2015
  • 04:40 AM
  • 6 views

Features of dyspraxia in childhood epilepsy

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) or dyspraxia is a condition affecting 'planning of movements and coordination'. No-one really knows exactly how and why DCD comes about but various risk factors are associated with the condition (see here) including the possibility of acquired problems through head injury or a stroke for example.I was recently interested to read the paper published by Colin Reilly and colleagues [1] and their findings that: "Parent-reported symptoms of DCD are very ........ Read more »

Reilly C, Atkinson P, Das KB, Chin RF, Aylett SE, Burch V, Gillberg C, Scott RC, & Neville BG. (2015) Features of developmental coordination disorder in active childhood epilepsy: a population-based study. Developmental medicine and child neurology. PMID: 25882788  

  • May 6, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 4 views

For Better or Worse: Predicting Quality of Life After an ACL Injury

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Smoking and fewer years of education are predictive of poor mental and physical health 2 or 6 years after an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Higher activity levels, younger age, better quality of life before surgery, and lower body mass index at the time of injury, were all associated with higher quality of life scores at 2 or 6 years post-surgery.... Read more »

  • May 5, 2015
  • 02:36 PM
  • 36 views

Mind reading: Researchers observe moment a mind is changed

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Researchers studying how the brain makes decisions have, for the first time, recorded the moment-by-moment fluctuations in brain signals that occur when a monkey making free choices has a change of mind. The findings result from experiments led by electrical engineering Professor Krishna Shenoy, whose Stanford lab focuses on movement control and neural prostheses – such as artificial arms – controlled by the user’s brain.... Read more »

  • May 5, 2015
  • 12:38 PM
  • 23 views

3 Reasons Octopus Locomotion Is the Weirdest

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish



Of course there's nothing ordinary about an octopus. It's the animal that showed us spinelessness doesn't have to mean a lack of smarts. But when researchers brought some octopuses into the lab to study exactly how the animals move, their findings were bizarre—both predictably and unpredictably.

Scientists at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem studied nine common octopuses (Octopus vulgaris) that fishers had scooped out of the ocean for them. Once the animals got comfortable in the lab, t........ Read more »

  • May 5, 2015
  • 11:12 AM
  • 28 views

Bad Boy. Bad Boy. Is It Conduct Disorder?

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

Defining the line between normal childhood behavior and more serious problems like conduct disorder (CD) is important.Conduct disorder is linked to a significant risk for a lifelong problem with aggression. Identifying CD early in life provides the hope that early intervention might reduce the later consequences of the disorder.The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry has an excellent online resource center to understand conduct disorder. They note the condition is characteri........ Read more »

  • May 5, 2015
  • 08:55 AM
  • 24 views

Journal Club: Birdfeeding favours non-native bird species

by GrrlScientist in Maniraptora

SUMMARY: Feeding wild birds on bread and seed encourages high densities of introduced bird species at the expense of native species, thereby altering urban bird communities, according to a new study... Read more »

  • May 5, 2015
  • 08:44 AM
  • 25 views

Journal Club: Birdfeeding favours non-native bird species

by GrrlScientist in The Invisible Scientist

SUMMARY: Feeding wild birds on bread and seed encourages high densities of introduced bird species at the expense of native species, thereby altering urban bird communities, according to a new study... Read more »

  • May 5, 2015
  • 06:14 AM
  • 39 views

Tylenol Doesn't Really Blunt Your Emotions

by The Neurocritic in The Neurocritic

A new study has found that the pain reliever TYLENOL® (acetaminophen) not only dampens negative emotions, it blunts positive emotions too. Or does it?Durso and colleagues (2015) reckoned that if acetaminophen can lessen the sting of psychological pain (Dewall et al., 2010; Randles et al., 2013) – which is doubtful in my view – then it might also lessen reactivity to positive stimuli. Evidence in favor of their hypothesis would support differential susceptibility, the notion that the same ........ Read more »

  • May 5, 2015
  • 04:25 AM
  • 43 views

Childhood cat ownership and risk of later life schizophrenia?

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

'I' before the 'E' except after 'C'."Is childhood cat ownership a risk factor for schizophrenia later in life?"That was the rather peculiar question posed and partially answered in the paper by Fuller Torrey and colleagues [1]. They concluded that "cat ownership in childhood is significantly more common in families in which the child later becomes seriously mentally ill."For those new to this topic, it might sound rather strange that cat ownership in childhood might elevate the risk of mental il........ Read more »

  • May 4, 2015
  • 08:41 PM
  • 32 views

More Powerful Gene Vector Aims To Restore Vision In Inherited Blindness

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Professor James Bainbridge, MA, PhD, FRCOphth Professor of Retinal Studies, UCL Institute of Ophthalmology NIHR Research Professor, NIHR Biomedical Research Centre at Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust and UCL Institute of OphthalmologyConsultant Ophthalmologist, Moorfields Eye Hospital … Continue reading →
The post More Powerful Gene Vector Aims To Restore Vision In Inherited Blind........ Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Professor James Bainbridge, MA, PhD, FRCOphth. (2015) More Powerful Gene Vector Aims To Restore Vision In Inherited Blindness. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • May 4, 2015
  • 07:50 PM
  • 34 views

Pre-College Youth Sports Concussions Occur More Often During Practice

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Thomas P. Dompier, PhD, ATC President and Injury Epidemiologist Datalys Center for Sports Injury Research and Prevention, Inc Indianapolis, IN 46202 Adjunct Faculty Appointments Ohio University Rocky Mountain University of Health Professions University of South Carolina Medical … Continue reading →
The post Pre-College Youth Sports Concussions Occur More Often During Practice appeared first o........ Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Thomas P. Dompier, PhD, ATC. (2015) Pre-College Youth Sports Concussions Occur More Often During Practice. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • May 4, 2015
  • 07:39 PM
  • 29 views

Many Patients With Disseminated Cancer Still Get Surgery

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Robert J Canter MD Associate Professor of Clinical Surgery Division of Surgical Oncology University of California at Davis Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. Canter: Our data suggest that surgeons are improving in … Continue reading →
The post Many Patients With Disseminated Cancer Still Get Surgery appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews an........ Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Robert J Canter MD. (2015) Many Patients With Disseminated Cancer Still Get Surgery. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • May 4, 2015
  • 07:22 PM
  • 56 views

Fracked, shale-drilling additives in drinking-water taps near leak

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Shale oil has helped the US see lower gas prices and even an opportunity to start exporting. However, it isn’t as great as it might sound, hydraulic fracturing — also known as fracking — has been scrutinized by environmentalists since it’s inception. As it turns out, for good reason, substances commonly used for drilling or extracting Marcellus shale gas foamed from the drinking water taps of three Pennsylvania homes near a reported well-pad leak, according to new analysis from a team of........ Read more »

Garth T. Llewellyn, Frank Dorman, J. L. Westland, D. Yoxtheimer, Paul Grieve, Todd Sowers, E. Humston-Fulmer, & Susan L. Brantley. (2015) Evaluating a groundwater supply contamination incident attributed to Marcellus Shale gas development. PNAS. info:/10.1073/pnas.1420279112

  • May 4, 2015
  • 07:19 PM
  • 31 views

Combination Medication Effective For Hepatitis C Recurrence After Liver Transplantation

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr. Audrey Coilly MD Fellow at the Centre Hepato-Biliaire Paul Brousse Hospital Villejuif, France Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Coilly: ​ Hepatitis C (HCV) recurrence used to … Continue reading →
The post Combination Medication Effective For Hepatitis C Recurrence After Liver Transplantation appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Med........ Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr. Audrey Coilly MD. (2015) Combination Medication Effective Hepatitis C Recurrence After Liver Transplantation. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • May 4, 2015
  • 12:36 PM
  • 36 views

Mixing Alcohol With Energy Drinks Linked To Binge Drinking In Adolescents

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Jennifer A. Emond, M.Sc., PhD Research Instructor Department of Epidemiology Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth College Cancer Control Research Program Lebanon, NH  03756 Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main … Continue reading →
The post Mixing Alcohol With Energy Drinks Linked To Binge Drinking In Adolescents appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Me........ Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Jennifer A. Emond, M.Sc., PhD. (2015) Mixing Alcohol With Energy Drinks Linked To Binge Drinking In Adolescents. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • May 4, 2015
  • 09:00 AM
  • 45 views

this is your brain on cosmic rays

by Greg Fish in weird things

Back in the day, I argued that if we were going to get serious about space exploration, we also had to budget for large, luxury spacecraft rather than just capsules in which we would cram the brave men and women we’d be sending to other worlds with a pat on the back for agreeing to deal with the discomfort and damage to their bodies. Among the reasons listed were the basic physiological problems of spending many months in zero gravity, and mental health hazards of boredom and cabin fever. ........ Read more »

Vipan K. Parihar, Barrett Allen, Katherine K. Tran, Trisha G. Macaraeg, Esther M. Chu, Stephanie F. Kwok, Nicole N. Chmielewski, Brianna M. Craver, Janet E. Baulch, Munjal M. Acharya, Francis A. Cucinotta, & Charles L. Limoli. (2015) What happens to your brain on the way to Mars. Science Advances, 1(4). info:/10.1126/sciadv.1400256

  • May 4, 2015
  • 05:54 AM
  • 34 views

Majority of Myocardial Infarction Patients Do Not Achieve Risk Factor Control

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Andre Paixao, MD Division of Cardiology Emory University Atlanta, GA, 30322. Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. Paixao: Despite advances in cardiovascular prevention, coronary heart disease remains a major cause of morbidity and … Continue reading →
The post Majority of Myocardial Infarction Patients Do Not Achieve Risk Factor Control appeared first on MedicalResearc........ Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Andre Paixao, MD, Division of Cardiology, Emory University, & Atlanta, GA, 30322. (2015) Majority of Myocardial Infarction Patients Did Not Achieve Risk Factor Control. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • May 4, 2015
  • 04:59 AM
  • 44 views

Responding to parental concerns about possible offspring autism

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"In conclusion, despite early parental concerns, children with ASD [autism spectrum disorder] receive less proactive provider responses to these concerns than children with ID/DD [intellectual disability/developmental delay]. Less proactive/more passive provider responses are associated with delays in diagnosing ASD."So said the paper from Katharine Zuckerman and colleagues [1] (open-access) who using "nationally representative data from the 2011 Survey of Pathways to Diagnosis an........ Read more »

Katharine Elizabeth Zuckerman, Olivia Jasmine Lindly, & Brianna Kathleen Sinche. (2015) Parental Concerns, Provider Response, and Timeliness of Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnosis. The Journal of Pediatrics. info:/10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.03.007

  • May 3, 2015
  • 11:08 PM
  • 48 views

Recent Advances: Phage Therapy for Antibiotic Resistant Staph Infections

by Geoffrey Hannigan in Prophage

Most of us have experienced, know someone who experienced, or have at least heard of Staph infections. As their name implies, these infections are caused by Staph (short for the bacterial genus Staphylococcus), occur on the skin, are often acquired in hospitals...... Read more »

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