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  • April 22, 2014
  • 10:40 PM
  • 17 views

Autism, SSRIs, and Epidemiology 101

by in Neuroscientifically Challenged

I can understand the eagerness with which science writers jump on stories that deal with new findings about autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). After all, the mystery surrounding the rapid increase in ASD rates over the past 20 years (see right) has made any ASD-related study that may offer some clues inherently interesting. Because people are anxiously awaiting some explanation of this medical enigma, it seems like science writers almost have an obligation to discuss new findings concerning the c........ Read more »

  • April 22, 2014
  • 09:15 PM
  • 9 views

Removal of crop residue for biofuels increases CO2 emissions

by Jonathan Trinastic in Goodnight Earth

A computational study has shown that removal of residue from crop fields increases CO2 emissions... Read more »

Liska, A., Yang, H., Milner, M., Goddard, S., Blanco-Canqui, H., Pelton, M., Fang, X., Zhu, H., & Suyker, A. (2014) Biofuels from crop residue can reduce soil carbon and increase CO2 emissions. Nature Climate Change. DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2187  

  • April 22, 2014
  • 06:04 PM
  • 11 views

SARS-CoV v. MERS-CoV: differences and similarities, what do we know?

by thelonevirologist in Virology Tidbits

Coronaviruses are important animal and human pathogens and are the causative agent of 30-40% community acquired upper respiratory tract infections, most of them mild diseases. Besides relatively benign infections, the infection of infants and children has been implicated in some cases to acute asthmatic attacks and the onset of croup (whizzing cough). With the identification of SARS-CoV in 2003 became associated with more severe pulmonary disease particularly in immunocompromised individuals. T........ Read more »

Barlan A, Zhao J, Sarkar MK, Li K, McCray PB Jr, Perlman S, & Gallagher T. (2014) Receptor variation and susceptibility to middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus infection. Journal of virology, 88(9), 4953-61. PMID: 24554656  

Raj, V., Mou, H., Smits, S., Dekkers, D., Müller, M., Dijkman, R., Muth, D., Demmers, J., Zaki, A., Fouchier, R.... (2013) Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 is a functional receptor for the emerging human coronavirus-EMC. Nature, 495(7440), 251-254. DOI: 10.1038/nature12005  

Chu KH, Tsang WK, Tang CS, Lam MF, Lai FM, To KF, Fung KS, Tang HL, Yan WW, Chan HW.... (2005) Acute renal impairment in coronavirus-associated severe acute respiratory syndrome. Kidney international, 67(2), 698-705. PMID: 15673319  

Roper, R., & Rehm, K. (2009) SARS vaccines: where are we?. Expert Review of Vaccines, 8(7), 887-898. DOI: 10.1586/erv.09.43  

Payne DC, Iblan I, Alqasrawi S, Al Nsour M, Rha B, Tohme RA, Abedi GR, Farag NH, Haddadin A, Al Sanhouri T.... (2014) Stillbirth During Infection With Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus. The Journal of infectious diseases. PMID: 24474813  

Drosten, C. (2013) Is MERS another SARS?. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 13(9), 727-728. DOI: 10.1016/S1473-3099(13)70159-2  

  • April 22, 2014
  • 02:56 PM
  • 22 views

Polar Opposites? The Social Construction of Bulimia and Anorexia Nervosa

by Andrea in Science of Eating Disorders


Some might argue that bulimia nervosa is more “hidden” than anorexia nervosa — it is not always obvious that someone is suffering from bulimia (though, I would argue, it is not always obvious that someone is suffering from any eating disorder). Even when it is “discovered,” BN is often placed in opposition with AN — as if the two were polar opposites.
Indeed, attempts to define a phenotype (a set of observable traits or characteristics) for AN and BN tend to oppose the ........ Read more »

  • April 22, 2014
  • 01:42 PM
  • 19 views

Most Efficient Thermoelectric Material Created

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Northwestern University scientists have discovered a material—tin selenide—that is, according to a press release, “the best in the world at converting waste heat to useful electricity.”... Read more »

Zhao, L., Lo, S., Zhang, Y., Sun, H., Tan, G., Uher, C., Wolverton, C., Dravid, V., & Kanatzidis, M. (2014) Ultralow thermal conductivity and high thermoelectric figure of merit in SnSe crystals. Nature, 508(7496), 373-377. DOI: 10.1038/nature13184  

  • April 22, 2014
  • 10:22 AM
  • 22 views

Frogs Survive Subzero Temperatures by Living as Ice Cubes

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish

No matter how rough a winter you think you had, it was nothing compared to what a wood frog survives every year. Some of these little amphibians are still waiting for spring, when they’ll thaw out and turn from frog-shaped blocks of ice back into animals. Recently, scientists took a close look at wood frogs […]The post Frogs Survive Subzero Temperatures by Living as Ice Cubes appeared first on Inkfish.... Read more »

Larson DJ, Middle L, Vu H, Zhang W, Serianni AS, Duman J, & Barnes BM. (2014) Wood frog adaptations to overwintering in Alaska: New limits to freezing tolerance. The Journal of experimental biology. PMID: 24737762  

  • April 22, 2014
  • 10:21 AM
  • 31 views

Religious Belief Linked to Brain Cortex Thickness

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

In a previous post, I reviewed a longitudinal study of religious belief and major depression.This study by Lisa Miller and colleagues found a reduced risk of depression in subjects who rated religious belief or spirituality as an important factor in their lives.Reduction in depression risk with religiosity/spirituality was largest (90% smaller risk) in those with a family history of depression.This correlation may not be causal and may be explained by some common third factor between religion an........ Read more »

  • April 22, 2014
  • 04:22 AM
  • 32 views

Are Neuroimaging researchers headed the Sheldon Cooper way?

by Harsha Radhakrishnan in United Academics

The ultimate goal of all these projects is to be able to reconstruct the human brain – have a definitive computer model or a database of every neuron and its cell type and the connections between each individual cell. Is this feasible?... Read more »

Oh SW, Harris JA, Ng L, Winslow B, Cain N, Mihalas S, Wang Q, Lau C, Kuan L, Henry AM.... (2014) A mesoscale connectome of the mouse brain. Nature, 508(7495), 207-14. PMID: 24695228  

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