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  • July 12, 2014
  • 01:42 PM
  • 118 views

Media and the Mind: Emotional Contagion

by JBSheppard in Antisense Science

Facebook recently carried out an experiment to change the emotions of over 600,000 users through a known psychological process called "emotional contagion". ... Read more »

  • July 10, 2014
  • 01:59 PM
  • 106 views

Don’t Listen to the Voices: Understanding Consciousness

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

There is a voice in my head. Don't worry it's mine... I think [a story for another time I'm sure], but why is my voice inside my head? What causes me to hear myself while I type these very words, or even better you to hear them in your voice as you read them? Consciousness is a complex and very confusing thing. I think therefore I am? Science has had trouble cracking that nut and philosophy just won't cut it in the realm of neuroscience. [...]... Read more »

Paller, K., & Suzuki, S. (2014) The source of consciousness. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2014.05.012  

  • July 9, 2014
  • 03:28 AM
  • 72 views

Do chimps like to listen to African and Indian music?

by Henkjan Honing in Music Matters

“While preferring silence to music from the West, chimpanzees apparently like to listen to the different rhythms of music from Africa and India, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.” ... Read more »

Mingle, M., Eppley, T., Campbell, M., Hall, K., Horner, V., & de Waal, F. (2014) Chimpanzees Prefer African and Indian Music Over Silence. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition. DOI: 10.1037/xan0000032  

Merchant, H., & Honing, H. (2013) Are non-human primates capable of rhythmic entrainment? Evidence for the gradual audiomotor evolution hypothesis. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 7(274). info:/

  • June 25, 2014
  • 12:00 PM
  • 51 views

ANIMAL TESTING: COSMETICS, BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH AND ETHICS

by Robb Hollis in Antisense Science

Animal testing is an incredibly controversial subject, with strong opinions on both sides. Whilst animal testing for cosmetics has now been banned in the EU, animals continue to be used in science, where they serve a vital role in biomedical research and drug development. Their importance is often overshadowed by the ethical issues surrounding the treatment of animals in research environments, and it’s important that people understand why and how they are used, as well as what measures ar........ Read more »

Hajar, R. (2011) Animal testing and medicine. Heart Views, 12(1), 42. DOI: 10.4103/1995-705X.81548  

  • June 17, 2014
  • 11:49 AM
  • 153 views

Quantum Conundrum, Puzzling People, and Survey Statistics

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Order matters, we all know this when it comes to math, but did you know the order of questions asked can affect how you answer them? It’s true and it isn’t new news, the question-order effect is why survey organizations normally change the order of questions between different respondents, hoping to cancel out this bias. But that isn’t the interesting part, not by a long shot.... Read more »

Zheng Wang, Tyler Solloway, Richard M. Shiffrin, & Jerome R. Busemeyerb. (2014) Context effects produced by question orders reveal quantum nature of human judgments. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. info:/10.1073/pnas.1407756111

  • June 16, 2014
  • 09:48 PM
  • 148 views

There Was No Couch: On Mental Illness and Creativity

by Jalees Rehman in Fragments of Truth

A study of the prevalence of mental illness published in the Archives of General Psychiatry in 2005 estimated that roughly half of all Americans will have been diagnosed with a mental illness by time they reach the age of 75. This estimate was based on the DSM-IV criteria for mental illness, but the newer DSM-V manual will be released in 2013 and is likely to further expand the diagnosis of mental illness. The DSM-IV criteria had made allowance for bereavement to avoid diagnosing people who were........ Read more »

Kyaga, S., Landén, M., Boman, M., Hultman, C., Långström, N., & Lichtenstein, P. (2013) Mental illness, suicide and creativity: 40-Year prospective total population study. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 47(1), 83-90. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2012.09.010  

  • June 9, 2014
  • 05:15 PM
  • 154 views

Tracking Conscious Perception in Real-Time With fMRI?

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic_Discover

What if it were possible to measure your conscious experience, in real time, using a brain scanner? Neuroscientists Christoph Reichert and colleagues report that they have done just this, using fMRI – although in a limited fashion. Their research has just been published in Frontiers in Neuroscience: Online tracking of the contents of conscious perception […]The post Tracking Conscious Perception in Real-Time With fMRI? appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »

Reichert C, Fendrich R, Bernarding J, Tempelmann C, Hinrichs H, & Rieger JW. (2014) Online tracking of the contents of conscious perception using real-time fMRI. Frontiers in neuroscience, 116. PMID: 24904260  

  • June 8, 2014
  • 01:22 AM
  • 159 views

What the pug is going on?

by Cobb & Hecht in Do You Believe In Dog?

Hi Julie,thanks for that awesome list of canine-related citizen science projects that anyone can sink their teeth into. I have a question for you: What do you see when a pug comes into your field of vision?I'm asking you because (at the risk of inciting wrath of many) - honestly? I'm really bamboozled by some pedigree breeds and their popularity with so many people. How I feelI'm not hating on pugs or pedigree dogs, and I don't mean any offence to people who hold their love o........ Read more »

  • May 30, 2014
  • 05:40 PM
  • 182 views

Should Doctors ‘Google’ Their Patients?

by Jalees Rehman in Fragments of Truth

Beware of what you share. Employers now routinely utilize internet search engines or social network searches to obtain information about job applicants. A survey of 2,184 hiring managers and human resource professionals conducted by the online employment website CareerBuilder.com revealed that 39% use social networking sites to research job candidates. Of the group who used social networks to evaluate job applicants, 43% found content on a social networking site that caused them to not hire a ca........ Read more »

  • May 28, 2014
  • 10:17 PM
  • 143 views

Gender Wars

by Teodora Stoica in CuriousCortex

Men like to understand and fix problems, while women like to feel the problem, and perhaps have a good cry about it. Why such a huge difference? Fortunately, a groundbreaking 2014 study out of Beijing, China uses MRI to shed light on why women would rather just talk/cry/eat about the problem than fix it. ... Read more »

Kong, F., Zhen, Z., Li, J., Huang, L., Wang, X., Song, Y., & Liu, J. (2014) Sex-Related Neuroanatomical Basis of Emotion Regulation Ability. PLoS ONE, 9(5). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0097071  

  • May 11, 2014
  • 05:52 AM
  • 256 views

Changing the landscape of psychiatric research

by Dorothy Bishop in bishopblog

NIMH has expressed dissatisfaction with psychiatric categories as embodied in DSM5 and is focused on a new approach that aims to understand mental illnesses in terms of genes and neural circuits. I have reservations about whether this approach will live up to expectations.... Read more »

  • May 9, 2014
  • 08:36 AM
  • 261 views

THE GAY GENE AND THE ETHICS OF GENETIC TESTING

by Robb Hollis in Antisense Science

Over 20 years ago, Dean Hamer – an American geneticist – and his colleagues published an investigation into the possible genetic basis of sexual orientation. The paper, which analysed genetic data from 114 families containing homosexual men, reported an association between genetic markers on the q arm of the X chromosome (chromosomal region Xq28) and male homosexuality: and so the ‘gay gene’ was born.... Read more »

  • May 5, 2014
  • 09:01 PM
  • 115 views

Isn't it a Pitty? USA & UK shelter worker differences in Pit Bull identification

by Cobb & Hecht in Do You Believe In Dog?

Hi Julie and Mia, Guess what? We have something in common! Do You Believe in Dog? started as a result of you two meeting at a conference, and my latest publication also resulted from a conference-inspired, long-distance collaboration. Dr. Carri Westgarth and I met at the International Society for Anthrozoology meeting in England in 2012. We quickly realized we share both personal and professional interests in dogs. During one of our chats, I showed Carri pictures of dogs I’d worked with in a U........ Read more »

  • May 4, 2014
  • 11:45 PM
  • 238 views

Useful delusions, interface theory of perception, and religion

by Artem Kaznatcheev in Evolutionary Games Group

As you can guess from the name, evolutionary game theory (EGT) traces its roots to economics and evolutionary biology. Both of the progenitor fields assume it impossible, or unreasonably difficult, to observe the internal representations, beliefs, and preferences of the agents they model, and thus adopt a largely behaviorist view. My colleagues and I, however, […]... Read more »

Kaznatcheev, A., Montrey, M., & Shultz, T.R. (2014) Evolving useful delusions: Subjectively rational selfishness leads to objectively irrational cooperation. Proceedings of the 36th annual conference of the cognitive science society. arXiv: 1405.0041v1

  • April 11, 2014
  • 03:48 AM
  • 330 views

Brain Scans: Don’t Throw Out The Baby With The Dead Salmon

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic_Discover

Is neuro-skepticism in danger of going too far? Is it time to take a critical look at critiques of neuroscience? Martha Farah of the University of Pennsylvania says yes, in a Hastings Center Report just published: Brain Images, Babies, and Bathwater: Critiquing Critiques of Functional Neuroimaging Farah covers a broad spectrum of criticisms, ranging from […]The post Brain Scans: Don’t Throw Out The Baby With The Dead Salmon appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »

  • April 10, 2014
  • 11:18 AM
  • 158 views

Why do dogs lick people?

by Cobb & Hecht in Do You Believe In Dog?

Just Wow. Photo: Chris Sembrot PhotographyHi Julie,Yes, but WHY? I loved Claudia Fugazza's guest post about drawing on dogs' social imitation capacities to learn as copy-cats in the Do as I do training technique. Good stuff! A few things collided this week that resulted in me deciding to look into why dogs lick people. The first was the Huffington Post 'This Is What Happens When You Ask People To Kiss Their Dogs In Front Of A Camera' (example above from Chris Sembrot's 'For the love o........ Read more »

Bradshaw John W.S., Blackwell Emily J., & Casey Rachel A. (2009) Dominance in domestic dogs—useful construct or bad habit?. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 4(3), 135-144. DOI: 10.1016/j.jveb.2008.08.004  

  • April 6, 2014
  • 11:45 PM
  • 296 views

Kleene’s variant of the Church-Turing thesis

by Artem Kaznatcheev in Evolutionary Games Group

In 1936, Alonzo Church, Alan Turing, and Emil Post each published independent papers on the Entscheidungsproblem and introducing the lambda calculus, Turing machines, and Post-Turing machines as mathematical models of computation. A myriad of other models followed, many of them taking seemingly unrelated approaches to the computable: algebraic, combinatorial, linguistic, logical, mechanistic, etc. Of course, […]... Read more »

  • April 1, 2014
  • 06:17 PM
  • 263 views

Time Rolls On, Even Without Memory

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic_Discover

A fascinating paper asks what one man with no memory – and no regrets – can really teach us about time: Individuals With Episodic Amnesia Are Not Stuck In Time. Researchers Car Craver and colleagues describe the case of “KC”, a former “roadie for rock bands, prone to drinking and occasional rash behavior” who suffered […]The post Time Rolls On, Even Without Memory appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »

Craver CF, Kwan D, Steindam C, & Rosenbaum RS. (2014) Individuals With Episodic Amnesia Are Not Stuck In Time. Neuropsychologia. PMID: 24680757  

  • March 15, 2014
  • 11:40 AM
  • 304 views

The Power of Conscious Intention Proven At Last?

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic_Discover

A neuroscience paper published before Christmas draw my eye with the expansive title: “How Thoughts Give Rise to Action“ Subtitled “Conscious Motor Intention Increases the Excitability of Target-Specific Motor Circuits”, the article’s abstract was no less bold, concluding that: These results indicate that conscious intentions govern motor function… until today, it was unclear whether conscious […]The post The Power of Conscious Intention Proven At Last? ........ Read more »

  • March 3, 2014
  • 09:00 AM
  • 262 views

Creatine: Guest Post from Beauty by the Geeks

by Alex Giffen in Antisense Science

Creatine. A molecular gem that you’ve probably heard of in the context of exercise and working out in the gym. Creatine is used as a supplement by gym-goers and sporty folk when they want to get more out of their workout. It comes from both endogenous and exogenous sources, being produced in the liver and coming from dietary meat and fish.

It’s a compound which can give a runner that extra bit of explosive energy or a weight-lifter a little more strength. This nitrogenous organic........ Read more »

Bemben MG, & Lamont HS. (2005) Creatine supplementation and exercise performance: recent findings. Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.), 35(2), 107-25. PMID: 15707376  

Brosnan JT, da Silva RP, & Brosnan ME. (2011) The metabolic burden of creatine synthesis. Amino acids, 40(5), 1325-31. PMID: 21387089  

Cooper R, Naclerio F, Allgrove J, & Jimenez A. (2012) Creatine supplementation with specific view to exercise/sports performance: an update. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 9(1), 33. PMID: 22817979  

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