Raising an autistic child can be a gift. Unfortunately it can also be challenging and stressful. Let’s be real, it’s stressful just being a parent, throw in a disability that […]... Read more »
Dykens Elisabeth M. , & Fisher Marisa H. . (2014) Reducing Distress in Mothers of Children With Autism and Other Disabilities: A Randomized Trial. Pediatrics . DOI: 10.1542/peds.2013-3164
The brain is complex, heck if it wasn’t then we wouldn’t be smart enough to figure out how it works. I guess it’s one of those stupid catch-22 type things. […]... Read more »
Yamada, T., Yang, Y., Hemberg, M., Yoshida, T., Cho, H., Murphy, J., Fioravante, D., Regehr, W., Gygi, S., Georgopoulos, K.... (2014) Promoter Decommissioning by the NuRD Chromatin Remodeling Complex Triggers Synaptic Connectivity in the Mammalian Brain. Neuron, 83(1), 122-134. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2014.05.039
At first glance the title might sound a little weird. But if that is the case then you probably want to read this. Researchers have identified a group of cells in […]... Read more »
Chen, C., Jiang, P., Xue, H., Peterson, S., Tran, H., McCann, A., Parast, M., Li, S., Pleasure, D., Laurent, L.... (2014) Role of astroglia in Down’s syndrome revealed by patient-derived human-induced pluripotent stem cells. Nature Communications. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5430
A recent study by Karel Kleisner et al. (2013) shows eye colour and facial features have an influence on our perception of trustworthiness.... Read more »
It appears that certain personality traits and traumatic early life events are typically associated with binge drinking in teenage years. However, the predictive power of each type of factors by itself (personality or individual history for example) is not absolute. A new study evaluated not only one single factor, but a series of psychological, genetic, and neurological elements for their ability to determine, when combined, current and future alcohol misuse in a large group of youngsters. ... Read more »
Whelan, R., Watts, R., Orr, C., Althoff, R., Artiges, E., Banaschewski, T., Barker, G., Bokde, A., Büchel, C., Carvalho, F.... (2014) Neuropsychosocial profiles of current and future adolescent alcohol misusers. Nature. DOI: 10.1038/nature13402
The Mediterranean diet, it may have broad health benefits [let's face it we can't seem to escape the push for it here in the US], but a new study suggests that […]... Read more »
Koyama, A., Houston, D., Simonsick, E., Lee, J., Ayonayon, H., Shahar, D., Rosano, C., Satterfield, S., & Yaffe, K. (2014) Association Between the Mediterranean Diet and Cognitive Decline in a Biracial Population. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences. DOI: 10.1093/gerona/glu097
Where is it?
Thalamus (in red).
The thalamus is a large, symmetrical (meaning there is one in each hemisphere) structure that makes up most of the mass of the diencephalon. A large number of pathways travel through the thalamus, including all of the sensory pathways other than those devoted to olfaction (smell).What is it and what does it do?The thalamus is often described as a relay station. This is because almost all sensory informati........ Read more »
Sherman, S., & Guillery, R. (2002) The role of the thalamus in the flow of information to the cortex. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 357(1428), 1695-1708. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2002.1161
The Max Planck Institute in Nijmegen has started a great initiative which tries nothing less than answer all your questions about language. How does it work? 1) Go to this website: http://www.mpi.nl/q-a/questions-and-answers 2) See whether your question has already been answered 3) If not, scroll to the bottom and ask a question yourself. The answers […]... Read more »
Thibodeau, P., & Boroditsky, L. (2011) Metaphors We Think With: The Role of Metaphor in Reasoning. PLoS ONE, 6(2). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0016782
Asaridou, S., & McQueen, J. (2013) Speech and music shape the listening brain: evidence for shared domain-general mechanisms. Frontiers in Psychology. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00321
Autism and Schizophrenia, at first glance there probably isn’t a whole lot in common other than they are disorders that fall in that lovely book the DCM-5. The brain is […]... Read more »
Chie Shimamoto1,, Tetsuo Ohnishi, Motoko Maekawa, Akiko Watanabe, Hisako Ohba, Ryoichi Arai, Yoshimi Iwayama, Yasuko Hisano, Tomoko Toyota, Manabu Toyoshima.... (2014) Functional characterization of FABP3, 5 and 7 gene variants identified in schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorder and mouse behavioral studies. Human Molecular Genetics. info:/10.1093/hmg/ddu369
Image: screamer.deadspin.com It was 17 minutes into his second World Cup appearance when German midfielder Christoph Kramer slammed brutally into his Argentine opponent. Kramer’s head swerved...... Read more »
Arciniegas DB, Anderson CA, Topkoff J, & McAllister TW. (2005) Mild traumatic brain injury: a neuropsychiatric approach to diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment. Neuropsychiatric disease and treatment, 1(4), 311-27. PMID: 18568112
An entertaining paper just out in Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience offers a panoramic view of the whole of neuroscience: Enlarging the scope: grasping brain complexity The paper is remarkable not just for its content but also for its style. Some examples: How does the brain work? This nagging question is an habitué from the top […]The post Can We Grasp The Brain’s Complexity? appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »
Hodgkin and Huxley used the large axons of the giant squid to measure voltage changes during an action potential.
By the late 1930s, researchers had come to understand several important things about the conduction of signals within neurons. For example, they knew that signaling within neurons is electrical in nature (as opposed to signaling between neurons, which is usually chemical), and that it occurs in bursts of activity called action potentials. And th........ Read more »
Schwiening, C. (2012) A brief historical perspective: Hodgkin and Huxley. The Journal of Physiology, 590(11), 2571-2575. DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.2012.230458
Hear that voice? What is there more than one? Is this real, or fake? How do you know? That is how schizophrenia works: auditory hallucinations, confusion, inability to tell what […]... Read more »
Teal S. Eich,, Derek Evan Nee,, Catherine Insel,, Chara Malapani,, & Edward E. Smith. (2014) Neural Correlates of Impaired Cognitive Control over Working Memory in Schizophrenia. Biological psychiatry, 76(2). info:/10.1016/j.biopsych.2013.09.032
Cognitive reserve (high educational attainment, high IQ) is known to reduce or delay the risk for Alzheimer's disease.However, the effect of cognitive reserve on recovery from traumatic brain injury (TBI) is less well studied.Two recent research studies support the beneficial effects of cognitive reserve on TBI.Schneider and colleagues examined a series of 769 adult TBI subjects using the TBI Model Systems Database.This cohort was followed during rehabilitation for a period of at least one year......... Read more »
Schneider EB, Sur S, Raymont V, Duckworth J, Kowalski RG, Efron DT, Hui X, Selvarajah S, Hambridge HL, & Stevens RD. (2014) Functional recovery after moderate/severe traumatic brain injury: a role for cognitive reserve?. Neurology, 82(18), 1636-42. PMID: 24759845
Fay TB, Yeates KO, Taylor HG, Bangert B, Dietrich A, Nuss KE, Rusin J, & Wright M. (2010) Cognitive reserve as a moderator of postconcussive symptoms in children with complicated and uncomplicated mild traumatic brain injury. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society : JINS, 16(1), 94-105. PMID: 19835663
Accurately diagnosing alzheimer’s is not an easy thing to do. In fact most of the time people aren’t diagnosed until very late in the progression of the disease, long after […]... Read more »
Matthew E Growdon,, Aaron Schultz,, Alexander Dagley,, Rebecca Amariglio,, Trey Hedden,, Dorene M. Rentz,, Keith Johnson,, Reisa Sperling,, Mark W. Albers,, & Gad Marshall,. (2014) Olfactory identification and Alzheimer's disease biomarkers in clinically normal elderly. Nature Neuroscience. info:/
I am both left handed and dyslexic and so a recent paper on the connection in hemispheric dominance for hand and for language was a paper I had to read. The Mazoyer study seems to be the first to use a reasonable number of left- and as well as right-handed people to look at […]... Read more »
Mazoyer, B., Zago, L., Jobard, G., Crivello, F., Joliot, M., Perchey, G., Mellet, E., Petit, L., & Tzourio-Mazoyer, N. (2014) Gaussian Mixture Modeling of Hemispheric Lateralization for Language in a Large Sample of Healthy Individuals Balanced for Handedness. PLoS ONE, 9(6). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0101165
It is evident that (a) higher body temperature leads to higher brain performance and (b) the sames holds true in an evolutionary context in terms of brain size. So hotter = smarter?... Read more »
James F. Gillooly. (2013) Hotter is Smarter: The temperature-dependence of brain size in vertebrates. PeerJ. info:/10.7287/peerj.preprints.155v1
Wright KP Jr, Hull JT, & Czeisler CA. (2002) Relationship between alertness, performance, and body temperature in humans. American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 283(6). PMID: 12388468
Facebook recently carried out an experiment to change the emotions of over 600,000 users through a known psychological process called "emotional contagion". ... Read more »
Kramer, A., Guillory, J., & Hancock, J. (2014) Experimental evidence of massive-scale emotional contagion through social networks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(24), 8788-8790. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1320040111
Woolley, A., Chabris, C., Pentland, A., Hashmi, N., & Malone, T. (2010) Evidence for a Collective Intelligence Factor in the Performance of Human Groups. Science, 330(6004), 686-688. DOI: 10.1126/science.1193147
It's been a while since I've posted something substantial. My apologies to all 20 followers of TQLC. Academia and clinical cases have been taking up most of my time. However, some exciting news! My paper on variability of respiration during sleep in traumatic brain injury (TBI) has recently been accepted into Neurorehabilitation. In the paper my colleagues and I examined the sleep processes of individuals with TBI using polysomnography. Polysomnography is a tool used to measure biophysical ch........ Read more »
Lu W, Cantor J, Aurora RN, Nguyen M, Ashman T, Spielman L, Ambrose A, Krellman J, & Gordon W. (2014) Variability of respiration and sleep during polysomnography in individuals with TBI. NeuroRehabilitation. PMID: 24990025
by Samiiksha Rohilla in Workout Trends
Last evening, while watching people passing by my lane, I realized how lucky it is to be happy and alive. It wasn’t the same with me a few months back. I used to prefer staying alone. I had locked my guitar inside the cupboard. And I had quit my work. Was I in a state of […]
The post What ‘P.S. I Love You’ Taught Me About Blue Stress appeared first on .
... Read more »
Anda R, Williamson D, Jones D, Macera C, Eaker E, Glassman A, & Marks J. (1993) Depressed affect, hopelessness, and the risk of ischemic heart disease in a cohort of U.S. adults. Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.), 4(4), 285-94. PMID: 8347738
Ozcan, U. (2004) Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Links Obesity, Insulin Action, and Type 2 Diabetes. Science, 306(5695), 457-461. DOI: 10.1126/science.1103160
Najavits, L., Weiss, R., & Shaw, S. (1997) The Link Between Substance Abuse and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Women. The American Journal on Addictions, 6(4), 273-283. DOI: 10.1111/j.1521-0391.1997.tb00408.x
Maercker, A., Einsle, F., & Köllner, V. (2007) Adjustment Disorders as Stress Response Syndromes: A New Diagnostic Concept and Its Exploration in a Medical Sample. Psychopathology, 40(3), 135-146. DOI: 10.1159/000099290
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