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  • November 24, 2015
  • 06:04 AM

Pinocchio and Captain Hook: Suffering from Tinnitus?

by Chiara Civardi in United Academics

You might be wondering what Pinocchio and Captain Hook have in common. Well, they are both from children’s stories, they both have prosthetics, they have issues with being honest, and they both experience interesting maritime adventures. But there is something else too: they are both annoyed by a continuous ticking sound that follows them everywhere. For Pinocchio it is Jiminy Cricket who bothers him while for Hook the crocodile is ticking merrily away. I can hear you saying: “So? Wh........ Read more »

  • November 21, 2015
  • 04:49 AM

Melting Scandinavian glaciers made Europe cool and dry

by TakFurTheKaffe in Tak Fur The Kaffe

Scientists have found an explanation for one of the big mysteries in climate science with the help of 12,000-year old Swedish midges... Read more »

Muschitiello, F., Pausata, F., Watson, J., Smittenberg, R., Salih, A., Brooks, S., Whitehouse, N., Karlatou-Charalampopoulou, A., & Wohlfarth, B. (2015) Fennoscandian freshwater control on Greenland hydroclimate shifts at the onset of the Younger Dryas. Nature Communications, 8939. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms9939  

  • November 11, 2015
  • 11:50 AM

A New Boost for Cancer Stem Cell Therapies

by Rita dos Santos Silva in United Academics

Patent for Bozepinib approved by scientists of University of Granada

Researchers at the University of Granada, Spain, have patented Bozepinib, a drug that inhibits the growth of cancer stem cells in breast, colon and melanoma cancers.

The mechanisms of action of Bozepinib were first described in an article published in the Open Access journal Oncotarget back in 2014. The team showed that Bozepinib was able to inhibit growth and metastasis of tumors in mice without inducing toxicity. Follow........ Read more »

Ramírez A, Boulaiz H, Morata-Tarifa C, Perán M, Jiménez G, Picon-Ruiz M, Agil A, Cruz-López O, Conejo-García A, Campos JM.... (2014) HER2-signaling pathway, JNK and ERKs kinases, and cancer stem-like cells are targets of Bozepinib small compound. Oncotarget, 5(11), 3590-606. PMID: 24946763  

  • November 11, 2015
  • 06:22 AM

The Dangers of Galactic Cosmic Rays

by Agnese Mariotti in United Academics

Eager to travel to Mars? Think twice!

NASA, galactic cosmic rays, mars, space travel

Explorations of Mars with probes and spacecraft are revealing intriguing features of the Red Planet. The most recent discovery by the NASA spacecraft Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, that liquid water very likely flows on Mars, has stirred enthusiasm among scientists who have been looking for signs of “life-as-we-know-it” on the planet for the last twenty years.

One of the major future goals of ........ Read more »

Parihar, V., Allen, B., Tran, K., Macaraeg, T., Chu, E., Kwok, S., Chmielewski, N., Craver, B., Baulch, J., Acharya, M.... (2015) What happens to your brain on the way to Mars. Science Advances, 1(4). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1400256  

  • November 10, 2015
  • 06:10 AM

Novel Strategies for Eliminating HIV

by Shefali Sabharanjak in United Academics

Using special antibodies to attack HIV

HIV, AIDS, ART, treatment, therapy, health

More than thirty-five million people in the world today are living with HIV/AIDS. In the last few decades there have been concerted, large-scale efforts worldwide to contain the spread of this pandemic and to help infected people survive the virus and live with it.

At the forefront of anti-HIV therapy stands a class of drugs known as anti-retroviral therapy or ART. These drugs are able to reduce the number........ Read more »

Pegu, A., Asokan, M., Wu, L., Wang, K., Hataye, J., Casazza, J., Guo, X., Shi, W., Georgiev, I., Zhou, T.... (2015) Activation and lysis of human CD4 cells latently infected with HIV-1. Nature Communications, 8447. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms9447  

Sung, J., Pickeral, J., Liu, L., Stanfield-Oakley, S., Lam, C., Garrido, C., Pollara, J., LaBranche, C., Bonsignori, M., Moody, M.... (2015) Dual-Affinity Re-Targeting proteins direct T cell–mediated cytolysis of latently HIV-infected cells. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 125(11), 4077-4090. DOI: 10.1172/JCI82314  

  • November 6, 2015
  • 06:32 AM

Death Will Come and Will Have Your Eyes

by Chiara Civardi in United Academics

Once upon a time there was a high school student who was struggling to write a literature essay. The student couldn’t find anything good about the writer she had to discuss; he simply looked like a depressed misogynist, unable to even properly commit suicide at the first try. There is no need to write and publish a poem called “Death Will Come and Will Have Your Eyes” just because a woman broke up with you (not that the student would blame her), right?

The student grew up, f........ Read more »

  • November 5, 2015
  • 07:38 AM

Preventing Peanut Allergies: Consumption or Avoidance?

by Pieter Carriere in United Academics

Prevention of peanut allergies is a controversial issue, leaving society uncertain whether children should eat or avoid peanuts. Recent scientific studies show...... Read more »

Du Toit G, Katz Y, Sasieni P, Mesher D, Maleki SJ, Fisher HR, Fox AT, Turcanu V, Amir T, Zadik-Mnuhin G.... (2008) Early consumption of peanuts in infancy is associated with a low prevalence of peanut allergy. The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology, 122(5), 984-91. PMID: 19000582  

Du Toit G, Roberts G, Sayre PH, Bahnson HT, Radulovic S, Santos AF, Brough HA, Phippard D, Basting M, Feeney M.... (2015) Randomized trial of peanut consumption in infants at risk for peanut allergy. The New England journal of medicine, 372(9), 803-13. PMID: 25705822  

Fleischer DM, Sicherer S, Greenhawt M, Campbell D, Chan E, Muraro A, Halken S, Katz Y, Ebisawa M, Eichenfield L.... (2015) Consensus Communication on Early Peanut Introduction and Prevention of Peanut Allergy in High-Risk Infants. Pediatric dermatology. PMID: 26354148  

Gupta R, Holdford D, Bilaver L, Dyer A, Holl JL, & Meltzer D. (2013) The economic impact of childhood food allergy in the United States. JAMA pediatrics, 167(11), 1026-31. PMID: 24042236  

  • November 2, 2015
  • 07:48 AM

A Meaty Subject...

by AG McCluskey in Zongo's Cancer Diaries

The headlines scream, "Sausages Cause Cancer!"

But what are the real risks...?... Read more »

Bouvard, V., Loomis, D., Guyton, K., Grosse, Y., Ghissassi, F., Benbrahim-Tallaa, L., Guha, N., Mattock, H., & Straif, K. (2015) Carcinogenicity of consumption of red and processed meat. The Lancet Oncology. DOI: 10.1016/S1470-2045(15)00444-1  

AG McCluskey. (2015) A MEaty Subject.. Zongo's Cancer Diaries. info:/

  • November 2, 2015
  • 12:25 AM

Week In Review: Open-Access Science | 26 Oct to 1 Nov

by TakFurTheKaffe in Tak Fur The Kaffe

From a new date for earliest life on earth to the potentially controversial findings that Antarctica is gaining more ice than it’s loosing, here are 5 of the latest scientific studies published open-access this week.... Read more »

Bell, E., Boehnke, P., Harrison, T., & Mao, W. (2015) Potentially biogenic carbon preserved in a 4.1 billion-year-old zircon. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201517557. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1517557112  

Zwally, H. Jay, Li, Jun, Robbins, John W, Saba, Jack L, Yi, Donghui, & Brenner, Anita C. (2015) Mass gains of the Antarctic ice sheet exceed losses. Journal of Glaciology. DOI: 10.3189/2015JoG15J071  

Tyagi, N., Farnell, E., Fitzsimmons, C., Ryan, S., Tukahebwa, E., Maizels, R., Dunne, D., Thornton, J., & Furnham, N. (2015) Comparisons of Allergenic and Metazoan Parasite Proteins: Allergy the Price of Immunity. PLOS Computational Biology, 11(10). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004546  

Barrett, S., Speth, R., Eastham, S., Dedoussi, I., Ashok, A., Malina, R., & Keith, D. (2015) Impact of the Volkswagen emissions control defeat device on US public health. Environmental Research Letters, 10(11), 114005. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/10/11/114005  

  • October 28, 2015
  • 01:25 AM

First field observations of one of the world’s rarest whales:

by TakFurTheKaffe in Tak Fur The Kaffe

Scientists have made the first ever field observations of the Omura's whale -- the least known species of whales in the world. The results are published in the open-access Royal Society Open Science journal.... Read more »

Cerchio, S., Andrianantenaina, B., Lindsay, A., Rekdahl, M., Andrianarivelo, N., & Rasoloarijao, T. (2015) Omura’s whales (Balaenoptera omurai) off northwest Madagascar: ecology, behaviour and conservation needs . Royal Society Open Science, 2(10), 150301. DOI: 10.1098/rsos.150301  

  • October 26, 2015
  • 01:25 AM

A week in review: Top open-access science stories

by Cath Jex in Tak Fur The Kaffe

There's simply not enough time in the week to write about everything that I'd like! So here are 6 extra short summaries of scientific studies published during the past week, available free via open-access journals for anyone and everyone to read and enjoy!... Read more »

Luo J, Ault JS, Shay LK, Hoolihan JP, Prince ED, Brown CA, & Rooker JR. (2015) Ocean Heat Content Reveals Secrets of Fish Migrations. PloS one, 10(10). PMID: 26484541  

  • October 22, 2015
  • 12:35 PM

Genetics uncovers the earliest cases of plague

by Cath Jex in Tak Fur The Kaffe

DNA from Bronze Age skeletons shows that the plague is truly an ancient disease, and was endemic across Eurasia at least 3,000 years earlier than previously thought.... Read more »

Simon Rasmussen, Morten Erik Allentoft, Kasper Nielsen, Ludovic Orlando, Martin Sikora, Karl-Göran Sjögren, Anders Gorm Pedersen, Mikkel Schubert, Alex Van Dam, Christian Moliin Outzen Kapel.... (2015) Early Divergent Strains of Yersinia pestis in Eurasia 5,000 Years Ago. Cell, 163(3). info:/

  • October 17, 2015
  • 06:25 AM

Five maps to show how sea level rise affects you

by Cath Jex in Tak Fur The Kaffe

TFTK has found five of the best free maps that show the neighbourhoods most vulnerable to sea level rise.... Read more »

Strauss BH, Kulp S, & Levermann A. (2015) Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID: 26460051  

  • October 14, 2015
  • 06:54 AM

Marginal Gains

by AG McCluskey in Zongo's Cancer Diaries

How are cancer survival statistics like the British Cycling team? Answer: Improvements come from lots of little changes. Welcome, to Marginal Gains...... Read more »

  • October 11, 2015
  • 05:31 PM

History of Cataloguing 3: Cutters’ Objects and Means

by Anne Welsh in Library Marginalia

In the third in the series covering the historical texts suggested in the reading list for INSTG004 Cataloguing, this post discusses the continuing influence of Charles Ammi Cutters' ideas, as expressed in his Rules for a Printed Dictionary Catalogue (1876).... Read more »

Charles Ammi Cutter. (1876) Rules for a Printed Dictionary Catalogue. Internet Archive. info:/

  • October 9, 2015
  • 08:11 AM


by AG McCluskey in Zongo's Cancer Diaries

New research shows that elephants get cancer less often than we do. But how can this help us........ Read more »

AG McCluskey. (2015) Trumpity-Trump!. Zongo's Cancer Diaries. info:/

  • October 8, 2015
  • 08:36 AM

Tough luck, Stretch!

by AG McCluskey in Zongo's Cancer Diaries

Tall people are more likely to get cancer......aren't they?... Read more »

AG McCluskey. (2015) Tough Luck, Stretch. Zongo's Cancer Diaries. info:/

  • October 7, 2015
  • 11:30 PM

Social Class Differences in Mental Health: Do Parenting Style and Friendship Play a Role?

by Mark Rubin in Mark Rubin's Social Psychology Research Blog

It is now well-established that social class is positively related to mental health. However, researchers remain unclear about the specific processes that underlie the relation between social class and depression. In some recent research, we investigated the potential roles of parenting style and friendship in explaining the relationship between social class and mental health.... Read more »

  • October 4, 2015
  • 05:36 PM

History of Cataloguing. 2. Jewett

by Anne Welsh in Library Marginalia

The second in a series on the History of Cataloguing, this post highlights OCLC's news that they will no longer be printing catalogue cards and provides an insight into Charles Coffin Jewett's suggestion that shared cataloguing be undertaken, led by the Smithsonian Institution in the mid-nineteenth century.... Read more »

Charles Coffin Jewett. (1853) On the Construction of Catalogues of Libraries, and their Publication by Means of Separate, Stereotyped Titles, with Rules and Examples. 2nd ed. Hathi Trust Digital Library. info:/

  • September 27, 2015
  • 06:24 PM

History of Cataloguing. 1. Ranganathan

by Anne Welsh in Library Marginalia

This post is the first in a series sparked by the selection of books for the History of Cataloguing section of the reading list for the core cataloguing module on the MA LIS. It highlights what Ranganathan had to say in his Five Laws (1931) regarding Cataloguing.... Read more »

S.R. Ranganathan. (1931) The Five Laws of Library Science. Hathi Trust Digital Library. info:/

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