Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have uncovered a significant–and potentially treatable–relationship between a chemical that helps transmit signals in the brain and genetic mutations present in a subset of individuals with autism spectrum disorder. The new research findings focus on the role that the neurotransmitter serotonin plays in the development of social behavior.... Read more »
Séjourné, J., Llaneza, D., Kuti, O., & Page, D. (2015) Social Behavioral Deficits Coincide with the Onset of Seizure Susceptibility in Mice Lacking Serotonin Receptor 2c. PLOS ONE, 10(8). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0136494
It’s pretty well established now that there is a statistical connection between intelligence and non-belief. The effect is small, but it’s consistent and has been shown many times. Education, however, is a different matter. Some studies show that educated people are more religious, while others find they are less religious. Now there’s an obvious problem [Read More...]... Read more »
Ganzach, Y., & Gotlibovski, C. (2014) Individual differences and the effect of education on religiosity. Learning and Individual Differences, 213-217. DOI: 10.1016/j.lindif.2014.10.007
A new mechanism of trapping carbon in the ocean has been proposed by researchers studying the migration of zooplankton!... Read more »
Jónasdóttir SH, Visser AW, Richardson K, & Heath MR. (2015) Seasonal copepod lipid pump promotes carbon sequestration in the deep North Atlantic. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID: 26338976
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Timothy Anderson, M.D. Chief medical resident Department of Internal Medicine University of Pittsburgh Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Anderson: My coauthors and I analyzed the public disclosures … Continue reading →
The post Many Academic Medical Professors Serve on Health Care Company Boards appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Timothy Anderson, M.D. (2015) Many Academic Medical Professors Serve on Health Care Company Boards. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Adela Hruby PhD Adjunct Instructor, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy Research Fellow, Harvard School of Public Health Fellow, Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. … Continue reading →
The post Saturated Fats Should Not Be Replaced With Refined Carbs or Sugar appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Adela Hruby PhD. (2015) Saturated Fats Should Not Be Replaced With Refined Carbs or Sugar. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
Dictyoglomus thermophilum is a bacterium found in hot springs all over the world. It specifically enjoys aquatic places where there isn't any oxygen, it's not acidic, and the temperature is between 73 and 78 degrees Celsius (thermophilum = heat-loving). Turns out a hot spring is actually a pretty okay place for a strict anaerobe (organism poisoned by oxygen) to hang out, in part because hot water contains less dissolved oxygen. Hot springs also tend to contain lots of energy-rich organic matter ........ Read more »
Hoppert M, Valdez M, Enseleit M, Theilmann W, Valerius O, Braus GH, Föst C, & Liebl W. (2012) Structure-functional analysis of the Dictyoglomus cell envelope. Systematic and Applied Microbiology, 35(5), 279-90. PMID: 22824581
In a previous post, I summarized some of the current thinking on the use of cognitive enhancement drugs in Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, ADHD and schizophrenia.This summary was based on a review by Gabe Howard and colleagues. The review also included a summary of a clinical trial using an iPad cognitive training app for the treatment of cognition in schizophrenia.Here are the key elements of the study and the results.Study sample: 22 adults with a diagnosis of DSM-5 schizophrenia, sc........ Read more »
Sahakian BJ, Bruhl AB, Cook J, Killikelly C, Savulich G, Piercy T, Hafizi S, Perez J, Fernandez-Egea E, Suckling J.... (2015) The impact of neuroscience on society: cognitive enhancement in neuropsychiatric disorders and in healthy people. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 370(1677). PMID: 26240429
And now for something completely different. Typically we highlight software that’s nucleotide or amino acid sequence related in some way. But this software is on a whole ‘nother level. It looks at interactions between species. This week we highlight GloBI, the Global Biotic Interactions database. Before you start thinking of Bambi and butterflies, though, consider […]... Read more »
Poelen, J., Simons, J., & Mungall, C. (2014) Global biotic interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics, 148-159. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoinf.2014.08.005
Researchers from Europe investigated the cardiovascular effects of a single episode of physical activity (hiking uphill) in older adults.... Read more »
Button K, Ioannidis J, Mokrysz C, Nosek B, Flint J, Robinson E, & Munafò M. (2013) Power failure: why small sample size undermines the reliability of neuroscience. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 14(5), 365-376. DOI: 10.1038/nrn3475
Gatterer H, Raab C, Pramsohler S, Faulhaber M, Burtscher M, & Netzer N. (2014) Effect of weekly hiking on cardiovascular risk factors in the elderly. Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie, 48(2), 150-153. DOI: 10.1007/s00391-014-0622-0
Twins are born near the same time, that’s one of the things that makes them twins. But do they have to be born close to one another? The record is twins born 104 days apart. The key is to get the twins past 25 weeks so the lungs will be mature enough, but if one twin is delivered, the second might be subjected to delayed interval delivery to give the lungs longer to grow.... Read more »
Reinhard, J., Reichenbach, L., Ernst, T., Reitter, A., Antwerpen, I., Herrmann, E., Schlösser, R., & Louwen, F. (2012) Delayed interval delivery in twin and triplet pregnancies: 6 years of experience in one perinatal center. Journal of Perinatal Medicine, 40(5). DOI: 10.1515/jpm-2011-0267
Padilla-Iserte, P., Vila-Vives, J., Ferri, B., Gómez-Portero, R., Diago, V., & Perales-Marín, A. (2014) Delayed Interval Delivery of the Second Twin: Obstetric Management, Neonatal Outcomes, and 2-Year Follow-Up. The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India, 64(5), 344-348. DOI: 10.1007/s13224-014-0544-1
Hjortø, S., Nickelsen, C., Petersen, J., & Secher, N. (2014) The effect of chorionicity and twin-to-twin delivery time interval on short-term outcome of the second twin. Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, 27(1), 42-47. DOI: 10.3109/14767058.2013.799657
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Nadine Parker M.Sc Injury Prevention Research Office Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute Keenan Research Centre St. Michael’s Hospital Toronto, Ontario, Canada Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Response: TV toppling … Continue reading →
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Nadine Parker M.Sc. (2015) Toppling TVs a Danger To Toddlers. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
"Eat the rich, it’s all that they’re good for" is a refrain familiar to my growing-up-in-the-90s ears. To many people today, the upper classes remain fair game for criticism, whether derided as Ivy-League elites, tax-dodging CEOs, or the undeserving gentry. But although many of us may claim to hold negative views about the wealthy, a new study published in Group Processes and Intergroup Relations says our implicit preferences tell a different story. A story we might call "Confessions of a se........ Read more »
Horwitz, S., & Dovidio, J. (2015) The rich--love them or hate them? Divergent implicit and explicit attitudes toward the wealthy. Group Processes . DOI: 10.1177/1368430215596075
Overall, revision rates for ACL reconstruction were relatively small 10 years post surgery. However, ACLs that were reconstructed with allografts had three times higher failure rates than autograft reconstruction.... Read more »
Bottoni, C., Smith, E., Shaha, J., Shaha, S., Raybin, S., Tokish, J., & Rowles, D. (2015) Autograft Versus Allograft Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Prospective, Randomized Clinical Study With a Minimum 10-Year Follow-up. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. DOI: 10.1177/0363546515596406
I approach the study results presented by Serge Brand and colleagues  (open-access available here) with some caution given the preliminary nature of the findings suggesting that: "regular AET [aerobic exercise training] and MST [motor skill training] impact positively on sleep, MSs, and mood among children with ASD [autism spectrum disorder]." The caution is due to the fact that the Brand results report on an uncontrolled pilot study (we've all done them) and included only........ Read more »
Brand S, Jossen S, Holsboer-Trachsler E, Pühse U, & Gerber M. (2015) Impact of aerobic exercise on sleep and motor skills in children with autism spectrum disorders - a pilot study. Neuropsychiatric disease and treatment, 1911-20. PMID: 26346856
The Proterozoic fossil record of Eukaryotes is a story of the interplay of geology, ecology and evolution and gives us a broader understanding of the evolution of complexity.... Read more »
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Alvin Thomas, Ph.D. Assistant Professor Associate Director Center For Excellence in Diversity Palo Alto University Palo Alto, CA 94304 Walking Away Hurt, Walking Around Scared: A Cluster Analysis of Violence Exposure Among Young Black Males Alvin Thomas … Continue reading →
The post Young Black Men Who Feel Powerless Engage In More High Risk Behaviors appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Alvin Thomas, Ph.D. (2015) Young Black Men Who Feel Powerless Engage In More High Risk Behaviors. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Jane E. Salmon, MD Division of Rheumatology Hospital for Special Surgery, and Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY Medical Research: Background on lupus and antiphospholipid antibodies – what are they? Dr. Salmon: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) … Continue reading →
The post Biomarkers Can Help Determine Lupus Patients At Risk During Pregnancy appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Jane E. Salmon, MD. (2015) Biomarkers Can Help Determine Lupus Patients At Risk During Pregnancy. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Wisit Cheungpasitporn, MD Nephrology Fellow Departments of Nephrology and Hypertension Program director: Suzanne Norby, MD Co-authors: Charat Thongprayoon, MD, Oisin A O’Corragain, MD, Peter J Edmonds, BS, Wonngarm Kittanamongkolchai, MD, Stephen B Erickson, MD Project mentor: Stephen … Continue reading →
The post Sugar Sweetened Soda Linked To Chronic Kidney Disease appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Wisit Cheungpasitporn, MD. (2015) Sugar Sweetened Soda Linked To Chronic Kidney Disease. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Milena Sant, MD Analytical Epidemiology and Health Impact Unit Department of Preventive and Predictive Medicine Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori Milan, Italy Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Milena … Continue reading →
The post Cancer Spending and Survival Varies Widely Across Europe appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Milena Sant, MD. (2015) Cancer Spending and Survival Varies Widely Across Europe. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Brick Johnstone, Ph.D., ABPP Professor MU Department of Health Psychology DC116.88 Columbia, MO 65212 Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Johnstone: We are interested in identifying the specific … Continue reading →
The post Belief In A Punishing God May Not Be Good For Your Health appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Brick Johnstone, Ph.D., ABPP. (2015) Belief In A Punishing God May Not Be Good For Your Health. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
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