Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

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The mission of SMR is to objectively summarize and describe the clinical relevance of research articles related to basic science, translational research, and clinical research that may be relevant to students and professionals interested in sports medicine. Furthermore, SMR aims to provide a forum for clinicians, researchers, and students in sports medicine-related fields to discuss the clinical relevance of new research.

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  • September 2, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 43 views

Ain’t no Half Stepping - Students with Chronic Ankle Instability are Less Active

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

College students with chronic ankle instability have lower activity levels and more symptoms than healthy students. Activity levels appear to be related to the amount of ankle laxity.... Read more »

  • August 31, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 58 views

Serum Biomarkers May Be Beneficial Concussion Diagnostic/Prognostic Tools

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

A serum biomarker measured on the day of an injury could help diagnose a traumatic brain injury and differentiate mild injuries from more severe injuries.... Read more »

Korley FK, Diaz-Arrastia R, Wu AH, Yue JK, Manley GT M D Ph D, Sair HI, Van Eyk J, Everett AD, Okonkwo DO, Valadka A.... (2015) Circulating Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) Has Diagnostic and Prognostic Value in Traumatic Brain Injury. Journal of Neurotrauma. PMID: 26159676  

  • August 26, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 58 views

Quality of Life may Suffer after ACL Rupture Regardless of Treatment

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Take Home Message: A systematic review of 11 studies revealed that patients who either received anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction or remained deficient (ACL-D) reported lower quality of life than the general healthy population.... Read more »

  • August 19, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 80 views

Should the Focus Be on Limiting Player Contact Instead of Soccer Heading?

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Banning heading from youth soccer would likely prevent some concussions; however, reducing player-to-player contact may play a more effective role in preventing concussions as well as other injuries.... Read more »

  • August 12, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 95 views

Graft Type May Influence ACL Reinjury Rates

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Two years after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, a patient who was treated with patellar tendon grafts was less likely to sustain reinjury than a patient who received a hamstring graft. Further, a younger patient (27 years old or younger) was more likely to have an adverse event than an older patient.... Read more »

Mohtadi, N., Chan, D., Barber, R., & Paolucci, E. (2015) Reruptures, Reinjuries, and Revisions at a Minimum 2-Year Follow-up. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 1. DOI: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000000209  

  • August 10, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 112 views

Not so Fast with that PRP: Platelet-rich Plasma for Hamstring Injuries

by Emily Levy, MD & Marc I. Harwood, MD in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Compared to intensive rehabilitation alone, a single injection of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) does not reduce the time to return to sports (RTS) among professional male athletes with acute hamstring injuries.... Read more »

Hamilton, B., Tol, J., Almusa, E., Boukarroum, S., Eirale, C., Farooq, A., Whiteley, R., & Chalabi, H. (2015) Platelet-rich plasma does not enhance return to play in hamstring injuries: a randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49(14), 943-950. DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2015-094603  

  • August 5, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 99 views

Real-Time Feedback Helps Improve Landing Techniques in Gymnasts

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Real-time feedback with Microsoft Kinect-based software helps to improve landing techniques in a female gymnastics.... Read more »

  • July 29, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 131 views

Should You be Nervous about Neural Changes Following ACL Surgery?

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery, patients have changes in the excitability of pathways that go from the brain (primary motor cortex) and down the spinal cord when compared with an uninjured limb as well as healthy control participants.... Read more »

Pietrosimone, B., Lepley, A., Ericksen, H., Clements, A., Sohn, D., & Gribble, P. (2015) Neural Excitability Alterations After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. Journal of Athletic Training, 50(6), 665-674. DOI: 10.4085/1062-6050-50.1.11  

  • July 27, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 132 views

Accuracy, Affordability, and Portability! Use Your Tablet To Detect Postural Instability

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Tablet hardware provided accurate data to quantify postural stability within 2.9° of data generated from a force platform system.... Read more »

Alberts, J., Hirsch, J., Koop, M., Schindler, D., Kana, D., Linder, S., Campbell, S., & Thota, A. (2015) Using Accelerometer and Gyroscopic Measures to Quantify Postural Stability. Journal of Athletic Training, 50(6), 578-588. DOI: 10.4085/1062-6050-50.2.01  

  • July 21, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 125 views

Increased Risk of Acute Lower Extremity Injury For Up To a Year Following Concussion

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

College athletes are nearly 2 times more likely to sustain an acute lower extremity injury for up to 1-year post concussion compared with a year before the concussion.... Read more »

  • July 15, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 127 views

Does Sport Participation Give You a Longer Life?

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Former elite athletes have a longer life expectancy than demographically-matched control patients. Those athletes participating in soccer, basketball, ice hockey, jumping, short distance running, hurdling, cross-country skiing, middle and long distance runners suffer from heart disease less than control patients.... Read more »

Kettunen, J., Kujala, U., Kaprio, J., Backmand, H., Peltonen, M., Eriksson, J., & Sarna, S. (2014) All-cause and disease-specific mortality among male, former elite athletes: an average 50-year follow-up. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49(13), 893-897. DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2013-093347  

  • July 8, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 147 views

Balancing Chronic Ankle Instability

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

A 6-week lower-extremity training program that incorporates progressive balance exercises is effective in reducing feelings of instability and improving dynamic balance in athletes with chronic ankle instability.... Read more »

  • July 6, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 206 views

Structural Brain Changes Associated to Concussion History and Cognition

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Prior concussion that resulted in loss of consciousness is a risk factor for decreased hippocampal regions and mild cognitive impairment later in life.... Read more »

  • July 1, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 174 views

The Power of the Mind May not be as Well Utilized as it could be

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Of 1283 survey respondents, only 27% of athletes reported using mental skills such as goal setting, positive self-talk, imagery, and relaxation. Of the 249 respondents who used mental skills 72% reported they felt it helped expedite their recovery process.... Read more »

Arvinen-Barrow M, Clement D, Hamson-Utley JJ, Zakrajsek RA, Lee SM, Kamphoff C, Lintunen T, Hemmings B, & Martin SB. (2015) Athletes' use of mental skills during sport injury rehabilitation. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 24(2), 189-97. PMID: 25996227  

  • June 22, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 190 views

Differences in Symptom Reporting Between Male and Female Athletes Before and After a Concussion

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Females are more likely to report concussion-related symptoms at baseline testing than males. However, following a concussion there are no differences in symptom reporting between male and female athletes.... Read more »

  • June 21, 2015
  • 12:41 PM
  • 197 views

Concussion Rates Differ Depending on Amount of Equipment and Type of Practice

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Practice concussion rates are highest during fully padded practices, preseason, and scrimmages.... Read more »

  • June 10, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 190 views

Most Bang for your Buck = Autograft ACL Reconstruction

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) using an autograft appears to have the best outcomes and minimal costs per year of improved quality of life in comparison to allograft or conservative management. ... Read more »

  • June 8, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 165 views

School’s Need To Be Smarter With Their Return To Learning Guidelines

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

There is a wide variability in compliance of schools and school nurses with national recommendations for return to learning following a concussion.
... Read more »

  • June 3, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 170 views

Think Before You Soak

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Culture samples from 3 whirlpools at a NCAA Division I university demonstrated the presence of staphylococcus aureus (Staph) both before and after sanitization. Further, Staph was found to be present in surrounding areas and was higher following use by patients than prior to treatment.... Read more »

  • May 29, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 198 views

Non-Thermal Ultrasound Could Help Keep Your Reflexes from Inhibiting Your Rehab

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Quadriceps spinal-reflexive excitability was greater 20 minutes following non-thermal therapeutic ultrasound compared with a sham treatment among individuals with a history of knee injury and quadriceps dysfunction.... Read more »

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