Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

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The mission of SMR is to objectively summarize and describe the clinical relevance of research articles related to basic science, translational research, and clinical research that may be relevant to students and professionals interested in sports medicine. Furthermore, SMR aims to provide a forum for clinicians, researchers, and students in sports medicine-related fields to discuss the clinical relevance of new research.

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  • March 25, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 33 views

Bisphosphonate May Protect Against Joint Degeneration in the Short-Term After a Knee Injury

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

In a mouse model, high-dose injections of alendronate delayed joint damage compared with a low-dose or placebo.... Read more »

  • March 18, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 61 views

Altered Joint Health 1 Year Post ACL Reconstruction

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

There are osteoarthritic changes in knee as early as one year post anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in both the tibiofemoral and patellofemoral joints.... Read more »

  • March 16, 2015
  • 05:00 AM
  • 47 views

Don’t Blink. The King-Devick Test: A Rapid, Sideline Visual Assessment Tool to Assist in Detection of Concussion

by Adam Rosen and Andrew Sheridan in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

The King-Devick test is a quick and reliable method to assess vision, eye movements, language function, and attention. An athlete with a concussion tends to complete the test slower than his/her preseason assessment while other athletes improve over time. ... Read more »

  • March 11, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 41 views

Bone Marrow Oedema May Signify Poor Long-Term Outcomes Following an ACL Injury

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Knees with bone marrow oedema 3 or more months after an anterior cruciate ligament injury are less likely to return to activity when compared with knees without oedema.... Read more »

Filardo, G., Kon, E., Tentoni, F., Andriolo, L., Di Martino, A., Busacca, M., Di Matteo, B., & Marcacci, M. (2015) Anterior cruciate ligament injury: post-traumatic bone marrow oedema correlates with long-term prognosis. International Orthopaedics. DOI: 10.1007/s00264-015-2672-3  

  • March 4, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 53 views

“Shock”ingly No Improvements in Ankle Sprain Outcomes

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

There is no evidence to support the use of electrical stimulation after an acute lateral ankle sprain to reduce edema, decrease pain, or improve functional limitations.... Read more »

  • March 2, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 88 views

Tau-A Could be a Grade A Concussion Tool for Safe Return To Play

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

The Tau-A biomarker is a potential biomarker to distinguish those at risk for prolonged recovery following a concussion.... Read more »

Shahim P, Linemann T, Inekci D, Karsdal MA, Blennow K, Tegner Y, Zetterberg H, & Henriksen K. (2015) Serum tau fragments predict return to play in concussed professional ice hockey players. Journal of Neurotrauma. PMID: 25621407  

  • February 25, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 78 views

Consider the Landing Surface When Thinking About Landing Techniques

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

College athletes have decreased quadriceps:hamstring activation ratio, increased peak hamstring activation, and increased trunk sway when landing on an unstable surface versus a stable surface.
... Read more »

  • February 18, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 36 views

Fear and Exercise Importance in Returning from ACL Injury

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Fear of re-injury, exercise importance, and age are associated with return to activities after an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. ... Read more »

Gignac MA, Cao X, White LM, Hurtig M, Kunz M, & Marks PH. (2015) Perceived personal importance of exercise and fears of re-injury: a longitudinal study of psychological factors related to activity after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, 4. info:/

  • February 16, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 53 views

What’s the Real Story? Effect of Fatigue on Acromiohumeral Distance and Scapular Position

by Katie Reuther in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

After overhead shoulder fatigue, healthy individuals have an increase in acromiohumeral distance and altered scapular position, consistent with a protective, impingement-sparing situation.... Read more »

  • February 11, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 114 views

Fatigue May Increase Anterior Tibial Translation

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Following a fatiguing exercise protocol, participants showed increased anterior tibial translation, compressive force, and knee flexion range of motion during the transition from non-weight-bearing to weight-bearing. This illustrates an inability of the lower extremity muscles to stabilize the knee joint.... Read more »

  • February 4, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 94 views

Mom or Dad’s Bad Knees May be Inheritable, but are They Inevitable?

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Specific genotypes that influence new blood vessel growth are more common among individuals with an anterior cruciate ligament tear.... Read more »

  • February 2, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 125 views

No Strict Rest for the Weary or Concussed

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

For individuals 11 to 22 years of age, strict rest after a concussion had no added benefit compared to 1-2 days of rest before the stepwise program.... Read more »

  • January 28, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 107 views

ACL Graft Type May Not Matter When Attempting to Improve Patient-Reported Outcome 2-Years Post-Surgery

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Three anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction techniques yield similar patient-reported and objective outcomes for up to 2 years after surgery. The one exception was joint laxity, which was better among patients who received a patellar tendon autograft instead of one of two hamstring techniques.... Read more »

  • January 26, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 120 views

Minding the Gap: Connecting Pre-season Screenings with Prospective Injury Data

by Laura McDonald in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Anterior reach asymmetry larger than 4 cm on the Y Balance test was associated with increased risk of non-contact injury in a sample of collegiate athletes.... Read more »

  • January 21, 2015
  • 04:53 AM
  • 188 views

Hip Special Tests Add Little Diagnostic Value

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

There are many clinical special tests geared towards diagnosing labral tears and femoroacetabular impingement. Unfortunately, these tests are largely not helpful in confirming the presence of the pathology in population that is likely to have either.... Read more »

  • January 19, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 126 views

Lystedt-Type Laws Are Effective in Assisting Concussion Management

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Legislation regulating pediatric concussion injury management seems to be effective. From 2009-20012 states with legislation had a 92% increase in concussion-related health care utilization while states without legislation had a 75% increase.... Read more »

  • January 14, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 155 views

Oral Contraceptive Use May Help Prevent ACL Injury

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Women who take oral contraceptives are less likely to sustain an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury than women who do not.... Read more »

  • January 7, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 194 views

Thessaly Test is not Necessarily Value Added for Meniscal Diagnosis Accuracy

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

The Thessaly test is comparable in accuracy to a modified McMurray test in a group of patients with a high prevalence of meniscal tears. ... Read more »

  • January 5, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 187 views

Flag on the Play! Youth Football Players Do Not Know Concussion Signs and Symptoms

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

While 75% of youth football athletes reported that they understood the dangers of concussions over 60% reported that they believe it is okay to continue to play after they sustained a hit to the head that elicited a headache as long as they did not lose consciousness. This suggests that this population needs further concussion education.... Read more »

McAllister-Deitrick, J., Covassin, T., & Gould, D. (2014) Sport-Related Concussion Knowledge Among Youth Football Players. Athletic Training , 6(6), 280-284. DOI: 10.3928/01484834-20141112-03  

  • December 30, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 204 views

Can Establishing a Baseline Presence of Pain in Baseball Players Aid Injury Prevention?

by Laura McDonald in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Healthy youth baseball players, despite actively competing in a summer league, reported arm pain and fatigue that resulted in a decline of enjoyment in the game and feeling encouraged to continue playing despite experiencing pain.... Read more »

Makhni, E., Morrow, Z., Luchetti, T., Mishra-Kalyani, P., Gualtieri, A., Lee, R., & Ahmad, C. (2014) Arm Pain in Youth Baseball Players: A Survey of Healthy Players. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. DOI: 10.1177/0363546514555506  

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