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The mission of SMR is to objectively summarize and describe the clinical relevance of research articles related to basic science, translational research, and clinical research that may be relevant to students and professionals interested in sports medicine. Furthermore, SMR aims to provide a forum for clinicians, researchers, and students in sports medicine-related fields to discuss the clinical relevance of new research.
Licofelone, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory treatment, has tissue-specific effects. In a rotator cuff repair rat model, this drug reduces functional muscle regeneration but improves tendon healing.... Read more »
Oak NR, Gumucio JP, Flood MD, Saripalli AL, Davis ME, Harning JA, Lynch EB, Roche SM, Bedi A, & Mendias CL. (2014) Inhibition of 5-LOX, COX-1, and COX-2 Increases Tendon Healing and Reduces Muscle Fibrosis and Lipid Accumulation After Rotator Cuff Repair. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. PMID: 25245131
There is very little evidence that an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction can reduce the risk of knee osteoarthritis (OA). ... Read more »
Luc, B., Gribble, P., & Pietrosimone, B. (2014) Osteoarthritis Prevalence Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Systematic Review and Numbers-Needed-to-Treat Analysis. Journal of Athletic Training, 2147483647. DOI: 10.4085/1062-6050-49.3.35
Soccer players have impaired postural control after a fatigue-inducing task. The single-leg balance impairment was related to repeated sprint ability performance, which suggests that an athlete who was less fatigued by a sprinting task had less balance impairment.... Read more »
Pau, M., Ibba, G., & Attene, G. (2014) Fatigue-Induced Balance Impairment in Young Soccer Players. Journal of Athletic Training, 49(4), 454-461. DOI: 10.4085/1062-6050-49.2.12
Football players with greater cervical neck muscle strength and size were as likely to sustain larger head impacts as their peers. Football players who had greater cervical stiffness and an ability to decrease the displacement of their head following perturbation were less likely to sustain a moderate and severe head impacts.... Read more »
Schmidt, J., Guskiewicz, K., Blackburn, J., Mihalik, J., Siegmund, G., & Marshall, S. (2014) The Influence of Cervical Muscle Characteristics on Head Impact Biomechanics in Football. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(9), 2056-2066. DOI: 10.1177/0363546514536685
The presence of a painful flexion arc and forward scapular posture seem to be relatively accurate in predicting who will need surgery for a SLAP tear after trying 6 weeks of rehabilitation. While this rule seems promising, more investigation is needed, and clinical decisions should be made on an individual basis.... Read more »
Moore-Reed, S., Kibler, W., Sciascia, A., & Uhl, T. (2014) Preliminary Development of a Clinical Prediction Rule for Treatment of Patients With Suspected SLAP Tears. Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic . DOI: 10.1016/j.arthro.2014.06.015
Parents of young athletes (5 to 15 year olds) lack of knowledge regarding concussion definition, signs and symptoms, and mechanisms. We need to implement more concussion education programs for parents of young athletes.... Read more »
Mannings C, Kalynych C, Joseph MM, Smotherman C, & Kraemer DF. (2014) Knowledge assessment of sports-related concussion among parents of children aged 5 years to 15 years enrolled in recreational tackle football. The Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 77(3 Suppl 1). PMID: 25153049
Following autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI), performance based and patient-reported outcomes can be valuable for measuring success. Patient-reported outcomes were better at all post-operative time points while performance-based measurements decreased for the first 6 months following ACI.... Read more »
Howard, J., Mattacola, C., Mullineaux, D., English, R., & Lattermann, C. (2014) Patient-Oriented and Performance-Based Outcomes After Knee Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation: A Timeline for the First Year of Recovery. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 23(3), 223-234. DOI: 10.1123/jsr.2013-0094
Statins enhance rotator cuff healing following repair through stimulation of the acute inflammatory phase. Statins may be a useful modality to improve tendon healing and reduce re-tear rates.... Read more »
Dolkart O, Liron T, Chechik O, Somjen D, Brosh T, Maman E, & Gabet Y. (2014) Statins Enhance Rotator Cuff Healing by Stimulating the COX2/PGE2/EP4 Pathway: An In Vivo and In Vitro Study. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. PMID: 25184246
Only 55% of athletes returned to competitive sport following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. The debate continues as to whether hamstring or patellar tendon autograft is better. However, factors that may favor return to competitive sport include younger age, male gender, elite sport, and a positive psychological response. ... Read more »
Ardern, C., Taylor, N., Feller, J., & Webster, K. (2014) Fifty-five per cent return to competitive sport following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis including aspects of physical functioning and contextual factors. British Journal of Sports Medicine. DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2013-093398
Acute changes in flexibility after either static or PNF stretching predict the gains in flexibility after a 7-day stretching program.... Read more »
Beltrão NB, Ritti-Dias RM, Pitangui AC, & De Araújo RC. (2014) Correlation between Acute and Short-Term Changes in Flexibility Using Two Stretching Techniques. International Journal of Sports Medicine. PMID: 25144437
Take Home Message: The use of a tuning fork in ruling out fractures is not currently recommended due to low diagnostic accuracy. Little clinical standards, low study quality and small sample size limits the results therefore more standardization and training should be done to improve its clinical efficiency.
In some situations radiographic imaging is not readily available and clinicians must attempt to assess an injury with other tools such as a tuning fork. Unfortunately, the diagnostic accu........ Read more »
Mugunthan, K., Doust, J., Kurz, B., & Glasziou, P. (2014) Is there sufficient evidence for tuning fork tests in diagnosing fractures? A systematic review. BMJ Open, 4(8). DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005238
Scapular mobilizations, sham mobilizations, and supervised exercise can help alleviate symptoms related to subacromial impingement syndrome but no intervention was most effective.... Read more »
Aytar A, Baltaci G, Uhl T, Tuzun H, Oztop P, & Karatas M. (2014) The Effects of Scapular Mobilization in Patients With Subacromial Impingement Syndrome: Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Clinical Trial. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation. PMID: 25054347
A mobile phone arthrometer application may be a reliable alternative to the KT-1000 when measuring anterior tibial translation following an anterior cruciate ligament injury.... Read more »
Andrea, F., Luigi, V., Daniele, M., Luca, M., Paolo, I., Giovanni, G., Fabio, C., & Raffaele, I. (2014) Smartphone versus knee ligament arthrometer when size does not matter. International Orthopaedics. DOI: 10.1007/s00264-014-2432-9
Take Home Message: Sports-related injuries among teenagers accounts for over 430,000 emergency room visits in the United States in 2008 and represent a significant financial burden to the healthcare system.
Sports-related injuries in teenagers result in a significant number of emergency room visits, which can result in relatively large direct costs. However, little is known about national estimates of how many emergency room visits actually occur as well as the direct costs affiliated ........ Read more »
Nalliah RP, Anderson IM, Lee MK, Rampa S, Allareddy V, & Allareddy V. (2014) Epidemiology of Hospital-Based Emergency Department Visits Due to Sports Injuries. Pediatric Emergency Care, 30(8), 511-515. PMID: 25062295
Female mentors/role models who are successfully maintaining work-life balance are critical to the success and retention of quality female athletic trainers at the NCAA Division I level.... Read more »
Eason, C., Mazerolle, S., & Goodman, A. (2014) Motherhood and Work–Life Balance in the National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Setting: Mentors and the Female Athletic Trainer. Journal of Athletic Training, 2147483647. DOI: 10.4085/1062-6050-49.3.03
Prevalent and consistent indicators of a concussion include observing disorientation or confusion immediately after the injury, and slower reaction time, poor balance, and impaired verbal learning and memory within 2 days after the injury.... Read more »
Carney N, Ghajar J, Jagoda A, Bedrick S, Davis-OʼReilly C, du Coudray H, Hack D, Helfand N, Huddleston A, Nettleton T.... (2014) Concussion guidelines step 1: systematic review of prevalent indicators. Neurosurgery. PMID: 25006974
Over 75% of surveyed collegiate athletes, who believed they sustained a concussion in the past year, reported not seeking proper medical attention for that concussion. The most common reason athletes reported not seeking proper medical attention was not believing the concussion was severe enough to warrant stopping the activity to seek out a medical professional.... Read more »
Delaney, J., Lamfookon, C., Bloom, G., Al-Kashmiri, A., & Correa, J. (2014) Why University Athletes Choose Not to Reveal Their Concussion Symptoms During a Practice or Game. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 1. DOI: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000000112
Neuropsychological impairments were found in some retired NFL players; however, the majority of retired NFL players had no clinical signs of chronic brain damage. Some retired players had lesions found on brain imaging tests and these were associated with the number of previous concussions.... Read more »
Casson, I., Viano, D., Haacke, E., Kou, Z., & LeStrange, D. (2014) Is There Chronic Brain Damage in Retired NFL Players? Neuroradiology, Neuropsychology, and Neurology Examinations of 45 Retired Players. Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach. DOI: 10.1177/1941738114540270
Smaller lumbar multifidus size during preseason and the competitive season was associated with lower extremity injury in Australian Football. Additionally, lumbar multifidus asymmetry, limb kicking dominance and a history of low back pain were also associated with increased lower extremity injury.... Read more »
Hides, J., Stanton, W., Mendis, M., Franettovich Smith, M., & Sexton, M. (2014) Small Multifidus Muscle Size Predicts Football Injuries. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 2(6). DOI: 10.1177/2325967114537588
Athletes who have sustained a concussion exhibit a wide range of symptom severity scores when surveyed through text-messaging at various times during the day.... Read more »
Anthony CA, & Peterson AR. (2014) Utilization of a Text-Messaging Robot to Assess Intraday Variation in Concussion Symptom Severity Scores. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. PMID: 24905538
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