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  • November 21, 2015
  • 04:49 AM

Melting Scandinavian glaciers made Europe cool and dry

by TakFurTheKaffe in Tak Fur The Kaffe

Scientists have found an explanation for one of the big mysteries in climate science with the help of 12,000-year old Swedish midges... Read more »

Muschitiello, F., Pausata, F., Watson, J., Smittenberg, R., Salih, A., Brooks, S., Whitehouse, N., Karlatou-Charalampopoulou, A., & Wohlfarth, B. (2015) Fennoscandian freshwater control on Greenland hydroclimate shifts at the onset of the Younger Dryas. Nature Communications, 8939. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms9939  

  • November 5, 2015
  • 07:47 PM

Baby Giant Squids

by Dr. M in Deep Sea News

We know almost nothing about Giant Squids with mantles lengths less than 1000 mm  (~40 inches).  Very young squids are even more enigmatic than adults.  A recent study reports the collection of three very young Giant Squids off the Japanese coast.  The three young measured 140.8, 332, and 332 mm (5.5 and 13 inches). The heaviest of […]... Read more »

  • November 4, 2015
  • 03:58 AM

Earth has probably more diamonds than we think

by Usman Paracha in SayPeople

Main Point:

Scientists have suggested that we have more diamonds than we think, and the process of formation of diamond is probably not as complicated as we think.

Published in:

Nature Communications

Study Further:

In a recent study from scientists of Johns Hopkins University, it has been suggested that diamonds in the Earth are not as rare as once thought. They are of opinion that diamonds are commonly produced deep inside the Earth.

“Diamond formation in the deep Earth,........ Read more »

  • November 3, 2015
  • 04:20 PM

I Pity the Species That Doesn’t Decorate

by Dr. M in Deep Sea News

Mr. T made mohawks and fool pitying a life goal for many.   Another life goal for many, thanks to first name Mr, middle name period, last name T, was decorating themselves with enough gold chains to crash a third-world economy.   Although humans are the only species where decoration functions strongly in social interactions (see Beyonce), […]... Read more »

Ruxton, G., & Stevens, M. (2015) The evolutionary ecology of decorating behaviour. Biology Letters, 11(6), 20150325. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2015.0325  

  • November 2, 2015
  • 12:25 AM

Week In Review: Open-Access Science | 26 Oct to 1 Nov

by TakFurTheKaffe in Tak Fur The Kaffe

From a new date for earliest life on earth to the potentially controversial findings that Antarctica is gaining more ice than it’s loosing, here are 5 of the latest scientific studies published open-access this week.... Read more »

Bell, E., Boehnke, P., Harrison, T., & Mao, W. (2015) Potentially biogenic carbon preserved in a 4.1 billion-year-old zircon. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201517557. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1517557112  

Zwally, H. Jay, Li, Jun, Robbins, John W, Saba, Jack L, Yi, Donghui, & Brenner, Anita C. (2015) Mass gains of the Antarctic ice sheet exceed losses. Journal of Glaciology. DOI: 10.3189/2015JoG15J071  

Tyagi, N., Farnell, E., Fitzsimmons, C., Ryan, S., Tukahebwa, E., Maizels, R., Dunne, D., Thornton, J., & Furnham, N. (2015) Comparisons of Allergenic and Metazoan Parasite Proteins: Allergy the Price of Immunity. PLOS Computational Biology, 11(10). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004546  

Barrett, S., Speth, R., Eastham, S., Dedoussi, I., Ashok, A., Malina, R., & Keith, D. (2015) Impact of the Volkswagen emissions control defeat device on US public health. Environmental Research Letters, 10(11), 114005. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/10/11/114005  

  • October 29, 2015
  • 11:26 AM

Fossils and the Origin and Diversification of Birds

by Suvrat Kher in Rapid Uplift

An improving Mesozoic dinosaur and bird fossil record highlights details of their evolutionary history and also illuminates some general principles of evolution... Read more »

  • October 26, 2015
  • 01:25 AM

A week in review: Top open-access science stories

by Cath Jex in Tak Fur The Kaffe

There's simply not enough time in the week to write about everything that I'd like! So here are 6 extra short summaries of scientific studies published during the past week, available free via open-access journals for anyone and everyone to read and enjoy!... Read more »

Luo J, Ault JS, Shay LK, Hoolihan JP, Prince ED, Brown CA, & Rooker JR. (2015) Ocean Heat Content Reveals Secrets of Fish Migrations. PloS one, 10(10). PMID: 26484541  

  • October 18, 2015
  • 12:25 AM

This is what a fossil dinosaur nest looks like!

by Cath Jex in Tak Fur The Kaffe

Palaeontologists have unearthed the remains of a nest of baby dinosaurs in the Gobi Desert, Mongolia.... Read more »

  • October 17, 2015
  • 06:25 AM

Five maps to show how sea level rise affects you

by Cath Jex in Tak Fur The Kaffe

TFTK has found five of the best free maps that show the neighbourhoods most vulnerable to sea level rise.... Read more »

Strauss BH, Kulp S, & Levermann A. (2015) Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID: 26460051  

  • September 30, 2015
  • 12:45 AM

Eukaryote Evolutionary Dynamics Through The Proterozoic

by Suvrat Kher in Rapid Uplift

The Proterozoic fossil record of Eukaryotes is a story of the interplay of geology, ecology and evolution and gives us a broader understanding of the evolution of complexity.... Read more »

Cohen, P., & Macdonald, F. (2015) The Proterozoic Record of Eukaryotes. Paleobiology, 1-23. DOI: 10.1017/pab.2015.25  

  • September 23, 2015
  • 06:25 AM

Clear global warming signal since the second world war

by Cath Jex in Tak Fur The Kaffe

Climate scientists have calculated that global warming first became evident in temperature records in Africa in the 1940s.... Read more »

King, A., Donat, M., Fischer, E., Hawkins, E., Alexander, L., Karoly, D., Dittus, A., Lewis, S., & Perkins, S. (2015) The timing of anthropogenic emergence in simulated climate extremes. Environmental Research Letters, 10(9), 94015. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/10/9/094015  

  • September 17, 2015
  • 09:00 AM

The Martian: Getting Home Is Just Half The Problem

by Mark Lasbury in The 'Scope

"The Martian" movie opens soon! It's about an astronaut stranded on Mars who is trying to survive and find a way to get back home. But today, we humans here on Earth still have to think of clever ways to survive a trip to the red planet in the first place.... Read more »

  • September 17, 2015
  • 06:00 AM

America’s Largest Earthwork, Cahokia’s Monks Mound, May Have Been Built in Only 20 Years, Study Says

by Blake de Pastino in Western Digs

The search to determine how native engineers built Monk’s Mound — North America’s biggest prehistoric earthen structure — has turned up some new and crucial, but very small, clues: the seeds and spores of ancient plants.... Read more »

Lopinot, N., Schilling, T., Fritz, G., & Kelly, J. (2015) Implications of Plant Remains from the East Face of Monks Mound. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 40(3), 209-230. DOI: 10.1179/2327427115Y.0000000003  

  • August 28, 2015
  • 12:03 PM

Chickens Help Scientists Study Dinosaur Death Pose

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish

To address a long-standing mystery in paleontology, scientists went to the grocery store.

Many dinosaur fossils appear in the same pose, not so much "terrible lizard" as "terrible limbo accident." Their tails are stretched out and their necks thrown back grotesquely. But it's not clear why this is. Researchers from the University of Calgary in Canada got a fresh take on the puzzle—or, at least, a recently killed and frozen take—by using dead chickens.

"Chickens are living dinosaurs, a........ Read more »

  • July 30, 2015
  • 01:10 PM

A tough bacterium that lives in poisoned soils and pulls gold out of water

by Rosin Cerate in Rosin Cerate

Cupriavidus metallidurans (roughly translated: lover of copper, enduring metal) is a bacterium of the class Betaproteobacteria known for its ability to withstand high concentrations of numerous metals that would be toxic to most other living things. These metals, which include Ag, Au, Bi, Cd, Co, Cr, Cs, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb, Sr, Tl, U, and Zn, tend to cause problems for bacterial cells by binding to DNA or proteins, which can disrupt important stuff like obtaining energy or reproducing.The bacterium ........ Read more »

  • July 20, 2015
  • 12:48 PM

Research investigates whether solar events could trigger birth defects on Earth

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Studies find airplane crews at high altitude are exposed to potentially harmful levels of radiation from cosmic rays. But could these cosmic rays pose hazards even at sea level? In recent years, research has suggested congenital birth defects down on Earth’s surface could be caused by these “solar particle events” — spikes in cosmic rays from the sun that touch off the northern lights and sometimes hamper communications or the electric power grid.... Read more »

  • June 17, 2015
  • 11:11 AM

Using bacteria to look for oil and gas

by Rosin Cerate in Rosin Cerate

In 1938, a Russian scientist by the name of Mogilewskii published a paper describing the use of methane-oxidizing bacteria as a means of prospecting for natural gas fields. Several patents were subsequently issued to oil companies in the 1940s based on this paper and others by American researchers.The idea is that smaller gaseous hydrocarbons (e.g. methane, propane, butane) tend to escape in small amounts from underground oil and gas deposits and rise to the surface. The continuous seepage of th........ Read more »

Rasheed, M., Hasan, S., Rao, P., Boruah, A., Sudarshan, V., Kumar, B., & Harinarayana, T. (2014) Application of geo-microbial prospecting method for finding oil and gas reservoirs. Frontiers of Earth Science, 9(1), 40-50. DOI: 10.1007/s11707-014-0448-5  

  • June 3, 2015
  • 12:55 PM

Accepting Continental Drift: 50th anniversary of the seminal Bullard et al. map

by Marc in Teaching Biology

Originally written for the Geological Society of London’s History Of Geology Group, where I am web editor. Amidst the many events this year celebrating William Smith and the publication of his 1815 map, comes another, less well-known anniversary. The acceptance of continental drift led to a seismic shift in 20th century geology, the development of the theory … Continue reading Accepting Continental Drift: 50th anniversary of the seminal Bullard et al. map →
The post Accepting........ Read more »

  • May 15, 2015
  • 03:53 AM

30th Anniversary of Farman et al. (1985) – the ozone hole paper

by Andy Russell in Our Clouded Hills

It’s been 30 years since Farman et al. published their paper on the ozone “hole”. (Well, I’m a day early but who posts on Saturdays, eh?) It had a huge impact: it’s been cited nearly 3,000 times and accelerated the negotiations that resulted in the Montreal Protocol, which helped phase out the chemicals that were […]... Read more »

  • May 7, 2015
  • 03:17 PM

Nanoparticles in products can significantly alter normal gut microbiome

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Nanoparticles, it’s the new buzzword that cosmetics and even consumer “anti-aging” products use to promote their brand. As the word suggests, nanoparticles are small and it shouldn’t be too surprising that these nanoparticles are causing problems in nature because of their prevalence. In that light, it might not be a surprise that there could also be some serious health issues associated with these nanoparticles.... Read more »

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