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Reviewing and Summarizing Scientific Articles and Books

Farid Pazhoohi
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  • October 21, 2011
  • 06:33 AM

Book Review: Where is the Exact Place of God(s)?

by Farid Pazhoohi in Epistemophil

Todd Tremlin, Minds and Gods: the cognitive foundations of religion. (Oxford University Press, Inc. USA, 2010), 256 pp., $27.12, ISBN: 978-0199739011
In human history, religions and their related issues have always been taken for granted and people have treated them as something sacred. Questioning of almost all religious beliefs hadn’t been allowed. Philosophical point of view seems not to be too much successful in identifying the main roots and origins of the religious thought and its relate........ Read more »

Todd Tremlin. (2006) Minds and Gods: The Cognitive Foundations of Religion. Oxford University Press. info:/

  • February 5, 2012
  • 04:13 PM

I thought she was more attractive!

by Farid Pazhoohi in Epistemophil

Walking down the street, while I was thinking, suddenly for a moment a beautiful face passed my sight. I turned my head to see that attractive face once again. But now I see that face was not as much attractive as I thought. I thought she was more beautiful!!!
...... Read more »

  • July 18, 2014
  • 03:51 AM

Cross-cultural variation in men’s preference for sexual dimorphism in women’s faces

by Farid Pazhoohi in Epistemophil

Both attractiveness judgements and mate preferences vary considerably cross-culturally. We investigated whether men’s preference for femininity in women’s faces varies between 28 countries with diverse health conditions by analysing responses of 1972 heterosexual participants. Although men in all countries preferred feminized over masculinized female faces, we found substantial differences between countries in the magnitude of […]... Read more »

Marcinkowska UM, Kozlov MV, Cai H, Contreras-Garduño J, Dixson BJ, Oana GA, Kaminski G, Li NP, Lyons MT, Onyishi IE.... (2014) Cross-cultural variation in men's preference for sexual dimorphism in women's faces. Biology letters, 10(4), 20130850. PMID: 24789138  

  • October 4, 2011
  • 11:59 AM

Do you feel better in Nature?

by Farid Pazhoohi in Epistemophil

Where do you go when you’re tired of modern society? Do you like to go on picnic and spend your time in nature? It seems natural environment has fundamental effects on our feelings. This paper showed that different environments elicit different affective responses and one might feel happier when is in direct contact with natural environment. This study suggests that this feeling might be due to our evolutionary past in Savannahs. Study presents that “some environments (e.g., mountain........ Read more »

Hinds, J., and Sparks, P. (2011) The affective quality of human-natural environment relationships. Evolutionary Psychology, 9(3), 451-469. info:/

  • October 15, 2011
  • 10:52 AM

Diets of our Ancestors!

by Farid Pazhoohi in Epistemophil

Like all species, we humans also have evolved and armed with proper evolutionary tools – teeth for eating. There has been a consensus about evolution of our craniodental morphology and our preferred diets. But yesterday, a review article was published in Science investigating recent studies of early hominis diets. As review shows, using archeological and morphological methods, it was supposed that  “hominin craniodental functional morphology evolved for increasing consumption of har........ Read more »

Ungar PS, & Sponheimer M. (2011) The diets of early hominins. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6053), 190-3. PMID: 21998380  

  • October 3, 2012
  • 06:43 AM

Does attractiveness predict reproductive success?

by Farid Pazhoohi in Epistemophil

Thanks to the scientific investigations, now we know physical attractiveness would boost one’s social and sexual success. Attractive females would have more chances of being hired, and having attract/sustain men with more resources. It is hypothesized that female physical attractiveness is the signal for her fertility; i.e. men prefer attractive women because they are more [...]... Read more »

  • September 17, 2011
  • 09:33 AM

How does spatial distance between partners affect their feeling of jealousy?

by Farid Pazhoohi in Epistemophil

A new study that is appeared in journal of Evolutionary Psychology, investigated effect of distance of partner and closeness of the rival person on jealousy. Study showed that spatial distance affects the intensity of jealousy. An amazing finding is that although men felt comfortable near their partner and far from the rival person, women still felt a bit jealous while they were with their men and far from the rival women.
In short, this study showed that “the jealousy mechanism responds w........ Read more »

Schützwohl, A., Morjaria, S., and Alvis, S. (2011) Spatial Distance Regulates Sex-Specific Feelings to Suspected Sexual and Emotional Infidelity. Evolutionary Psychology. info:/

  • October 5, 2012
  • 05:58 AM

Why do we play? And why it is sexy?!

by Farid Pazhoohi in Epistemophil

Question of the origin of play and playfulness has been one of concerns of Garry Chick, Professor at the Department of Recreation, Park and Tourism Management, Penn State University. From an evolutionary perspective, Professor Chick has developed a theory in which he explains adult play and playfulness. It is now known why children and offspring [...]... Read more »

Garry Chick, Careen Yarnal, and Andrew Purrington. (2012) Play and Mate Preference Testing the Signal Theory of Adult Playfulness. American Journal of Play, 4(4). info:/

  • June 2, 2012
  • 02:23 AM

Is that a male or a female?

by Farid Pazhoohi in Epistemophil

How accurate is our perception of body forms? How do we identify the gender of a body? Do we have any cue?
In our recent paper, we showed that men and women accurately identify the genders on the basis of the waist to hip ratio. It is shown that as the waist to hip ratio increased, the frequency of “male” identifications increased and as this ratio decreased, the frequency of “female” identifications increased.
For more discussion, check the paper out.

Pazhoohi, ........ Read more »

Pazhoohi, F., . (2012) Identifying feminine and masculine ranges for Waist-to-Hip ratio. Journal of Social, Evolutionary, and Cultural Psychology, 6(2), 227-232. info:/

  • June 5, 2012
  • 02:58 AM

How does your body affect your feelings of efficacy and esteem?

by Farid Pazhoohi in Epistemophil

Waist-to-chest (WCR) and waist-to-shoulder (WSR) ratios are good predictors of male physical attractiveness and women have been shown to prefer higher waist-to-hip ratios (WHR) in men. This study addresses relationships between men’s body shapes and their feelings about appearance, weight and how others perceive them. The experimental results reported here demonstrate relationships between Iranian men’s shoulder-to-hip ratio (SHR) and WHR on self-reported body esteem and self-efficacy. Incre........ Read more »

Pazhoohi, F., Hosseinchari, M., and Doyle J. F. (2012) Iranian men’s waist-to-hip ratios, shoulder-to-hip ratios, body esteem and self-efficacy. Journal of Evolutionary Psychology, 10(2), 61-67. info:/10.1556/JEP.10.2012.2.2

  • October 3, 2012
  • 11:02 AM

Prestigious clothing increases your height!

by Farid Pazhoohi in Epistemophil

Do you want to seem taller? Our study shows that your prestigious clothing affects perception of height, at least for the children. Height is a biological factor that can affect how others perceive and behave toward an individual. Clothing, as a  non-biological factor, can affect these perceptions of height. In this study we investigated the [...]... Read more »

Mahmoud Rashidi, Katayoun Keshtkaran, Sahar Zabihidan, Masoud Hosseinchari, and Farid Pazhoohi. (2012) Effect of Different Professions’ Clothing on Children’s Height Perception. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 15(3). info:/http://dx.doi.org/10.5209/rev_SJOP.2012.v15.n3.39394

  • October 7, 2011
  • 02:31 PM

Primates Diversity and Matses Ethnomammalogy in Amazonian Peru

by Farid Pazhoohi in Epistemophil

Probably many people are not more familiar with the Amazon than just knowing its name. How much do you know about the primates of these forests? Do you want to take a tour of the region? Are you interested in learning more about new world monkeys? If so, this book is for you.
Read the rest of my review on “Mammalian Diversity and Matses Ethnomammalogy in Amazonian Peru. Part 1: Primates” book by Robert S. Voss and David W. Fleck at Ethnobiology Letters website.
———........ Read more »

Farid Pazhoohi. (2011) Mammalian Diversity and Matses Ethnomammalogy in Amazonian Peru. Part 1: Primates. Ethnobiology Letters, 63-64. info:/

  • July 18, 2013
  • 04:40 AM

Proximate mechanism of post ejaculatory refractory period after orgasm

by Farid Pazhoohi in Epistemophil

Proximate mechanism of post-ejaculatory refractory period after orgasm and male’s need for separation from post-coital connection The exact underlying mechanism regulating the human post-ejaculatory refractory period is not yet known. The main finding of previous research has been an occurrence of surge-like increases in plasma prolactin and oxytocin levels immediately after orgasm. However, recent advances […]... Read more »

  • February 12, 2015
  • 05:16 AM

How the brain got language: The mirror system hypothesis

by Farid Pazhoohi in Epistemophil

Language is a unique feature of human beings. In addition to having the ability to use language, humans can conjecture about language consciously and even create realistic constructed languages from scratch. In How the brain got language, Michael A. Arbib, whose work has been influential in shaping the field of computational neuroscience, addresses the title […]... Read more »

Farid Pazhoohi. (2014) How the brain got language: The mirror system hypothesis (review). The Canadian Journal of Linguistics / La revue canadienne de linguistique , 59(3). info:/

  • July 22, 2013
  • 05:21 AM

Book Review: Language and Sexism

by Farid Pazhoohi in Epistemophil

“Another book written by a woman!” What does this sentence convey to you? What is the first thought that flashes into your mind? My intention is to present a brilliant book written by an expert in her field. Did you have the same feeling or did you get the opposite impression? If you found some […]... Read more »

Pazhoohi, Farid. (2013) Book Review: Language and Sexism. Journal of Language and Social Psychology. DOI: 10.1177/0261927X13481344  

  • October 5, 2014
  • 02:18 AM

Book Review: Listen, Here is a Story: Ethnographic Life Narratives from Aka and Ngandu Women of the Congo Basin

by Farid Pazhoohi in Epistemophil

When you look in the news for the Central African Republic you encounter stories about rebels, terror, civil war, murder, and bloodshed. But what are the other aspects of life in the region that no news agency covers? A journey to the center of the African rainforest reveals what happens and has been happening for […]... Read more »

Farid Pazhoohi. (2014) Book Review: Listen, Here is a Story: Ethnographic Life Narratives from Aka and Ngandu Women of the Congo Basin. African Studies Quarterly, 14(4), 97-98. info:/

  • April 29, 2016
  • 12:32 PM

Cuckoldary is rare in humans!

by Farid Pazhoohi in Epistemophil

Human behavioral scientists argue that extra-pair copulation is adaptive in human females, as through extra-pair copulation, women can acquire good genes from other potential mates. This is suggested because it is found that women experience greater sexual attraction to particular extra-pair men, but not their own partners, during their highest peak of fertility (Gangestad & […]... Read more »

Gangestad, S., & Thornhill, R. (2008) Human oestrus. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 275(1638), 991-1000. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2007.1425  

Larmuseau MH, Matthijs K, & Wenseleers T. (2016) Cuckolded Fathers Rare in Human Populations. Trends in ecology , 31(5), 327-9. PMID: 27107336  

  • April 24, 2016
  • 12:47 PM

Mate Retention Tactics Decline with Age of Men

by Farid Pazhoohi in Epistemophil

Physical attractiveness influences mate selection across cultures, and youthfulness of women is associated with their future reproductive value and fertility. Men attribute importance to youthful features in females such as large eyes, small nose, higher pitched voice, and full lips and perceive these neotenous features as attractive. More feminine women report more frequently being guarded […]... Read more »

Pazhoohi, F., Jahromi, A., & Doyle, J. (2016) Mate Retention Tactics Decline with Age of Iranian Men. Evolutionary Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1007/s40806-016-0046-8  

  • May 24, 2016
  • 07:22 PM

Does ecology affect human behavior? Book Review

by Farid Pazhoohi in Epistemophil

In their book The Parasite-Stress Theory of Values and Sociality, Randy Thornhill, Distinguished Professor at The University of New Mexico, and Corey L. Fincher, Assistant Professor at University of Warwick, present a new interpretation of human values and cultural behaviors, on the basis of ecological variations in parasite-stress prevalence across and within nations. Before delineating […]... Read more »

Pazhoohi, F. (2016) The Parasite-Stress Theory of Values and Sociality, Infectious Disease, History and Human Values Worldwide (Book Review). Canadian Studies in Population, 43(1-2), 155-157. info:/

  • July 18, 2014
  • 04:06 AM

Book Review: Visual Experience: Sensation, Cognition and Constancy

by Farid Pazhoohi in Epistemophil

Mankind has always been interested in the way people perceive the world and this has become one of its main concerns reflected in the fact that early explanations for visual perception date back to ancient Greece. Studies of visual perception were pursued merely in the field of philosophy until the 20th century, when psychologists, and […]... Read more »

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