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Articles from Universities and Institutes about Science, Philosophy, History, Ancient Greek Civilization, Arts, Poetry, Music, Psychology and Spirituality. Personal philosophical posts. Many sources to knowledge such as Universities, Institutes and Organizations from all around the world. All reposted articles are completely unmodified and linked to their sources, out of respect to knowledge and readers.
New Bedford Harbor Pollution Prompts PCB-Resistance in Atlantic Killifish
- News release February 12, 2014 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI)
- Focus : Fundulus heteroclitus
- Research articles... Read more »
Reitzel AM, Karchner SI, Franks DG, Evans BR, Nacci D, Champlin D, Vieira VM, & Hahn ME. (2014) Genetic variation at aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) loci in populations of Atlantic killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus) inhabiting polluted and reference habitats. BMC evolutionary biology, 14(1), 6. PMID: 24422594
Proestou DA, Flight P, Champlin D, & Nacci D. (2014) Targeted approach to identify genetic loci associated with evolved dioxin tolerance in Atlantic Killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus). BMC evolutionary biology, 14(1), 7. PMID: 24422627
Scientists identify gene linking brain structure to intelligence
... Read more »
Desrivières S, Lourdusamy A, Tao C, Toro R, Jia T, Loth E, Medina LM, Kepa A, Fernandes A, Ruggeri B.... (2014) Single nucleotide polymorphism in the neuroplastin locus associates with cortical thickness and intellectual ability in adolescents. Molecular psychiatry. PMID: 24514566
A new method that couples microfluidics and super-resolution microscopy to image live bacteria at unsurpassed spatial and temporal resolutions has been developed. Uniquely, this technology considerably improves cell stability, allows for long time-lapse imaging and completely eliminates chromatic aberrations.
HFSP Career Development Award holder Marcelo Nollmann and Young Investigator Grant holder Tam Mignot and colleagues
Awardees Articles February 11, 2014 Human Frontier Science Program... Read more »
Diego I. Cattoni, Jean-Bernard Fiche, Alessandro Valeri, Tâm Mignot, Marcelo Nöllmann. (2013) Super-Resolution Imaging of Bacteria in a Microfluidics Device. PLOS ONE. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0076268
Study in Human Cells May Improve Ability to Identify Useful Drug Targets
-News release February 6, 2014 Columbia University Medical Center
-Focus on Necroptosis... Read more »
Diane B. Re, Virginia Le Verche, Changhao Yu, Mackenzie W. Amoroso, Kristin A. Politi, Sudarshan Phani, Burcin Ikiz, Lucas Hoffmann, Martijn Koolen, Tetsuya Nagata.... (2014) Necroptosis Drives Motor Neuron Death in Models of Both Sporadic and Familial ALS. Cell Press Neuron. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2014.01.011
A team of researchers led by Virginia Tech and University of California, Berkeley, scientists has discovered that a regulatory process that turns on photosynthesis in plants at daybreak likely developed on Earth in ancient microbes 2.5 billion years ago, long before oxygen became available.... Read more »
Dwi Susanti, Joshua H. Wong, William H. Vensel, Usha Loganathan, Rebecca DeSantis, Ruth A. Schmitz, Monica Balser, Bob B. Buchanan, & Biswarup Mukhopadhyay. (2014) Thioredoxin targets fundamental processes in a methane-producing archaeon, Methanocaldococcus jannaschii. PNAS Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1324240111
Researchers at FOM Institute AMOLF have discovered a novel method to create directional beams of light on the nanoscale based on a simple single-element nanoantenna design. The insights from this work could be used in the future to design very small light directors for nanoscale sensing applications in biology and photonics. The research was published on 2 February 2014 in the journal Nature Communications.... Read more »
Coenen T, Bernal Arango F, Femius Koenderink A, & Polman A. (2014) Directional emission from a single plasmonic scatterer. Nature communications, 3250. PMID: 24488237
Berkeley Lab’s Advanced Light Source reveals inner-workings of essential protein found throughout life.... Read more »
Shibata A, Moiani D, Arvai AS, Perry J, Harding SM, Genois MM, Maity R, van Rossum-Fikkert S, Kertokalio A, Romoli F.... (2014) DNA Double-Strand Break Repair Pathway Choice Is Directed by Distinct MRE11 Nuclease Activities. Molecular cell, 53(1), 7-18. PMID: 24316220
Rajashree A Deshpande, Gareth J Williams, Oliver Limbo, R Scott Williams, Jeff Kuhnlein,, Ji‐Hoon Lee, Scott Classen, Grant Guenther, Paul Russell, John A Tainer.... (2014) ATP‐driven Rad50 conformations regulate DNA tethering, end resection, and ATM checkpoint signaling. The EMBO journal. DOI: 10.1002/embj.201386100
Does Charlie Watts lead the Rolling Stones from the drums? Did Jacqueline du Pré lead Daniel Barenboim from the cello? These questions may in the future have answers thanks to an intriguing model developed by a team of scientists from the Universities of Birmingham, Münster and London’s Royal Academy of Music, in research published today (Wednesday 29th January 2014) in the Royal Society Journal Interface. ... Read more »
Alan M. Wing, Satoshi Endo, Adrian Bradbury, Dirk Vorberg. (2014) Optimal feedback correction in string quartet synchronization. J. R. Soc. Interface, 11(93). DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2013.1125
Palaeobiologists at Oxford University have discovered a new fossil arthropod, christened Enalikter aphson, in 425-million-year-old rocks in Herefordshire. It belongs to an extinct group of marine-dwelling ‘short-great-appendage’ arthropods, Megacheira, defined by their claw-like front limbs.... Read more »
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. — Four pesticides commonly used on crops to kill insects and fungi also kill honeybee larvae within their hives, according toPenn State and University of Florida researchers. The team also found that N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) — an inert, or inactive, chemical commonly used as a pesticide additive — is highly toxic to honeybee larvae.... Read more »
Zhu W, Schmehl DR, Mullin CA, & Frazier JL. (2014) Four common pesticides, their mixtures and a formulation solvent in the hive environment have high oral toxicity to honey bee larvae. PloS one, 9(1). PMID: 24416121
Priming, an unconscious phenomenon that causes the context of information to change the way we think or behave, has frustrated scientists as they have unsuccessfully attempted to understand how it works. For example, researchers have found that hearing aging-related words causes people to walk more slowly, or holding a hot cup of coffee while talking to another person heightens feelings of interpersonal warmth. But, recent failures to replicate demonstrations of unconscious priming have resulted........ Read more »
Shanks DR, Newell BR, Lee EH, Balakrishnan D, Ekelund L, Cenac Z, Kavvadia F, & Moore C. (2013) Priming intelligent behavior: an elusive phenomenon. PloS one, 8(4). PMID: 23637732
Roberta L. Klatzky, & J. David Creswell. (2014) An Intersensory Interaction Account of Priming Effects—and Their Absence. SAGE Journals. DOI: 10.1177/1745691613513468
Storey S, & Workman L. (2013) The effects of temperature priming on cooperation in the iterated prisoner's dilemma. Evolutionary psychology : an international journal of evolutionary approaches to psychology and behavior, 11(1), 52-67. PMID: 23348419
A study that transplanted a selection of Australian native plant species to a warmer climate has discovered that although changing environmental conditions impacts individual insect species, their communal roles will survive the heat.... Read more »
Sabine S. Nooten, Nigel R. Andrew, & Lesley Hughes. (2014) Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Insect Communities: A Transplant Experiment. PLOS ONE. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0085987
Comparing the anatomies of more than 100 different species of ants reveals that worker ants have enlarged necks, not seen in queens, that allow them to lift and carry objects many times heavier than themselves.
Published January 21, 2014 eLIFE... Read more »
Diethard Tautz. (2014) Evolutionary morphology: One size does not fit all. eLIFE. DOI: eLife 2014;3:e02088
Measurement Technology Continues to Show Its Potential for Quantum Information... Read more »
Mehul Malik, Mohammad Mirhosseini, Martin P. J. Lavery, Jonathan Leach, Miles J. Padgett, & Robert W. Boyd. (2014) Direct measurement of a 27-dimensional orbital-angular-momentum state vector. Nature Communications. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4115
Research on first data release from Gaia-ESO project suggests the Milky Way formed by expanding out from the centre, and reveals new insights into the way our Galaxy was assembled.
20 Jan 2014 University of Cambridge
We have been able to shed new light on the timescale of chemical enrichment across the Milky Way disc, showing that outer regions of the disc take a much longer time to form
Maria Bergemann... Read more »
M. Bergemann, et. al. (2014) The Gaia-ESO Survey: radial metallicity gradients and age-metallicity relation of stars in the Milky Way disk. Cornell University Library. DOI: arXiv:1401.4437v1
Going barefoot in parts of Africa, Asia and South America contributes to hookworm infections, which afflict an estimated 700 million of the world’s poor. The parasitic worm lives in the soil and enters the body through the feet. By feeding on victims’ blood, the worms cause anemia and, in children, stunted growth and learning problems.... Read more »
Astronomers have discovered a distant quasar illuminating a vast nebula of diffuse gas, revealing for the first time part of the network of filaments thought to connect galaxies in a cosmic web.
Further reading... Read more »
Sebastiano Cantalupo, Fabrizio Arrigoni-Battaia, J. Xavier Prochaska, Joseph F. Hennawi, & Piero Madau. (2014) A cosmic web filament revealed in Lyman-α emission around a luminous high-redshift quasar . Nature. DOI: 10.1038/nature12898
Jörg P. Dietrich, Norbert Werner, Douglas Clowe, Alexis Finoguenov, Tom Kitching, Lance Miller, & Aurora Simionescu. (2012) A filament of dark matter between two clusters of galaxies. Nature. DOI: 10.1038/nature11224
AUBURN UNIVERSITY – An Auburn University researcher teamed up with the National Institutes of Health to study how brain networks shape an individual’s religious belief, finding that brain interactions were different between religious and non-religious subjects.
Further Reading... Read more »
Harris S, Kaplan JT, Curiel A, Bookheimer SY, Iacoboni M, & Cohen MS. (2009) The neural correlates of religious and nonreligious belief. PloS one, 4(10). PMID: 19794914
Chemical reactions run much faster and more efficiently when they take place in tiny droplets rather than in freestanding water – such as a puddle or a lake, say researchers. The advance could help unravel how life originated on our planet, unlock secrets of prebiotic atmospheric chemistry and help synthesise new molecules much more efficiently.... Read more »
Ali Fallah-Araghi, Kamel Meguellati, Jean-Christophe Baret, Abdeslam El Harrak, Thomas Mangeat, Martin Karplus, Sylvain Ladame, Carlos M. Marques, & Andrew D. Griffiths. (2014) Enhanced Chemical Synthesis at Soft Interfaces: A Universal Reaction-Adsorption Mechanism in Microcompartments. Physical Review Letters. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.028301
It seems paradoxical that a preference for which of two houses to buy could depend on another, inferior, house – but researchers at the University of Bristol have identified that seemingly irrelevant alternatives can, and should, influence choices. Even more remarkable is the finding that optimal choices can violate the principle of transitivity: it can be best to choose A from A or B, and choose B from B or C, but choose C from A or C.... Read more »
J. M. McNamara, P. C. Trimmer, & A. I. Houston. (2014) Natural selection can favour ‘irrational’ behaviour. Biology letters. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2013.0935
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