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Marine Biology

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  • September 21, 2011
  • 11:08 PM

In sexual selection and thermoregulation, bigger is better, at least for fiddler crabs

by Southern Fried Scientist in Southern Fried Science

Sexual dimorphism in fiddler crabs. Female (A) and male (B) Uca panacea. Scale bars indicate 1 cm. From Darnell and Munguia 2011 Imagine yourself a fiddler crab. For this exercise, imagine yourself a male fiddler crab. Are you with me? Great. Check out your right claw, it’s a sleek, slender machine, perfect for picking [...]... Read more »

  • September 13, 2011
  • 12:30 PM

The importance of failure in graduate student training

by Southern Fried Scientist in Southern Fried Science

Running the winch at dusk The A-frame shuddered as the box core, heavy with mud and reeking of sulfur, emerged from the water. We knew that it had found its mark 2300 meters below. Soft sediment from the seafloor oozed out the sides as I slid the safety pins into the spade arm. [...]... Read more »

  • September 2, 2011
  • 12:42 PM

Happy Hour Science – Domesticating Microbes for Beer

by Bluegrass Blue Crab in Southern Fried Science

Little yummy beer yeasts, thanks As our ancestors transitioned from hunter-gatherer to agricultural society, they had to domesticate the plants and animals we know today as farm life. Corn kernels became larger and more full of starch, cows became more docile, and all farm organisms became accustomed to life in rows or [...]... Read more »

Libkind, D., Hittinger, C., Valerio, E., Goncalves, C., Dover, J., Johnston, M., Goncalves, P., & Sampaio, J. (2011) From the Cover: Microbe domestication and the identification of the wild genetic stock of lager-brewing yeast. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(35), 14539-14544. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1105430108  

  • August 30, 2011
  • 03:05 PM

Climbing Mount Chernobyl

by Southern Fried Scientist in Southern Fried Science

Chernobyl Reactor 4, after the explosion In the last century, humans have made dramatic changes to both local and global ecosystems. Some of these changed have been subtle and remained unnoticed until very recently, while others have be so visible and so destructive that their names are indelibly etched into our collective consciousness. [...]... Read more »

Balonov MI. (2007) The Chernobyl Forum: major findings and recommendations. Journal of environmental radioactivity, 96(1-3), 6-12. PMID: 17493715  

Baker, Robert J., & Ronald K. Chesse. (2000) THE CHORNOBYL NUCLEAR DISASTER AND SUBSEQUENT CREATION OF A WILDLIFE PRESERVE. Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 1231-1232. info:/

Møller, A., Mousseau, T., de Lope, F., & Saino, N. (2008) Anecdotes and empirical research in Chernobyl. Biology Letters, 4(1), 65-66. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2007.0528  

  • July 6, 2011
  • 11:53 PM

Rumors from the Abyss: visions of a future without deep sea conservation

by Southern Fried Scientist in Southern Fried Science

Bathymetric map, click for GEBCO high resolution image The deep benthos is simultaneously the largest and least explored ecosystem on the planet. Covering nearly 60% of the Earth’s surface, it supports an almost unimaginable reservoir of biodiversity, rivaling all terrestrial habitats combined. Its microbial and metabolic diversity have revolutionized our view of [...]... Read more »

George A. Wolff, David S. M. Billett, Brian J. Bett, Jens Holtvoeth, Tania Fitz, George-Balfour, Elizabeth H. Fisher, Ian Cross, Roger Shannon, Ian Salter.... (2011) The Effects of Natural Iron Fertilisation on Deep-Sea Ecology: The Crozet Plateau, Southern Indian Ocean. PLoS One. info:/

  • May 23, 2011
  • 07:23 PM

The Global Extinction Crisis – species area relationships, habitat loss, and population dynamics

by Southern Fried Scientist in Southern Fried Science

We are in the midst of a global extinction crisis. Biodiversity is in decline as species after species disappear. Some estimates predict that up to 50% of species will be committed to extinction by 2050. Other estimates claim the current rate of extinction may be 10,000 times the background rate. Many ecologists and conservationists have declared the [...]... Read more »

  • May 13, 2011
  • 12:13 PM

The moldy kingdom get a new neighbor

by Southern Fried Scientist in Southern Fried Science

A diagrammatic tree depicting the organisation of most eukaryotes into six major groups. The relationships amongst most of the major groups and the position of the ‘root’ of the tree are shown as unresolved (note however, the grouping of Opisthokonta and Amoebozoa). The arrow shows a possible precise placement of the root, [...]... Read more »

Simpson A, & Roger A. (2004) The real ‘kingdoms’ of eukaryotes. Current Biology, 14(17), 693-696. info:/

Jones, M., Forn, I., Gadelha, C., Egan, M., Bass, D., Massana, R., & Richards, T. (2011) Discovery of novel intermediate forms redefines the fungal tree of life. Nature. DOI: 10.1038/nature09984  

  • May 9, 2011
  • 02:51 PM

The Outer Banks Ablaze

by Southern Fried Scientist and Bluegrass Blue Crab in Southern Fried Science

Early hours of the wildfire in Dare Country. Image NCFWS In Beaufort, the first sign that something was amiss occurred on Sunday night. The air became thick with haze and smelled like of burning mulch. At first we thought it was just an overzealous barbecue somewhere down the road, but as we drove over the Morehead [...]... Read more »

Wade, Dale D., & Ward, Darold E. (1973) An Analysis of the Air Force Bomb Range Fire. USDA Forest Service Research Paper, 1-38. info:/

  • May 3, 2011
  • 02:00 PM

Why Listen to the Local Guy?

by Bluegrass Blue Crab in Southern Fried Science

policymaking during comanagement in Mongolia, Two of Ostrom’s (1990) institutional design principles emphasize the role of the local –rules must be adapted to local conditions and resource users must participate in the rulemaking process. These principles were determined empirically through cross-site analysis, but a large body of research from science studies [...]... Read more »

  • April 28, 2011
  • 06:00 PM

Book Review: Saving the Oceans 101

by WhySharksMatter in Southern Fried Science

Ted Danson (yes, that Ted Danson) isn’t your typical ocean activist. Though he is best known as the bartender on Cheers, he has been actively involved in marine conservation issues for more than 25 years. While living in California to work on Cheers, he took a walk on the beach with his daughters. [...]... Read more »

Pauly, D. (1998) Fishing Down Marine Food Webs. Science, 279(5352), 860-863. DOI: 10.1126/science.279.5352.860  

Pauly, D., Watson, R., & Alder, J. (2005) Global trends in world fisheries: impacts on marine ecosystems and food security. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 360(1453), 5-12. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2004.1574  

Mullon, C., Freon, P., & Cury, P. (2005) The dynamics of collapse in world fisheries. Fish and Fisheries, 6(2), 111-120. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-2979.2005.00181.x  

Murawski, S., Methot, R., Tromble;, G., Hilborn;, R., Briggs;, J., Worm, B., Barbier, E., Beaumont, N., Duffy, J., Folke, C.... (2007) Biodiversity Loss in the Ocean: How Bad Is It?. Science, 316(5829), 1281-1284. DOI: 10.1126/science.316.5829.1281b  

Worm, B., Barbier, E., Beaumont, N., Duffy, J., Folke, C., Halpern, B., Jackson, J., Lotze, H., Micheli, F., Palumbi, S.... (2006) Impacts of Biodiversity Loss on Ocean Ecosystem Services. Science, 314(5800), 787-790. DOI: 10.1126/science.1132294  

  • April 19, 2011
  • 02:00 PM

Resource Dependent Communities in a Globalizing World

by Bluegrass Blue Crab in Southern Fried Science

perhaps the most notorious New York City bankers, Bernie Madeoff, All people are still dependent on natural resources, but centuries of development complete with urbanization and globalization have removed a large proportion of the world’s population from the production of those natural resources both physically and psychologically. Take, for example, a [...]... Read more »

  • April 14, 2011
  • 03:28 PM

A rig by any other name, could it be an artificial reef?

by Southern Fried Scientist in Southern Fried Science

There are currently more than 7,500 offshore oil platforms actively probing the earth’s crust for black gold. Their relatively minimal appearance at the surface belies the shear magnitude of human construction beneath the waves. Oil platforms are among the world’s tallest man-made structures. Compliant tower platforms reach up to 900 meters in depth (in contrast, [...]... Read more »

Macreadie, P., Fowler, A., & Booth, D. (2011) Rigs-to-reefs: will the deep sea benefit from artificial habitat?. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 2147483647. DOI: 10.1890/100112  

  • April 12, 2011
  • 02:00 PM

Assumptions on Human Behavior

by Bluegrass Blue Crab in Southern Fried Science

Sustainability is as much about personal decisions as it is about broad social movements or top-down government rules. Those personal decisions are rooted deeply in how we behave as human beings, and that is something that science is far from understanding. Adam Smith once said “we are not ready to suspect any person [...]... Read more »

  • April 11, 2011
  • 02:19 PM

Spanning the Bordeaux Belt – what does local mean in a global economy

by Southern Fried Scientist in Southern Fried Science

A small news article from Science has been taped above my desk for the last few years. I don’t remember who originally gave it to me, or why I even hung it up, but there it is, nestled between a couple XKCD cartoons. The article is titled “The Wine Divide” and it raises many [...]... Read more »

Tyler, Colman, & Päster, Pablo. (2009) Red, White, and 'Green': The Cost of Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the Global Wine Trad. Journal of Wine Researc, 20(1), 15-26. info:/

  • April 8, 2011
  • 01:00 PM

Is it time for a sustainable pet movement?

by Southern Fried Scientist in Southern Fried Science

The world is rapidly approaching 7 billion people and the challenges of food supply, security, and sustainability will, along with climate change, be the defining issues of the 21st century. While the issues of the wealthiest nations revolve around the quality of our food, the environmental impact or our farming practices, and the value we place [...]... Read more »

Sleeman JM, Keane JM, Johnson JS, Brown RJ, & Woude SV. (2001) Feline leukemia virus in a captive bobcat. Journal of wildlife diseases, 37(1), 194-200. PMID: 11272497  

Roelke ME, Forrester DJ, Jacobson ER, Kollias GV, Scott FW, Barr MC, Evermann JF, & Pirtle EC. (1993) Seroprevalence of infectious disease agents in free-ranging Florida panthers (Felis concolor coryi). Journal of wildlife diseases, 29(1), 36-49. PMID: 8445789  

  • April 5, 2011
  • 12:00 PM

Book Review: A year at Lazy Point

by Southern Fried Scientist in Southern Fried Science

I adored Song for the Blue Ocean. The first time I read it was a formative moment in my development as a young marine biologist and conservationist. When I picked up Eye of the Albatross and, later, Voyage of the Turtle, I expected that same magic, but could not find it. Safina’s subsequent books [...]... Read more »

Saraux C, Le Bohec C, Durant JM, Viblanc VA, Gauthier-Clerc M, Beaune D, Park YH, Yoccoz NG, Stenseth NC, & Le Maho Y. (2011) Reliability of flipper-banded penguins as indicators of climate change. Nature, 469(7329), 203-6. PMID: 21228875  

  • March 15, 2011
  • 02:00 PM

State of the Field: First World or Third World?

by Bluegrass Blue Crab in Southern Fried Science

Ever stop to think what divides the first from the third world? Why don’t we ever hear about the second and why don’t countries move between categories as they develop? Well, because the categories are historical – the second world is reserved for post-soviet countries attempting to rebuild governance. The first world is [...]... Read more »

  • March 10, 2011
  • 08:00 AM

Building Policies for Stewardship

by Bluegrass Blue Crab in Southern Fried Science

A dream? We as humans and especially here at SFS like to picture an ideal government and hope that as we learn more about science and political theory, government can take steps in that direction. By any measure, governance within the United States is far from meeting the theoretical ideal. Implementation and [...]... Read more »

  • February 28, 2011
  • 08:00 AM

Political Ecology at Home – Lessons from Abroad?

by Bluegrass Blue Crab in Southern Fried Science

Political ecology within the First World came from a gradual realization that the definition of the field did not only apply to exotic cultures abroad, but had resonance domestically. As first defined by Blaikie and Brookfield (1987), political ecology combines “the concerns of ecology and a broadly defined political economy. Together this encompasses the [...]... Read more »

  • February 15, 2011
  • 04:08 PM

State of the Field: Satellite tagging sharks

by WhySharksMatter in Southern Fried Science

Modern shark researchers have access to a variety of high-tech tools. Acoustic tags with noises specific to each individual shark signal a receiver (or network of receivers) every time the shark passes nearby. Some tags have three-dimensional accelerometers, allowing researchers to study the small scale movement patterns and behaviors of sharks. Others, which [...]... Read more »

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